1
vote
1answer
169 views

Does Joseph Polchinski win the FPP ``Physics Frontiers Prize'' twice (2013 and 2014)? Why? [closed]

Recently I have been confused by the fact that: Joseph Polchinski's name appear in FFP Physics Frontiers Prize 2013 here: https://fundamentalphysicsprize.org/laureates6 ``Joseph Polchinski for his ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

Does earths gravitational force vary depending on where you are on the planet?

Does the gravitational force acting on a person ever change just by their position on the planet. For instance, at greater altitudes or closer to the equator.
3
votes
2answers
129 views

Reference request for exactly solved models

Can someone recommend a textbook or review article that covers exactly solved models in statistical mechanics, such as the six- or eight-vertex models? If there is literature at the undergraduate ...
4
votes
4answers
335 views

Detecting a photon without changing it: Does it break conservation laws?

This is about an article published on ScienceMag: Nondestructive Detection of an Optical Photon. I don't have access to full text, but you can see a brief transcription in this link. Basically, it ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Can general wavefunctions be expressed as kets?

I am confused on bra-ket notation in quantum mechanics. My professor says that a ket is an eigenfunction of some operator. However, for some time now I thought a ket could represent a general ...
4
votes
4answers
344 views

Is uncertainty principle a technical difficulty in measurement?

I have searched for an answer to this question on physics SE but I have not seen a question in which it is addressed properly. Please let me know if there is an answer already. My question briefly ...
-3
votes
2answers
110 views

What does Mass bend? [closed]

Mass and Energy can warp space-time around them, but that doesn't answer what space-time is, what is space?
1
vote
4answers
179 views

Equivalence principle and acceleration vs a gravitational field

I picked this up on the net: Einstein came to realize the principle of equivalence, and it states that an accelerated system is completely physically equivalent to a system inside a gravitational ...
1
vote
2answers
152 views

Newton's third Law?

Third law: When one body exerts a force on a second body, the second body simultaneously exerts a force equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to that of the first body. Newton's third ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Isn't Dark Matter just an Indication that Relativity breaks down when describing large masses? [duplicate]

It seems to me that Dark Matter is just an indication that our models of gravity do not scale to the level of galaxies, and thus like Newtonian physics, it is a powerful but incomplete model of the ...
7
votes
1answer
245 views

Is there any usage of $x^x$ in physics? [closed]

I am so excited about the function: $x^x$. I would like to know if there is any usage in the physics world of this function. Is there any formula that uses $x^x$?
1
vote
2answers
346 views

Why does the Standard Model predict Neutrinos are massless?

Why are neutrinos massless in the Standard Model? Is it connected with experimental fact that neutrinos always have only one direction of projection of spin on motion direction?
2
votes
1answer
275 views

A Competitor for General Relativity? [closed]

GR stands alone in its ability to pass both weak and strong field tests of gravity fields. From 1905 to 1915, there was renewed interest in a somehow modified scalar field theory. Here is the ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

How can a transversality condition be invoked to reduce the Euler-Lagrange equation?

I asked this question regarding the Euler-Lagrange equation at MSE and have gotten no response. I will ask it here too. I think I might have more luck here since the E-L equation is at the core of ...
0
votes
1answer
145 views

Modular invariance of CFT

I am looking at the Cardy formula for entropy in CFT, and in the article 'Kerr/CFT correspondence and its Extensions' there is a sentence: In any unitary and modular invariant CFT, the asymptotic ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

What is the name of the temperature limit beyond which an explosion will form a mushroom cloud?

Many months ago I saw a picture that was taken many years ago of an explosion, possibly in the Atlanta area. If I recall the explosion was caused by fuel in railroad cars. However, the explosion ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Deduction of relativistic mass formula in 1+1 dimensions

I have read the explanation/calculation of relativistic momentum and relativistic mass in the Feynman lectures, see chapter 16.4 here: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_16.html. (I guess this ...
2
votes
1answer
165 views

Why does this flashlight lens have this shape?

I pulled apart a flashlight and found a similar lens as the one shown below. I assume that the light starts off as a “point source” somewhere inside and the curvature and/or shape of the “lens” ...
7
votes
1answer
409 views

Constructive vs Algebraic Quantum Field Theory

I am interested to know how the (non)existence theorems of constructive QFT and algebraic QFT are related (or not). I have only a weak grasp of either, so I'm looking for something like a quick ...
0
votes
1answer
130 views

Notation in Quantum Mechanics

When we write equations in QM, in certain places, the wave function is represented as $\psi(x,t)$, which is the wave function in position space, and in some other places, it is written as $\Psi(t)$. ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

How to use The Schwarzchild Metric formula to get distribution representing “free-fall”

Given formula: How I can use to calculate distribution of points in space, so if i choose path which contains most of the points I get path that close to "free-fall path". As far as I know i should ...
0
votes
0answers
139 views

Parity Transformation Behavior of (Weyl-)spinors

Suppose $u^\pm (p)$ are Weyl-spinors with helicity $h = \pm$, i.e. solutions of the Dirac equation $p_\mu \gamma^\mu u(p) = 0$. How do these spinors behave under parity transformation? In ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

Gravitational Effect Versus the Speed of Light [duplicate]

If, for some reason, the sun were to suddenly disappear altogether, I would like to know the following: would we "feel" it first (i.e. being thrown into outer space due to no longer having anything ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Electrical potential difference?

What is the electrical potential difference and why we have to talk about a difference and not about the electrical potential itself? What is the electrical potential difference in practical terms ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Outdoor Active Noise Canceling Speaker

I would like to understand how to create an active noise canceling system to reduce the noise coming from a street road bump. The advantage is that the area the noise is coming from is very small.
4
votes
1answer
249 views

Application of Ampère's law in low $Re_m$ MHD

Ampère's law states that $$ \nabla \times \mathbf{B} = \mu_0 \mathbf{J} \tag{1}$$ Simultaneously, from Ohm's law, we know that ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

How Can There Be Magnetic Force Without Velocity [duplicate]

Suppose there is a space with constant magnetic field, and a charged particle is moving in that space with a constant velocity, ofcourse it experiences a magnetic force and gets deflected. But the ...
8
votes
1answer
112 views

'Hole in the clouds' in the Sarychev Peak eruption

One of my favourite ever pictures taken from space is a picture of the 2009 eruption of Sarychev Peak (Ostrov Matua island, Japan) taken by an ISS astronaut during a lucky fly-over. Image Source: ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Will the heat flow of Joule heat be different, if the Joule heat is dissipated in a material that has a temperature gradient beforehand?

Let us assume one dimensional heat transfer, for example a finite length wire starting at point $0$ and ending at point $\ell$. If the current passes the wire, the Joule heat $I^{2}R$ will be ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Is there some special cutoff density after which spacetime “collapses” and forms a black hole?

With crude calculations following densities can be approximated: Given that radius of proton is $1.75×10^{−15} m$ and it's mass is $1.67 × 10^{-27}kg$, this gives density of proton to be $\dfrac ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Symmetries of a Uniform Magnetic Field

Simple question. A system with a uniform electric field everywhere in space has translational invariance in the directions perpendicular to the electric field but no translational invariance parallel ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Why don't stationary electric charges possess a magnetic field? [duplicate]

Why don't stationary electric charges posses magnetic field, while moving charges do?
12
votes
3answers
592 views

Fundamental invariants of the electromagnetic field

It is a standard exercise in relativistic electrodynamics to show that the electromagnetic field tensor $F_{\mu\nu}$, whose components equal the electric $E^i=cF^{i0}$ and magnetic ...
6
votes
2answers
229 views

Are there any exact solutions in the Standard Model of particle physics?

I wonder if there are any exact solutions to any equations of the Standard Model (SM)? Do we always have to use perturbation methods to solve anything within the SM? Are there any simple cases where ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Quark space tensor product Vs Angular momentum space tensor product

For two triplet angular momenta states, say $J=1$ and $I=1$, if we wanna look at it in the coupled basis $F=I+J$, we use the regular Angular Momentum rules: $$|I-J|\leq F\leq I+J,$$ and from that ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Decomposition of two particle wavefunction into product of single-particle wavefunctions

Suppose you prepare a two-particle system such that $\Psi(\vec{r}_1,\vec{r}_2, t_0) = \Psi_1(\vec{r}_1, t_0)\Psi_2(\vec{r}_2, t_0)$. So then, initially $\Psi(\vec{r}_1,\vec{r}_2,t_0) - ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Are there any stable (not metastable) string theory compactifications with a positive cosmological constant?

Previously, on Save us from swallowing baby universes, please!, I asked how we can be saved from false vacuum decay assuming we are living in a false vacuum. What if we are living in a stable vacuum ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How do stun guns not kill people?

Now, I've seen a lot of answers to this sort of question, but most of them provide answers that don't actually make sense from a physics perspective. As an example of such an answer, I've commonly ...
4
votes
0answers
110 views

Noether current for the Lagrangian without Lorentz invariance

I am reading an article by Watanabe & Murayama. It gives a proof on the counting of Nambu–Goldstone bosons without Lorentz invariance. I am trying to derive all the equations to get a better ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Relative speed of objects

This question has been bugging me for a while now. I am not sure this is the correct forum to ask, please close if it is not the right forum. Lets say a bus is traveling at $60\: \mathrm{km/h}$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Exciting Surface Plasmons using ATR

I'm very new to the topic of surface plasmons and I have been reading about different methods of exciting them. There is one method in which a prism is set up to allow phase matching of an incident ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Hermitian conjugation in Radial Quantization

I'm a little confused about Hermitian conjugation in a radially quantized CFT. Now, in the Minkowski theory, Hermitian conjugation leaves the coordinates invariant, i.e. $t^\dagger = t$ and $x^\dagger ...
5
votes
2answers
102 views

Do primary fields (in a CFT) satisfy the wave equation?

In a 2-dimensional CFT, do primary fields generally satisfy the wave equation? I know that if they have either purely holomorphic or purely anti-holomorphic, they do. But what about a general primary ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Splitting of degenerate states due to perturbation

In band structures we see avoided crossing when we have degenerate eigenstates (caused by perturbation due to potential energy). However along some direction in first Brillouin zone, even though the ...
6
votes
4answers
349 views

Is the covariance or contravariance of vectors/tensors something that can be “visualized”?

I'm taking an undergrad GR course, and our text (Lambourne) mentions covariant and contravariant vectors and tensors ad-nauseum, but never really gives a formal definition for what they are, and how ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Deriving $p = mv$ from translational symmetry (momentum conservation law)?

"In classical mechanics, momentum is defined as the quantity which is conserved under global spatial translations or, alternatively, as the generator of spatial translations." (G.Parisi, ...
0
votes
0answers
172 views

Probability of absorption and emission of photons

Suppose you have a single electron in a box, and you shoot a single photon at it. How does one calculate the probability that the photon will be absorbed and the particle excited? Or that the photon ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Lorenz gauge in the Gupta-Bleuler Method

Greiner in his book Field Quantization page 180 & 181 wrote: As shown in (7.24) the Lorenz condition cannot be enforced as an operator identity. Instead we will use it as a condition for the ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Solving for the phase shift of a neutron due to precession in magnetic field

In the famous experiment that was used to prove the sign change of the wave function due to a rotation of 2$\pi$ by Werner et al. It is stated directly that the phase shift of the neutron beam is ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

Work and energy problem [closed]

I am trying to solve the problem (see image), my concern is about the 2 factor, can anyone please help me understand this.

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