2
votes
0answers
85 views

Entangled event horizons

Assuming it is possible in principle to entangle the degrees of freedom of the event horizons of two black holes, and that this is something that can be done, either after the black hole is formed, or ...
2
votes
4answers
697 views

Electric Field due to a disk of charge. (Problem in derivation)

This might be a really silly question, but I don't understand it. In finding the electric field due to a thin disk of charge, we use the known result of the field due to a ring of charge and then ...
13
votes
1answer
298 views

Self-dual Maxwell equations, the second homology group, and topological invariants of a four manifold

In Witten's paper Quantum Field Theory and the Jones Polynomial, he mentioned that: Geometers have long known that (via de Rham theory) the self-dual and anti-self-dual Maxwell equations are ...
1
vote
2answers
530 views

Gauss’s Law inside the hollow of charged spherical shell

Use Gauss’s Law to prove that the electric field anywhere inside the hollow of a charged spherical shell must be zero. My attempt: $$\int \mathbf{E}\cdot \mathbf{dA} = \frac{q_{net}}{e}$$ $$\int E ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Only gravitation and Newton's $2^{\mathrm{nd}}$ law needed to derive Kepler's laws?

It is known that Kepler's laws of planetary motion can be derived from Newton's laws of motion and his law of universal gravitation. However, are all of Newton's laws of motion necessary? According ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

How come this paper clip is “ floating” on the subway floor?

What's the physics behind the paper clip floating? Technically this was filmed on a subway floor in motion. So I'm guessing it has some Newtonian mechanics involved here, and maybe some other stuff I ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Electric Field Homework Question

Can a charged particle move through an electric field that exerts no force on it?
0
votes
2answers
165 views

Calculating the rate at which a car turns

This is going to be difficult to describe, as I have no real concept of this sort of physics, so please bear with me. If this is too much or beyond the scope of this website, I apologize. I am making ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

Induced “Potential Difference” in Loop/How do Voltmeters work?

Say we have a single, solid circular loop of wire rotating at a constant angular velocity in a uniform magnetic field. There is an induced EMF creating a current in the wire. At the absolute ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Spatial part of wavefunction of helium, both electrons are in ground state

If both electrons are in ground state, characterized by $(1s)^2$, this means that n =1, l = 0. The two electrons occupy the same energy and space (why doesn't pauli exclusion principle prevent this?), ...
7
votes
1answer
243 views

Empty batteries magically resurrect after reinserting them

It happened to me quite often (most recently with my wireless keyboard) that a battery stopped to work and then, if I unplug it and then plug it back in it works again, not just for a couple of ...
1
vote
2answers
237 views

Damped Coupled Oscillations

I'm currently revising for a vibrations and waves module that I am taking as part of my physics degree. One of the our final questions involved finding equations for the displacements of the two ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Quasi-Degenerate Perturbation Theory

Is there any sort of objective rule on when to use quasi-degenerate perturbation theory vs degenerate vs non-degenerate?
-10
votes
2answers
258 views

if the universe is flat does it mean it exists only in our mind as math? [closed]

My dad, who is a retired mathematician, has this attitude, which I think we all have as kids, that ultimately reality is made of stuff. End of story. If you look around yourself in the world, ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Voltage in a lossless transmission line

I have a question where I'm deriving expressions for different variables within a lossless transmission line. Here's the question as posed: Consider a lossless transmission line of characteristic ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

Lattice pattern

I'm trying to find and outline a non-primitive conventional unit mesh, I'd also like to find any mirrors planes and rotional symmetry axes. I first thought it would be like this: , but I was told ...
2
votes
4answers
588 views

I find a problem in the law of angular momentum conservation

Consider a system of spring mass as shown in the figure.entire loop is free but only one nail is there at the point A... Initially the mass is at rest and then released. Assume that the spring is ...
0
votes
3answers
94 views

Are intergalactic voids inertial frames?

I know earth is a non-inertia frame, so is the solar system, the milky way, the local group and even our super cluster. But what about all the space, the void that is left outside of the ...
3
votes
2answers
345 views

Thermo-Emf variation with temperature

In the following experiment for seebeck effect After a certain temperature, the thermo-emf begins to fall. Why does this happen? What is happening microscopically at this level to cause such an ...
6
votes
4answers
116 views

Relative Motion

I read the following: http://www.feynmanlectures.caltech.edu/I_15.html#Ch15-S4 "Now let us see what happens to the moving clock. Before the man took it aboard, he agreed that it was a nice, ...
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Physics and Skin Color: What differences do physicists observe between different skin colors?

I majored in social sciences, so I haven't taken a science class since 1999, so forgive me if I don't ask this right. What difference would skin color make from a physics perspective? Would there be ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Do plasmons depend on the ambient EM field?

Imagine a situation: There's an illuminated metal slab in vacuum. Normally, there are some plasmons created running all over the slab. What would happen if we had turned a giant magnet near the slab? ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Optical Theorem ,how can experiment distinguish the unscattered wave from the forward scattered wave?

How can experiment distinguish the unscattered wave from the forward scattered wave? The Optical Theorem says the imaginary part of the forward wave determines the cross section for an initial ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

If the universe has a shape, what is the surface? [duplicate]

Since the idea of the universe was that it was expanding, is there a way to know the surface area of the universe like the growing 3D object it is illustrated? The idea was that the universe was ...
9
votes
2answers
418 views

If temperature is average KE per particle, and heat is total KE of all the particles, how can molar heat capacity vary?

If temperature is defined as the average kinetic energy per particle, and heat energy is defined as the total kinetic energy of all the particles (or more strictly, heat transferred is the total ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

What is light localisation?

Reading about plasmonic nanoparticles I faced the term "localised light". How can one localise light? What are applications of it?
0
votes
0answers
44 views

How to calculate the amount of energy in joules/s that gas oven uses?

I know there may be missing information, but my question is really simple and yet I haven't found an answer to it. To make things easy, let's assume we have a $40×40×40$ cm oven that we want to keep ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

Are all fluorophores dipoles?

Lately I'm reading about surface enhanced fluorescence. In many articles I can see that fluorophores are called "dipoles". Is it because that they can be modelled by a vibrating electric dipole? Or ...
0
votes
0answers
150 views

Alternative derivations of vis-viva equation?

The proof of the vis-viva equation of orbital mechanics found on wikipedia looks, in my opinion, somewhat convoluted and unenlightening. Considering the simplicity and importance of the vis-viva ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

How to calculate the energy freed in the reaction: $^{10}_5Be +\space ^2_1H \rightarrow \space^{11}_5B + \space ^1_1H$?

I have the following reaction: $^{10}_5\mathrm{Be} +\space ^2_1\mathrm{H} \rightarrow \space^{11}_5\mathrm{B} + \space ^1_1\mathrm{H}$ And I know that I have to use the formula: $E = \Delta m\cdot ...
5
votes
1answer
388 views

A question about Feynman diagram and symmetry factor

Consider a $\varphi^3$ theory: $$ Z_1(J) \propto \exp\left[\frac{i}{6} Z_g g\int \mathrm{d}^4 x \left(\frac{1}{i}\frac{\delta}{\delta J}\right)^3\right] Z_0(J), $$ where $$ Z_0(J) = ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Finding dimensional formula

$$y(x,t)=2A\sin(Kx)\cos(\omega t)$$ $A$ and $x$ are in metre, $\omega$ is angular frequency. Then find dimensions of $A$ and $K$. In this equation how can I find the dimension of $K$?
3
votes
2answers
143 views

Description of the heat equation with an additional term

I have the following equation: $$\frac{\partial U}{\partial t}=k\frac{\partial^2 U}{\partial x^2}-v_{0}\frac{\partial U}{\partial x}, x>0$$ with initial conditions: $$U(0,t)=0$$ $$U(x,0)=f(x)$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Bending of a spline

The introduction section on this page states: "the spline will take a shape that minimizes the bending", while showing the formula for curvature of a real curve. Question is, what is the formula for ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Bass and acute tones. Perceiving their direction

In a modern sound system, you put the sub-woofer somewhere on the floor, not worrying much about its position, but putting the loud speaker around my ears, to generate a sound-surround effect. I ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

How to calculate frequency in the following question [closed]

A police car with a siren of frequency $8$ kHz is moving with uniform velocity $36 \mathrm{km}\, \mathrm{hr}^{-1}$ towards a tall building which reflects the sound waves. The speed of sound in air is ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Question about resolving forces

Say, in the example below, the weight $mg$ of the object is $800N$. To find $R$, the conventional method is to use $R\sin(28^\circ) = 800$. But why isn't it possible to use instead the component of ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

A question about causality and Quantum Field Theory from improper Lorentz transformation

Related post Causality and Quantum Field Theory In Peskin and Schroeder's QFT p28, the authors tried to show causality is preserved in scalar field theory. Consider commutator $$ [ \phi(x), \phi(y) ...
4
votes
1answer
252 views

Effect of Earth's magnetic field on aeroplanes?

As an aeroplane accelerates through the Earth's B-field, it experiences a changing flux $d\phi \over dt$ and a potential difference is induced along its wings. Given the wings are made of metal and ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Is there quantitative theory of cutting with edge or blade

I wonder if there is some simple theory of what determine efficiency ( speed, energy end force required ) of cutting by edge ( blade , knife, sword ) At least something phenomenological like in ...
0
votes
1answer
155 views

Tension in string and gravitational force on bob relative strength

When calculating time period of simple pendulum (an approximation of SHM at small amplitudes) we take gravitational force greater than tension in string and resolve gravitational force in two ...
6
votes
0answers
101 views

Could the dark matter sector be boring?

People always talk about finding good dark matter (DM) candidates of beyond Standard Model (SM) theories. To be a proper candidate the particles should not decay into the SM particles and could ...
-2
votes
1answer
37 views

Evaluating angle of refraction [closed]

Can someone show me how to evaluate the angle of refraction for white light where the angle of incidence is 30 degrees if medium A is air and medium B is water. The answer is 22 degrees. I don't know ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Optimal Airplane trajectory

The last time I took a plane the following problem crossed my mind. Setting: take the Earth and neglect its rotation around the Sun. It then only rotates on itself with angular velocity $\Omega$. ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

Why is a material such as plastic air-tight?

I'm not too familiar with fluid mechanics, but i always wondered how let's say plastic containers would be able to contain a fluid, such as gas or water. How does plastic prevent the molecules of the ...
0
votes
3answers
172 views

Geostationary orbit and rotation speed of a planet

Assume for planets similar to Earth but with different rotation speeds (including zero), and we put a satellites at altitude of 35 786 km/hr (similar to the Geostationary orbit or earth), with speed ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Could one estimate the size of air-molecules based on analysis of the sound?

Say one knows air is composed of molecules (atoms). Could one estimate the size of molecules (atoms) by analysing the sound properties as one perceives them (clearness, speed, etc.)?
4
votes
0answers
73 views

Intuitively, why does removing solutes cost $k_B T$ of free energy per molecule?

I can calculate that if you want to, for example, desalinate water, you will have to pay a free energy cost of $k_B T$ for each ion you remove. In other words, removing an ion from a volume of water ...
1
vote
2answers
257 views

What does this quantum experiment says about quantum world?

I am complete noob so please bear with me. I always read that in quantum world things exists as probability and only become one when they are observed...or wave collapses into particle. But there was ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

Centre of mass and objects tipping [closed]

In this picture if the only parts of an object in contact with a surface are the lines AB and CD am I right in saying that the centre of mass has to be in the area enclosed by ABCD (as shown). I ...

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