1
vote
1answer
50 views

Photovoltaic IV data

I am looking for any available measured solar-cell datasets (Voltage/Current) especially for organic photovoltaic cells for the testing of a software unfortunately I am unable to get the measured ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

WKB transmission probability in momentum space

What is the expression for the WKB transmission probability in momentum space?
0
votes
2answers
271 views

Auto-refrigeration

I'm reading about the auto-refrigeration effect and can't find a really good explanation. Is the idea that when you have your condensed liquid, and then release it into a low pressure environment, ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

How to find different operator representations in QM?

I read that any observable operator may be represented as: $$\Omega = \sum_n \omega _n | \omega _n \rangle \langle \omega_n |$$ Where the little omegas are the eigenvectors/eigenvalues of the ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

resistance in a dc circuit [closed]

Herein is my question. On my gm vehicle, I replaced the dash gauges with aftermarket gauges. So, I replaced the battery light with a volt meter. I have burned up several alternators.. Have been told ...
-4
votes
1answer
146 views

How can I destroy earth with physics? [closed]

I want to destroy the whole earth using physics, I would like to learn some of the ways that can be used to achieve this. I tried using a nuclear bomb but it takes so long, and I can't wait that much: ...
3
votes
2answers
133 views

Where is the Higgs Field?

Where is the Higgs Field? I get the idea of how it works but I couldn't find anything explaining where it is.
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Are “confinement” and “asymptotic freedom” two sides of the same coin?

On Wikipedia it says that the two peculiar properties of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) are: confinement and asymptotic freedom. Asymptotic freedom is the idea that at low energies we cannot use ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Physical interpretation of Fermi golden rule? [duplicate]

What is the physical interpretation of Fermi's golden rule?
8
votes
1answer
346 views

Self-adjoint and unbounded operators in QM

An operator $A$ is said to be self-adjoint if $(\chi,A\psi)=(A\chi,\psi)$ for $\psi, \chi \in D_A$ and $D_A=D_{A^\dagger}$. But for the free particle momentum operator $\hat{p}$ these inner products ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Why does surface charge not move?

If you have a wire with current flowing through it, and the current flowing the wrong way (not parallel to the wire) surface charge will buildup, generating a field to force the current to flow the ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

relationship between Fredkin gate and the swap and I gates

I need to prove this relationship: $$G_{Fredkin} = I \otimes |0\rangle\langle 0| + G_{swap} \otimes |1\rangle\langle 1|$$ with $$G_{swap} = |00\rangle\langle 00| + |01\rangle\langle 10| + ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Two identical particles with spin $s$. What is the spin of its corresponding “center-of-mass” and “relative” particles?

Consider a system of two identical quantum particles with spin $s$ and mass $m$. Using center-of-mass coordinates one obtains an equivalent system given by a particle of mass $2m$ and one of mass ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Calculating the height objects fall from [duplicate]

Imagine an object of a given mass. The object falls from a certain height. On contact with the ground, the object has a certain force. If the force of the object and the mass of the object are ...
1
vote
2answers
568 views

Is it possible to detect fake Tungsten aka Wolfram gold bars with a strong magnet?

Tungsten aka Wolfram is paramagnetic so it is weakly attracted to magnets. A guy devised the following to test for Tungsten in gold bars: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=foELQ7T8_90 But he is using ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How can KVL & KCL be derived from Maxwell equations?

How can KVL (Kirchhoff's Voltage Law) & KCL (Kirchhoff's Current law) be derived from Maxwell equations in lumped circuits?(Lumped network : if $d$is the largest dimension of the network and ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Find Angular Momentum about any point

How do I find the angular momentum of a body about any point? We know that $L=I\omega$ for a body rotating in space, where $L$ denotes the angular momentum, $I$ denotes the moment of inertia and ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Object that causes spacetime to expand?

Is there any thing that will cause spacetime to expand, so that particles are pushed away from them rather than pulled towards it. I know things such as black holes and planets causes dips and curve ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

Local degrees of freedom in QUGRA lead to black holes

I am reading Jan Boer's review of the AdS/CFT correspondence and I quote from end of page 1, where he is talking about equivalence of (d+1)-dim gravity to d-dim field theory “If true, it implies ...
7
votes
2answers
433 views

Find the minimum value of velocity [closed]

Find the minimum value of the initial velocity $u$ of the particle such that the particle crosses the wheel of radius $R$. Details and assumptions $R=2m$ $g=9.8m/s^2$ Neglect air resistance. All ...
9
votes
0answers
243 views

Quantum computing records (entangled qubits)

What is the current record number of entagled qubits and how has this number been increased? The latest result on stack exchange, which is 3 years old, reports 14 via this post: How many stabilised ...
9
votes
2answers
179 views

From representations to field theories

The one-particle states as well as the fields in quantum field theory are regarded as representations of Poincare group, e.g. scalar, spinor, and vector representations. Is there any systematical ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Fluid Temperature as a function of Mass and Ambient Temperature

Problem I am trying to create an equation to calculate fuel temperature based on ambient temperature, heat exchange rate, and mass. The idea is very simple; when the mass is heated, depending on how ...
1
vote
1answer
470 views

Why does shaking your head with short hair hurt? [closed]

When my hair gets long I start doing a little flick of my head occasionally to get my hair out of my eyes. This grows into a habit though, and for the first few days after cutting my hair I end up ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Radial and tangential velocities of a star

(source) Early in this piece it states that the radial and tangential velocities are: $$V_r = V_c \cos(\alpha) -V_{c,0} \sin (l)$$ $$V_t = V_c \sin(\alpha) -V_{c,0} \cos (l)$$ but I am struggling ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Reasons to consider the coefficient of restitution velocity independent - conditions when this does apply

In high-school mathematics textbooks a bouncing ball is often considered as an example of an exponential decay. One can easily derive this if one assumes that the coefficient of restitution is ...
0
votes
2answers
302 views

Rolling disk in inclined plane and flat plane? [duplicate]

A disk is rolling (not sliding) in the inclined plane with initial velocity of zero. So there is friction between disk and plane. But when we use the energy conservation rule, we consider as: ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Is it possible that a battery goes flat faster in a cold environment?

I own an old iPod Classic with original lithium-ion polymer battery and I use it primarily while running. Recently I discovered that when a temperature outside is low, usually below 5 C degrees, the ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Confused about length contraction and aberration [duplicate]

Einstein states that a moving object's shape changes due to the length contraction. But people had done such an experiment: Taking photos to a moving object, but they didn't find Lorentz contraction, ...
5
votes
0answers
106 views

Are point particles the reason for 'infinities' in QFT?

One of my professors told us this semester, that the 'infinities' that arise in QFT are partly due to the use of the $\delta$-distribution in the commutator relations which read (for fermions) ...
11
votes
3answers
776 views

Why am I wrong about how to view gauge theory?

Edit: I know there have been some similar questions but I don't think any had quite articulated my particular confusion. If gauge symmetries are really just redundancies in our description accounting ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Naive visualization of space-time curvature

With only a limited knowledge of general relativity, I usually explain space-time curvature (to myself and others) thus: "If you throw a ball, it will move along a parabola. Initially its vertical ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Convert $\text{mm}^2$ to $\text{m}^2$

Stuck on a very very basic concept. I have $1750\text{ mm}^2$ and need to get into $\text{m}^2$. I figured $1750\text{ mm}^2 = (1750\text{ mm}) \cdot (1750\text{ mm})$, but I know this isnt right.
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Thermodynamics of zinc chloride to zinc

I am trying to deposit zinc metal from zinc chloride using chemical vapor deposition. But it is thermodynamically feasible to obtain zinc from zinc chloride?
3
votes
2answers
50 views

Approximation of the energy for low $T$ in the early universe

In Perkins `Particle Physics', to compute the baryon-antibaryon-ratio, he uses that for $Mc^2\gg kT$: $$E= Mc^2 + \frac{p^2c^2}{2m}.$$ I realize that the approximation comes from $E^2=M^2c^4 + p^2c^2$ ...
0
votes
0answers
222 views

Coupled mass spring system with damping and initial values

After researching through the web, I can't figure out how to express into a differential equation a coupled mass spring system with damping and initial values. Two masses and two springs, no external ...
6
votes
10answers
426 views

Why is centrifugal 'force' perpendicular to line of inertia

I know that centrifugal is labeled a fictitious force only arising in a rotating reference frame, but I still struggle to understand the forces at play intuitively in tethered rotating bodies. I've ...
6
votes
1answer
316 views

What is the most stable nuclide of an isobar?

From the semi-empirical mass formula, the mass of an atomic nucleus is $$M\left(A,Z\right)=Zm_p+(A-Z)m_n-\frac{E_b(A,Z)}{c^2}$$ I've been told (at first) that for a given mass number $A$, the most ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Finding sphere of influence in multibody system

I would like to draw a boundary illustrating the sphere of influence of each body in a 3 body system. What is the best way to find such a boundary? My understanding is at the edge an SoI is the ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Relative Velocities and Conservation of Kinetic Energy

An object of mass m moves with velocity $v$ towards a stationary object of same mass. Impact is an elastic collision. $v_1$ is the velocity after impact of the mass originally moving $v_2$ is the ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

$\mathcal{N}=2$ spin $1/2$ supermultiplet

In Freedman and Van Proeyen's Supergravity, in the footnote on pg. 128, they say There is a subtle hermiticity requirement for $\mathcal{N}=2$, which requires the multiplet $(-1/2,0,0,1/2)$ must ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Friction as a Centripetal Force

When an object is moving in a circle, won't the frictional force oppose it's motion? And if the velocity is always tangential to the path, there is no component of it towards the center, so there is ...
6
votes
1answer
103 views

Is it possible to see light intensity fluctuate?

Solutions to Maxwell's equations shows that the $\vec{E}$ and $\vec{H}$ component are of the same phase, which means they go to maximum and zero together, therefore the intensity of the ...
4
votes
0answers
157 views

Topological Quantum Field Theories

I've asked this on Math.SE, but with no avail. So, I decided to ask it here. I was wondering about the following after reading the Wikipedia article on TQFTs. It is said that TQFTs have vanishing ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Why do particular materials allow particular light waves to pass through them? [duplicate]

To be honest, I really don't understand this at all. If we take cardboard for example, obviously gamma rays can penetrate cardboard because the light has such a high energy, and obviously radio waves ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

gravitational lensing [duplicate]

I had read somewhere that a star, whose light passes very close to the sun and reaches the earth produces 4 images of the same star (left, right, top and bottom) in a telescope due to gravitational ...
4
votes
1answer
118 views

What does the Coulomb barrier really mean?

I realize I'm trying to get a simple answer on a complicated subject, but here goes anyway. I've done some research and I understand (well, mostly) about how Vc is the amount of energy required to get ...
0
votes
1answer
155 views

General relativity, gravity and spacetime curvature [duplicate]

There is a very fundamental flaw in the common explanation given of the space-time curvature due to massive objects. It is said that a massive object curves space time just like a bowling ball on a ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Application of wavelets in computational electromagnetics

I am a first-year graduate student (electrical eng.); wavelets is one of the courses that I am taking presently. As part of the course, I plan to explore application of wavelets in computational ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Textbook on Diffusion and Diffusion NMR Spectroscopy

I am looking for textbooks ( Mathematical / Theoretical Physics ) that cover diffusion in general. Although it is not necessary that your recommendation covers it, I am also particularly interested ...

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