3
votes
4answers
260 views

If Julian Barbour is Correct, is the Speed of Light Special?

According to this article in Discover Magazine, Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity is wrong, because it didn't fully live up to the ideas of Einstein's idol, Ernst Mach. Mach proposed a truly ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Does zero free current entail zero $\vec H$?

There are two kinds of magnetic fields (different authors give them different names), $\vec B $ and $\vec H$ which are related by the equation $$ \vec B = \mu_o (\vec H + \vec M)$$ where $\vec M$ is ...
3
votes
5answers
158 views

What's the difference between frequency domain and time domain spectra?

If I have a mechanical oscillator and want to observe the dynamical behavior of the oscillator, is there any additional information to observe it in time domain and frequency domain? Normally, we ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Does the surface topological order on the boundary of 3D topological insulator also have topological ground state degeneracy?

The boundary of a 3D topological insulator can be fully gapped (under strong interaction) by the surface topological order without breaking the symmetry (see Fidkowski-Chen-Vishwanath, ...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

Measuring speed of the moving train, if I'm inside it

So I am inside a coach in a train that is fully sealed (with no windows and a locked door). I have a torch, photo & time sensor and a scale with me. So, I place the sensor at one of the walls and ...
3
votes
2answers
72 views

How is the most accurate value of $G$ measured?

How do modern scientists update the measurement of $G$, the gravitational constant? Is CODATA the authority on this measurement and the experiment?
6
votes
3answers
329 views

Double Slit Information Destruction

In the double slit experiment, when a detector is added to tell which hole the photon went through the interference pattern disappears. Would there be an interference pattern if the data was sent to ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Finding Acceleration of Two Masses in an Ideal Pulley [closed]

I am stuck on this problem: Two masses are connected by a string which goes over an ideal pulley. Block A has a mass of 5kg and can slide along a rough plane inclined 30 degrees to the horizontal. ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Reference for the value of the axial vector coupling constant, $g_A$

This paper (I don't know if it is available for free or not) defines the axial-vector coupling constant (a constant important in calculations involving the weak interaction) as $g=1.26$. My advisor ...
-4
votes
3answers
298 views

Do mobile phones produce radiation harmful to humans? [closed]

What are the health effects of mobile phone radiation (if any)? Does using a mobile phone without an SIM card change the answer?
1
vote
2answers
134 views

If the vacuum is not “emptiness” why the speed of the electromagnetic wave is independent of the frame of reference?

If the vacuum were "emptiness" it were easy to accept that there is no "preferred frame of coordinates" and the light velocity is the same in any inertial frame of coordinates. But the vacuum is an ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Converting between cosmological times

David Hogg's 'Distance Measures in Cosmology' is my go-to reference for all things cosmological. It's missing a discussion of time measurements however. How does one convert between different ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Filled molecular orbitals: Avoidance vs Mixing

I am trying to figure out if the mixing of two filled orbitals requires some additional activation energy and, if it does, if there is some orbital avoidance area where the filled orbitals will not ...
4
votes
2answers
852 views

How come Wifi signals can go through walls, and bodies, by kitchen-microwaves only penetrate a few centimeters through absorbing surfaces?

The only difference that I know of between Kitchen Microwaves and Wifi signals is how much power is pumped through them. Why is it that Wifi signals, being 1000 times weaker can travel so much ...
4
votes
4answers
547 views

Faraday's paradox

I have studied that Faraday's law of induction and motional emf are two different lines of thinking but are essentially same. But then, how can Faraday's paradox be explained by Faraday's law of ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

What's Optimal About Six Legs According to Physical Laws? [closed]

In many respects the insects can be regarded as the most successful class of animals in evolutionary terms. And one of the most common features of insects is that they (mostly) all have six legs. Not ...
-1
votes
1answer
82 views

black holes and white holes

i have a question and i just couldn't get another way to get its answer. My question is regarding black hole and the possibility of a white hole. we know that even light cannot escape a black hole ...
3
votes
5answers
218 views

Isn't all light polarised?

I apologize if my question does not make sense.(I'm teaching myself microscopy.) So reading Fundamentals of Light Microscopy and electronic imaging by Douglas&Murphy, at one point the author ...
2
votes
5answers
89 views

Is more lift always better?

In the domain of aircraft, and more specifically powered flight, is there any case in which you wouldn't want the airfoil used to generate as much lift (and as little drag) as possible at a null angle ...
6
votes
1answer
115 views

How close to the critical point is sufficient close for measuring critical exponents?

I am learning Monte Carlo and just manage to simulate a phase transition by computing the heat capacity or the susceptibility. I wish I can also compute critical exponents.To this purpose, I have read ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Crystal in Magnetic Field

When you have a 2D crystal in a uniform perpendicular magnetic field, you can use the Peierls substitution to convert one tight-binding before-magnetic-field-band into a $q$-bands under the influence ...
2
votes
3answers
154 views

Fock space and occupation number

I have troubles to understand the concept of a Fock space. We defined it as a direct sum of the 0-particle, single particle, two particle etc. Hilbert space. Unfortunately, I am not sure if I ...
3
votes
0answers
20 views

What will happen to a naked singularity during the Big Rip? [duplicate]

I apologize in advance if some concepts I use are vague, but I am just an enthusiast. I have read that the Big Rip will not rip off black holes because the event horizon will become equal to something ...
-1
votes
3answers
213 views

Where does the force to stop a constant velocity object come from?

If a ball hits a wall at a constant velocity, it will slow down and eventually come to rest. Since the ball was at constant velocity, it was not accelerating, and so there was no force. Also, the ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Why does Philae have only three legs?

Can anyone explain why comet lander Philae has only three legs? Isn't it obvious that it now has problems that it would not have had if it had four legs arranged as a regular tetrahedron - or even ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

What is “Lifetime Intensity” in photoluminescence?

I'm reading an article "Surface plasmon enhanced Förster resonance energy transfer between the CdTe quantum dots". Link The reasearchers are writing about increase in "lifetime intensity" and even ...
5
votes
2answers
82 views

Is it possible to propagate a relativistic system of particles in time using Verlet?

The Verlet algorithm and its derivations are very popular methods to integrate Newton's equations of motion in time and obtain a trajectory for a system with $N$ particles. I work with classical ...
4
votes
2answers
280 views

Path integral derivation of the state-operator correspondence in a CFT

Below, I paraphrase the path integral derivation of the state-operator correspondence in David Tong's notes on CFT (see pdf here). This is my interpretation of the text in that pdf, so please correct ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

force acting perpendicular through a rotational axis

This seems rather basic to prove mathematically but i am second guess my intuition. Say you have an object in rotation and a force acts on it through the axis of rotation perpendicular to the axis of ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Hamiltonian symmetry Lie algebra

What is the connection between complete set of commuting observables and generators of the Lie group? I have a Hamiltonian written down in second quantized formalism and I also checked that it ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Upper bound to annihilation cross section into heavy particles

For a process in which two relativistic particles annihilate to produce two or more heavy(er) particles of mass $M$: Is it true that the cross section $\sigma_{ann}$ cannot be larger than ...
5
votes
2answers
461 views

What is a gauge in a gauge theory?

As I study Jackson, I am getting really confused with some of its key definitions. Here is what I am getting confused at. When we substituted the electric field and magnetic field in terms of the ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Where can I find a structured presentation of the equations of physics? [duplicate]

I recently realized how odd it is that studying physics has never been able to hold my interest despite how interesting I find physics. I came to the conclusion that it is because I've always felt ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

Definition of “destructive” interference of waves

What is the commonly accepted precise definition of "destructive" interference of waves. Does it mean: interference with complete cancellation or interference where the amplitude gets smaller ...
3
votes
1answer
130 views

Inexplicable Results in a Vacuum Experiment

We've been doing the following experiment in our Physics Lab course and are coming up with some strange results which we're at a loss to explain. The purpose of the experiment is to determine the ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

How big does a natural gas compressor station have to be, so as its possible explosion to produce power equal to that of a nuclear bomb [closed]

I live in Greece and a natural gas compressor station is going to be constructed within a radius of 3km. That got me wondered. Can a possible explosion produce equal power with the little boy, the ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Binding forces in crystalline solids

I am referring to rocks in this instance. Individual crystals grow together in an igneous rock as it solidifies. I know that the SiO4 tetrahedron is the basic building unit of silicate minerals, and ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Why does dot product equal to one? (Pauli spin matrices)

I was reading these lecture notes (NB: PDF): For spin-1/2, the rotation operator $$ R_\alpha^{(s)}(\mathbf n)=\exp\left(-i\frac{\alpha}{2}\vec\sigma\cdot\mathbf{\hat n}\right) $$ can be ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

How come graphene is considered to have two valleys?

The typical graphene band-structure is a double-cone (in opposite directions to each other) with Dirac point in the middle. I assume the bottom cone is like the valence band, while the top cone is ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

Biot-Savart and Amperes law inconsistentcy

Imagine the situation below where a steady current $I$ goes through the line. The radius of the semicircle is $r$. How do I compute the magnetic flux in the point $P$, marked by a black dot? ...
4
votes
3answers
242 views

How is the scattering length in 2d defined?

Scattering length is 3d is well-defined. In the literature, one can also see scattering length in 2d. How is it defined? Can we even generalize it to 1d?
0
votes
2answers
431 views

How does a roller coaster car stay on the track on a curve [closed]

Say a roller coaster car is going up a ramp to a drop. At some point it needs to traverse a curve to get to the drop. In general, since the car is constrained to the rail, how is it able to move ...
5
votes
4answers
614 views

Why does an atom remain uncharged after emission of an alpha particle?

When an alpha particle is emitted, two protons and two neutrons leave the nucleus but the electrons remain the same in number. Why does the atom remain uncharged although it appears it should have a ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Lattice and carrier temperature

If I hold a semiconductor sample at a certain temperature $T$, its lattice temperature $T_l$ will equalize: $T_l=T$. But how is this lattice temperature related to the carrier (electron or hole) ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

Importance of the $\exp (i \bar{k} \cdot \bar{r})$ part of the plane wave equation

I am having trouble grasping how the equation $\bar{E} \left( \bar{r}, t \right) = \bar{E}_{0} \exp \left[ i \left( \bar{k} \cdot \bar{r} - \omega t \right) \right]$ fully describes a plane wave. ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

How to calculate the volume of water in a certain amount of air, given the relative humidity?

If, according to the weather forecast, the current humidity is 90%, how can I calculate the volume of water that could be extracted from a certain volume of that air?
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Harmonics on Hyperbolic space

I would like to know if there exists an analogue for hyperbolic space of the so called spherical harmonics which play a major role in the quantum states construction in a hydrogen atom. In other words ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Information in twisted light

New Scientist has a story on the use of twisted light to store multiple bits of information per photon. What is this technology, and what are the information density limits per photon? "MOZART and ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Does the power weakening of an electromagnetic transmission over distance depends on the beam's width?

Does the power weakening of an electromagnetic transmission over distance depends on the beam's width? If I emit an omnidirectional electromagnetic transmission, its power weakens in the ratio of ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

Force and Energy in robots

There are two similar and hypothetical robots that move with wheels powered by motors, Robot A and Robot B. Robot A has a gear ratio of 3:1 (The gear connected to the motor is three times larger than ...

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