0
votes
1answer
37 views

Example for System Given Hilbert Space

What are some concrete examples of physical systems such that their corresponding Hilbert space is given by $\mathbb{C}$? Also, what is the physical difference between a system whose corresponding ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Gauss's law and charge on surface

Consider a cone (not necessarily right cone), with a charge $q$ at its apex. Fix its base, and let the vertex be movable. Now suppose we intend to find the flux through the base. Since the flux ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

How does this youtube video demonstrate quantum entanglement? [on hold]

The following is an experiment that shows "spooky action at a distance" of quantum entanglement; that is, when we measure some properties of two entangled photons, we find that measuring property of ...
2
votes
3answers
229 views

Dimension of vector resulting from tensorial product

I'm quoting what I found in a book about quantum computation: Individual state spaces of $n$ particles combine quantum mechanically through the tensor product. If $X$ and $Y$ are vectors, then ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Find the equivalent capacitance

On the plane capacitor below, the surface of the boards is $A$ and the distance between the boards is $d$, the dieletrics constants are $k_1$ and $k_2$. Find the capacitance of the capacitor in ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Why Does Moving a Cup of Coffee Up and Down whilst carrying it Make it less Likely to Spill?

Sometimes I have a Very Full Mug of Coffee and I am trying to carry it without it spilling. I noticed that if I moved the Mug up and down when carrying it, it seemed to settle the coffee and make it ...
3
votes
3answers
380 views

Feynman paths of FTL velocity have imaginary momentum?

In this Phys.SE answer it is discussed that Feynman path integrals sums amplitudes for all possible paths, including those that are not time-like. If you take the momentum-space path integrals, I ...
-2
votes
0answers
18 views

Is it possible that gravity is created by the empty space in all matter? [on hold]

Everything is made up of atoms, which are made up of 99% empty space. Thus, everything is made up of 99% empty space; furthermore everything has gravity. Given this, is it a plausible theory to ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Are magnetic hysteresis losses relevant to alternating currents flowing in a wire?

Say we have an AC in a magnetically lossy material, like iron. Because of iron's relatively high permeability, skin effect will be more pronounced than it is in say, copper, so this iron wire isn't so ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Reduction of Nambu Goto action to true degrees of freedom

First consider the particle $$S=m\int\sqrt{-\dot{X}^2}d\tau$$ if you choose the static gauge $\tau=X^0$ and replace it in the action you get $$=m\int\sqrt{1-\dot{X}^j\dot{X}^j}d\tau$$ So now, you ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Invariant mass not conserved in lab frame, yet conserved at center of momentum frame

In the following case it seems that the invariant mass is not conserved. A particle of mass $M$ and incoming velocity $w$ collides with a particle of mass $m$ and incoming velocity $u$. The velocities ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Where does this relation between gamma, energy and mass come from?

I am doing a course that has used this relation a few times now: \begin{equation} \gamma = \frac{E}{mc^2} \end{equation} It makes sense physically, when $E = mc^2$ the particle is at rest and ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Find the molar specific heat for each gas

A mixture of two ideal gases, the first one atomic and the second two atomic are put in normal conditions in a calorimeter with volume 1 liter hermetically closed. After it is given 10J thermal energy ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Uncertainty relation and instrumental errors

I was puzzled recently by what I've read in the internets about Heisenberg's uncertainty principle (one probably should never do this). It claimed that in the usual relation $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Find the time needed to warm the water to a temperature

An electrical resistence has a power of 1 kW. It is put inside a container that has 10 liters water. The water is in temperature 20C with pressure 1 atm. Find the time to warm the water to the ...
2
votes
3answers
7k views

Rotating a stone with a string

Suppose we are given a stick and a stone tied to the stick by a string. Now if we rotate the stone around the stick the stone rises in height (see picture below). My question is which force accounts ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Where does the center of mass torque come from?

When calculating the torques about a pivot point, there is a torque that comes about if you aren't rotating about the center of mass- where does this torque physically come from? For instance, given a ...
5
votes
1answer
356 views

Pipe in a flowing river problem

I'm working on a certain problem in fluid mechanics, which isn't really my strongest area. The problem is as follows: Curved pipe is partially submerged in a flowing river so that one end is pointing ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Expression for the heat capacity of an ideal Bose gas

I've been desperately looking to solve this problem through various mathematical tricks but it seems that there's something that I'm missing here. Consider an ideal Bose gas. If one notes the ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

What about negative Pressure?

Here is something I see : Let's say the ideal fluid(water here) of density $\rho$ is drawn from a source by a motor and thrown upwards with a velocity $v$. Now we take the power of motor be ...
0
votes
2answers
5k views

Inserting metal into parallel plate capacitor

The plates of an isolated parallel plate capacitor with a capacitance C carry a charge Q. The plate separation is d. Initially, the space between the plates contains only air. Then, an ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Charge inside conductor

I know that the $E$ field inside a conductor is zero. What happens if I put a source of charge inside the conductor? Say the conductor was spherical centered on the origin and there exists a charge ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Faraday's law - does the induced current's magnetic field affect the change in flux?

I've had this conceptual problem with Faraday's law and inductance for a while now. Take the example of a simple current loop with increasing area in a constant field (as in this answer). So ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

Holding magnet near CRT monitor damages the screen?

Few days ago I tried keeping my magnet in front of my CRT monitor screen and it was showing some cool effects like showing so many different color but then when I removed it ,that blurr effect was ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Is it possible to express continuous growth without using transcendental numbers?

Continuous growth is typically expressed using some variant on $A = Pe^{rt}$, I understand where $e$ comes from in general, it is the amount something grows in a given time interval, when continuously ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

In general terms, what key elements are necessary for resonance to exist in a physical system?

I found a related question An Analogy for Resonance, and John Rennie gives a good explanation using description of the harmonic oscillator. But I'm really looking for an accurate and complete list of ...
-1
votes
1answer
22 views

Why air conditioner, dehumidifier, and heater all can lower the relative humidity?

I think so far I understand it this way: why is humidity in Asia 75%, and humidity in California 82%, but California feels dry, and Asia feels humid. It is because there is something called Dew ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Electron-Positron Annihilation: How is charge conserved at the verticies?

How is reaction possible? The verticies do not conserve charge. Also, why is the arrow for the positron pointing downwards when as time increases, the positron should move towards its vertex? Sorry, ...
0
votes
1answer
333 views

Compute convective heat transfer coefficient for a condensing steam

I have a question about convective heat transfer coefficients. I am trying to figure out how much steam I can condense in this specific heat exchanger. Steam at 9 MPa is condensed in a 1 shell pass, ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Decomposition of a tensor under transformations

To illustrate my question I'll take an example from theory of relativity: An arbitrary 4-tensor $A^{ik}$ changes under a general coordinate transformation: $$ A'^{ik} = C^{i}_mC^{k}_n A^{mn} $$ ...
3
votes
5answers
197 views

$F=ma$, so if acceleration is zero the force must also be zero?

I was just pushing a huge rock which I couldn't move at all. Given that the acceleration was zero as a result of my efforts, since $F=ma$, doesn't this mean that the force must also have been zero? ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Why does decay of correlations imply absence of order?

In a few articles I have read, a two-point correlation function $\langle g(x)g(y) \rangle$ is shown to decay with increasing distance of $x$ and $y$, and this is then taken to imply an absence of the ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

Is an event horizon absolute to all observers?

Recently I had discussion whether the event horizon of a black hole is absolute or relative to different (outside) observers. Does someone just 1m above the horizon perceive it at the same depth as ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

What is the fraction of the incident intensity passing through polarized sheets?

Unpolarized light is incident on a set of three polarizing sheets as shown in the figure at right. The polarizing directions of the sheets make angles 10°, 55° and 85° to the vertical. What fraction ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Extreme temperatures, relativity and kinetic theory

According to kinetic theory, average kinetic energy is proportional to temperature. Supposing $k_BT/2$ per particle, can we use relativity and kinetic theory to calculate, e.g., the temperature and ...
-2
votes
2answers
38 views

Finding the initial velocity of projectile [on hold]

What is the formula for calculating initial velocity of projectile using the conservation of energy given the mass, height, angle ?
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Are $Q1$ and $Q2$ attracted or repelled to the sphere shown in the figure below? [on hold]

Can you tell from the image below if Q1 and Q2 are attracted or repelled. Will Q2 only be attracted to the sphere if Q2 is enough bigger than Q1? Will the positive charge inside the shell attract ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Projectile, air resistance and wind

So for my school project I am working on a projectile simulator and air resistance. So I have looked at this. Equations for an object moving linearly but with air resistance taken into account? ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

Soliton solution for a diffusive system

With a simple model for bacterial diffusion, I get this partial derivative equation : $$\frac{\partial n}{\partial t} = D\frac{\partial^2 n}{\partial x^2} + d_1 n -d_2 n^2$$ where $n(x,t)$ is the ...
7
votes
3answers
162 views

What is the exact meaning of homogeneity in cosmology?

I understand that, in general, homogeneity is the physical attribute of being uniform in composition (" of the same form at every point"), but I'm slightly confused when it is used in cosmology as ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Confusion about two forms of connection coefficients

I am new to GR. In one book I found that the connection coefficient expression is given by $$ \Gamma^\mu_{\nu\lambda} = -\frac{1}{2} g^{\mu\rho} (\partial_\nu g_{\lambda\rho} + \partial_\lambda ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

How does humidity affect the path of a bullet?

Background Last night, I was reading the FM 23-10 (The U.S. army official field manual for sniper training), and I've noticed that they're potentially teaching snipers incorrect information. ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

Graphene and relativistic dynamics

Is it possible to rewrite the Lorentz-transformations (for quantum particles) in terms of effective mass m* known from condensed matter physics? "From pencil lead to relativistic quantum physics" "A ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Specific heat at constant volume

Me and my friend came across this derivation is some lecture notes of our thermal physics module. We have been trying to calculate the partial differential of the internal energy but cannot get the ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Travelling at a relative speed greater than the speed of light [duplicate]

I've wondered about this since I was a kid. I've been told the speed of light is a constant ($c$), which would mean that light always travels at the same velocity. Now, here's what interests me: if ...
0
votes
2answers
78 views

What does this equation mean?

So I have just entered 11th grade and started limits on my own but my Physics textbook has an equation which I don't understand, I suspect it uses integration which I haven't learned yet. So can ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Twin paradox, with a meeting at a halfway point

Suppose body A, at rest in its reference frame, is passed by body B which is travelling at a constant 0.6 c, heading toward Z, a point 6 light years away by A's reckoning, and as bodies will, they ...
0
votes
2answers
14 views

Why can insulators be charged by friction but not by conduction?

When you charge an insulator by friction, the close contact of two electron clouds (each from a different medium) allows for electrons to be transferred between them. Yet why can the same not be ...
-1
votes
0answers
13 views

Relation of current with frequency and voltage [on hold]

I tried to solve a numerical problem but I got stuck and I think it very necessary I will drwa certain basic conclusions when I would found its solution. The question is: An incandescent lamp ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Would any interference maxima be missing in the double slit experiment?

An aperture in the form of a narrow slit of 0.9mm wide forms a diffraction pattern on a screen placed 6.0 meters away when illuminated with light of wavelength 600 nm; would any of the interference ...

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