179
votes
4answers
31k views

Can I compute the mass of a coin based on the sound of its fall?

Other day, I bumped my bookshelf and a coin fell down. This gave me an idea. Is it possible to compute the mass of a coin, based on the sound emitted when it falls? I think that there should be a ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Particle in Oscillating Field

Ignoring quantum effects, what are the dynamics of an electrically charged particular placed with zero initial momentum in an oscillating electromagnetic field, e.g. light?
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Modeling an Adiabatic Expansion (EES)

How would one model an isentropic (reversible) adiabatic expansion using thermodynamic software in order to determine isentropic work? What I am looking for is an actual pressure-volume curve for the ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Can elastic reflection of some relativistic body be described without introducing notion of field?

Suppose we want to model a non-point particle, e.g. a body of spherical shape, falling on a immobile plane and reflecting from it. I understand that we can't make this body rigid because the ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

How can a gas support tensile stresses?

In working through a rigorous derivation of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations, I find that the momentum flux in the X-direction should be driven not only by the normal pressure gradient ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Anomalous Total Transmittance

I am measuring with a Spectrometer UV-Vis-NIR Lambda 900 the total transmittance of a sample made by a sheet of Ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) between two glasses of 3 mm thickness. I am obtaining an ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

What is the difference between Rayleigh scattering and Thomson scattering?

After reading the wiki articles I know, that both Rayleigh scattering and Thomson scattering are elastic processes. But what is the essential difference between those two processes, their cross ...
4
votes
2answers
716 views

What is the optimal weight for a golf ball?

I am 32 now, and have forgotten the basic physics formulas we used in school. I am sitting with a question that is bugging me. If I had to hit two golf balls of different weight with the same force, ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

Why doesn't the magnetic field polarize when polarizing light?

If the magnetic field doesn't polarize does it follow the electric field path of propagation? or does it vanish?
1
vote
0answers
18 views

How far can a voice carry through the desert at night? [on hold]

Let's use these conditions: temp = 7C, relative humidity = 10%, air pressure = 85 kPa, elevation = 1500m, shouting at 100dB (not sure if this is a reasonable volume). Given these conditions, what ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Are electric field lines due to Faradays law closed?

Are the field lines of electric field produced by Faraday's law of induction (and assuming $\rho = 0$) necessarily closed? If not what would be a counterexample. If it's true, how to prove it in ...
2
votes
3answers
114 views

Inductance of a solenoid?

My textbook is using Faraday's law to explain the self inductance that happens in a solenoid with changing current. According to Wikipedia, Faraday's Law is: The induced electromotive force in ...
4
votes
2answers
375 views

Measuring voltage drop from induced current

I'm having trouble connecting voltage drops and induced current. Imagine you have a triangular loop make up off three resistors. You place this loop in a constantly changing magnetic field. This ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Collision Resolution System Adding Velocity Into System

In my 2-dimensional physics simulation, I have a rectangular rigid body 'a' with infinite mass (the floor), and a rectangular rigid body 'b' with finite mass above it turned at a slight angle. When ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Transmission of waves

How do you know if a wave will transmit when it hits a media boundary? Will a portion of the wave always be transmitted when a wave hits a media boundary? My textbook says part of the wave will be ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Heisenberg formalism of QFT [on hold]

Has anyone tried to develop relativistic quantum theory along the lines of the Heisenberg picture and what's so difficult about promoting time to an operator??
0
votes
1answer
57 views

How do the wave properties of an electron change with its motion?

How do the wave properties of an electron change with its motion? What about when it is stationary?
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Simple special relativity problem I can't figure [on hold]

Assuming the earth is located 5 light years from the planet Sirius (measured from Earth), and assuming Sirius is at rest from earth's perspective. In what velocity does a spaceship has to trave ...
3
votes
2answers
439 views

Dirac, Weyl and Majorana Spinors

To get to the point - what's the defining differences between them? Alas, my current understanding of a spinor is limited. All I know is that they are used to describe fermions (?), but I'm not sure ...
-3
votes
1answer
49 views

How to calculate transmission of photonic band gap fiber?

How to calculate transmission of hollow core photonic fibers (multilayer fiber and 2D band gap fiber)? Which books/article you can recommend ? I see that comsol can do it, but is there a model that ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

What effects would we see on Earth if one star of a distant binary system went supernova?

Assume that astronomers on Earth have been monitoring a distant binary star system for a long time (relative to the orbital periods of the binary system) and then they see one star go supernova. Let ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Velocity of a Charged particle in a magnetic field according to Biot-Savart Law

According to Biot-Savart Law, if there is a charged particle in motion, there will be a magnetic field. My question is whether the counterpart of this law also holds true, i.e. if there is a magnetic ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Why are the experiments performed by Felix Ehrenhaft on magnetic monopole and magnetic current so much ignored?

We know about Michelson's experiment. We also know that despite of the null result how many times the experiment was revisited with the hope to get a positive result. Unfortunately, this is not the ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Temperature of Bose-Einstein-Condensate in space

Recently I heared a talk by Bill Phillips, who talked about the coldest temperatures in the universe. Among others, he sayed that the coldest temperatures created at the moment are BECs, which can ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

The effect of definition of unit function at t=0 [on hold]

Unit function is defined uniformly everywhere as equal to 1 for t>0 and 0 for t<0. But it is defined variously at t=0. Some define it as 0, some define it as 1 and some others define it as 1/2 ...
5
votes
1answer
71 views

Proca Lagrangian manipulation

How can I show that the Lagrangian density $$\mathcal{L} = -\frac{1}{2}\partial_\alpha \varphi_\beta \partial^\alpha \varphi^\beta + \frac{1}{2} \partial_\alpha \varphi^\alpha \partial_\beta ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

use of Mobile phone on Petrol pump

I was trying to find out the cause behind the Explosion at petrol pump due to the Mobile phones but eventually it turns out it is not Radio Frequency which may cause the explosion rather it is totally ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Can matter be created from energy? [duplicate]

The small, hot, dense early universe the size of an atom was made up entirely of energy, it wasn't until after the expansion began and the universe cooled down some of that energy began converting ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

If you were able to get rid of Hydrogen from a weather balloon as it were rising and expanding would the weather balloon rise further than usual?

I know that the weather balloon will eventually be stopped because of the atmosphere no longer being buoyant but would the balloon be able to go farther than it regularly would?
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Is the apparent lack of (Ricci) curvature in the Schwarzschild metric due to a choice of coordinates?

I've been lightly studying GR lately. Something that has been bothering me has been the lack of (Ricci) curvature produced from the Schwarzschild metric in the few lectures I've watched, as well as ...
7
votes
3answers
140 views

What are particle multiplets in the Standard Model?

The particles of the standard model are often displayed in groupings known as multiplets. I know that this somehow relates to the underlying symmetries of the standard model, which can be viewed as ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

About the Hayden-Preskill circuit [on hold]

Can someone summarize as to what are the problems and/or the open questions with the Hayden-Preskill circuit? (in the context of understanding black-holes or as a computer science question) It gives ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Is the universe infinite? [duplicate]

Is the universe infinite? Or is it finite? If it is infinite,it's very difficult to imagine an endless space(though not impossible). But if it's finite, the idea that we can't go beyond a certain ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Examples of nearly perfect fluids and gases

When learning for physics (hydrodynamics and gases) I wanted to know what would be examples of nearly perfect fluids (no surface effects and no friction) and perfect gases (only elastic collisions and ...
3
votes
3answers
46 views

If empty space has energy, and space is expanding, is this energy equally distributed as space expands?

The cosmological constant (dark energy) is often described in terms of empty space having a non 0 energy value and this energy being the source of the accelerated expansion of the universe. If space ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Pressure at the front and back of a fan

I have a fan which is inside a duct. When the fan is off, the pressure at the front and back of the blade remains the same. Now when it is running, the velocity of the air below will be more because ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Is that possible to derive Landau-Fermi liquid theory from microscopic equation?

The question arised from reading Wen's book "Quantum Field Theory of Many-body Systems (Oxford 2004)" p204 To appreciate the brilliance of Landau-Fermi liquid theory, let us look at the ...
2
votes
2answers
58 views

Loss of gravitational potential energy in an infinitely far object

Now consider I went into a rocket which goes an infinite distance far from earth. By infinite I mean very far. The gravitational attraction between me and the earth will significantly decrease and ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

what could generate a high-pitched whine in electronics where the frequency depends on the current?

So I was operating a Laue machine recently which generates x-rays and fires them at a sample, and I noticed that there was a high-pitched whine coming from the instrument (nothing abnormal, just ...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

How fast to travel to end up where i started from?

I've heard that if one travels far enough in one direction through the universe, one ends up at the starting point, due to the "geometry" of the universe. What rate is space expanding at? Is it in ...
2
votes
0answers
38 views

Spinor Commutator in Peskin and Schroeder

In (3.87, page. 53) Peskin and Schroeder write $$\psi(\vec{x}) = \int\frac{d^{3}p}{(2\pi)^{3}} \frac{1}{\sqrt{2E_{\vec{p}}}} e^{i\vec{p} \cdot \vec{x}} \sum_{s=1,2} (a_{\vec{p}}^{s}u^{s}(\vec{p}) + ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

Why time is considered a dimension?

Why time is considered to be a dimension? And the other 7 (except the 3 dimensions of space, and the dimension of time) dimensions that string theory suggests, why can't they be realized?
-6
votes
0answers
56 views

Latest results in theoretical quantum mechanics? [on hold]

Which are the most important and recent results of theoretical quantum mechanics? If I ask you what it is, what would you say about? Where can I find good articles or resources relating to ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Experiments which show the phenomenon of closed electric field lines

In german physics introductory texts often the following experiment is cited which "shows" that a changing magnetic field can induce an electric field with has closed field lines. Here is a picture of ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Calculate amount of energy based on height of object

How can you calculate the amount of energy an object produces that falls from a particular height? Or water. In an eg i would like to know how can you calculate the amount of electricity water can ...
3
votes
3answers
140 views

Existence of negative temperatures and the definition of entropy

How negative temperatures can be possible has been treated on StackExchange before (several times in fact), but in light of some recent academic discussion, most of these answers seem to be possibly ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Constancy of speed of light [on hold]

What are the examples for the statement that, the speed of light is constant for all observers irrespective of motion of the observers. I need the examples that can prove Relativity.
2
votes
0answers
30 views

Existence and Uniqueness of spurious states in Bosonic String Theory

Green, Schwarz and Witten introduce so called spurious states $\phi$, that fulfill $$ (L_0 -a )\phi = 0\quad \text{and} \quad (\phi,\psi)=0 \text{ for all physical states }\psi $$ where the $L_n$ are ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Motion of elevating airplane

I wonder how the motion of an airplane which will not try stop to elevate should look like. Of course, at some point the plane will no longer be able to go to higher altitudes but is it going to stay ...
0
votes
2answers
174 views

Does the magnitude of an electrical field change with frequency?

I am trying to model the frequency response of a force (dielectrophoresis) that is based on gradient of an electric field. One of the components is the CM factor which has a frequency component, but ...

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