-1
votes
2answers
61 views

Thrust in space without expelling mass

The classic rockets move losing their mass in one direction and moving to the other direction. Thinking about an alternative engine where we lose very small mass. This is how the engine works The ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Derivation of relativistic mean free path

I am working through a short derivation found in Abramowicz 1991 regarding the mean free path of a photon. We have a fluid moving in a particular direction with velocity $v$ and in an inertial rest ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Role of special unitary groups in string theory [on hold]

I have chosen string theory as an elective subject for my masters.Today, I attended my very first lecture on string theory. My professor mentioned special unitary groups $SU(2)$ and $SU(3)$ many ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Would a fast moving (approaching $c$) stream of particles be affected by the gravitational pull of a gas giant?

I was inspired by this SE question. Would the gravitational field of a gas giant (such as Yavin IV) have an effect on the super laser (i.e. slow it down, change the direction), or is the mass so ...
-1
votes
2answers
87 views

Can anyone tell me the name of this constant?

I was watching a TV program about cosmology (I can't remember which or how old it was). In it, it mentioned a fundamental number (which I'm assuming is a constant, but that's not necessarily true). ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Does a Buckyball spin like an electron or like a baseball?

Does a Buckyball spin like an electron or like a baseball? We are often told that an electron does not really spin like a baseball. Only one (or two, if you count up and down) spin states, for ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Help with this question (Eletric Fields, Dipole)

The answer in the textbook in the solutions manual is the following: I didn't undestand the last step. He said he did a binomial expansion, I just can't figure out! Appreciate any help.
3
votes
2answers
14 views

Refraction, diffraction or reflection of human voice

Why is possible to hear in an open space someone's voice even if he's not facing me? Is it because of refraction, diffraction or reflection of the sound wave?
4
votes
0answers
41 views

Infinite square well that suddenly decreases in size

A well known exercise in basic quantum mechanics is the sudden (diabatic) increase of the length of an infinite square well. Now consider a particle in an eigenstate of an infinite well that is ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

How to deal with eigenvectors which are not square integrable?

In Quantum Mechanics there is one type of situation I'm still unsure on how to deal with. First of all, I want to make clear I'm trying to understand how to deal with this rigorously. What I'm talking ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Reference request on condensed matter field theory including Classical Field Theory

I was hoping for a reference request for a book on basic/introductory condensed matter field theory. In addition to the usual topics I am looking for books with reference to classical physics ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

If we considered chiral perturbation theory with coplex $\phi$-s, wold the next lo leading order renormalization $\gamma$-s change?

The Lagrangian of chiral perturbation theory (with two quark flavors) is written using the following matrix $U$ $$U=e^{i\sigma^i\phi_i/f}$$ where $\sigma^i$ are the Pauli matrices, $\phi_i$ are three ...
-6
votes
0answers
35 views

How can “physics” exist if it does not even take into account “existence of consciousness” in the cosmos? [on hold]

The rumors are universe is filled with gasses.. dust.. dirt.. rocks.. etc so on and so on.. in other words: matter. in other words "physics" can calculate everything. using "mathematics".. of ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Why should physical theories always have a Lagrangian formalism? [duplicate]

I've often heard that every physical theory has some kind of Lagrangian formalism, or a formalism in terms of a principle of stationary action. The Standard Model has one, General Relativity has one, ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Difference in resistance between two configurations

Given a spherical shell of a conducting material with radius $a$, surrounded by a poorly conducting material between it and another conducting shell with radius $b$, you can calculate the resistance ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Local and global detailed balance

I'm taking a course on nonequilibrium statistical mechanics and I encountered the terms local and global detailed balance. I'm a bit confused about what is their exact definition and what is the ...
11
votes
2answers
541 views

Are Thomas Breuer's subjective decoherence and Scott Aaronson's freebits with Knightian freedom the same things in essence?

In his remarkable works (1,2 and their recent development 3) Thomas Breuer proves by diagonalization the phenomenon that the observer cannot distinguish all phase space states of a system where he is ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Field outside of conducting surface held at potential

Problem 1.17 in Jackson (3rd ed). A volume $V$ in vacuum is bounded by a surface $S$ consisting of several separate conducting surfaces $S_i$. One conductor is held at unit potential and all the ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Is the movement of electrons truly random?

The result of rolling dice is considered pseudo-random because it depends on an almost endless list of factors (how you roll it, the terrain it lands on, etc.), but it is not TRULY random. Is the ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Why does a spring lose its energy when compressed for a long time?

Why does a spring lose a part of its energy when compressed for a long period of time? Is it because the material gets bent?
2
votes
2answers
82 views

Can a fruit fly move through a large bubble without popping it?

Assume what logistics you need to in order for something like this to be possible. Can a fruit fly move through a large bubble without popping it?
-1
votes
1answer
27 views

From where does the fan blade gets torque?

Any sort of angular acceleration produced in a body is due to its torque. Now, consider the fan, it's weight passes through the centre of mass, so torque is 0. Now, is it the motor that is attached to ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views
+100

What are the characteristics of light entering a medium traveling at relativistic speeds?

If I were to spin a translucent disk so that the edge is spinning at .9c and shoot a laser beam at it perpendicular to the edge, what would happen to the light as it travels in one end of the disc and ...
4
votes
1answer
303 views

Resources for theory of distributions (generalized functions) for physicists

I am looking for tutorials, articles or books containing theory of distributions in context of mathematical physics. Please suggest.
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Quantum entanglement thought experiment

One can "filter" a collection of electron pairs generated in an entangled (fixed-direction) spin state (e.g. singlet $\left|\uparrow \downarrow \right\rangle - \left|\downarrow \uparrow\right\rangle$) ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Misbehaving singular isothermal sphere potential

The singular isothermal sphere (SIS) is a useful simple model often used in astrophysics. It has density profile: $$\rho(r) = \frac{\rho_0 r_0^2}{r^2}$$ This is well known to have some quirks ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Klein-Gordon Field Angular Momentum Operator in Terms of Creation and Annihilation Operators

I am computing the angular momentum operator for real Klein-Gordon field (essentially question six of here (though please note this is not a homework question, I am following through Tong's course via ...
4
votes
0answers
102 views
+50

Why are the quantum observables defined on opens sets a presheaf and not a sheaf?

In local quantum field theory or AQFT one can mathematically describe over each open set $U$ of a spacetime $M$ the quantum states or observables of the theory. This structure is commonly referred as ...
2
votes
6answers
815 views

Why is momentum conserved (or rather what makes an object carry on moving infinitely)?

I know this is an incredibly simple question, but I am trying to find a very simple explanation to this other than the simple logic that energy is conserved when two items impact and bounce off each ...
22
votes
2answers
854 views

Why is tape so hard to rip when it is not broken, but so easy once there is the tiniest cut in it?

Question says it all. Ripping a piece of tape along the width is tough, stretches the tape, messes it up, etc, but if you put the tiniest nick at the top, it rips without any problems. Why is that?
7
votes
3answers
414 views

Why does foam dull knives?

I have recently taken up prop making and just started my first foam-built costume from a video game. These kinds of costume armour builds are often built out of the various foam floor mats you can buy ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Spaceships travelling through space and debris

How can a spaceship travel through space if there is space debris flying around at very high speeds? Wouldn't even a small rock crack through the spaceship?
8
votes
4answers
2k views

A problem of missing energy when charging a second capacitor

A capacitor is charged. It is then connected to an identical uncharged capacitor using superconducting wires. Each capacitor has 1/2 the charge as the original, so 1/4 the energy - so we only have 1/2 ...
0
votes
3answers
501 views

Polarization vector of dielectric electrostatics

I know two laws for Polarization vector of a dielectric material $$\vec P = N q \vec{\Delta L}$$ Where $N$ is the number of dipoles per meter cube, $\vec{\Delta L}$ is the vector that represents the ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Why does diamond have lower tensile strength than Iron?

Let me first give you the tensile strength of both substance: Diamond: 16000 MPa Steel : 2617 MPa As you guys should know, tensile strength is how much a ...
2
votes
3answers
427 views

What is the motivation for Mohr's circle?

I am very puzzled by the motivation for Mohr's circle in Wikipedia here. Please, explain why we need something called "Mohr's circle". Use as little words as possible and be precise. Helper questions ...
9
votes
3answers
315 views
+50

Bound states of the $V(x)=\pm \delta'^{(n)}(x)$ potential?

The $\delta(x)$ Dirac delta is not the only "point-supported" potential that we can integrate; in principle all their derivatives $\delta', \delta'', ...$ exist also, do they? If yes, can we look for ...
2
votes
0answers
12 views

Charged versus rotating black holes as different kinds of wormholes

I've heard that a maximally extended charged black hole can be a traversable wormhole to the same universe whereas a maximally extended uncharged rotating black hole can only be a wormhole to ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Is the $\mu VE$ ensemble possible to formulate?

I have recently learned about ensembles in statistical mechanics, and I've seen multiple applications and interpretations of the EVN (microcanonical), TVN (canonical), $\mu$VT (grand canonical) and ...
0
votes
3answers
42 views

Curl of a vector

What is the physical interpretation of curl of a vector? Please give some common examples in Physics. Just as divergence implies flux through a surface.
0
votes
1answer
217 views

Position based dynamics constraint scaling factor

Reading through Müller et al., Position Based Dynamics, 2007 I got lost when passing from equation (5) $$\Delta p = \frac{C(p)}{|\nabla_pC(p)|^2}\nabla_pC(p)$$ to equation (6) (and applying the ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

What is the baryonic mass distribution of the Milky Way

There are many, many studies of the Dark Matter halo around the Milky Way but I'm having trouble finding good raw data about visible matter. I'm investigating a MOND like model and would like some ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Why can't it work? Perpetual motion machine [duplicate]

Lets assume that the red ball is more dense than the white fluid and less dense than the blue fluid. The fluids are of very low viscosity and the machine can be of any height. The flaps open when ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Why don't lakes have tides?

There's a tidal effect that we can clearly observe in oceans, which is the effect of gravity from the Sun and the Moon. If gravity affects everything equally, why don't lakes have tides?
1
vote
3answers
521 views

Determine resultant velocity of an elastic particle-particle collision in 3d space

So I have two particles that have collided in 3 dimensional space. I want the particles to rebound off of each other in an elastic manner. How do I determine the resultant velocity vector if I know: ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Adiabatic Surfaces in thermodynamics

In some lecture notes on thermodynamics there is a discussion as to whether by assuming the first law of thermodynamics alone we can prove the existence of a adiabatic surface in three dimensions. To ...
12
votes
2answers
432 views

Alejandro Rivero's correspondence: diquarks and mesons as superpartners of quarks and leptons

The idea of “hadronic supersymmetry” originated in the mid-1960s and derives from the observation that baryons and mesons have similar Regge slopes, as if antiquarks and diquarks are superpartners. ...
36
votes
5answers
6k views

Why doesn't light kill me?

Why does each individual photon have such a low amount of energy? I am hit by photons all day and I find it amazing that I am not vaporized. Am I simply too physically big for the photons to harm me ...
-1
votes
0answers
32 views

It is possible to have a situiation in which $|\mathrm{d}v/\mathrm{d}t|$ is not zero but $\mathrm{d}|v|/\mathrm{d}t$ is? [on hold]

Please explain the following in detail: It is possible to have a situation in which $\displaystyle\biggl\lvert\frac{\mathrm{d}\vec{v}}{\mathrm{d}t}\biggr\rvert\neq 0$ but ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Is configuration space in any similar to vector spaces?

The question may sound silly. If it is I'm sorry for it but I just couldn't find an answer anywhere else. I have just learned about vector spaces and their properties and on the other hand have also ...

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