3
votes
3answers
15k views

The relation between permittivity and conductivity

I am able to measure relative permittivity $\varepsilon_r$ of a fluid, and I want to calculate conductivity of same fluid. Can anyone suggest me how to do this? I found one formula to calculate ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Which quantity gives the resistance of a component?

In a current vs potential difference graph, we can obtain the value of the resistance of the component. There are books that say gradient-inverse is the resistance and also books that say the value of ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How is a one position shift of an interferometer fringe pattern defined?

When Michelson and Morley conducted their 1887 interferometer experiment, they were expecting a fringe pattern shift of 0.4 (see the chart at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michelson-Morley_experiment). ...
2
votes
1answer
212 views

SUSY (Supersymmetric) Quantum Mechanics

I have seen some books, e.g. by Fred Cooper (Supersymmetry in Quantum Mechanics), define: $A = \frac{\hbar}{\sqrt{2m}} \frac{d}{dx} + W(x)$, $A^\dagger = \frac{-\hbar}{\sqrt{2m}} \frac{d}{dx} + ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

What is the $t\bar{t}$ production supposed to bring up

The $t\bar{t}$ production, I've read, that will somehow confirm the QCD and might bring up new physics. Why are we studying $t\bar{t}$ production from $p-p$ collisions at the LHC? What are we trying ...
-1
votes
1answer
634 views

Newtons Cannon ball problem [closed]

Let's I have a Newton's Cannon ball of 15 kg and want to fire so it will round the earth and back to me. My query is which law can evaluate the speed that cannon ball will revolve round the sun ...
5
votes
1answer
386 views

Solving the differential equation of a beam under moving load using green functions

i started working on this paper and i didnt understand one part of it , the problem is : Solve this equation using green functions : $$ EI {\partial^4 y(x,t)\over\partial x^4}+\mu ...
5
votes
1answer
682 views

A (smart) way to map out the Brillouin zone of a 2-D material

I am currently writing a tight-binding calculation model for various 2-D cells as part of a homework assignment. Whilst solving the problem set was quite easy I struggle at a smart way to plot the ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Probablity density function $f(\mathbf{x},\mathbf{v},t)$

The phase density function is usually denoted as $f(\mathbf{x},\mathbf{v},t)$ which gives probable number of particles moving with velocity $ \mathbf{v}$ at position $\mathbf{x}$ at time t. Also we ...
2
votes
1answer
219 views

Understanding Kepler's problem

I wanted to know a few things about elliptical motion, that I do not understand so far. Let's imagine that we have an attractive gravitational two body problem where both bodies carry out elliptical ...
8
votes
1answer
795 views

The Bhatnagar-Gross-Krook (BGK) approximation of the collision integral

Bhatnagar, Gross and Krook (BGK) proposed a relaxation term for the collision integral $ Q$ as follows $$J = \frac{1}{\tau} (f^{eq} - f)$$ where $f^{eq}$ is the distribution at equilibrium. $Q$ has ...
3
votes
2answers
647 views

Finite velocity at infinite distance

If an object were launched exactly at escape velocity it would have zero velocity at infinity. But what if we launch an identical objects at greater than escape velocity? Apparently it will have a ...
1
vote
0answers
295 views

How to solve Boltzmann equation using monte carlo methods? [closed]

I'm trying to solve for electron and hole distribution function using Boltzmann equation with various scattering mechanisms. Since I land up with an integro-differential equation, analytical soln. is ...
1
vote
3answers
303 views

Measurements and simultaneity [duplicate]

Picture a situation where we have two observers, $A$ and $B$, and a system in a certain quantum state. If $B$ makes a measurement of some observable, say energy for example, the state will collapse to ...
13
votes
2answers
646 views

Born rule for photons: it works, but it shouldn't?

We can observe double-slit diffraction with photons, with light of such low intensity that only one photon is ever in flight at one time. On a sensitive CCD, each photon is observed at exactly one ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

How much torque does it take to turn a doorknob? [closed]

How much torque does it take to turn a doorknob? I'm not looking for an exact answer, just a ballpark for someone who doesn't have a sense of everyday amounts of torque. Here's a very ordinary ...
3
votes
2answers
653 views

How to reconcile the two definitions of work? (mechanical and thermodynamical)

When studying classical mechanics, work is defined as: $W_M=\int F_{tot} \hspace{2 mm} dx$. However, for thermodynamics, work is defined as: $W_T=\int -F_{ext} \hspace{2 mm} dx$. I'm having trouble ...
1
vote
0answers
253 views

3D holograms like Miku Hatsune? How do you make such things?

I am making a speech about Miku Hatsune 3D hologram, and I would like to know how they are made! I love Miku and Len...(drools) please help by explaining!
1
vote
2answers
2k views

force applied not on the center of mass

When applying a force outside of the center of mass of the body, the body will get both linear and angular momentum. Right? Does the linear velocity from this force equal to the linear velocity from ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

Angular displacement and the displacement vector

I've been recently introduced to angular displacement, and I'm a little bit confused about it. I think that displacement which is a vector and which is defined as the shortest distance between any two ...
-1
votes
2answers
3k views

Electric Field Lines between two non parallel plates [closed]

A potential difference is applied between two metal plates that are not parallel. Which diagram shows the electric field between the plates? A is the answer BUT WHY explanation needed !
0
votes
1answer
94 views

Einstein-de Sitter - confusing constant of integration

I'm struggling to understand this derivation of the Einstein-de Sitter universe model It starts with $$\int R^{1/2}dR=\int H_{0}R_{0}^{3/2}dt.$$ Evaluating this integral ...
3
votes
2answers
400 views

String theory: why not use $n$-dimensional blocks/objects/branes?

I have a basic question: if we use 1d string to replace 0d particle to gain insight of nature in string theory, and advanced to use 2d membranes, can we imagine that using $3$- or $n$-dimensional ...
18
votes
3answers
10k views

Is play-dough liquid or solid?

At room temperature, play-dough is solid(ish). But if you make a thin strip it cannot just stand up on it's own, so is it still solid? On a more general note, what classifies or differentiates a ...
1
vote
1answer
866 views

Does an accelerating proton also lose mass?

A proton accelerated with electric field gives off E.M. radiation and therefore should lose mass. Larmor's formula gives us a value for the power emitted (varies as acceleration squared). However, as ...
5
votes
1answer
425 views

Is this explanation of “Why nine space dimensions?” correct?

In Gordon Kane's Supersymmetry and Beyond (p. 118), he states: String theory has to be formulated in nine space dimensions or it is not a consistent mathematical theory. There doesn't seem to be a ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Application of Calculus in Physics

Why do we apply Calculus in Physics when most of the quantities are not continuous and are not symmetrical at all levels of magnification? Aren't most, if not all, forms of Matter and Energy discrete? ...
3
votes
3answers
554 views

Does it matter in which direction I travel in relativity theory?

I'm not a physicist, but I'm still very interested in the relativity theory, especially in how the twin paradox is explained. Actually, it does not make sense to me and I hope you can answer my ...
1
vote
2answers
278 views

How charge distribution takes place when a battery is connected to a conductor?

When one terminal of a battery say of 1.5 volt connected to a short length wire, few electrons get transferred from battery terminal to the wire raising the potential of the wire also to 1.5 volt. We ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Quarks and anti-quarks forming particles [duplicate]

As I know, when particles and anti-particles come close, they anihilate. So somthing caused me a big trouble : how can particle formed by quarks and anti-quarks can exist? I've just found some mesons ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

How to homegrow large, momocrystalline water ice crystals

This is a follow up to this question:Can one get clear ice crystals from a dirty suspension?. How could one grow a large - meaning visible with the naked eye - water ice crstal with common household ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

How is data physically written, read and stored inside hard drives?

How is data physically written, read and stored inside hard drives? Is it stored as differing spin of atoms inside the drive? Is that method the same in flash drives and SSDs?
0
votes
1answer
205 views

Why is the Big Bang the biggest explosion in the universe?

What makes the big bang the biggest explosion in the universe? Why even should such an explosion ever happens? Through what process and how does this amount of energy get released as a big bang? Are ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Having a problem about entropy, thermodynamics

I am a high school student. So, while studying about thermodynamics, I got a little curious about entropy. As I read, entropy is the rate of change of chaos. So, if the entropy change of a system is ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between Feshbach resonance and Fano resonance?

What is the interpretation of "resonance" in Feshbach resonance and Fano resonance? What is the difference of Feshbach resonance and Fano resonance?
0
votes
3answers
606 views

Aerodynamics drag of hollow cylinder vs solid cylinder of the same cross area?

I wonder how a hollow cylinder at the same cross area perform vs a solid one, i.e the hollow cylinder has larger radius? I guess they have a similar drag, is that true?
7
votes
1answer
373 views

Could electrons be a form of antimatter?

I've played with this idea for years, and haven't really been able to eliminate it. So, perhaps someone here can point to simple experimental evidence that would do so. Here's the issue: Antimatter ...
2
votes
3answers
125 views

Is a communications channel based on quantum mechanics as effective as one based on any other physics?

What I mean by effective in the question refers to the time and space requirements for sending information over a quantum communications channel. Having read "Mike and Ike" but doing no independent ...
7
votes
2answers
536 views

What is the role of the color-anticolor gluons?

Ignoring for the moment the experimental necessity of eliminating the gluon singlet state, the nine "raw" gluon color components form two quite distinct sets. The first set consists of the six ...
0
votes
0answers
841 views

Density of states of a photon gas in volume V and temperature T

I have a question on the density of states for a photon gas: Suppose I have a photon gas in a box of volume $V$ at temperature $T$. If I enumerate the total number of states accessible to the system ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Is light brightness subjective or can it be quantified?

What is the relationship between brightness perception and physical properties of light, such as light intensity?
0
votes
2answers
383 views

Is my physics correct or torque correct?

I would like to put this into a differential equation. This is what I have. $$r \times F = I \ddot\theta + \mu \dot\theta + k \theta$$ What I need verified: $\text{Torque} = I\ddot\theta + \mu ...
7
votes
1answer
364 views

Understanding multiple instanton contributions to vacuum tunneling in a double potential well

I'm trying to understand the method of calculating the transition probability of one vacuum state to another in a double well potential, using instantons. The reference I am following is Sidney ...
1
vote
3answers
929 views

Maximum angular velocity to stop in one rotation with a known torque

I have an object I can rotate with a given torque. I would like to stop applying torque once I've reached a defined maximum rotational speed. The maximum rotational speed should be defined so that ...
-9
votes
5answers
964 views

Is velocity of light constant? [duplicate]

There is a difference between the concept of the speed of light and the velocity of light. are both of them constant ($dc=0$ and $dv_c=0$)? if yes, why?.
-3
votes
1answer
282 views

What exactly is implied by Einstein's insight in this scene from the NOVA series “$E=mc^2$ Einstein's Big Idea?” [closed]

In the documentary movie "$E=mc^2$ Einstein's Big Idea?", the narrator says "Einstein had a monumental insight", when Einstein and his close friend were looking at the clock towers in the city. ...
4
votes
2answers
964 views

Can a hybrid vehicle ever be more efficient than a hydrocarbon-only vehicle built with the same parts?

Based on the laws of thermodynamics, shouldn't it be theoretically impossible for a non plug-in hybrid vehicle to ever be more fuel-efficient than a vehicle that connects the same engine directly to ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

How is the energy of an electron-shell related to the speed of electrons in that shell?

I am trying to gain an intuitive picture of what is referred to by "electron-shell energy". I have read that outer electron shells have higher energy than inner electron shells, and this seemed to ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

Relativistic factor between coordinate acceleration and proper acceleration

I did a recent question about relativistic kinematics here: Generalizing a relativistic kinematics formula for spatial-acceleration dependence. I have a confusion. In the textbooks I've seen, they ...
5
votes
2answers
319 views

Problem counting spin states

I can't figure out how many different spin states I can create with a four-electron system. I think I can create a spin-zero state, three spin-one states, and five spin-two states. That gives me nine ...

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