2
votes
0answers
115 views

The boundary between polycrystalline and crystalline

My current understanding of solid crystalline-like materials (please correct me if I'm wrong!) is that it is a continuum in terms of crystallinity, from amorphous (basically no periodicity) to single ...
0
votes
1answer
300 views

Coordinate system

Quoting from 'Nuclear Physics - Theory and Experiment' by RR Roy, BP Nigam 2005 edition Link to text How did the author arrive at equations (23a, 23b,23c)? Chapter 8 Nuclear model II, 8.7 ...
1
vote
1answer
167 views

Does the Black's equation work for immortal wires / interconnections (or only for mortal ones)?

I'm trying to understand whether the Black's equation is only true for mortal wire / interconnections or it is also applicable to immortal wires (essentially when its $jL$ product is less than ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Mass and Higgs Field and Inertia [duplicate]

I'm starting to wonder if the description of Mass given to us when we hear physicists talk about Mass created by the Higgs field is the same type of mass we ordinarily think of, like inertial mass for ...
8
votes
1answer
11k views

Why does the refractive index depend on wavelength? [duplicate]

Why do different wavelength get impeded more or less when in different materials? Moving with the same speed, but a longer physical distance would imply that the fields oscillate less times in the ...
3
votes
1answer
455 views

Some questions about the free Fermionic partition function on a circle (Ginsparg's CFT lectures)

The following questions are based on these lectures, http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/9108028 I would like to know what is the relationship between the last equation on page 82 ($(L_0)_{cyl} = L_0 - ...
5
votes
2answers
272 views

Reason for different type of energy transfer for two kinds of collisions

According to my physics book, if an electron were accelerated with 15 MeV of (kinetic?) energy and collided into a 100g thermally insulated copper block (not sure if the fact it is thermally insulated ...
3
votes
2answers
413 views

Coincidence, purposeful definition, or something else in formulas for energy

In the small amount of physics that I have learned thus far, there seems to be a (possibly superficial pattern) that I have been wondering about. The formula for the kinetic energy of a moving ...
2
votes
2answers
475 views

Why do spherical waves diminish as 1/$r^2$?

Seeing the derivation of a plane wave in Giancoli, I can't understand why a spherical wave would diminish in amplitude. Shouldn't the peaks still be mutually induced, and therefore nondiminishing?
1
vote
1answer
138 views

A question about electromagnetic stress-energy tensor

This is what we know as electromagnetic stress-energy tensor $T^{\mu\nu}$. Now I want to know what is its direct relation with $\rho$, charge density? $\rho\,?=T^{\mu\nu}$, $\frac ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Preons and 't Hooft condition

If some fundamental particles, like leptons or quarks are composite (e.g.in preonic models), or the same with gauge bosons or the higgs particles. How could it be possible that preons were more ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

What would be the result of the collision of two down quarks?

Even if we can't have single quarks in nature because of the charge colour, what would be the result of the collision of two down quarks at high velocities (0,99% c) at high energies, like the ones of ...
2
votes
1answer
215 views

Is there a way to tell what frequency an unmarked antenna is designed for?

I have accumulated a large amount of R/C gear over the years. I have several antennas which are not labelled as to their original use. This antenna is either for 5.8ghz, 2.4ghz, or 910mhz. The ...
8
votes
5answers
3k views

Relativity and Current in Wire

If an observer is stationary relative to a current-carrying wire in which electrons are moving, why does the observer measure the density of moving electrons to be the same as the density of electrons ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Material to read before taking College Physics 1? [duplicate]

I'm transferring to a 4-year university from a 2-year college. I earned a Computer Science A.S., but must now combine Computer Science with Advanced Physics for my B.S. I'm actually very excited for ...
0
votes
1answer
266 views

vacuum expectation value and Casimir effect

Is it correct to say that the VEV of the SM Higgs is 246 GeV? If so, is the VEV a reflection, or measure, of the Casimir Effect?
1
vote
1answer
182 views

How do we calculate the Higgs potential? [closed]

What is the Higgs potential and how do we calculate it?
0
votes
2answers
454 views

scaling of motor power

For car engines, the cylinder volume is often associated with the engine power, which suggests scaling of the power as $L^3$ where L is the linear size. Consider a system consisting of a motor and its ...
3
votes
0answers
658 views

The connection between classical and quantum spins

I have two questions, which are connected with each other. The first question. In a classical relativistic (SRT) case for one particle can be defined (in a reason of "antisymmetric" nature of ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

What does a point in space mean? What we humans think a point in space is in scientific term? (a broader picture)

I am a first year and general student. I Am just curious about the vacuum or space. I just don't get what actually space is. Well, I know our scientists are still working on it but still I just want ...
9
votes
1answer
152 views

About the stability of the ground state of the bosonic string

In Polchinski's string theory vol 1, p. 23, it is said "It is a complicated question whether the bosonic string has any stable vacuum, and the answer is not known." The book was published on 1998. ...
4
votes
2answers
170 views

Education : Students devising and solving their own problems [closed]

I apologize in advance for the nature of this question. I have been thinking lately of methods to increase the quality of my self-study. I have been meaning, but never actually got to, in addition ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Measurement of event time by different observers

Follow up question to Doppler redshift in special relativity A source of light pulses moves with speed v directly away from an observer at rest in an inertial frame. How will the time of the emission ...
25
votes
3answers
13k views

If aerographite is lighter than air, why doesn't it float?

Air is 6 times denser than aerographite but looking at pictures or videos presenting the material, I see it resting on tables rather than raising to the ceiling. Also, since the material is made of ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Educational physics stories with a funny punchline [closed]

As a physicist, when I'm giving lectures or during colloquiums, I usually find it necessary to have some appropriate and related jokes in hand. All of the best teachers have some, and they use them ...
-1
votes
2answers
2k views

RC Parallel Circuits [closed]

I am trying to solve the following exercise: A capacitor 27 and $\mu$F is connected to a battery of 21 V through a resistance of 14 M$\Omega$. 1) What 's the charge on his parallel-plate? 2) ...
4
votes
1answer
762 views

Topological insulators - Surface states have a phase?

When I look at the circle of the Dirac cone around the Dirac point of, let's say, $Bi_2Se_3$, then the electron winds around and it is true that it goes from momentum $-k$ and spin-up to $+k$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Are these data enough to solve this simulataneity problem

observers: S and S'. S stands in midway between two events (say, 2 flashes) located 20 metres apart. He sees two flashes occurring simultaneously. S' notes a 20ns difference in them. S' is moving ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

How can this formula be analyzed intuitively?

Given $$ \bar{U}_{vib}(T) = R \sum_{\text{n.m.}} \left( \frac{\theta_{vib, n.m.}}{2} \right) + \frac{\theta_{vib, n.m.} e^{-\theta_{vib, n.m.}/T}}{1-e^{-\theta_{vib, n.m.}/T}} $$ where ...
6
votes
1answer
256 views

How exactly are Calabi-Yau compactifications done?

To compactify 2 open dimensions to a torus, the method of identification written down for this example as $$ (x,y) \sim (x+2\pi R,y) $$ $$ (x,y) \sim (x, y+2\pi R) $$ can be applied. What are the ...
21
votes
5answers
8k views

Why do nearsighted people see better with their glasses *rotated*?

If you are nearsighted (like me), you may have noticed that if you tilt your glasses, you can see distant objects more clear than with normally-positioned glasses. If you already see completely clear, ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Energy in nuclear reactions

I have two questions, been trying to get definite and intuitive answers to them for some time so hopefully you can help me: 1) I understand both the strong force and binding energy but what is the ...
0
votes
3answers
174 views

Dirt energy, possible?

Doesn't $E=mc^2$ mean that mass can be converted to energy? But from what I have studied in high school nuclear physics, it seems that the only "$E=mc^2$" we can get is from binding energy between ...
8
votes
2answers
159 views

Can anyons emerge from momentum-space other than spatial dimensions?

So far in condensed matter physics, I only know anyons(abelian or nonabelian) can emerge as quasiparticles in 2D real-space. But is there any possibility to construct anyons in momentum-space ? And ...
0
votes
1answer
894 views

Resisting force depends on velocity? [duplicate]

Why does resisting force depend on velocity? I think there is no relation between resisting force and velocity of object. Please speak about it logically.
0
votes
1answer
221 views

why is mass of air bubble in material medium considered to be negative?

The mass of air bubble in any medium is considered as negative. Is the air bubble is massless. I m in confusion. can we not neglect the mass of air bubble in material medium. But i have found in many ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

Is it possible to create a vacuum ballon using concentric partially pressured spheres?

The old saying goes, nature abhors a vacuum, but that isn't exactly true. The universe is full of vacuum; what nature abhors large energy differentials. So for example, a vacuum chamber has to be ...
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Where does $p^i/p^+$ come from in the EOM of an open string?

I have a stupid question about Eq. (1.3.22) in Polchinski's string theory volume 1. In the equation of motion for an open string, Eq. (1.3.22), $$X^i (\tau, \sigma) = x^i + \frac{ p^i}{p^+} \tau + ...
0
votes
1answer
5k views

What force does bathroom scale measure?

When you stand on a bathroom scale, I know that the force displayed is the normal force. Since it is the normal force, then technically the force displayed would actually be Fg= (mass)(acceleration) ...
2
votes
0answers
353 views

Apart from Alfvenic turbulence, what is the most important unsolved problems in plasma physics? [closed]

Apart from Alfvénic turbulence, what is the most important unsolved problems in plasma physics? Is there a review article describing some important unsolved problems in plasma physics, I repeat, ...
1
vote
6answers
17k views

How can an object with zero acceleration move?

My physics text has a problem in which it is said that a person moves a block of wood in such a way so that the block moves at a constant velocity. The block, therefore, is in dynamic equilibrium and ...
6
votes
0answers
265 views

Poincare recurrence and the multiverse

In this paper Susskind claims that a stable de Sitter universe is problematic (among other things) due to the existence of Poincare recurrence, which happen because of finite entropy. I disagree that ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

IIA and IIB Compact on 8D

How can compactifying IIA (non-Chiral) and IIB (Chiral) Superstring on $T^2$ (2-torus) gives rise to ($2$ dual descriptions of) the same $\mathcal N = 2$ supergravity in $8$ dimensions? I don't see ...
1
vote
1answer
158 views

What is the minimum density required for nuclear fission?

This is a followup to a prior question I asked about gaseous nuclear fission. What is the lowest nuclear fuel density required to initiate fission? This is critical for a gas core reactor with a ...
0
votes
1answer
155 views

One terminal of an ideal voltage source connected to earth->Massive current will flow?

Assume we have a "somewhat" ideal voltage source like a DC power supply powered by mains. Take just one terminal and form a conductive path between it and earth ground. Assuming that no conductive ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Can I run a pulse tube cooler in reverse to generate pressure oscillations?

Since a pulse tube cooler is basically a Stirling engine without moving parts running "in reverse", does that imply that when I keep the cold end at ambient temperature and apply heat to the hot end, ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Why Is Current $\propto$ Number of Loops?

When an additional loop is added to a generator the magnetic flux through the loops does not change yet the current increases. This seems counter-intuitive and has been described as ...
29
votes
5answers
721 views

Are bubbles in ice at a lower or higher pressure than atmospheric pressure?

When water phase-transitions into ice it expands. The water usually contains dissolved air. Freezing forces the air out of the solution into bubbles. Are these bubbles at a lower or higher pressure ...
4
votes
4answers
4k views

How energy curves spacetime?

We know through General Relativity (GR) that matter curves spacetime (ST) like a "ball curves a trampoline" but then how energy curves spacetime? Is it just like matter curvature of ST?
3
votes
2answers
292 views

Restriction of a Lagrangian

I'm wondering if anyone could help me with the following questions. Let $M$ be the Minkowski spacetime, given $f\in C^{\infty}(M) ; f(m)=x^{0}(m)$, with $\{x^{\mu}\}$ being a global Cartesian ...

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