3
votes
1answer
140 views

Is it possible to create a hologram using X-Rays?

Is it possible to create a hologram using X-Rays (or other penetrating EM-waves)?
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Determining cloud cover from observer to near the horizon

Does there exist a Clear Sky Chart with the following enhancements?: 1 - Actual Cloud Cover (Offered Visually and not just Colors with a Legend, Over Time/Past & Predictive) 2 - Simulate/Predict ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

reflection, refraction and diffraction occur in radio waves, which one occurs the most?

One of the things about Radio waves is that they undergo different behaviors such as reflection, refraction and diffraction when in contact with obstacles such as walls, buildings etc. what i want to ...
2
votes
3answers
106 views

Certain material heating water in a recipient

I don't know how to resolve a problem, but I don't want the answer since I'm almost going to have it resolved. What the problem says is we have 85 liters of water at 7ºC in an iron pot of 29kg. We ...
31
votes
4answers
13k views

Why can't energy be created or destroyed?

My physics instructor told the class, when lecturing about energy, that it can't be created or destroyed. Why is that? Is there a theory or scientific evidence that proves his statement true or ...
1
vote
2answers
367 views

Horizontal Speed of Descending Parachute

I understand how to get the vertical (descent speed) of a parachute and its payload, but how could one find the horizontal speed/velocity of this parachute depending on the speed of the wind? (yeah I ...
8
votes
1answer
425 views

Derivation of the basic equation for Witten diagrams

I could understand the derivation of the "bulk-to-boundary" propagators ($K$) for scalar fields in $AdS$ but the iterative definition of the "bulk-to-bulk" propagators is not clear to me. On is ...
8
votes
2answers
490 views

Advanced topics in string theory

I'm looking for texts about topics in string theory that are "advanced" in the sense that they go beyond perturbative string theory. Specifically I'm interested in String field theory (including ...
1
vote
1answer
235 views

Tolerance of Natural Frequency & Resonance?

I'm writing a report at the moment about natural frequency, driving frequency and resonance - and I was wondering, is there a typical % tolerance inside which the driving frequency will cause ...
2
votes
1answer
301 views

What is the mass of a photon in non-empty spaces?

It is a well known result of the special theory of relativity that the photon has no rest mass, because for a particle to attain the speed of light, it must have zero rest-mass. I will not dig into ...
6
votes
0answers
107 views

String landscape in different dimensions

For D = 11 large (uncompactified) spacetime dimensions, the only "string theory" vacuum is M-theory For D = 10, there are 5 vacua. Or maybe it's more correct to say 4, since type I is S-dual to ...
6
votes
1answer
280 views

Uniqueness of the 5 string theories

This question combines several sub-questions, the common theme being: why the known 5 string theories are unique? Firstly, regarding heterotic theory. I understand the only allowed gauge groups are ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

Two axes for rotational motion

I understand that angular momentum is a vector, etc.. But, what really happens when some object, say a ball for example, is set to rotate along two axes? What would the resulting motion look like?
3
votes
0answers
95 views

How to construct a 2D conformal field on a mirrored annulus with a looping pattern?

I would like to construct a 2D conformal field on an annulus in which the inner and outer boundaries are like mirrors, and can be approximated by regular polygons (with the same number n of mirror ...
3
votes
3answers
163 views

How Relative Is Relativity With Respect To Visual Effects?

This might seem naive, but here goes. Imagine Albert and Rick, of equal mass, accelerate together to a significant fraction of light-speed (call it v) relative to Earth, enough to clearly see the ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Why can't echoes be heard inside a room?

If I go camping and shout anywhere, in the forest or on a cliff, I usually hear the echo of my voice. Why when I shout in my room I do not hear any echoes?
2
votes
2answers
223 views

Why, intuitively, must a solution in physics be unique?

When solving Laplace's equation or Poisson's equation say, we require that the solution must be unique, which can be shown. In general, what is the physics behind seeking a unique solution? Are ...
45
votes
2answers
815 views

Analog Hawking radiation

I am confused by most discussions of analog Hawking radiation in fluids (see, for example, the recent experimental result of Weinfurtner et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 021302 (2011), ...
1
vote
1answer
585 views

Gears and efficiency/speed

For Christmas me and my brother got an AR Drone, the propellers are on a large gear, which is rotated by a small gear that is connected to the motor. This means the small gear (and therefore the ...
1
vote
1answer
359 views

A quantum particle in a box (with a catch)

I am reading Shankar's Quantum Mechanics and I am looking at the case where there is one particle inside a box, where the potential is zero inside the wall and abruptly goes to infinity outside the ...
7
votes
0answers
313 views

Information geometry of 1D Ising model in complex magnetic field regime

Consider the one-dimensional Ising model with constant magnetic field and node-dependent interaction on a finite lattice, given by $$H(\sigma) = -\sum_{i = 1}^N J_i\sigma_i\sigma_{i + 1} - h\sum_{i = ...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

Is the axial gauge with a $\xi$ term useful in Yang-Mills theory?

i) Do people use axial gauge with a $\xi$ term? When $\xi\neq 0$, ghosts do not decouple, but maybe it's still useful? ii) Is it proved that the term $\frac 1 {2\xi}(n.A)^2$ in the Lagrangian does ...
4
votes
4answers
9k views

Understanding the relationship between electricity and magnetism

I keep on hearing that magnetism is just another form of electricity and vice versa. If that's the case why can't we use magnets as batteries, and why aren't my batteries magnetic?
0
votes
2answers
465 views

How far does physics influence russian roulette?

Prompted by this discussion on the math exchange My thought was that the added mass of a bullet in an otherwise empty revolver would bias the chamber spin such that the bullet would remain in one of ...
2
votes
7answers
737 views

Why do two ends of a long conducting wire have the same electric potential?

I am not seeing the "big picture" here. If I have two conducting spheres separated by a long conducting wire, why would the spheres share the same electric potential? I think of the spheres as point ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Relating milliampere-hours to watt-hours for batteries

I've seen many batteries that are measured in milliampere hours (mAh), while others are measured in watt hours (wh). How can I convert them between each other so that I can actually compare them? It's ...
0
votes
4answers
428 views

Would a person not be able to distinguish left from right in outer space?

Is it true that human in outer space can't differ right side and left side, with no other objects for reference?
5
votes
1answer
4k views

How much sky do we see at any one moment?

When we look at any particular point the sky, what percentage of the celestial sphere do we see? This question arises from the notion that on average there passes one meteor per hour overhead. So ...
2
votes
1answer
258 views

Can non-free forces change the rest mass?

While reading Hobsen et al.'s "General Relativity: An Introduction for Physicists", I came across a bit confusing derivation. Multiplying the 4-force and 4-velocity, the following derivation can be ...
2
votes
4answers
802 views

How to locate the Orion Nebula?

I was trying to see Orion Nebula for few days now and I simply can't spot it. I'm using Celestron PowerSeeker 127EQ ( 5" , Newtonian , 1000m ). I'm pretty sure I have the right spot as I saw many ...
3
votes
1answer
262 views

What force is acting on the charge in the dielectric?

For example I have a dielectric solid with a small charged ball in it. And I have external electric field $E$. So what force is acting on this ball? The field in dielectric is $\frac{E}{\epsilon}$, ...
7
votes
4answers
570 views

How does water carve rock?

How does water carve rock? And more generally, how does a soft material carve a hard material? Obviously it happens, but is it a continual process (every drop of soft water carries away a minute ...
3
votes
2answers
492 views

Gravity of a disc

What proof is there that the center of gravity of a disc is at its center when the gravitational field is not uniform, such as objects close to the edge of the disc, or lying within the body of the ...
2
votes
1answer
311 views

Why dynamic Casimir effect does not appear in static gravity field?

Dynamic Casimir effect tells us that a constantly-accelerated mirror should emit radiation due to interaction with vacuum. Following principle of equivalence, a similar mirror placed in static ...
3
votes
3answers
144 views

Quality loss when adding more components to a telescope?

I would think this would be inherently true, but I'm curious: (Assuming the highest quality amateur instruments are used.) Is quality lost when, say, adding a T-mount adapter, diagonal or any other ...
8
votes
4answers
380 views

What fundamental principles or theories are required by modern physics?

We have been taught that speed of light is insurmountable but as we know an experiment recently tried to show otherwise. If the experiment did turn out to be correct and confirmed by others, would ...
2
votes
1answer
381 views

Is it a total or an explicite time derivative in the Schrödinger equation?

I am always dubious when I need write Schrödinger equation: do I write $\partial / \partial t$ or $d/dt$ ? I suppose it depends on the space in which it is considered. How?
7
votes
2answers
2k views

How to distinguish female and male voices via Fourier analysis?

What makes one, without looking, be able to identify the gender of the talker as male or female? I mean if we Fourier analysed the voice of males and females, how the 2 spectrums are different which ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Conservation of electric charge in Feynman diagram

Here is a Feynman diagram showing the mutual annihilation of a bound state electron positron pair into two photons: Is the electric charge conserved at the point A (or B)? What is the "charge" of ...
6
votes
2answers
301 views

Renyi entropy in physical systems

We know that the Shannon entropy $H(P)=- k_{\mathrm{B}}\sum_i p_i \ln p_i$ is mostly the entropy of the thermodynamic systems. Does the Renyi measure $H_{\alpha}(P)=\frac{1}{1-\alpha}\log \sum ...
6
votes
1answer
356 views

What is the information geometry of 1D Ising model for a complex magnetic field?

Consider the one-dimensional Ising model with constant magnetic field and node-dependent interaction on a finite lattice, given by $$H(\sigma) = -\sum_{i = 1}^N J_i\sigma_i\sigma_{i + 1} - h\sum_{i = ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Can a system entirely of photons be a Bose-Einsten condensate?

Background: In Bose-Einstein stats the quantum concentration $N_q$ (particles per volume) is proportional to the total mass M of the system: $$ N_q = (M k T/2 \pi \hbar^2)^{3/2} $$ where k ...
7
votes
3answers
466 views

How can I vizualize and understand curved spaces in general relativity?

I'm taking a basic physics class and the teacher described space with a special table that has curves and black holes etc. He would throw a metal ball down onto it and the class would watch it circle ...
2
votes
2answers
495 views

Which symmetry is associated with conservation of flux?

Which symmetry is associated with conservation of flux (e.g., in electromagnetism)? For example, when working with Gauss's law in electromagnetism, net flux through an arbitrary volume element ...
3
votes
3answers
93 views

What's in my box?

Let's say that I have a box which is 100% empty. I fly into the vacuum of space, open the box and close it after a certain time. Then I go back to earth and my question is.. What's in my box? ...
5
votes
3answers
249 views

Is it true that $\vec{E}\neq 0$ inside a 1- or 2-dimensional conductor?

It is known that when a conductor is placed in an electric field, the charges redistribute themselves such that $E=0$ inside the conductor. I was also told that the same is NOT true for the 2D and 1D ...
1
vote
2answers
349 views

Did Newton discover gravity waves without realizing it?

Newton's theory explained the changes in sea level by the effect of gravity (moon/sun). Now we are trying to detect gravitational waves from distant cosmic surces. But, apart from the differences in ...
2
votes
2answers
520 views

Does the measured mass of earth include that of the atmosphere?

Just what the title states please... and perhaps naive too... Wikipedia pegs the mass of our Earth at 5.9722 × 10^24 kg. Does this figure include the mass of the Atmosphere?
1
vote
0answers
98 views

Practical personal aircraft today? [closed]

Is it possible to build, today, a personal aircraft that not use an impracticable amount of fuel for everyday use? What are the physical concepts that could be used to build it?
8
votes
1answer
60 views

Why does the debris from comets and former comets hang around so long?

So tonight's Quatrantids shower got me thinking. Why does the debris from comets and former comets hang around so long? Each year the earth sweeps through the region of space that the comet went ...

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