All Questions

8k views

Water in vacuum (or space) and temperature in space

So, water in vacuum will boil first and then freeze. I don't know how the freeze happens. As pressure lowers to zero, what happened to freezing point? (I know heat taken by vapor, and the water cool ...
282 views

Superposition theorem

Is superposition theorem applicable for circuits having semiconductor components like diodes, transistors, etc.?
524 views

Parallel Plate Capacitors

I was wondering what would happen to capacitance if the plates are not parallel (above/below each other) or if the plates are not the same size. Thanks.
3k views

Potential energy of the human body if all its atoms were split

I am working on a sci-fi story in which a character has control over matter on the atomic level (think Dr. Manhattan from Watchmen). In thinking up potential tragedies for this character I thought, "...
62 views

What is a phrase for testing for a certain result? [closed]

Is there a word or phrase for when someone is testing for a certain result thereby skewing his findings?
4k views

Speed of sound at temperatures below 0 °C

How can the speed of sound be calculated for temperatures below 0 °C (down to -40 °C)? Does the calculation $v=331\ \frac{m}{s} + 0.6 \frac{m}{s°C} \times T$ still hold (where T's unit is °...
3k views

Confused about relating spring force to maximum distance

I keep working through this problem and getting the wrong answer: A spring with spring constant k is positioned vertically and then compressed from its equilibrium length by a distance Δy. A ...
158 views

What is the best explanation for the fine tuning of the Universe? [closed]

In my view, this is one of the most profound unsolved mysteries of Science. How to explain the fine tuning of the Universe without recourse to saying that a God/Designer did it. Examples of fine ...
119 views

Modelling a matter dominated universe collapsing into a black hole

With the FLRW equations we can get solutions for a matter dominated closed universe in which the finale is an ultimate collapse, but this is only in terms of $a$ (the scale factor) and $t$ (time) and ...
409 views

Bra-ket notation, Bits, & Superposition

I am a quantum computing enthusiast, and recently I stumbled upon this the following two propositions: $$\alpha|1\rangle + \beta|0\rangle$$ What does this mean? My understanding of this is that: ...
261 views

1k views

Line of action force

The task is to reduce the two forces into a single net force and then find the equation of its line of action. I chose to find the net force and momentum with respect to the origin. The magnitude of ...
77 views

How many radiotherapy sessions would it take to boil one cup of water? [closed]

Context: Gray (Gy) is a unit dose used in radiotherapy. It is defined as the absorbed energy of 1J per kilogram of matter. There is a wide misconception that ionizing radiation acts by heating ...
233 views

Velocity of hitting the ground when falling forward

A friend of mine fell while he was snowboarding which led to a discussion. He mentioned that, in general, if your center of mass is traveling at a certain velocity, and you fall forward, your head ...
544 views

Temperature Dependence of Fission

I've always heard fusion depends on incredible temperatures and pressures, but I'm curious what the temperature dependence of fission is. For instance, if I had uranium and heated it to a ...
62 views

Practical hardware question regarding optical source for an array of fiber bragg gratings [closed]

I have a single 1 meter array of 5 fiber bragg gratings that has FC/APC connectors on both ends. I will be embedding the array in a material and want to be able to do a quick check that the array is ...
251 views

Expression for maximum energy transfer to electron by fast moving charge

Suppose a charge $q = +Z e$ is moving along positive $+x$ direction with electron below $x-$axis and the charge is moving fast enough to consider electron at rest, then what is the maximum value of ...
169 views

$\mathcal{N}=2$ supersymmetry and $SU(2)$ holonomy

I was reading this Phys.SE question. I was unable to understand how an $SU(2)$ holonomy would produce $\mathcal{N}=2$ in four dimensions. Could anyone shed some light on this?
1k views

Generators of Poincare Groups

How can I determine the generators of the Poincare Group, $P(1,3)$ explicitly? Here $P(1,3)$ means a matrix Lie group.
5k views

The hydrostatic paradox, states that the height of the water in any container is independent of the shape of the container. This does make sense since it is only the height of the fluid ...
200 views

1k views

Is the canonical momentum conserved when a particle moves in magnetic field?

Here is a question about the canonical momentum that I had asked some days ago, but I still have one point that I am not understand. Considering a particle moves in a magnetic field with charge $q$ ...
1k views

Superficial Degree of Divergence for Feynman Diagrams

The superficial degree of divergence for a diagram is defined as the power of $k$ in the nominator minus the power of $k$ in the denominator. It is written to be equal to $4\times$ (...
220 views

Golf: spin direction resulting from striking out of the toe

If a golf club strikes the ball out of the centre of the club face with the club path on the target line through impact, and the face square to target, the ball will move towards the target with no ...
668 views

What about assessing negative Limit of Detection for concentration

I recently came in a work-group discussion where I think some concepts are misused. After seeking for scientific articles on the subject I have found that part of the problem is definition (what ...
412 views

The adiabatic approximation for solid state systems is rather radical. I was wondering in which cases it breaks down. As it is based on the idea of the nuclii being much heavier than the electrons I ...
202 views

Displacement inside the moving Object

Suppose say a person is standing over the moving bike and he jumps while bike is moving, bike will move forward & person will land in same point at which he jumped, relative to earth position (...
170 views

Does the speed of light in different mediums affect the lorentz transformation?

We know that the Lorentz transformation is derived using the speed of light in vacuum. But if we were to use it in water, would it change since the speed of light in water should also remain constant ...
293 views

Interpreting Lagrange Multipliers as forces

I am (still) working on getting a good understanding of Lagrange multipliers. I understand their function in an optimization problem that is subject to some constraint. For the specific case of ...
344 views

What is the difference between QFT and elementary particle physics?

I'm a little unclear as to how QFT differs from Elementary particle physics. They both use pictorials of Feynman graphs, is it that Elementary particle physics assumes the point particle perspective, ...
600 views

Is it possible to escape from within event horizon?

I always think that it is not possible to escape from within event horizon. However, some one recently told me with deep conviction that it is possible with sustained energy output. I countered with ...
347 views

Needle Floating on a Water Surface

So, I'm trying to find the largest radius of a needle before it ends up sinking, and I know that it's a balance of needle weight vs surface tension. However, I'm not really sure how the surface ...
269 views

Why the speed of light is represented by $c$? [closed]

In almost every textbook, I've found that the speed of light is $c \approx 3 \times 10^8\: \mathrm{m/s}$. I wonder why it's just $c$ ?
435 views

Why can you make two repelling positively charged rods touch? Shouldn't the Coulomb force become infinite?

For a physics lab on the Triboelectric effect, we rubbed two rods with fur which gave both of them a positive charge. We then brought them close together, and they obviously repelled. We then held ...
81 views

Do I need mass to calculate the rms speed of diatomic Nitrogen?

Calculate the rms speed of diatomic Nitrogen ($N_2$) at an altitude of $600$ km, where the temperature is $1500$ K. I'm confused because only an altitude and a temperature is given, and I feel like ...
150 views

Backward Time Flow?

Physicists say that time is moving foward because entropy always increases. But have physicists considered that we might be mistaken? Since there is no ultimate reference frame, it could be possible ...
I have a mechanical system and I need to model in differential equations I tried to model the mass $M_1$ and got this \$m_1\displaystyle\frac{d^2\,x}{dt^2}=F-K_1(x_2 - x_1)-Ba_1\displaystyle\frac{...