4
votes
2answers
199 views

Cosmological triangle with PLANCK results

Is there an updated version of the cosmological triangle with recent PLANCK results included?
2
votes
4answers
13k views

What is the effect of an increase in pressure on latent heat of vaporization?

What is latent heat of vaporization ($L_v$) in the first place? Wikipedia seems to indicate that it is the energy used in overcoming intermolecular interactions, without taking into account at all any ...
1
vote
1answer
635 views

What is the Lorentz tensor with a superscript and subscript index?

I have been reading about symmetries of systems' actions, e.g. the Polyakov action, and I have encountered Lorentz transformations of the form: $\Lambda^{\mu}_{\nu} X^{\nu}$. I am moderately familiar ...
2
votes
2answers
238 views

Why don't black holes within a galaxy pull in the stars of the galaxy

visit http://www.nasa.gov/audience/forstudents/k-4/stories/what-is-a-black-hole-k4.html If black holes can pull even light, why cant they pull the stars in the galaxy?
3
votes
1answer
620 views

Error in Sear's and Zemansky's University Physics with Modern Physics 13th Edition (Young and Freeman)?

I was reading up on the Ideal Gas Equation in University Physics with Modern Physics by Young and Freeman when I chanced upon a seemingly illogical mathematical equation. Can anyone rectify this ...
0
votes
4answers
12k views

How do you determine the heat transfer from a P-V diagram?

I doubt this question has been addressed properly before, but if there are similar answers, do direct them to me. I am currently studying the First Law of Thermodynamics, which includes the p-V ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is the de Broglie wavelength of a photon equal to the EM wavelength of the radiation?

Is the de Broglie (matter) wavelength $\lambda=\frac{h}{p}$ of a photon equal to the electromagnetic wavelength of the radiation? I guess yes, but how come that photons have both a matter wave and an ...
4
votes
4answers
854 views

Difference between electromagnetic radiation (EMR) and Electromagnetic Field?

I'm a freshly graduated electrical engineer. One course that I really struggled with was Field Theory, because it was a lovely assortment of vector calculus and things that were explained to me well ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Christoffel symbol for Schwarzschild metric

I know that the christoffel (second kind) can be defined like this: $$\Gamma^m_{ij} = \frac{1}{2} g^{mk}(\frac{\partial g_{ki}}{\partial U^j}+\frac{\partial g_{jk}}{\partial U^i}-\frac{\partial ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

2nd order pertubation theory for harmonic oscillator

I'm having some trouble calculating the 2nd order energy shift in a problem. I am given the pertubation: $\hat{H}'=\alpha \hat{p}$, where $\alpha$ is a constant, and $\hat{p}$ is given by: ...
3
votes
2answers
242 views

Probability Density Function for Dust in the Colision-less Vlasov equation

My problem is the following: I'm trying to model a dust (pressure-less relativistic gas) in the presence of electromagnetic field using colisioness vlasov-equation (relativistic version of boltzmann ...
4
votes
1answer
314 views

Why should SUSY be expected naturally?

In the last 40 years (approximately) people have been "discovering", "rediscovering" and "studying" SUSY as a powerful tool and "symmetry principle". Question: What if SUSY is not realized in ...
1
vote
1answer
388 views

Why doesn't intensity of light affect the emission of electrons?

So electrons of specific atoms have a minimum amount of energy needed to escape the atom, called the work function, W. Now let's say that you emit a certain frequency of light, and $hf<W$. However, ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

A simple electromotor?

I have to build a simple electromotor in the following way: I attach a permanent magnet to a battery, connect some metal supports to the terminals of the battery, and place a coil of wire on the ...
1
vote
1answer
675 views

Distinguish electron-like and hole-like orbits in reciprocal space, with reference to the Brillouin Zones

So I have a solid state and thermodynamic exam next week and I've been going through some of the previous exams from years gone by to prepare. I came across this question "Distinguish electron-like ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

Ginzburg-Landau model for superconductivity

Could someone kindly elaborate more on the Simple Interpretation section from this Wikipedia Article? I refer to the part on the natures of $\alpha , \beta$. Why can one assume that ...
4
votes
2answers
25k views

Why don't electric workers get electrocuted when only touching one wire? [duplicate]

I know that when electricians work on the poles on the streets, if they only touch one wire at a time they will be fine. However, from my understanding, the negative wire is connected to a large ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do sound waves travel at the same speed moleculewise? (Same medium)

I don't understand what happens in reality (outside of wave theories). If I clap my hands I invest energy in the nearby air molecules, which move and transfer their energy to nearby molecules which ...
3
votes
2answers
478 views

Doubts concerning Wigner's classification

Wigner classified particles in function of the eigenvalues of $P_\mu P^\mu$ and $W_\mu W^\mu$. Then, it can be proved that for massless particles spin values can be only $\pm s_{max}$. But for a ...
3
votes
0answers
197 views

quantization of Dirac field

The general solution to the Dirac equation is a sum of plane wave solutions $$ \psi(x) \sim \int d^3k \sum_r b_r(k) u_r(k)e^{-ikx} + d^\dagger_r(k) v_r(k)e^{+ikx} $$ The basis spinors $u_r$ and $v_r$ ...
2
votes
1answer
486 views

Experiment to find Ammeter Resistance [closed]

I've been studying experimental electrodynamics and I needed to describe an experiment to find the resistance of an ammeter if I just have the ammeter together with one voltmeter and a protection ...
-1
votes
1answer
473 views

Why is this thought experiment flawed: A vast lever rotating faster than the speed of light [duplicate]

If there were a vast lever floating in free space, a rigid body with length greater than the width of a galaxy, made of a hypothetical material that could endure unlimited internal stress, and this ...
2
votes
0answers
288 views

Topological band theory [closed]

Why topological insulators were discovered so late? While the band theory was known long time ago! I mean why the topological properties of electronic bands were not noticed in the past?
0
votes
0answers
88 views

Is there any proof that the speed of gravity is limited? [duplicate]

I must warn that though I'm argumenting with black holes I'm not asking how does gravity escape the black hole!. I want to know if the absolute speed of gravity waves were proven bu an experiment. We ...
1
vote
1answer
658 views

Why does Lorentz factor not hold for relativistic mass when we apply it to photons? [duplicate]

We know that the photon itself is massless particle $m_0=0$. But we also know, that the mass of the objects does increase with their energy. And we know that under certain circumstances (gravity, ...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

Possible states for two electrons in the helium atom

Consider the helium atom with two electrons, but ignore coupling of angular momenta, relativistic effects, etc. The spin state of the system is a combination of the triplet states and the singlet ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Does relativistic mass have weight?

If an object was sliding on an infinitely long friction-less floor on Earth with relativistic speeds (ignoring air resistance), would it exert more vertical weight force on the floor than when it's at ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Holonomy twisting

There is Witten's topological twist of standard SUSY QFTs with enough SUSY into Witten-type TQFTs. What is a holonomy twist?
8
votes
1answer
270 views

Is conservation of statistics logically independent of spin?

If the number of fermions is $n$, we expect the quantity $(-1)^n$ to be conserved, i.e., $n$ never changes between even and odd. This is known as conservation of statistics. In the normal context of ...
1
vote
0answers
145 views

Matrix element approximation

In the formula for the decay width of $\Upsilon(4S)$ to B-mesons from $\text{e}^+\text{e}^-$ collisions: $$\Gamma_{\Upsilon(4S)\to B\bar{B}}=\frac{\left|\underline{P}_B \right|}{8\pi ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

A question on lewis model [closed]

Electron affinity of chlorine = -349 kJ per mole. And, first ionization energy of sodium = 496 kJ per mole while energy required for combining= 147 kJ per mole. Isn't it a contradiction against ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

When should angles be expressed in degrees vs. radians?

I am trying to calculate the albedo of a given latitude by following the methods of Brutsaert (1982), I have copied the formula below: 3.6 Shortwave and long-wave radiative fluxes Albedo ...
4
votes
1answer
796 views

Explanation for breaking up of a stream of water into droplets

Water falling from a tap eventually breaks into droplets at a particular distance from the tap. The distance(from the tap) at which it breaks into droplets is observed to be an increasing function of ...
3
votes
1answer
907 views

Derivation of the volume element (which uses the metric tensor)?

I have often seen $\sqrt{-g}$ in integrals, especially actions, where $g=\mathrm{det}(g_{\mu \nu})$. Does anyone know of a derivation that shows that this is indeed the volume element which must be ...
2
votes
1answer
410 views

Center of mass error - calculating systematic error in change in PE

Suppose we have to calculate systematic error in change in PE. Let's suppose systematic error due to scale is 1%. I'm confused about the center of mass error. \begin{align} \Delta PE = m*g*h_1 - ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

localized electrons in the crystals

Why electrons in low lying levels of individual atoms stay localized in their own atoms in a crystal? Doesn't this contradict Bloch's theorem?
6
votes
1answer
190 views

Critical dimension in quantization of p-branes

So I have what might be a fairly basic question, but my understanding that in the quantization of the the string, or the 1-brane, there are conditions on the number of spacetime dimensions to ensure ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Time period for spring connected body

Two identical springs with spring constant $k$ are connected to identical masses of mass $M$, as shown in the figures above. The ratio of the period for the springs connected in parallel (Figure 1) ...
5
votes
1answer
503 views

When a variation of a tensor is not a tensor?

In a comment about variation of metric tensor it was shown that $$\delta g_{\mu\nu}=-g_{\mu\rho}g_{\nu\,\sigma}\delta g^{\rho\,\sigma}$$ which is contrary to the usual rule of lowering indeces of a ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Purcell and the Magnetic Field

When showing that the magnetic field derived from the curl being proportional to current and the divergence being zero is unique, Purcell says that at some sufficiently remote enclosing boundary the ...
2
votes
1answer
459 views

How to find speed when accelerating down a slanted wire

I saw this picture on one of my social media sites with the caption, "I'd do this in a heart beat! Who's with me!" I was about to go balls to the walls and say, "I'm in! When and where??" But then ...
2
votes
2answers
278 views

Hyperopia, Far Sightedness

With hyperopia, the focal point is behind the retina, shouldn't this mean that the image is flipped on the retina itself from what is usual? I must be drawing my ray diagrams wrong. A little ...
2
votes
2answers
227 views

Frequency Modulation

If FM radios work by modulating the frequency, how is it that we can tune into a specific channel, and hear a song or station? Wouldn't the channel need to be modulated along with the varying ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

Optics, lenses and our eyes

When we view an image, is the focal point of our eye on our retina? Shouldn't that hurt? Also, if that is how our eye works, then why don't lenses put the focal point their equivalent retina? I was ...
0
votes
2answers
226 views

Limit on velocity in Minkowski Spacetime geometry

Let A be a rocket moving with velocity v. Then the slope of its worldline in a spacetime diagram is given by c/v. Since it is a slope, c/v = tan(theta) for some theta > 45 and theta < 90. Does ...
2
votes
0answers
212 views

Solving the equation of relativistic motion

How does one solve the tensor differential equation for the relativistic motion of a partilcle of charge $e$ and mass $m$, with 4-momentum $p^a$ and electromagnetic field tensor $F_{ab}$ of a constant ...
9
votes
2answers
302 views

Redshifted from what?

We need to know two of the following three to calculate the third: redshifted color, baseline color, and velocity. The velocity is related to the difference between the redshifted color and the ...
4
votes
2answers
919 views

What happens to the energy not absorbed by a radio?

If a radio tunes to a specific frequency, where does the excess energy go? If one continues to hit the resonant frequency, shouldn't the wire begin to melt at some point from too much energy?
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Underlying physical basis of an exponential distribution

My data set of upper atmospheric cloud occurrences $N$ versus their thickness (or optical brightness, say $B$) show an exponential variation over more than two orders of magnitude - that is $N$ varies ...
2
votes
0answers
170 views

Magnetic Field versus Line Charge

Isn't a magnetic field basically an electric field originating from a line charge, but as seen in a boosted frame? I mean, that's where the relativistic explanation comes from right?

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