9
votes
2answers
1k views

Is Einstein's Special Relativity completely inclusive of Newton's 3 laws of motion?

Relativity has always been explained to me (in books I've read, etc) as a superset of newton's laws - that is; it encapsulates all of Newton's mechanics in addition to other effects (observer effect, ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

Will a rotating body gain linear acceleration in water?

If a ball is floating in water and it has some angular velocity, will it gain some linear acceleration from the drag on it as it rotates? Edit: This is how I pictured it. I guess my reasoning is ...
0
votes
2answers
250 views

How explain this perturbing equation about the 43 arcseconds?

The planetary orbits have been studied as ellipses but the solar system is in motion in relation to the distant stars. Their path is along the tip of an helix and the ecliptic plane is a convenient ...
3
votes
1answer
95 views

Viscous fluid flowing around obstacle: would it deflect earlier?

Consider a viscous fluid, flowing linearly (say, with velocity $\vec u = [1,0]$ everywhere). Then an obstacle is put in the flow. Would a highly viscous fluid start deflecting around the obstacle ...
-1
votes
1answer
108 views

How does laser induced fluorescence in excited atoms work?

Atomic clocks use laser induced fluorescence in order to detect excited atoms, how does this work? Apparently the clocks need to detect the states of nearly 100% of the atoms being examined. In an ...
6
votes
0answers
146 views

What does “mathematically well defined” quantum field theory mean? [duplicate]

Reading Wald's book (page 380, end of the first paragraph of section 14.1) while the author is giving an overall discussion of quantum field theories you can read However, for the more interesting ...
5
votes
1answer
164 views

Can electromagnetic waves be interpreted as a collection of infinite coupled oscillators?

I recently learned, for the first time, that the behavior of waves can be derived by treating them as an infinite set of coupled oscillators. This makes sense for waves whose medium is matter; it's ...
18
votes
3answers
466 views

Comparing predictions and reality for the gravitational attraction due to light beams

While doing some on-the-side reading, I stumbled across this question: Do two beams of light attract each other in general theory of relativity?. Great question and a great, easily understandable ...
0
votes
3answers
636 views

Resistance at Ohm's Law

Today I learnt about Ohm's Law(I had some basic knowledge earlier).When I came home I searched in the internet and found that at Ohm's Law, resistance should not change because then the circuit will ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Can a simulated Universe simulate Special Relativity

I know there are theories (or postulates) that hold that our Universe could be a simulation. I was wondering, if Special Relativity states that two events which are not causally linked can be judged ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

Why can't Wetterich's “Universe without expansion” be tested compared to standard cosmological redshift?

I have read on several sites that this is a theory that cannot be tested. Why is this a theory that can not be tested? It seems to me that if the mass of particles is continually increasing, then the ...
10
votes
1answer
759 views

The choice of measurement basis on one half of an entangled state affects the other half. Can this be used to communicate faster than light?

It is often stated, particularly in popular physics articles and videos, that if one measures a particle A that is entangled with some other particle B, then this measurement will immediately affect ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

No-slip condition when one fluid flows through another

What sort of no-slip zone is in place when liquid water flows from a faucet through air at room temperature? Does the water drag a layer of air molecules along with it?
0
votes
1answer
251 views

What happens to bodies that lift each other up? [closed]

Person A and Person B are same person (theortically). They both weigh 800N. They both can vertically lift 1000N. They want to ...
1
vote
0answers
168 views

Reference for the renormalization of a scalar field's mass

There are a couple of interesting lectures by Leonard Susskind online, and in the first lecture on Supersymmetry & Grand Unification he explains renormalization. His example is the mass ...
4
votes
1answer
272 views

Chain with mass gradient problem

This is the problem, basically. Now my question is about the approach. Mine, and my teacher's. I would like some help as to which one is correct... Mine: As the whole chain is in equilibrium, the ...
8
votes
1answer
352 views

Representations of the Poincare group

Which type of states carry the irreducible unitary representations of the Poincare group? Multi-particle states or Single-particle states?
3
votes
2answers
613 views

Eigenenergies and eigenkets given the Hamiltonian

For a two level system the Hamiltonian is: $$ H=a(|1\rangle \langle1|-|2\rangle\langle2|+|1\rangle\langle2|+|2\rangle\langle1|) $$ where $a$ is a number with the dimension of an energy. I need to ...
2
votes
1answer
289 views

Linearized mass conservation equation

I'm working on global seismology and I'm currently facing troubles understanding how an equation is obtained. The equation concerned is the following one : $$ \rho^{E1} = -\nabla \cdot (\rho^0\mathbf{...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Rotatory motion of uniform disk

Consider a uniform disk rolling without slipping with a certain constant angular velocity.Firstly it is moving in sufficiently rough surface.What will happen if it crosses the rough surface and just ...
0
votes
2answers
229 views

SR time dilation

Two clocks are located at either end of a two light-hour long pole and motionless relative to the pole. Each clock transmits its time and notes that the other clock shows a reading two hours behind ...
0
votes
2answers
5k views

What is meant by “net charge”?

Lets consider a system of two opposite charges separated by a certain distance (dipole), if we ask what is the net charge for this system? the answer would be zero. The net charge (what I have come ...
0
votes
1answer
15k views

Enthalpy Change in Reversible, Isothermal Expansion of Ideal Gas

For the reversible isothermal expansion of an ideal gas: $${∆H}={∆U}=0 \tag1$$ This is obvious for the case of internal energy because $${∆U} = \frac {3}{2} n R {∆T} = 0 \tag2$$ and $${∆U} = -C_P n {∆...
3
votes
0answers
288 views

What does it take to recreate double slit experiment with detectors?

Is there any way to recreate this experiment with detectors at home? I need detectors If I want to recreate the interference pattern. I have a little know-how in electronics so If I need to buy a ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

From Lagrangian to equations of motion [closed]

I have a given Lagrangian: $$L= e^{st}\cdot\frac12\cdot(mv_y^2-ky^2)$$ And are asked to identify the equations of motions, the constants of motions and physical system. Without the exp-time-term, ...
7
votes
0answers
166 views

Conditions permitting rotation to imaginary time

I often see that action is written with a Euclidean metric instead of the original Minkowski metric. My question is basically this : Under what conditions is okay to make a wick rotation? I am ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Difference between pressure and stress tensor

What is the difference between hydrostatic pressure and stress tensor?
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Are there any established theories as to why dubnium-268 and 270 have such high stability for a trans-actinide?

Dubnium-268 has a half life of 29h and 270, 23.15h. I know of the island of stability but if dubnium is in it, the island is very small as only rutherfordium has isotopes that approach the same ...
4
votes
3answers
449 views

What's wrong with this faster-than-light gedankenexperiment?

It is common wisdom - and mathematically proven - that quantum entanglement cannot be used to bypass the relativistic speed limit and transfer information faster than light. So there must be something ...
4
votes
1answer
160 views

How do we measure the physical field of a particle?

In the renormalization procedure of quantum field theories, say $\lambda \phi^4$ theory for simplicity, we use the physical mass $m$, the physical coupling constant $\lambda$ and the physical field $\...
3
votes
3answers
404 views

A particle of mass $m$ moves with constant speed $v$ along the curve $y^{2}=4a(a-x)$ [closed]

I have complications to do the following problem: A particle of mass $m$ moves with constant speed $v$ along the curve $y^{2}=4a(a-x)$. Find its velocity and acceleration vectors. My first idea was ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Does the uncertainity principle violate the law of conservation of energy?

What is the scientific view of the beginning of universe? Quantum fluctuation seems to contradict with the law of conservation of energy. Uncertainity Principle does seem to violate the Law of ...
0
votes
2answers
480 views

Maximum range for projectile thrown from a mountain [closed]

I have doubts with the following problem: A projectile is fired from the top of a mountain that has a downward slope with angle $\phi$ from the horizontal. The initial velocity of the projectile is $...
6
votes
1answer
989 views

Pendulum with a rotating point of support from Landau-Lifschitz

I found this problem in Landau-Lifschitz vol.1 (Mechanics) A simple pendulum of mass $m$, length $l$ whose point of support moves uniformly on a vertical circle with constant frequency $\gamma$. $$...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

“In-head” sound intensity with and without earplugs

When you bite something in two pieces, e.g. a piece of hard candy, you hear the sound through two sources: vibrations in the air, entering your ears from the outside and internal vibrations in your ...
4
votes
1answer
343 views

Research problems in application of Lie groups to differential equations [closed]

Are there any open problems in physics involving Lie groups and differential equations for a phd theses. Some applications are say, Noether's theorem in classical or quantum field theory. But I am ...
4
votes
1answer
297 views

Virasoro operators commutation relations [closed]

For the commutation relation in quantising the bosonic string $$\left[L_n,L_{m}\right]=(n-m)L_{n+m}+\frac{D}{12}n(n^2-1)\delta_{n+m,0}$$ we can then calculate this for $m=-n$ in between the vacuum ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Fourier Transforming the Klein Gordon Equation

Starting with the Klein Gordon in position space, \begin{align*} \left(\frac{\partial^2}{\partial t^2} - \nabla^2+m^2\right)\phi(\mathbf{x},t) = 0 \end{align*} And using the Fourier Transform: $\...
3
votes
2answers
186 views

Unitary groups and infinitesimal transformations - Schwingers way of deriving Lie groups

In Schwinger's source theory book, he suggests if $G_a$ are the hermitian generators of the Unitary group, then we have an infinitesimal transformation is given by : $$ G = \sum_{a=1}^n \delta\...
0
votes
0answers
203 views

Quantum frequency vs classical frequency and Energy dependence

I recently realized what seems to be a contradiction in what is called "frequency" for light, and would enjoy some clarification of some more educated mind on the matter, thanking you in advance for ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Lorentz transformed Scharwzschild solution

A question that has always intrigued me is: "Imagine a star moving as it evolves into a black hole, Ignore the effect of debris from the supernova. Assume also that before the collapse, the star was ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

How to modulate the coherence of light field?

I want to use a Ronchi grating to modulate the coherence of incoming light field. The grating is placed at the object plane of an optical system under test. So can anybody answer my question about ...
3
votes
2answers
236 views

Maximum permissible speed while going down a ramp

So, I was playing hill climb racing and I noticed that if we move with high speeds towards a ramp going down we just jump it off. While lower speeds, help us to stay in contact with the ramp. ...
0
votes
2answers
383 views

Explain the microscopic nature of Electric current?

Explain the microscopic nature of Electric current?i.e What is is average current and Instantaneous current? A microscopic view what really happens?
2
votes
1answer
337 views

Waveguides Transmission Mode Determination

How do I know if I have TE, TM, or TEM rectangular conductive waveguide? For instance, I am doing a lab where we want maximum magnetic field in the waveguide, does that mean we want the TE because $\...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

free energy and entropy

my understanding of free energy and entropy is that as entropy of a system increases its free energy decreases. As sun has free energy and this energy is being converted to useful work, and its ...
1
vote
1answer
712 views

Why is the magnetic field proportional to distance?

It's extremely difficult to create a magnetic field that can influence objects 1 m away, and somewhat impossible at 10 m away... Why is that? Why is the magnetic field heavily dependent on distance? ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Is cooling really exponential?

I did the following experiment: I took boiling water, put a thermomenter (from Vernier hooked up to a TInspire calculator) into it and pulled it out. Then we started measuring the temperature it read ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Butterfly inside the accelerated train [duplicate]

Suppose there is a train moving right with constant acceleration and there is a butterfly inside the train which moves opposite to direction of motion of train i.e. towards left. The butterfly always ...
4
votes
3answers
975 views

What is the expected distance of the electron from the nucleus in the hydrogen atom?

Specifically, I would like to know the general formula, in terms of $n$ and $l$, assuming the electron is in an orbital (i.e. simultaneous eigenstate of $H$, $L^2$, and $L_z$). I understand that it ...

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