2
votes
2answers
142 views

How are the Lorentz force, Maxwell's third law and Faraday's law of induction clasically related?

Faraday's law of induction can be used in any situation where the magnetic flux is changing through a closed conducting loop. While giving the correct answer, it seems to me that for the following ...
1
vote
1answer
12 views

Why does the nuclear volume scale (roughly) linearly with number of nucleons?

As far as I know, it is the fermi repulsion that gives a collection of protons or neutrons its finite size. But this only acts on indistinguishable fermions. If the protons and neutrons do not repel ...
1
vote
1answer
11 views

How can heaters using the same type of fuel be more or less efficient than each other?

I can understand there being a cost difference if you used gas vs electricity to heat your home. But for heaters using the same energy source, how can they be more or less efficient than each other? ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Definition of generalised coordinates?

I think the definition of generalised coordinates is something along the following lines: A set of parameters that discribe the configuration of a system with respect to some refrence ...
1
vote
2answers
22 views

Puzzling : Relative motion of two points on a rotating disc

Consider two points on a radial line for a rotating disc. One point, $A$, is at the circumference and the other, $B$, is at distance $R/2$ from disc's centre. Relative velocity of $B$ w.r.t. $A$ ...
0
votes
2answers
17 views

Can there be friction unless the objects in contact are not acted upon by an external force?

The definition of friction I read from The book, General Physics written by Henry Crew is that, The resistance which either one of the body offers to the motion is called force of friction". If it is ...
2
votes
1answer
590 views

Physics of the electric hot plate

For an electronics experiment, I began wondering about the electric hot-plates (specifically the temperature dependence over time). If I were to measure the given temperature over time, I assume that ...
6
votes
2answers
94 views

In a random direction, am I more likely to find a dwarf or giant galaxy?

First a couple of disclaimers: My title explains the idea of my question, but I will pose it slightly differently to make it less subjective. This ends up being in the style of a homework exercise ...
3
votes
2answers
48 views

Potential energy of Hydroelectric plant before the dam was built

So the energy potential of a Hydroelectric dam is the difference between the head and base. Before the dam was built where does all that energy go? I can understand that for a long valley that is ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

Is an elastic, gravitating object stable?

As I understand, an object can contract under its own gravitantional pull. Then as it does so, different parts of the object must move with some velocity. This in turn means that their relativistic ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Pipe in space outputs gas - what is its angular momentum at $t$ and $t+dt$?

Given a pipe in space (neglect gravitational force): The speed of the gas is $v_0$ (in relative to the edge of the pipe) The length of the pipe is $l$ The pipe rests (not moving) at $t=0$ The gas ...
0
votes
2answers
34 views

The delta function as an eigenfunction of the position operator explanation

$\delta (\textbf{r})$ can be interpreted as a wavefunction. [...] It is non-vanishing only for $\textbf{r}=0$. [...] $\delta(\textbf{r})$ is an eigenfunction of the position operator with ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet

Can the magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet induce current in a conductor? Is there a flux linkage between magnetic field of a rotating ring magnet and a conductor?
-2
votes
0answers
26 views

Generate the equations of motion for the one-dimensional Lagrangian [on hold]

Generate the equations of motion for the one-dimensional Lagrangian: $$L=\frac {1}{2}m\dot{x}^2-(Ax+B)$$ From the equations of motion (and the implicit definition of the potential), provide a physical ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Is it possible to give photons an electric charge?

I know that photons have no electric charge and that they are stable, but is it possible to give them a positive or negative charge? If so how?
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Suggested operatonal definition for a tensor

The two tensor definitions I'm (newly) familiar with, by transformation rules, and as a map from a tensor product space to the reals, don't tell me what a tensor does, and to the best of my knowledge ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Variation of infinite grid of ideal one-ohm resistors: what would be the equivalent resistance between 2 points in a 3D lattice?

I'm sure that many here are familiar with this famous problem that popped up on xkcd one day: On this infinite grid of ideal one-ohm resistors, what's the equivalent resistance between the two ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Decomposition into symmetric and antisymmetric form [on hold]

(a) Given a second-rank tensor Tμν, often viewed as an $N \times N$ matrix (for a space of dimension $N$), show by explicit construction that one can always decompose $T_{\mu\nu}$ into a symmetric ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Computing And Finding The Trajectory From The Lagrangian [on hold]

The Euler–Lagrange equations come from extremization of the action. So we expect the "true", dynamical trajectory to minimize (in this case) the value of $S=\int L \,dt$ For free particle motion, the ...
0
votes
3answers
266 views

Why the bulb glows brighter?

If the total current is divided into the branches in a parallel configuration and it is constant in series. How come the bulbs glow brighter when connected in parallel than when connected in series?
2
votes
1answer
420 views

Why doesn't a cigarette lighter generate thrust?

The way thrust is created by a rocket is discussed here: How does fire create thrust in rocket? If you look at a typical rocket, say V2, it has two primary tanks — one which stores the fuel and the ...
-4
votes
0answers
39 views
1
vote
0answers
28 views

What is the smallest engine theoretically possible?

Is there some law of physic forbiding small engines that use say petrol? I would like to know of some analogy between electric motors and heat engines. In the latter we can make a motor so small that ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Diffraction Pattern on LCD Screen

I was up late working with my red LED headlamp on and when I was looking at the black part of my LCD (Apple Retina Macbook Pro) screen I noticed this interesting diffraction pattern. I'm confused ...
-1
votes
1answer
30 views

Perturbation theory of states [on hold]

A particle in 1 dimension with mass $m$ is in potential well with $V = 0$ for $–a/2 < x < a/2$ and infinite potential elsewhere. The particle is initially in the state $n = 10^9 + 1$, with the ...
0
votes
2answers
107 views

What is the general theory that describes the interactions between strings?

What is the general theory that describes the interactions between strings? I mean the basic object in the theory is (closed) string and they have interactions among them. The string theory, as I ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Notion of distance in a Conformal Field Theory

I'm confused about the how the notion of distance is used in Conformal Field Theory. Let's take for example the Operator Product Expansion (OPE). In a conformal field theory, due to the scale ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

Why does deflating baloon spurting through the air make circular motion? [duplicate]

When you inflate a balloon and then let it go again, it will fly through the air in an unpredictable motion. My kids (1 and 3 year old) love watching this. At some point my oldest asked how it worked ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

What concepts could I teach to children in a game about quantum-mechanics?

I think that games can also be used to teach things to young people or childs, different than for example a book and could be more "direct" than teaching them all the math background, I would like to ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Enthalpic Excess - Regular Solution Upon Mixing

My professor, in his handout, says the following about this diagram : For $\beta>+2$ there are two minima and phase separation occurs driven by unfavourable enthalpic interactions. I ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Is any spacetime metric physically realizable?

Given a spacetime metric, you could work out a stress-energy tensor for each position that would result in that metric. I know building a wormhole requires negative energy densities, which are ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

How to remember the Electromagnetic Spectrum?

This may sound off-topic but I am in a severe need of remembering the following shown Electromagnetic Spectrum along with the frequencies and wavelengths. So far I have looked at several mnemonics but ...
2
votes
2answers
105 views

Finding the appropriate coordinate transformation given two metrics

Given the two-dimensional metric $$ds^2=-r^2dt^2+dr^2$$ How can I find a coordinate transformation such that this metric reduces to the two-dimensional Minkowski metric? I know that ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

If there were only 2 particles in the universe, at rest, separated by some space, what would happen to them and why?

If there were only 2 particles in the universe, at rest, separated by some space, what would happen to them and why? What if there were 3 particles arranged in an equilateral triangle? 5 particles ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Unitarity and measurement

I used to believe that the wavefunction collapse came from the interaction of the system we want to measure {S} with the measurement apparatus {M} : {S} undergoing a non unitary transformation, but ...
3
votes
3answers
64 views

Entropy of loops in the PV plane

The change in entropy of the Carnot and reversible cycles is said to be 0. Several other loops are supposed to have a non-negative change in entropy. This presents 2 problems which I cannot ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Calculating energy density in the early Universe

I've been told to calculate the energy density in the early Universe. It states that it is completely dominated by neutrinos (3 species), photons, electrons, and positrons. Now, I've found an ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Difference between Gunn Peterson trough and the Lyman Alpha Forest? Cosmological implications?

I'm having difficulty understanding the full implications of the Lyman alpha forest and its use in cosmology. My understanding is this: we detect features in the Intergalactic Medium (IGM) by very ...
7
votes
1answer
83 views

Helicopter, Tricopter, Quadccopter - what's really happening here? Are there generalized advantages on a small scale?

There have been, it seems, a proliferation of quad-copters commercially available. Amazon seriously tried to use them for deliveries. (Search Drone on their website.) The NFL uses one for cameras. ...
8
votes
3answers
137 views

Would a rotating magnet emit photons?

If a magnet is rotating, around an axis perpendicular to the axis north-south axis of the magnet (which I assume to be cylindrical symmetrical), in space (so no-gravity/freefall or friction), should ...
-3
votes
0answers
20 views

finding the speed and distance

Valerie and Jake are performing the 1-D collisions experiment. They measure the mass of glider A to be $255~\text{g}$ and its length to be $17.3~\text{cm}$. The same properties of glider B are ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Conservation of Energy in Double Slit Experiment

How is energy conserved In Young's Double Slit Experiment ? In destructive interference , energy is lost . So what happens to that lost energy ? Does it escape as heat ?
3
votes
0answers
72 views

Russian propeller fluid dynamics [migrated]

On a recently launched Russian Diesel-Electric Submarine, the rear Prop has two distinct features. You can see spheres at base of every propellor blade. Also, the trailing edge of the shaft has four ...
1
vote
3answers
81 views

Can we define the zero potential at an imaginary point?

Consider a force field defined as $$\vec{F}(x) = \left(\frac{A}{x^2}-B\right)\hat{i}\space$$ where $A, B$ are positive constants. We want to get the potential energy function for this field. We can ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Getting Deep into Drift Velocity

We know for a metallic conductor Current $\frac{I}{enA} = v$ where $v$ is drift velocity , $e$ is the charge of an electron, $n$ is no of electrons per unit volume and $A$ is area of cross section. ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Can super heated air be used to drive a turbine driven engine?

Air a mixture of gases is ever trying to expand. By accelerating this property can air be used as a fuel in a turbine driven engine which can give sufficient output to be used in an automobile.
0
votes
1answer
69 views

What does a correlation function measure and how does it do this mathematically?

I would really appreciate if someone could explain. What does a correlation function like a density-density correlation function $$C_{nn}(\vec x_1, \vec x_2)= \langle n(\vec x_1) n(\vec x_2)\rangle$$ ...
2
votes
3answers
47 views

Using a charged capacitor to charge two others [on hold]

Here is the homework question in question: The figure (below) displays a 13.1 V battery and three uncharged capacitors of capacitances C1 = 4.08 μF,C2 = 6.19 μF and C3 = 3.30 μF. The switch is thrown ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Activation energy as a function of defects

Electrical conductivity has a form of Arrhenius equation. It is assumed that activation energy decreases with defect density in the insulating state and becomes zero in the conducting state. Can one ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

What is the transfer function in fft beam propagation for unpolarized light?

What is the transfer function in fft beam propagation for unpolarized light ? How to construct the fft beam propagation ? This is for homework. For coherent light the beam propagation is E(x,z) ...

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