1
vote
0answers
17 views

Are there any concrete data on the period of large amplitudes? To what extent are correction formulas useful?

Is there a site/pdf where I can find results of real and accurate experiments concerning the period of pendulums from 0 to 90°? (actual periods and not formulas). I once found one, but in spite of ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

$\vec{E}$-and $\vec{B}$-fields in RCL circuit from Maxwell equations

Consider a basic RCL-Circuit consisting of an ideal resistor, an ideal capacitor and an ideal inductor in series. How do the $\vec{E}$- and $\vec{B}$-fields look like in dependence of the time? I ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

Does schwarzschild metric have cosmological horizon?

Since the space is not expanding in the schwarzschild metric does that mean that there is no cosmological horizon? Also, what if the shwartzchild metric was not asymptotically flat and we replace the ...
5
votes
2answers
81 views

Why do we not require higher derivatives to match at boundary when solving the Schrödinger equation in a given potential?

When solving the time independent Schrödinger equation for a given potential in 1D, the main part of the solving involves matching boundary conditions. Usually, we require the value and the first ...
0
votes
0answers
6 views

redistribution of charge between plates

How is charge redistributed when a charged conducting plate is placed between two identical wire-connected uncharged plates? For eg,
0
votes
1answer
30 views

How do inert helium cores in sub giant stars create a pressure force?

I'm reading about the sub giant branch (SGB) and the evolution to the red giant branch (RGB). On the SGB stars have burned all hydrogen into helium, as a result, they have an inert helium core. The ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Why are racing catamarans' hulls not teardrop shaped?

Looking at the America's Cup 72 class catamarans, I was wondering about their hull shape, which has a sharp wave piercing bow. My question is: since an airfoil shape experiences less drag than a sharp ...
4
votes
2answers
52 views

Do individual rays of light lose energy via the inverse square law?

We've all heard of the inverse square law, but apparently that refers to the flux or intensity or number of photons hitting an imaginary surface area. This is not exactly what I want to ask about. ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Coriolis force in free fall: Directions?

Inspired by this Phys.SE question, Coriolis force in free fall, I have to ask: Why does the Coriolis force act in the east-direction? I would say, if I jump from a high distance and look at the ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Polarization Sums in QCD

In the case of a Spin 1 massive particle it's possible to demonstrate that $$\sum_{\lambda=0,\pm1}\epsilon_{\lambda}^{* \ \mu}\epsilon_{\lambda}^{\nu}=-g_{\mu\nu}+\frac{q^\mu q^\nu}{q^2}$$ for a ...
4
votes
2answers
465 views

Does string theory pose a photon mass problem?

A few weeks ago, I started reading books on string theory. One thing that really seemed confusing or contradictory was that string theory explains that the energy of a superstring gives mass to the ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

how much heat will be produced when air is compressed to liquid air [on hold]

I understand about 700 litres of ambient air becomes 1 litre of liquid air. I want to know how much heat will be dissipated when this happens. I appreciate any help.
1
vote
1answer
182 views

Are the authors saying that the observer effect plays no role in Bohr's thought experiment of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle?

Here is an excerpt from Eisberg & Resnick's Quantum Physics of Atoms, Molecules, Solids, Nuclei, and Particles. Here is introducing Bohr's though experiment to establish a physical origin for the ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

How to prove that sum converges to integral using density of states?

Essentially, I would like to prove $$ \sum_k f(k) \to \int f(k) \rho dE \tag{1}$$ where $$ \rho = \frac{dk}{dE} \tag{2}$$ is the density of states and $k \to \infty$. The model is that there is a ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Would neutronium emit heat?

Since accelerating a charge creates EM radiation, and there are no charges in neutrons to be accelerated, would that mean neutronium emits no radiation? Consequently, to preserve the second law of ...
2
votes
0answers
13 views

Why would an alpha-beryllium neutron source generating a radioisotope not produce controllable net power?

I have a question. I was looking through the table of nuclides and noticed that the energy needed to produce certain radioisotopes was less than the energy given off by the radioactive decay of that ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Is it theoretically possible to prevent or deter a star from becoming a black hole?

Suppose NASA decides too many black holes are being produced in a year, so it decides to do something about that. Given our current scientific knowledge, is there theoretically any way NASA could ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Allowed Virtual Displacements

I am having trouble understanding the kinds of virtual displacements which are permitted for a given constrained system. I have a specific example in mind: A block of wood resting on a table parallel ...
29
votes
5answers
7k views

Why can we see through rain?

I am gazing through my office window into a heavy rain. I am thinking that raindrops are like small lenses that bend the light. Thus I am surprised, that I can clearly see other buildings through the ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Best twin paradox trajectory for constant acceleration rocket?

Let's say I have a rocket that can provide constant (proper) acceleration (let's say of 1 gee) for an infinte amount of time. Let's say I want to use this rocket as a means of "suspended animation," ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Why isn't momentum conserved in this pulley problem?

I have some conceptual doubt about method of solving this problem. 24. A block of mass $m$ and a pan of equal mass are connected by a string going over a smooth light pulley as shown in figure ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Explanation of force amplification inside a solenoid

For a system being actuated by a motor, the force can be amplified by gearing. The energy is being used for force instead of distance, so it produces more torque but moves slower. For a system being ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Why do high altitudes have larger diurnal temperature variation than lower altitudes?

It seems like the lack of atmosphere should not be playing a role in the diurnal temperature variation because that's what makes it colder. Mountains are not that dry, usually.
0
votes
3answers
39 views

Regarding synchronization of clocks in special relativity

I am trying to read of synchronization of two clocks in same inertial frame in special relativity. Suppose we have two synchronized clocks in an inertial frame placed at positions $x_1$ and $x_2$ in ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Why does moving the source-slit closer to the double-slit plane decrease the sharpness of the interference-pattern?

Thomas Young used a single-slit plane before the two-slits plane in order to make the light source coherent. My book (NCERT Physics II) presents the above query & writes: Let $s$ be the size ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Determining photon flux at a particular distance from a source, given frequency and transmitter wattage

I want to check my process and formulae for determining the observed number of photons per square meter per second, when the signal frequency is $f$, transmitter power is $P$ and the distance from the ...
2
votes
2answers
533 views

radius of curvature and focal length

Is the radius of curvature of a convex or concave lens longer than the focal length of the lens? Does the center or curvature affect the focal point in a lens?
0
votes
1answer
21 views

compton's formula for change in wavelength

I am having some difficulty with this question: A student wants to measure the shift in wavelength predicted by Compton's formula. She finds that she cannot measure a shift of less than 5% and that ...
11
votes
1answer
414 views

Where is the flaw in this machine that decreases the entropy of a closed system?

I was thinking about a completely unrelated problem (Quantum Field Theory Peskin & Schroeder kind of unrelated!) when the diagram below sprang into my mind for no apparent reason. After some ...
11
votes
1answer
235 views

Equation derivation for skipping rocks

oWhy can rocks skip over water? For instance, if you conduct an experiment where you drop both rocks from the same height, but give one considerable acceleration in the x direction, one will fall in ...
2
votes
2answers
17 views

Galvanic Cells and Electric Potential

In a battery or a galvanic cell, the electric potential of the battery is due to a difference of charges between the two cells like in a capacitor? So it is the electric field due to this separation ...
1
vote
4answers
538 views

Squaring a Vector?

So this one is basic. And should be pretty quick. Lets say that I have a vector $\vec{r}$: $\vec{r} = \vec{x} + \vec{y} + \vec{z}$ Is this true: $\vec{r}^{2} = \vec{x}^{2} + \vec{y}^{2} + ...
0
votes
3answers
141 views

Is there a normal downward force here?

Now through my understanding, there is a weight force that points downward on block A, also another weight force that points downward on block B. Between block A and block B, there is two normal ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Data on Nuclear Fusion

I'm currently doing a detailed project on Nuclear fusion and it's future. I've found some great books on the subject so thats not a problem. What i'm struggling to find is data more specifically ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

When a neutron star accumulates enough mass, does a black hole start at its center?

With less dense bodies, such as the earth and the sun, the center has less gravity/density (since there's an equal amount of mass surrounding the center, pulling out on it from all directions). Does ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

gravity and inflation

Looking at the interaction between mass and the higgs field. Could gravity be a result of the topographical distortion of the fabric of space-time as the universe accelerates under inflationary ...
5
votes
1answer
319 views

Determinant for a coupled fluctuation Lagrangian

Lets consider a bosonic physical system in variables $t, x$ and $y(x)$ ($x$ dependent) with a classical Lagrangian $L$. To first order in fluctuations $x \to x+\xi_1$ and $y \to y+\xi_2$ the ...
-1
votes
1answer
89 views
+50

Dr. Pierre-Marie Robitaille: On the Validity of Kirchhoff's Law

Lately I've been researching about the black-body spectrum and the historical development of Planck's Law. I mainly wanted to understand a little bit more why many different objects (Stars, Hot ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

How can we obtain equations of motion from $\iota_{X_{H}}\omega =dH$?

I don't know if this is an obvious result and I am just missing a trick, so please forgive me, but how do we obtain equations of motion from the following equation. \begin{equation} \iota ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

how can $\frac{kqq_o}{r}$ be $U$ for both a particle and a system of two particles?

If there is a charge $q$, at a distance $r$ from it there is a voltage and the potential energy of a test charge $q_o$ would be $\frac{kqq_o}{r}$. Now if I construct a system of two charges a ...
0
votes
2answers
280 views

Light-matter interaction and an object's appearance

I am taking a course in Computer Graphics, and the teacher said we could put materials in there main categories: mirror like glossy or specular diffuse He suggested that the law of reflection is ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

How small would an electron have to be in order to become a black hole?

According to quantum mechanics electrons don't behave like everyday objects. Would this prevent the formation of a black hole? If so why? Also, assuming they behave like everyday objects, at what ...
2
votes
3answers
161 views

What is the heat sink in an internal combustion engine?

I believe that the heat source is the spark plug because it heats up the fuel-air mixture and that the working substance is the fuel-gas mixture. Then, I know that the explosion created by the fuel ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

interpreting the dirichlet-principle

In obstacle problems (see e.g. wikipedia here) we are minimizing the dirichlet energy $$ I[u]=\int_D\|\nabla u\|^2dx\tag{1} $$ The Dirichlet-principle states that minimizing $I[u]$ is equivalent to to ...
0
votes
2answers
293 views

How to get the magnetic field strength in space near a solenoid

I am trying to find the magnetic field strength along the axis of a solenoid. If I know the strength of the field at the center of the solenoid, and I know the distance from the center of the ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Show that the boundary layers diffuse out from the plate with speed $\sqrt{\frac{\nu}{t}}$

I was wondering if somebody would be able to help me with this problem. I know how to solve it using dimension arguments but I'm unsure what is meant by transformation techniques. Any help would be ...
1
vote
4answers
382 views

Why is $F=-\nabla V$?

I came across this equation $$F=-\nabla V$$ where $V$ is potential energy. I do understand that $$F(r)=-\frac{dV}{dr}.$$ Hence does this mean the nabla operator in this case means derivative? Because ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Once a quantum partition function is in path integral form, does it contain any operators?

Once a quantum partition function is in path integral form, does it contain any operators? I.e. The quantum partition function is $Z=tr(e^{-\beta H})$ where $H$ is an operator, the Hamiltonian of the ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Conceptual questions on the path integral formulation of QFT

I'm currently trying to teach myself the path integral formulation of QFT (having studied the canonical approach previously), but I'm having some conceptual difficulties that I hope I can clear up ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Literature on interferometry

I am looking for a good book/notes etc. about interferometry. I need detailed information about optical as well as atom interferometers with strong emphasize on quantum version for high precision ...

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