4
votes
1answer
113 views

The BRST construction for YM with or without auxiliary field

I'm learning BRST symmetry for Yang-Mills theory and I see that there are two ways of writing BRST differential. In some books (for example Ryder's and Ramond's textbooks) BRST differential acts as ...
6
votes
1answer
161 views

SU(N) Yang-Mills $gg \to ggg$ scattering at tree level

When talking about the spinor-helicity formalism in his new textbook on quantum field theory, Matthew D. Schwartz claims as a highly nontrivial example, it is quite easy to use the Parke-Taylor ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Are “confinement” and “asymptotic freedom” two sides of the same coin?

On Wikipedia it says that the two peculiar properties of quantum chromodynamics (QCD) are: confinement and asymptotic freedom. Asymptotic freedom is the idea that at low energies we cannot use ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

(coordinates) Invariance/Covariance of Chern-Simons theory and Yang-Mills theory

It is known that 3D Chern-Simons(C-S) theory has no explicit metric involving in the Lagrangian density: $$ A \wedge dA + (2/3) A \wedge A \wedge A $$ while the 4D Yang-Mills(Y-M) theory has the ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

Wightman axioms and gauge symmetries

I have a basic understanding of the Wightman axioms for QFT. I was reading the about the Mass Gap problem for simple compact gauge groups and was wondering how the gauge group is supposed to be ...
1
vote
2answers
111 views

Fermion field structure in non-abelian gauge theories

I am trying to understand the structure of the fermions in non-abelian gauge theories. Disclaimer: my question might be very trivial (I suspect the answer could simply be "a change of basis"), but I ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

Why do three dimensional gauge theories flow to conformal theories in the infrared?

What is meant with the fact that Super Yang-Mills flows to a conformal field theory in the infrared? Also, is this a general fact or does this depend on the fact of considering a certain class of ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Conserved topological charge for d=3 Yang-Mills. G=U(2)

Consider a pure Yang-Mills lagrangian density $$\mathcal{L}=-\frac{1}{4}F^{\mu\nu}_aF^a_{\mu\nu}$$ with gauge group $U(2)$. Take the generators for $U(2)$ to be $t_0$, $t_i \ i=1,...,3$ with ...
2
votes
2answers
220 views

Mass dimension of coupling constants in various dimensions

Just a quick question: Suppose I want to consider QED or YM in 4 dimensions we always say that the coupling constants are dimensionless and that the field then has a specific mass dimension. What ...
4
votes
3answers
266 views

Problems with putting mass on Yang-Mills theory by hand

When Yang-Mills field theory was introduced, a problem is that the gauge invariance can not allow mass for the gauge field. Later people invented spontaneous symmetry breaking and Higgs mechanism to ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

How can “quantum particles have positive masses, even though the classical waves travel at the speed of light”?

Clay Mathematics Institute writes about the Yang-Mills and mass gap problem on this page http://www.claymath.org/millennium/Yang-Mills_Theory/: The successful use of Yang-Mills theory to describe ...
6
votes
2answers
156 views

Gauge fields and strings: Loop equations

I am trying to derive Eq. (7.25) (p. 117) of Polyakov's book: $$ \delta \Psi (C) = \int_{0}^{2\pi} {\rm P} \left(F_{\mu\nu}(x(s)) \exp \oint_C A_\mu dx^\mu \right)\dot{x}_\nu \delta x_\mu(x) \, {\rm ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Four-gauge-boson vertex in non-Abelian gauge theories

In Peskin & Schroeder's book page 524, the following diagram is calculated for the gauge boson self-energy in order $g^2$: In dimensional regularization, its contribution is given by ...
4
votes
1answer
281 views

Yang-Mills instanton

How can instanton solution to Yang-Mills theory with gauge group $SU(3)$ or $SU(N)$ be obtained? For $SU(2)$ it is explained in textbooks but what about more general color gauge groups? EDIT: How ...
6
votes
1answer
208 views

Some questions about Ward-Takahashi Identity

I'm a learner of Peskin and Schroeder's textbook of quantum field theory. I have proceeded to Ward-Takahashi identity and have one question when I look for Wikipedia for reference. The following is ...
14
votes
1answer
406 views

Spontaneous breaking of Lorentz invariance in gauge theories

I was browsing through the hep-th arXiv and came across this article: Spontaneous Lorentz Violation in Gauge Theories. A. P. Balachandran, S. Vaidya. arXiv:1302.3406 [hep-th]. (Submitted on 14 ...
6
votes
1answer
423 views

Frasca's mapping of classical Yang-Mills to $\phi^4$ theory

I recently came across an article on the arXiv 0709.2042 written by Marco Frasca, where he provides a mapping between classical Yang-Mills theory to $\phi^4$ theory. Has his idea been fruitful in ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Good Books on Gauge Theory [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Comprehensive book on group theory for physicists? I'm having a hard time trying to get my head around the fundamentals of gauge theory. I've taken classes in QFT and ...
1
vote
0answers
124 views

Yang-Mills Coulomb Gauge

My Question is how to explicitly move into the "Coulomb gauge" in Yang-Mills theory. Using the answer provided by QMechanic, one can move into the "temporal gauge" for Yang-Mills fields: Gauge fixing ...
14
votes
1answer
558 views

Multi-loop beta function of gauge theory (*without* Feynman diagrams)

I would like to point to the beautiful section 4.3 (page 42) of these lecture notes. I think this is the most educative exposition I have ever seen anywhere about Yang-Mill's beta function. What I ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Glueball mass in non-abelian Yang Mills theory

How can the glueball mass be calculated in Yang Mills theory?
6
votes
1answer
488 views

Faddeev-Popov ghost propagator in canonical quantization

Obtaining the propagator for the Faddeev-Popov (FP) ghosts from the path integral language is straightforward. It is simply $$\langle T(c(x) \bar c(y))\rangle~=~\int\frac{d^4 p}{(2\pi)^4}\frac{i ...
5
votes
2answers
261 views

Kugo and Ojima's Canonical Formulation of Yang-Mills using BRST

I am trying to study the canonical formulation of Yang-Mills theories so that I have direct access to the $n$-particle of the theory (i.e. the Hilbert Space). To that end, I am following Kugo and ...
6
votes
2answers
323 views

Can auxiliary fields be thought of as Lagrange multipliers?

In the BRST formalism of gauge theories, the Lautrup-Nakanishi field $B^a(x)$ appears as an auxiliary variable $$\mathcal{L}_\text{BRST}=-\frac{1}{4}F_{\mu\nu}^a F^{a\,\mu\nu}+\frac{1}{2}\xi B^a B^a + ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Relating theta_QCD to neutron EDM

How do I relate the topological $\theta_\text{QCD}$ parameter to the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the neutron? I am very familiar with chiral perturbation theory. I just need to know how to take ...
4
votes
1answer
443 views

Wilson loops and gauge invariant operators (Part 2)

These questions are sort of a continuation of this previous question. I would like to know of the proof/reference to the fact that in a pure gauge theory Wilson loops are all the possible gauge ...
6
votes
3answers
611 views

Gauge fixing choice for the gauge field $A_0$

In many situations, I have seen that the the author makes a gauge choice $A_0=0$, e.g. Manton in his paper on the force between the 't Hooft Polyakov monopole. Please can you provide me a ...
2
votes
1answer
380 views

Wilson loops and gauge invariant operators (Part 1)

I guess the Hilbert space of the theory is precisely the space of all gauge invariant operators (mod equations of motion..as pointed out in the answers) Is it possible that in a gauge theory the ...
2
votes
1answer
339 views

Spontaneous symmetry breaking and 't Hooft and Polyakov monopoles

What is spontaneous symmetry breaking from a classical point of view. Could you give some examples, using classical systems.I am studying about the 't Hooft and Polyakov magnetic monopoles solutions, ...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

Gauge-invariant field strength term in Yang-Mills Lagrangian

I am reading the chapter of non-abelian gauge invariance from Peskin and Schroeder. Why is the term $-\frac{1}{4}(L_{\mu\nu}^i)^{2} $ gauge invariant?
5
votes
2answers
521 views

The Faddeev-Popov Lagrangian

This is a non-abelian continuation of this QED question. The Lagrangian for a non-abelian gauge theory with gauge group $G$, and with fermion fields and ghost fields included is given by $$ ...
6
votes
4answers
854 views

What's the distinctions between Yang-Mills theory and QCD?

So Yang-Mills theory is a non-abelian gauge theory, and we used a lot in QCD calculation. But what are the distinctions between Yang-Mills theory and QCD? And distinctions between supersymmetric ...
10
votes
1answer
374 views

What are the limitations of the superspace formalism?

Just from reading this slightly technical introduction to supersymmetry and watching these Lenny Susskind lectures, I thought that the Lagrangean of any "reasonable" supersymmetric theory can always ...
5
votes
1answer
398 views

A certain gluon scattering amplitude

I am stuck with this process of calculating the tree-level scattering amplitude of two positive helicity (+) gluons of momentum say $p_1$ and $p_2$ scattering into two gluons of negative (-) helicity ...
7
votes
1answer
105 views

Some more questions about the BCFW reduction

This question is a continuation of this previous question of mine and I am continuing with the same notation. One claims that one can actually split this $n$-gluon amplitude such that there is just ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Colour decomposition of $n-$gluon tree amplitude

I have here a $SU(N_c)$ Yang-Mill's theory and let the index $i$, label the $n$-gluons, and $\{k_i, \lambda_i, a_i\}$ be its momenta, helicity and colour index and $\cal{A}_n^{tree/1-loop}(\{k_i, ...
4
votes
1answer
232 views

SU(2) yang-mills EOM

I'm just playing around tonight trying to better myself, but I'm having trouble with some indices on my yang-mills lagrangian. I have a gauge group $SU(2)$ and a field strength tensor $$ ...
9
votes
1answer
306 views

Derivation of the effective potential between a quark and an anti-quark

Typically in particle physics books (not in QFT books!) I have often seen this statement that the potential between a heavy quark and its anti-quark can be "empirically" represented as $V(r) = ...
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Nonabelian gauge theories and range of the corresponding force

Do all nonabelian gauge theories produce short range force?
7
votes
2answers
576 views

Some questions about Wilson loops

Let $G$ be the gauge group whose Yang-Mill's theory one is looking at and $A$ be its connection and $C$ be a loop in the space-time and $R$ be a finite-dimensional representation of the gauge group ...
3
votes
1answer
389 views

Feynman rule 4-point vertex WW -> ZZ

I am looking for the Feynman rule of the 4-point gauge boson interaction of W+ W- -> Z Z. I am guessing it looks like the Yang Mills 4-point vertex for gluons, but with helicity included. Equation ...
6
votes
2answers
626 views

Wilson/Polyakov loops in Weinberg's QFT books

I wanted to know if the discussion on Wilson loops and Polyakov loops (and their relationship to confinement and asymptotic freedom) is present in the three volumes of Weinberg's QFT books but in some ...
12
votes
1answer
343 views

What is a “free” non-Abelian Yang-Mill's theory?

I hope this question will not be closed down as something completely trivial! I did not think about this question till in recent past I came across papers which seemed to write down pretty much ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Unconstrained action in Yang-Mills theory

Is there any gauge in which Yang-Mills theory (4d, non-SUSY) can be written as a local action containing only the propagating modes?
8
votes
1answer
255 views

What makes background gauge field quantization work?

[Again I am unsure as to whether this is appropriate for this site since this is again from standard graduate text-books and not research level. Please do not answer the question if you think that ...
18
votes
2answers
221 views

Does 4D N = 3 supersymmetry exist?

Steven Weinberg's book "The Quantum Theory of Fields", volume 3, page 46 gives the following argument against N = 3 supersymmetry: "For global N = 4 supersymmetry there is just one supermultiplet ... ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

$N=4$ supersymmetric yang-mills theory and S-duality

[Question suggested by @Lawrence B. Crowell's answer to the question on T-duality] There are three parts to my question: A. What is the action for $N=4$ SUSY Yang-Mills and what is the physics of ...