The tag has no usage guidance.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

26
votes
3answers
3k views

How many X-rays does a light bulb emit?

I read somewhere that most things1 emits all kinds of radiation, just very few of some kinds. So that made me wondering whether there is a formula to calculate how many X-rays an 100W incandescent ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

will osmium or lead stop all high-energy photons in a shorter distance?

I remember seeing a similar question to this one on Physics StackExchange once. Most of the answers were to the effect of "I don't like the way this question is phrased, so I will insult your ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

Is it normal for radiation levels to be elevated near a medical imaging lab?

I work in a general-purpose, commercial office building where the first floor is dedicated to an x-ray / imaging lab for medical diagnostics. The public lobby of this building is routinely ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

X-ray characteristic radiation

A high speed electron knocks an orbital electron in the atom. This collision creates a vacancy that is filled by an electron from a higher energy level. My question is, what happen with both electrons ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

How are Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA/DEXA) scans affected by surface stability?

Today I had my body scanned by a GE Lunar Prodigy densitometer installed in a small RV of a company that tours California offering body composition scans (image from Wikipedia article on DXA). ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

Attenuation of X-Ray Radiation

I have a question regarding the attenuation of x-ray radiation in a Medium. Let us Assume we have a phantom like this: The darker the gray, the higher is the attenuation of x-ray radiation of the ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

I have negative slop of Williamson-Hall plot, XRD data. Is this right?

I have Ag (silver) powder sample. I measured xdd of the sample and got very good 2theta peak. Since I want to know bulk modulus and Young's modulus of Ag(silver), So, I got williamson-Hall plot ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

How large should an optically large fusion reactor be?

This is just theoretical consideration. I expect that size of the reactor would be impractical to build on Earth, but I'm interested how much. EDIT: perhaps it could be good for some huge spacecraft ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

What is the reason that EXAFS are done with monochromatic x-ray light?

Why is the light incident on the samples in EXAFS experiments monochromatic? What would happen if a broad bandwidth hits a grating and then all the diffraction spectrum goes through the sample and is ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Does the EXAFS oscillations occur when ultrashort x-ray pulse is used? Electron with a 50eV kinetic energy will travel in 0.1fs 4.2 Angstroms

In X-ray extended absorption spectroscopy (EXAF) an electron is excited by an x-ray photon into the continuum, the outgoing electron wave interferes with the scattered electron wave from the ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

How report that bragg reflection from PVC filters is greater than polypropylene filters?

I have been told that PVC filters will give a higher background in XRD analysis due to the high absorption of the Cl component. My argument is that another filter material should be used when ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

X-ray background radiation

I'm running an experiment in gamma-ray imaging (although the main emission from the decay of Am-241 is ~60keV, so much more in the range of x-rays). I'm curious as to the sort of sources that would ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Understanding Braggs x-ray diffraction and why light is treated as a single “ray/line”

I'm not familiar with optics. So my knowledge of treating light as single lines is almost completely foreign to me. Although I do know something about EM waves and Maxwells equations, so you can ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

X-ray pulse more powerful than national grid?

There is an article today in the BBC science section on the Linac Coherent Light Source, an X-ray laser in Palo Alto: http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-31483781. I don't trust the news with ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Is there a wavelength of electromagnetic radiation that can penetrate iron but reflect off iron oxides?

We can see corrosion or rust because visible light travels through air reflects off the material back through the air and into our eyes. But I am wondering if you could see the corrosion through on ...
0
votes
2answers
27 views

What is an off-axis peak in x-ray diffractometry?

I'm looking at a $\theta$ - 2$\theta$ pattern of my thin film which in bulk is cubic (bcc) and I see 001 and 002 peaks of the film. There is supposed to be a tetragonal distortion meaning that I need ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

How exactly dentists X-Ray works?

At dentist, before operation I got one tooth X-Rayed. I had to hold a small tablet inside my mouth and the scanner was positioned next to my cheek. The device look like this: How does this machine ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

Wavelength of X-rays in a tube

If I increase the accelerating potential in an X-ray tube the wavelength of the characteristic X-rays do not change. Is this because when an electron beam strikes the target in an X-ray tube, part of ...
0
votes
1answer
236 views

Particle-in-cell (PIC) code Virtual Laser Plasma Lab (VLPL)

I am writing a simulation code to model betatron X rays produced by electrons accelerated using laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA). I have heard about 3D PIC (Particle-in-Cell) code VLPL (Virtual ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Thomson scattering: radiation scattered in one direction or all directions?

I have a question about how Thomson scattering takes place. Say X-rays hit a bound electron in a crystal. (These electrons aren't "free", but the energy difference is so large that the scattering is ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

X-rays scattered at righ angles of the incident ones: are they polarised?

Basic books dealing with the interaction of X-rays with matter ussually don't mention anything about the polarisation, but I read somewhere that X-rays scattered in matter are linearly polarized, ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Tape as a X-Ray Source

A couple years ago I ran upon a YouTube video demonstrating how researchers used x-rays given off by tearing tape off its spindle in hopes to miniaturized and cheapen future x-ray devices. As of ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

What is a high brilliance X-Ray and how is one created

I just found this term being used in a Stanford Engineering year in review 2013-2014 "X-rays illuminate path to more efficient fuel cells" that cited this work. Never heard the term before and I came ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Zero Diffraction Plates: Why do they give such low diffraction signals?

In our laboratory we use silicon plates named "Zero Diffraction Plates". They are named so because they give extremely low diffraction signals in an XRD instrument (reflection mode). But how are these ...
0
votes
2answers
255 views

Why don't X-rays travel through water?

Why don't X-rays travel through water? I read that X-Rays don't travel through water, but what is the main reason? See this link:http://henke.lbl.gov/optical_constants/ it shows X-ray transmission ...
0
votes
3answers
136 views

Do electrons get accelerated or decelerated by the atoms of the anode during X-rays production?

The electrons striking the anode get deflected by the heavy nucleus. Though the speed may or may not change, the direction of motion changes which leads to acceleration. The charged particles emit ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Property of $Cu$ so that it is used as target in in X-ray diffraction (XRD)?

Why only $Cu$ is used as target element in X-ray diffraction (XRD)? Why not other elements? And which rays has high intensity $k_\alpha$ or $k_\beta$?
1
vote
2answers
230 views

What is the difference between xrays and ultra violet rays?

Do they differ in just frequency and wavelenght ? Or there is more about it
2
votes
2answers
91 views

Quantity to measure order in crystals

Imagine a cubic lattice for simplicity and put some atomic configuration inside of each unit cell. Lattice is of course a highly ordered entity (long range order). Please, how could I quantitatively ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Why does inelastic X-ray scattering probe the longitudinal dielectric function as opposed to the transverse dielectric function?

Light is a transverse wave. Therefore, light in the optical range (i.e. visible light) couples to transverse collective excitations of a material when measuring the optical conductivity for instance. ...
5
votes
2answers
825 views

How would an X-ray mirror work?

I was wondering if light can be reflected how can someone reflect X-ray of what material does it need to be made of and is its design completely different to that of our original mirrors? Does this ...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

How would an X-ray scanner identify a mirror?

A mirror is under normal circumstance used to reflect Electromagnetic radiation also known as photons (light) and in airport security or medical facilities, they use X-rays to detect anomalies inside ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Do x-rays and gamma rays also contain photons like visible light does?

Do x-rays and gamma rays also contain photons like visible light does? If so, then what makes photons of visible light and other waves different? The rest mass of a photon is zero, but as it moves at ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

EXAFS (Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure) question?

EXAFS (Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure), core electron is excited to the conduction band. The oscillations in the absorption coefficient persist for 100s of eV after the edge. Taking ...
1
vote
0answers
350 views

Difference between conventional spiral/helix CT and multi-slice spiral CT

I'm currently learning about CT scanners, and come across conventional spiral/helix CT, and then multi-slice spiral CT. What I can get out of it is, that the multi-slice scanner have a lot more ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Medical X-rays energy spectrum

When you have your X-Ray tube, and want to make X-Ray for your X-Ray scanner or whatever. Then you get electrons from the cathode, which hit the anode, and from that produce a spectrum of X-Rays due ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Why can x-rays pass and not radio waves?

If we stand in an elevator or other metal containers we lose radio signals etc the very same reason for which we cannot see across a block of metal that light cannot penetrate it. However x-rays and ...
0
votes
2answers
108 views

Electron energy in a synchrotron storage ring vs. X-ray energy from the wiggler: why is the latter much lower?

I know in large synchrotron facilities some beamlines produce very intense X-rays by injecting the accelerated electrons into "wigglers". I have read that the typical energy of the electrons in the ...
0
votes
0answers
128 views

On characteristic X-ray spectra and relative intensity

I am looking at the following image (from http://www.schoolphysics.co.uk/age16-19/Atomic%20physics/X%20rays/text/X_ray_spectra/index.html): and I want to know, of the two curves, which one ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

ED-XRF Detector Operation

ED-XRF detector operates by detecting the photons that hit it's semiconductor surface and measure the energy of the fluorescent photons by measuring the current that was generated by photon. The value ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Could airport security devices detect differences between printed and written documents?

If airport security scanners of any kind (xray, thermal, whatever else they use) looked at two items: A printed paper textbook The same printed paper textbook into which we have inserted a regular ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

X-ray production rate [closed]

A 100 MeV proton beam of $10^{14}$ proton/s is perpendicularly incident on a rhodium foil 25 $\mu$m in thickness. Estimate the production rate of K and L x-rays(use the figure below). So far I ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Internal Inspection other than X-ray

I'm looking for the contactless methods to collect the information of the body construction especially skeletal structure to calculate in the computer model . Are there physical methods to inspect ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Can Bremsstrahlung radiation produced as a result of electron-electron interaction?

Can Bremsstrahlung radiation produced by the electron-electron interaction as e-e interaction can result acceleration due to coulomb repulsive force? If yes, how the energy of bremsstrahlung radiation ...
5
votes
1answer
546 views

Direction of X-rays from x-ray tube

Typically anode of X-ray tube is at angle of ~45 degrees. Many images show that emitted X-rays are mostly perpendicular to electron direction. Is that correct? I had an impression that x-rays will ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the relationship between keV and kVp?

On X-ray topics we get used to talk about "energy", but what is keV? and what is the relationship between keV and kVp?
-1
votes
1answer
62 views

Human and Ultraviolet light

As I know, ultraviolet light can be created from burning something at high temperature. So I have a question: Can a human body become a source of ultraviolet light at high temperature? If the answer ...
2
votes
4answers
509 views

Detecting radiation from tritium keychain

I am measuring radiation from 6 tritium glow keychains. Usual gamma detector does not detect anything (this is expected), but on beta detector with thin window I am getting about 5 counts per second. ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Would electron degenerate matter be a good x-ray reflector?

I do not know much about x-ray physics or degenerate matter, but I have the intuitive feeling that the high electron density and what must be some crazy band structures in electron degenerate matter ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

x-ray in oil droplets experment

In oil droplet experiment, x-ray makes the air molecules negatively charged. How does that work? X-ray carries high energy and ionizes air, doesn't that make air positively charged?