The product of the force on an object and the displacement the object undergoes along the direction of the force.

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0answers
41 views

What is difference between variations of the work and virtual work?

I really want to know whether or not both equations are the same mathematically. I think that they are the same, I just want to be sure. (Reference: this website.)
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1answer
37 views

basic question about work exercise [on hold]

I am learning independently from Tobochnik's statistical physics text. He asks a warm up question about work: A person pushes a block up a frictionless ramp. Is the work positive, negative, ...
1
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6answers
133 views

Why does positive work done by internal conservative forces $\implies$ decrease of potential energy?

Potential energy can be thought as the amount of work that the force can potentially do on the point because of its position. $$W=-\Delta U=U_{initial}-U_{final}$$ A positive work done by a force ...
-1
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2answers
40 views

Does displacement affect force? [on hold]

I am sorry for being unclear with my previous question. The main topic of the experiment we conducted was about work. As we learned: $W = Fd$ Work, from my understanding, is the product of work and ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Simple Disk rolling with slipping on a horizontal plane

This is the first time I've encountered this scenario. I want to understand how to handle it. Since the disk is slipping, what would be the work done by the frictional force? What is the ...
1
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2answers
47 views

Work done by internal forces of a rigid body

I am reading Goldstein's Classical Mechanics book, and I came across that: In a rigid body the internal forces do no work Is this statement based on the assumption that the internal forces are ...
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0answers
15 views

PVC Pipe ideal force [on hold]

A longbow is made with a string which is not stretchable and is made with a PVC pipe of radius of around 1 centimeter on the outer and 0.8cm on the inner radius. The pipe is 120 centimeters and the ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Conservation of Energy with Rotation Caused by Friction

A book that I am using to study poses the following problem: Suppose you wish to use a spring with a force constant $k$ to launch a spherical ball or radius $r$ and mass $m$ up a ramp of inclination ...
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2answers
53 views

Is energy only transmitted through electromagnetic and particle radiations? [closed]

Which are the other ways of transmission if any? If energy does not require any medium for transmission(as for sunlight reaching earth, the heat too), is it transmitted in quanta in particle radiation ...
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4answers
296 views

Work and free body diagrams

I am a bit confused with how to find work when there is a free body diagram. I am trying to work out this problem, and in it a box is being pulled at a constant speed by a rope at a constant angle ...
6
votes
3answers
363 views

First law of thermodynamics?

The first law says that the change in internal energy is equal to the work done on the system (W) minus the work done by the system (Q). However, can $Q$ be any kind of work, such as mechanical work? ...
3
votes
5answers
153 views

Does the thermal efficiency depend on the reversibility of the engine when isochoric or isobaric processes are involved?

I'm confused on the efficiency of a thermal engine (with an ideal gas) in the case in which it is reversible or not reversible, in particular where the ideal gas follows isochoric or isobaric ...
0
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3answers
113 views

Dealing with negative work

Dumb question, I'm working with vector fields right now, and one question on here tells me to assume an object can take on three paths from a to b. (paths not listed here) for times in [0,1] Now ...
1
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1answer
36 views

Isobaric process with non-boundary work?

I came up with a doubt on isobaric processes. Firstly, in any isobaric process, (irreversible or not) the following hold $$Q=n c_p (T_B-T_A)\tag{1}$$ $$W=p (V_B-V_A)=n R(T_B-T_A)\tag{2}$$ Is that ...
2
votes
4answers
261 views

How to calculate the work of the electrostatic forces in a parallel-plate capacitor?

The expression of the energy stored in a parallel-plate capacitor is: $$U = \frac{e_0\cdot A \cdot V^2}{2d}$$ with $e_0$ the vacuum permittivity, $A$ the surface of the capacitor, $V$ the applied ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Principle of Maximum Work for Different Paths

The principle of maximum work states that for any process between two states, the work done by the system is maximised for a reversible process (and heat transfer is minimised), and that the work done ...
1
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2answers
50 views

Is the work done by gas necessarily positive if the cycle is travelled clockwise in the $P-V$ plane (and viceversa)?

Is it always true, for any cycle followed by a gas, that, if the cycle is "travelled" clockwise in the $P-V$ plane then the work exchanged by the gas is positive, and viceversa for the clockwise ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Resources on how to estimate the power density of gravity?

If a drop a ball from a height $h$, the work done by gravity (in this particular situation $i$) is $w_i=\int_0^h F_G \cdot dl \approx mgh$. What I would like, is to estimate the work done by gravity ...
1
vote
3answers
69 views

Work done in thermodynamics [duplicate]

The work done in thermodynamic process is given by the integral of Pdv and also we can write so assuming a quasi static process between two points. But this work is then non dissipative work or work ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Is it equally difficult to lift something as it is to lower it?

This just seems a bit counterintuitive cause lifting stuff seems harder, but if I do them at the same, constant speed, I will apply the same force opposing gravity, just over opposite displacements, ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Mistake calculating electrostatic potential energy formula!

I have a problem calculating the electrostatic potential energy. I rely on these equations coming from mechanics: \begin{equation} U_{B}-U_{A} = -W_{A \ \rightarrow \ B} (done\ by \ the \ field \ ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Conventions for work and energy are not going correct in this situation [closed]

Let us consider 2 objects A and B. The initial PE of the objects be U(A)=10J and U(B)=0J. Let F be the force exerted by A on B. Suppose W be the work done by force F. Due to this the PE of both the ...
1
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4answers
69 views

Gravitational potential energy defined in terms of work

An outcome of my high school syllabus is to "define gravitational potential energy as the work done to move an object from a very large distance away to a point in a gravitational field: $-GMm/r$". ...
0
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3answers
41 views

Potential energy (in lifting an object)

When a man of mass $60 kg$ lifts a mass of $20 kg$ upto height of $20m$. The energy spent by him will be $mgh$. My question is should we add the masses of both the man and the object?. (Competitive ...
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3answers
112 views

Compression of spring when an object of given mass is placed on it

A question in my textbook says - A block of mass $m$ is released from rest onto an ideal non deformed spring from a negligible height. Neglecting air resistance, find compression $x$ of the spring. ...
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3answers
752 views

Is net work and total work same?

According to my text book Total Work = Delta Kinetic Energy = KEf - KEi But then work is defined to be dot product of Force (vector) and Displacement (vector). Also to my knowledge work is ...
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votes
2answers
24 views

How to compute work needed to build a configuration of charges

Suppose an alignment of four charges in the vertices of a square. The first pair on one diagonal has positive charge and the other negative charge, all charges are of the same absolute value. length ...
34
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the energy source if a tall water tank is used to transfer floating objects upwards instead of cables with motors?

Suppose I want to transport some logs from the ground to the roof of a tower. Originally I can use a lift, or some cables, or even move the logs upwards manually; then the energy is converted to the ...
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2answers
124 views

Work energy theorem

The work energy theorem states that the work done along a path from a point (1) to point (2) is the difference of the kinetic energies between the last and the first points. But if the force was ...
2
votes
3answers
263 views

Potential energy of springs and gravity, and work of a force

I am currently really stuck on this problem and I am not sure how to actually solve it, I think I can reason it out logically but I do not know how to show it. Here it is and under I will show what I ...
-1
votes
2answers
56 views

Electric Potential produced by Hollow Sphere

Let there be a hollow sphere (Throughout the question we will ignore the thickness of the sphere) which is positively uniformly charged,q of radius, R. Suppose there to be a test positive charge, q' ...
0
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3answers
111 views

Work in the First Law of Thermodynamics

The First Law can be stated as $\Delta U=Q-W$, where $W$ is the work done by the system. My question is what kind of work $W$ includes. $W$ certainly includes $PV$ work, i.e. expansion and compression ...
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0answers
19 views

Efficiency of engine in the case non-boundary work done on the system

The engine efficiency is defined as $$\eta = \frac{W_{\mathrm{produced}}}{Q_{\mathrm{absorbed}}}\tag{1}$$ But suppose that, in one of the processes that takes place in the cycle of an engine that ...
0
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1answer
58 views

Can the work in a isochoric process be non-zero?

I came up with a doubt regarding isochoric irreversible processes. Question: Is it always true that, for any isochoric process, reversible or not, the work exchanged by the system is zero and the ...
0
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3answers
165 views

Does the work done by a person equal the work done on the object in this situation?

If you applied a constant force over a floor that has friction on an object, would the work done by the person equal to the work done on the object? Assume that the floor is flat and that the object ...
0
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0answers
55 views

Potential Energy = mgh. What is the name of this principle and did Newton discover it?

Somebody I know keeps trying to convince me that Potential Energy $PE=mgh$ is one of Newton's Laws (as well as the closely related idea, Work Done = force x distance moved). I am fairly certain that ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Frictional torque=? [closed]

A uniform, hollow, cylindrical spool has inside radius $R/2$, outside radius $ R$, and mass $M $ (see figure below). It is mounted so that it rotates on a mass less horizontal axle. A mass m is ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Work and energy example [duplicate]

The normal definition of Work, as far as I have read, is: Energy is transferred through work. But I just heard an educationist state this example, where there is a weightlifter who keeps up a huge ...
4
votes
3answers
103 views

Is reversible work a point function?

The potential of a conservative force is equal to the reversible work done on or by a system. But since the potential of a conservative force is represented by a point function, this would seem to ...
2
votes
3answers
133 views

Work done by an ideal gas expressed as change in potential energy of fluid

I get confused in problems where it is necessary to evaluate the work done by a gas that someway moves a mass. I'll make an example. Consider the tube containing mercury and an ideal gas in A (...
0
votes
2answers
104 views

Work energy theorem explanation

So there is this problem in my head, it may seem very simple, but I need an answer. The problem is, we have some object, and we apply a force by our hands with a constant speed from a position (1) to ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Mechanical equivalent of heat => transfer from work W to heat Q

Consider the following experiment to determine the mechanical equivalent of heat $\mu = \frac{\Delta W}{\Delta Q}$ Not seen in the picture is a weight with known mass hanging down the cord. When you ...
0
votes
3answers
46 views

Work done on gas problem with movable set

I found two different version of an exercise where the work is considered in a different way. Consider a gas in a tank divided in two parts by a movable set. The set in $B$ is also movable. If a ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What is meant by a “change in volume of a system”?

I keep getting confused when my professor talks about the change in volume of a system. Sometimes it seems as though he's talking about the volume of the gas and at other times he might be talking ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

Rotational work and forces such as static friction or ropes tension

I'm confused about the rotational work, defined as $W=\int_{\theta_1}^{\theta_2} \tau_z d \theta $ Where $\tau_z$ is the component of the torque parallel to the axis of rotation $z$. Consider a ...
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votes
1answer
35 views

Work by spring force

To calculate work done by general force, apparently we have integral like the following: $W=\int_{s_1}^{s_2} F(s)\,ds$ But why when it comes to the spring, it is not $W_{s}=\int_{0}^{s} Fs\,ds=\int_{...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

Dissipation and first law of thermodynamics

Consider the following situation: a certain gas is contained in a well-insulated cylinder with a well-insulated piston head. Now, in this case the piston is not frictionless. In order for the piston ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

Is work done = change in KE, or change in mechanical energy?

Starting from $F = ma$ we get: $$ F=m\frac{dv}{dt} = m\frac{ds}{dt}\frac{dv}{ds} = mv\frac{dv}{ds} $$ which leads to the work done: $$ W = \int Fds = \int mvdv = m\frac{v^2}{2} - m\frac{u^2}{2} \...
0
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0answers
34 views

Joule's “Work-Heat Equivalent” Experiment

I have been reading about the Joule's experiment that is supposed to have shown that work is the equivalent of heat. I can't really find the original paper and I am finding trouble understanding how ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Calculating the amount of work done for a bench press movement? Is this a reasonable conclusion?

Me and a friend have been working out for some time and have been bench pressing each weak, increasing our weight. Once we started getting to heavier weight we noticed that he was able to get more ...