The product of the force on an object and the displacement the object undergoes along the direction of the force.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
1answer
28 views

Issue with Work-Change in KE equivalence

First-year physics student, with a pretty basic question. I've seen proofs that Work = Change in Kinetic Energy involving calculus, and they make sense to me, but I'm not sure why the following, much ...
3
votes
4answers
940 views

Is the work done walking up an escalator in the same speed and opposite direction of the escalator zero?

Work equals force times distance, but what about walking up an escalator in the same speed and opposite direction of the escalator? In the frame of the ground, the distance is zero so the work must ...
0
votes
3answers
72 views

Work power and energy

When you push your bicycle up on an inclined the potential energy of the bicycle and yourself increases. Where does this energy come from?
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Change in work done by dipole

How would you explain the intuition behind the equation $dW = -\tau d\phi$ for an electric dipole?
-2
votes
0answers
42 views

A tank of the shape of a right circular cylinder $5$ feet across the top and $9$ feet deep is full of water. [closed]

A tank of the shape of a right circular cylinder $5$ feet across the top and $9$ feet deep is full of water. How much work is done by pumping the water out of the tank, over the top edge? I need your ...
1
vote
3answers
105 views

A problem related to Work done by falling bodies : Expert's attention much needed! [closed]

I'm having a lot of trouble with this question, that I've found in my textbook. I've solved it in my own way and it's very simple! But the solution in the book is totally different. It doesn't make ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Necessity of the Notion of Work and Kinetic Energy

I've worked through many example problems in my college physics text in the section on kinetic energy and work. I noticed that if the desired quantity is velocity or force, they can be solved entirely ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Plastic loading of a cylinder

I am trying to model a solid cylinder being loaded in the axial direction. At the upper limit of the elastic loading the cylinder has been compressed to a height h and cross-sectional area A. It is ...
1
vote
3answers
121 views

Is the work-energy theorem valid for only particles or rigid bodies as well?

Is the work-energy theorem valid for only particles or rigid bodies as well? Most places where I have read this seem to claim the latter. But an example I thought up has been troubling me. Consider ...
0
votes
2answers
499 views

Proof that the electric field is conservative

I was told a proof that the electric field was conservative (without using $\nabla$) which used a point charge and showed the following: $$w.d.=\int_c{\vec F \cdot \mathrm{d} \vec l}=\int_c{\vec ...
0
votes
3answers
580 views

Find the work done in moving an object along a vector r with a force F [closed]

$$r=3i+5j-2k$$ $$F=3i-3j+2k$$ What do I do. I know that work = force x distance. However, what vector operation should I do? I was wondering whether I should possible find the unit vector of r and ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

How to calculate work done in climbing? Why is the force always the same as the weight?? Why?

I know by definition the work is simply equal to weight times displacement in meter. But say 1 g is needed to stay still against the force of gravity, the weight. Then to move up you need more force, ...
-2
votes
1answer
106 views

Thermodynamics and Internal Energy

I've been working on this problem for quite some time trying to figure out the most efficient way of answering it, So here goes the problem: There is a container, containing a monoatomic gas with ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

How can a magnetic field produce an emf if the force produced does no work?

In the textbook I'm reading it gives an example of where a person pulls a rectangular wire with a velocity $v$ and the left side of that wire is in a uniform magnetic field. After some ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

What is in the gravitational field that is making the work done independent of path taken?

I could not understand the same path independence in electric field. So I am trying to understand it first in gravitational field and then apply it to electric field.
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Why normal doesn't do any work in this case

Suppose the stick slides without friction along flat surface. Why in this case N does not do any work? As i see stick not only slides in horizontal direction, but also falls in vertical direction, ...
0
votes
2answers
286 views

Is work done in rolling friction?

I am confused by rolling friction. Suppose you have a cylinder rolling which starts at rest at the top of an incline plane and begins to roll down the plane without slipping. Is work done by the ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Work done by a homogeneous gravitational field on a system of particles

Perhaps this is trivial: how does one prove that the work done by a homogeneous gravitational field on a system of particles is equal to the work done on a point mass with the total mass of the ...
0
votes
3answers
208 views

Calculating work done on a rigid body

How in general does one calculate the work done by some force acting by a rigid body? Do you have to take into account the torque and the translation? For example: Suppose we have a ball rolling down ...
2
votes
3answers
276 views

Is work done = change in KE, or change in mechanical energy?

Starting from $F = ma$ we get: $$ F=m\frac{dv}{dt} = m\frac{ds}{dt}\frac{dv}{ds} = mv\frac{dv}{ds} $$ which leads to the work done: $$ W = \int Fds = \int mvdv = m\frac{v^2}{2} - m\frac{u^2}{2} ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Work done: kinetic energy or area under F-ds curve?

Starting from $$F=ma = m \frac{dv}{dt} = m \frac{ds}{dt} \frac{dv}{ds} = m v \frac{dv}{ds}, $$ leads to work done = integral of F.ds = integral of mvdv = change in KE. Suppose a variable force is ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Can magnetic force do work? [duplicate]

I have been told numerous times that magnetic force do no work at all but I have some trouble digesting this fact. Now suppose we have two straight wire with some current, they certainly can feel ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

An unwinding cable problem [closed]

Suppose a light cable is wrapped around a solid cylinder with mass $M$ and radius $R$. The cylinder rotates with no friction about a stationary horizontal axis. The free end of the cable is attached ...
4
votes
1answer
115 views

Work performed by a stationary object in a gravitational field “on Earth”

I was thinking about this problem: How much work is required to hold an object stationary in a gravitational field? or: How much energy is required to keep an object stationary in a ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Do two engines with the same specific impulse always perform the same amount of work?

As the title say, do engines with different thrusts with the same $I_{sp}$ and the same amount of fuel perform the same amount of work?
2
votes
1answer
100 views

The work-energy theorem

Well here's the question. From some previous excercises we know that from \begin{align} A&=\int F\;ds,\\ &=\int ma\;ds, &&(F=ma)\\ &=\int m \frac{dv}{dt}\;ds, ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Do components of force have direction when doing work?

When we get angle > 0, the x-component of force is along the direction of displacement and so their product is called Work. So the x-component of force is said to have direction of the respective ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Another condition of calculating work

Let's imagine that there is a box placed at the corner of a table, and I push it so that my applied force makes an angle of 30° from the table's surface. The box would move and, due to the effect ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

What is the work done said when angle between force and displacement>90 and <180?

If the angle between $Force$ and $Displacement$ is obtuse then by using the formula of $Work$ we get negative quantity so is it said then that the system is losing energy or it is merely for the case ...
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Why is the potential energy for a body raised up by a height negative?

I tried deriving the potential energy of a body when raised at a height $h$ above the earths surface, using the formula: $$PE = -W_\text{conservative}$$ where $W_\text{conservative}$ is the work ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

Factors on which Coefficient of restitution depend

What are the factors on which coefficient of restitution depend? What is the reason for more coefficient of restitution of two glass balls (0.95) than for two lead balls (0.20)?
2
votes
2answers
388 views

Understanding relationship between work and energy

I've read over 10 books about work and energy, and I just simply can't understand it. First of all, they go ahead and randomly define that work is force times distance: $$W=F X \cos\theta$$ Okay, ...
2
votes
4answers
126 views

What is the intuition behind “Net Work is Zero”?

I tried searching the answer to this all over the internet, but still cannot grasp this concept. So, when a book is being lifted, let's say $25 meters$ with a mass of $4kg$, with constant speed. I ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Does the effect change if a continuing and constant force acts upon a mass?

If a continuing and constant force $F$ acts upon a body with the mass $m$, does the power (work per unit time) increase over time? It would mean that the converted energy per time unit increases. Is ...
4
votes
6answers
254 views

Does a magnetic field do work on a moving rod?

In a case such as this one, my textbook says that I might be tempted to think the magnetic force is doing work (against the moving rod). It then says this isnt the case because "charges move ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

Work done by heating a balloon with $H_2$ ideal gas

I have a difficulty treating this problem. Could you help me to understand the questions, please (I did my attempt)? Problem Consider a spherical balloon filled with $H_2$ gas. Due to a ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Calculating the force required to lift a weight with a screw

I am trying to learn physics by myself as I do not have a good teacher at school. I've been reading Feynman Lectures on Physics and I can't figure out how he found out this number. Here is an excerpt ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Finding the Work done

Find the work done for an object to slide down an inclined plane against the frictional force. The answer my book shows is : $$ W = mg ({\mu}_k \cos \theta - \sin \theta) S $$ where S = displacement ...
3
votes
2answers
369 views

Validity of work-energy theorem in presence of non-conservative forces?

How can the work-energy theorem be valid in presence of non-conservative forces since conservation of energy is not there?
0
votes
2answers
246 views

Net work done for rubber bands

I know that work is done on a rubber band to extend it, and then the rubber band does work to contract. However, then what is the net work done? If it returns to its original length, is the area ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

Understanding a graph of energy conservation with bounded and unbounded motions?

This graph is from the physics undergraduate text "Classical Mechanics by Douglas Gregory". Above this graph was the statement: What I didn't understand is- as stated in the under [*paragraph], ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Work in electric potential

I've read that if we want to move a charge in an electric field then we need a work of an external force to move it from a low potential energy to a high one , but then I read on another source that ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Is work done on a fluid in a communicating vessel necessarily equal to work done by the fluid inside it?

During the explanation of Pascal's law the argument that work done by a force to move the fluid inside communicating vessel is equal to the work done by the fluid at the other end of the vessel was ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

Is the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus really applicable to the definition of work?

When the force $F$ on an object is not constant, then the work it performs is defined as $$W = \int_{x_0}^{x} F(X)dX.$$ Now, the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus states that $$\text{If}\,\,\, f(x) ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

Mathematical misunderstanding of Work-Potential Energy Theorem?

This is a relatively basic question, but I don't understand why it is the case. This is from my dynamics book and is mainly a mathematical misunderstanding. $$ \ dU = F\cos\theta ds $$ Which means ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Muscular energy transformations with regards to gravity

Maybe this has more to do with biology than I know, but I have been wondering just what kind of energy muscles use and convert when lifting a weight off the ground or lowering a weight back to the ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Derivation of a work done by forces on charge

Feynman claims is his lectures the following statement: Suppose we have two charges $q_1$ and $q_2$ separated by the distance $r_{12}$. There is some energy in the system, because a certain ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

Potential Energy of Springs and Gravity, and Work of a force

I am currently really stuck on this problem and I am not sure how to actually solve it, I think I can reason it out logically but I do not know how to show it. Here it is and under I will show what I ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Violation of conservation of energy… or not? [closed]

The work done by surface tension is double the increase in potential energy. This is a clear violation of conservation of energy. What is the flaw here? Work done by surface tension is \begin{align} ...
-2
votes
1answer
189 views

Magnitude of work

I am a little bit confused on the concept of work. By definition, work done by a constant force of magnitude F on a point that moves a displacement s in the direction of the force is W = Fs. So lets ...