The product of the force on an object and the displacement the object undergoes along the direction of the force.

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4answers
2k views

What is the difference between dot and cross product?

What is the difference between dot product and cross product? Why do we use cross product to find torque, why can't we use dot product? Also we use dot product to find work done and not cross ...
3
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4answers
372 views

Definition of force, kinetic energy and momentum

I've edited the post. Q1 and Q4 are the important ones but I didn't delete Q2 and Q3 since some older answers would not make sense anymore. To begin with, the formula of the kinetic energy $T$ is ...
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4answers
94 views

The work done by running in a rectangle

This may be quite off-topic but please help me. Is there any work done when I run in a rectangle? I thought that the answer should be no. But my teacher says that we should calculate each side ...
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1answer
37 views

Applying conservation of energy to any system?

How would the conservation of energy be applied in any system? Can we always be certain that every system will always obey COE? How can we be certain without measuring the system? Input & Output? ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Minimum Power Required

Here is a question, I found two methods to solve it, differing in the answers and I'm not sure why a method is incorrect. Question: A fire hose of cross section area ...
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2answers
164 views

Is there a mistake in this example in my mechanics textbook?

This is a worked example in my mechanics book: But I think this worked example is wrong. In the 6th line. shouldn't $X=4R$ as the expression for distance above the surface is $(X-R)$ and when the ...
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2answers
206 views

Why mountain roads are winded up rather than keeping them straight? [closed]

In my opinion, to prevent the line passing from the center of gravity of a body (e.g bike or car) trying to climb the mountain or hill to fall outside the base of support so to maintain stable ...
4
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2answers
107 views

What exactly is ''electric energy''?

If the two fundamental types of energy are kinetic and potential energy, is electric energy simply the kinetic energy of charge carriers? Also, is the statement "A cell converts chemical potential ...
2
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2answers
251 views

Entropy $dQ=TdS$ and Work $dW = -pdV$ conditions?

What are the conditions in order for the equations: Entropy $dQ = TdS$ and Work $dW = -p dV$ to work? I think for $dQ = T dS$, it must be a reversible process? But for $dW = -p dV$, shouldn't it ...
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1answer
105 views

Confusion with curl of Lorentz magnetic force

Since the magnetic force is a no work force, $dW=\vec F\cdot d\vec r=0$ for $\vec F(\vec r)=q(\vec v(\vec r) \times \vec B(\vec r))$, therefore $\oint \vec F \cdot d\vec r=0$ by Stoke's theorem. ...
8
votes
3answers
916 views

Number of planks required to stop the bullet [closed]

A bullet looses (1/n)th of its velocity passing through one plank. The number of such planks that are required to stop the bullet can be? Logically, to me the answer seems to be infinity, as always a ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Work done or not in this case?

I have a very simple question. A motorboat directed upstream is seen to be at rest from the bank of a river. Is the engine doing any work? Is it right to say that since it is not causing any ...
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2answers
417 views

Why do two equal-and-opposing forces each do work on a moving object but not on a stationary object?

Consider a point-mass $m$ having constant velocity but undergoing influence from two forces, $F_1$, $F_2$, having equal magnitude but opposite directions. Because the forces' magnitudes are equal, I ...
-3
votes
1answer
90 views

Work done from force-extension graph [closed]

The answer is C, but I got B... F at 3cm = 10, F at 6cm = 20 $W=F\cdot s$ $(20-10)\times 3=30$ I must have made a mistake or stupid assumption then, how am I meant to get 45 N cm?
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3answers
118 views

Is there work done when two current carrying wires are attracted?

When a current carrying wire attracts(or repels) another wire, the wire moves under the action of a force. Also, it is obvious that the work done is due to force of "magnetic field" on "moving ...
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7answers
2k views

In calculating work done by a constant force over a constant distance, why doesn't the subject's initial velocity matter?

Assume a point-mass $m$ is travelling in a straight line, and a force $F$ will act on $m$ (in the same direction as $m$'s velocity) over a constant distance $d$; why doesn't $m$'s velocity matter to ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Work done (by gravity) on paired blocks [closed]

Why does gravity do more work on the block going down? The total work done (by gravity) on the $8kg$ block is more than the work done (by gravity) on the lighter block. How?
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3answers
44 views

Energy, time and force

Consider force $F$ acting on a body of mass 1000kg and the displacement be $s$. So energy required to do so is $F$x $s$. Now consider the same force causing same displacement on body of mass 1kg. ...
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2answers
53 views

The context of definition of work [duplicate]

It is unclear whether the work is defined considering opposite force on the same body or in ideal case where there is a single force acting on a body.If we consider ideal case where only a single ...
0
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1answer
127 views

Determination of displacement value in work formula

A net force will always create displacement which approaches infinity if left undisturbed. So how to fix a value of displacement in work formula? Isn't a mention time interval necessary? Or do we ...
1
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1answer
57 views

What is Work? What does the quantity suggest intuitively? [duplicate]

The mathematical formula for work says that work is force into displacement, but what is the philosophy behind it? I mean what does the quantity suggest?
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0answers
44 views

Restrained expansion of a piston/cylinder

Suppose an ideal gas in a piston cylinder has some initial pressure $p_1$, volume $V_1$, and temperature $T_1$. A pin, which holds the piston in place, is suddenly removed, and the gas quickly ...
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1answer
89 views

Line Integral Parameterization

In math, I was taught to parameterize a scalar/vector line integral. In physics, I remember doing problems where I didn't parameterize the problem and it still came out correct. So, by ...
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1answer
109 views

The formula used to calculate electrical potential energy

Sorry for the ugly picture but it makes my question more understandable. The $\Delta V$ from $A$ to $B$ is calculated by$$\int_A^B E \, \mathrm{d}r$$ where $r$ is the distance between $A$ and $B$. ...
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1answer
75 views

Can someone explain the solution (provided) of this conical pendulum work problem [closed]

In the image, it looks like the tangential direction is always 45 degrees away from the string, not 90 degrees. Is it not the circular path that the solution is talking about?
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0answers
42 views

Can Somebody give me Questions [closed]

Can someone give me questions on physics because I have my Examination tomorrow Class 9th (CBSE) topic : - Fluids(Density,buoyant Force , Archemedis Principal) , Work Power Energy(Work Basics, ...
17
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4answers
3k views

How can we move an object with zero velocity?

Consider there is a box of mass $m$ at rest on the floor. Most books give an example that we need to do a work of $mgh$ to lift the box $h$ upward. If we analyze this work done, the external force ...
0
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1answer
63 views

Hydrostatics , work Power and Energy [closed]

If a servant lifts 10 cubic meter of liquid from a tank, which is at a depth of 40m . If the work done by him is 1600J, then find the density of the liquid (g = 10 m/s^2)
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1answer
74 views

Work Power & Energy Question [closed]

If a person starts from rest with an acceleration of 10 m/s^2 and applies force of 1000N then What will be its work done at the end of 20s . If the object moves in the horizontal surface? Can ...
0
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2answers
342 views

Rolling disk in inclined plane and flat plane? [duplicate]

A disk is rolling (not sliding) in the inclined plane with initial velocity of zero. So there is friction between disk and plane. But when we use the energy conservation rule, we consider as: ...
1
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2answers
100 views

Work producing current = energy stored in the magnetic field?

It is stated that "the formula for the energy stored in the magnetic field is: $$E = \left(\frac{1}{2}\right)(LI)^2$$ and the energy stored in the magnetic field is equal to the work done to produce ...
0
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1answer
43 views

To write work capacity of heart by symbols?

I know that the work capacity of the heart is Work capacity of the heart = pumping capacity x aortic impedance. I would mark work by W and impedance by Z. ...
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2answers
107 views

Work in Newtonian Mechanics and Thermodynamics

Well, is the basic difference between the work that we learn in Mechanics and that in Thermodynamics? This is because in Mechanics, whenever work of magnitude $W$ is done on a system $S$, then the ...
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1answer
180 views

Measuring energy when no work is done — comparing push-ups to planks

tl;dr Is there any meaningful (physical) way to compare the energy expended in the exercise of doing $x$ pushups in $t_1$ seconds, vs the exercise of doing the plank for $t_2$ seconds? I'm ...
0
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2answers
349 views

In Which of the following situations would force be exerted on on object and no work be done on the object?

Consider the following question: In which of the following situations would a force be exerted on an object and no work be done on the object? I. a centripetal force is exerted on a moving ...
6
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2answers
145 views

While holding an object, no work done but costs energy (in response to a similar question)

I read the answer to Why does holding something up cost energy while no work is being done? and wanting to know more, I asked my teacher about it without telling him what I read here. Instead of ...
1
vote
1answer
685 views

Why doesn't the potential energy of any object equal 0

Consider a particle on the ground. This particle is raised by a force of magnitude $mg$ to a height $h$ above the ground. At this point, the work done on the particle by the force is $mgh$, which is ...
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0answers
46 views

Work done on an object from different frames

Consider this situation: A car is moving on a road and applies brakes. The road exerts a force $F$ on the car, due to which the car stops in $S$ meters. Clearly, the work done by the road on the car ...
4
votes
4answers
537 views

Sign of Work and potential energy in electrostatics

Conceptual question: Suppose we have a configuration of point charges. If the potential of the energy of the system is negative, this means work is positive. I'm kind of rusty with my mechanics, ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Why is the potential energy of a particle $mgh$ regardless of force?

Consider a particle raised to height $h$ by applying a constant force of $F$ vertically opposite to the direction of force of gravity on it. The potential energy of the particle is $$W = mgh$$ But, ...
2
votes
2answers
247 views

Work done by isothermal expansion from two different viewpoints

Consider an adiabatic system as follows. It consists of a gas in a container and a piston. Initially, the system is at equilibrium and the gas inside it occupies a volume $V_i$ at a pressure $p_i$ ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Calculate work done in an inclined plane [closed]

How can you calculate the work done by a force (of unknown quantity) exerted on a 10kg block on an inclined plane. The force is pointing upwards and parallel to the incline (which is inclined 30 ...
0
votes
2answers
84 views

How come weight doesn't affect the rebound height on a net?

According to my text book two unequal masses, (80kg and 50kg) fall on a net and the work done by that net is calculated by $\frac{1}{2}kx^2$. This work is then transformed into kinetic energy for both ...
0
votes
1answer
268 views

How to calculate work when a block is moving with constant velocity?

How to calculate work when a block is moving with constant velocity? As we know $f=ma$, and for constant velocity $a=0$, so $f=0$ and $w=fs=0$? Can anybody make it clear?
0
votes
1answer
222 views

Is it true that a Space Shuttle launch is powerful like an “average” nuclear explosion?

Kind of an odd question here. First let's define what an "average" nuclear explosion is, because that's quite a controversial term - "average". Considering that the peak of nuclear tests was at the ...
1
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1answer
264 views

Work done by an expanding gas

Today in an engineering thermodynamics lecture, the professor gave an example of a gas doing work. We had a cylinder full of helium at a pressure of something like 200 kPa absolute and the valve was ...
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4answers
148 views

Work and its nature?

Suppose we have a constant force $\overrightarrow{F}$ and in the direction of force we have 2 point $x_1$ and $x_2$ in that order. And we have to calculate work done on moving frok $x_1$ to $x_2$ and ...
2
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2answers
216 views

Question related to work done and energy

Suppose you lift a box from the ground over your head. You will be using energy as there is work done. But when you keep the box lifted over your head, aren't you using any extra energy?
0
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4answers
2k views

Is potential energy and “work done” the same thing?

Is potential energy and "work done" the same thing? If they are not one and the same thing then why is potential energy always associated with "work done"? Could you explain me with some examples?
0
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4answers
309 views

Work is force multiplied by distance What is this distance? [closed]

What is the distance which the force is multiplied by it to get the work done? a) The distance of the body motion while the force was touching it? b) The total distance of the body motion?