The product of the force on an object and the displacement the object undergoes along the direction of the force.

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40 views

Work done by friction on a conveyor belt [closed]

At a factory, a 300-kg crate is dropped vertically from a packing machine onto a conveyor belt (I apologize for not having a picture) moving at a speed of 1.2 m/s. The coefficient of kinetic friction ...
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67 views

Rotational work and forces such as static friction or ropes tension

I'm confused about the rotational work, defined as $W=\int_{\theta_1}^{\theta_2} \tau_z d \theta $ Where $\tau_z$ is the component of the torque parallel to the axis of rotation $z$. Consider a ...
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51 views

Condition for a force to be conservative

I get that a force dependent on path is non-conservative or a force which does non-zero work in completing a cycle. But how do you prove that mathematically. Let's assume I have a force F= 2yi + ...
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3answers
58 views

Using thermal expansion for mechanical work

Assume I could heat up a bar with zero heat loss to the environment. I could then use the thermal expansion to do some work, for example compress a gas. Where does the energy needed for the ...
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1answer
50 views

How was the concept of work-energy developed? [duplicate]

I doubt that the concept of work-energy was actually discovered this way. However in the algebra based physics book I am reading, work done by a constant net force is defined as $W = fcos \theta s$ ...
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32 views

Potential energy (in lifting an object)

When a man of mass 60 kg lifts a mass of 20 kg upto height of 20m. The energy spent by him will be $mgh$. My question is should we add the masses of both the man and the object?. (Competetive ...
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1answer
31 views

The effects of heat and work on a system

I am unable to grasp the following statements which I found in the literature. For a closed system (no transfer of matter), heat in statistical mechanics is the energy transfer associated with a ...
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1answer
55 views

Solenoidal forces

As far as I know a solenoidal vector field is such one that $$\vec\nabla\cdot \vec F=0.$$ However I saw a book on mechanics defining a solenoidal force as one for which the infinitesimal work ...
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1answer
58 views

what is the energy required to change only direction of a vector? [closed]

Does change in velocity vector change Kinetic energy of a system? Does any energy change when we change direction of a vector of a system?
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63 views

Confusion about Conservation of Mechanical Energy

I'm having a bit of difficulty understanding how to apply the idea of conservation of mechanical energy to a problem. One of the questions on my homework reads: A physics student shoves a 0.50-kg ...
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1answer
38 views

How do I calculate the work done on standing an object upright?

So I was trying to figure out how much work someone does when they do a sittup or crunch. I guess to make things simple, I'm imagining a really really thin rod with some uniform mass lying on the ...
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41 views

What is the sign of the energy exerted by a man sitting in the back of a boat pulling a canoe?

A man sits on the back of a boat pulling a canoe while the boat travels at a constant velocity a certain distance in the positive X direction. The man feels a constant tension in the rope during this ...
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280 views

How much more “work” (or energy) is required for short people to hike uphill?

Let's assume Short Person is 5 feet tall and the Normal Person is 5 feet and 8 inches tall. Let's assume the uphill hike has steps with 1 foot height. How much more work or energy does this require ...
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104 views

How can I find the height for a looping pendulum? [closed]

I have a ball attached to a string, hanging on a rod placed $L$ meters above the floor. I release the ball and string at a 90 degree angle and let it loop around another horizontal bar after it ...
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45 views

Problem with variation of velocity, doubt on the work energy theorem

I think I did not understand the use of the work energy theorem. Here is a situation I am confused about. Consider an object moving in the $xy$ plane with a constant velocity $\vec{v_0}$ at an angle ...
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1answer
40 views

Work done by the system

I have a trouble in understanding the concept of the work. In the closed system, Work done by system=Work on surroundings Here is the part of the process that prove "Work on surroundings=pressure of ...
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4answers
65 views

Why work is done on the system in this case?

Consider the following situation: The system is the air contained within a bicycle tire along with a tire pump connected to it. The pump plunger is pushed down, forcing air into the tire. Assume ...
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0answers
32 views

Why changes in the degrees of freedom implies changes in the internal energy?

In Thermodynamics we describe equilibrium states of macroscopic systems. For those equilibrium states we make a description giving one macroscopic coordinate for each measured degree of freedom (like ...
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2answers
41 views

Electric Potential of Point Charge (sign problem)

This question has been asked before, but the answers didn't clarify the problem for me, so I thought I might ask again. It's really a simple question. Let's say we're calculating the electric ...
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1answer
78 views

How can the work done by friction be positive? [closed]

I have this energy related problem that i cannot understand in this problem, I am required to find the velocity of the 4.8kg mass when it hits the ground. I easily solved this problem using newton's ...
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3answers
43 views

Why does work in the Work Energy Therom equal the Sum of the integral F*dr?

I am studying the work energy therom and I understand that 1/2(mv^2)=Wnet, however, I saw this picture below online. I understand the summation of the force times the change in distance. However, ...
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2answers
40 views

Work applied to a thermodynamic system

What are some examples of a thermodynamic system where no work is done on the system, but the first law is applied? Work in thermodynamics is based around volume. Would that mean if the system's ...
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2answers
130 views

Is work done on a system always the negative of the work done by the system? [duplicate]

Consider the following situation. A block slides on a rough surface. We have already given it an initial velocity. I consider my system to include only the block. Due to friction, the table performs ...
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1answer
36 views

Source of energy, work of magnetic field

Suppose I have a constant magnetic field, and I switch it off (abruptly or slowly) , a ring of uniform charge would acquire same angular velocity if it was present in a plane perpendicular to B and ...
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30 views

Work energy theorem explanation

So there is this problem in my head, it may seem very simple, but I need an answer. The problem is, we have some object, and we apply a force by our hands with a constant speed from a position (1) to ...
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2answers
56 views

Equipotential surface paradox

Consider a point charge +q as shown below. Now consider a equipotential surface and two points in it A and B. now the potential at A is equal to potential at B. If we now integrate (E.ds) from A to ...
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4answers
93 views

Prove that gravitational potential energy of a body of mass m at a height h is mgh

Many introductory physics books just write that potential energy of a body of mass $m$ at a height $h$ as $U_g=mgh$. However, they never show how this was derived. I'm interested in knowing this ...
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66 views

Deriving the formula for energy stored in a spring without using geometry (determining the area under a curve)?

Using Hooke's Law, we know that the force applied is proportional to the extension of the spring. Therefore by plotting a graph of force against extension, through the area under the curve we are able ...
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44 views

An object is accelerating on a rough surface with frictional force of 10N. Is the friction doing any work on the object?

This question might look stupid to some but I am in great confusion. An object, say a box, is moving on a surface with some velocity v and is accelerating. It means that the force applied by the box ...
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1answer
38 views

Projectiles ability to do work to a box when connected by string? [closed]

I was wondering, the work-energy theorem states that KE can do work, as it is Mechanical energy. if the KE energy and thus Mechanical energy of a ball, if external...can do work on an object, ...
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68 views

If displacement is 0, why isn't the work performed on an object 0?

Work is force x distance/displacement. The exact definition is something I'm a little confused about since my professor said it could either be distance or displacement. So going with that, if the ...
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2answers
93 views

Work energy theorem

The work energy theorem states that the work done along a path from a point (1) to point (2) is the difference of the kinetic energies between the last and the first points. But if the force was ...
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2answers
130 views

Is the work done by friction on an accelerating car zero?

Consider a car is accelerating and its tires are not slipping ,just rolling.what is the force on the car that changes its kinetic energy? Some people say in the definition of work dw=F.dx that dx is ...
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53 views

Is this thought regarding work and potential energy correct?

I am really confused about this. The potential energy acquired by an object is equal to $mgh$, if we are on any planet, where $g$ is the planet's gravitational acceleration, which directly comes from ...
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159 views

I dropped my tissue box on a glass table, the box didn't bounce back, table didn't move nor break, what happened?

I have a box, it drops and thus by moving has Kinetic energy, It doesn't penetrate and impacts however the box doesn't rebound nor breaks the table. Its like when I slam my fist on a table but the ...
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2answers
58 views

Pressure Volume graphs and work done

So if I have a system where pressure, volume, and temperature change, how do I find the work done on the system? I look at an example where you simply use $\mathrm{d}W =-p\, \mathrm{d}V$, but I ...
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1answer
36 views

Concept of Work & Energy with trolley Example

I was solving one question in which girl on trolley of certain masses sits. Then certain force is applied on trolley which made some displacement. In my opinion work should be done by both Girl & ...
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1answer
45 views

confusion regarding force applied at different angles and work thus done? [closed]

considering $f=1$ and $s=1$ in the work-energy theorem , $W= \cos(\omega)$ this shows that as we increase the angle we do less work for moving an object to the same distance. It also means that ...
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2answers
57 views

Does towing a car make moving it easier?

once i saw a diagram in some of my books , of a car being towed by a big vehicle that was sort of a truck. now today that i am studying work , that picture somehow popped in my mind. it looked mostly ...
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1answer
16 views

Why aren't two systems considered as one instead of saying we are doing no work on one of them?

Suppose i have on my head a block that is applying its force (weight) perpendicularly on my head. now suddenly i start moving with the block still on my head. According to the definition of work , I ...
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1answer
44 views

Change of energy into friction?

If I am pushing a car and it does not move, I am doing no mechanical work. However, I am changing the energy that was stored in my cells into heat energy (maybe sound energy if my hand slips off the ...
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1answer
56 views

Conventions and realities of kinetic energy?

I am having doubts regarding why $1/2$ is present in kinetic energy and if this is conventional why cant we say potential energy is $2mgh$ and kinetic energy $mv^2$. So is this $1/2$ conventional or ...
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3answers
80 views

Why is work a scalar quantity?

If the displacement is in the direction of the force, then work is positive. If the displacement is in the opposite direction of the force, then work is negative. If the displacement is perpendicular ...
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1answer
48 views

Area of a Trapezoid formula doesn't seem to work? (In calculating work)

My Physics Teacher assigned me to find the work done by the force described by the above graph. Work is the integral of the force with respect to distance, or in other words, the area under the ...
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24 views

Relation between gravitational field and gravitational potential

gravitational field is the negative differential of gravitational potential . now gravitational potential due to a particle at a distance r is -Gm/r where m is the mass of the particle . If i take the ...
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2answers
57 views

Im learning Work-energy theorem, this question popped into my mind about Force applied and displacement

I know a lot but I'm not sure, I'm guessing if $400J$ of work done on a 800 Newton object, if I'm correct, $400N$ to $800N$..that is $.5 m$ displacement, so by $W=∆KE$ why do I get $200J$? I was ...
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1answer
22 views

Work in electric field - formula

Suppose there's a electric field generated by a charge $Q$. If I moved a charge $q$ placed at distance $r_1$ away from $Q$ to distance $r_2$, supposedly the average force acting on $q$ will be: ...
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75 views

Is work only a change of kinetic or potential energy?

I find out on the internet that work is a transfer of energy essentially kinetic. What is the use of work if it does not consider all the types of energy applied , i mean sometimes an objects internal ...
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1answer
65 views

Confusion in a problem

This is a very basic homework type question. I guess there is some intermixing of concepts in my head. Help. There was a question I came across - A ball of mass 0.2 kg is thrown vertically upwards ...
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1answer
27 views

What information does kinetic energy and work give us about a body?

When I studied momentum I learned that momentum says about a body how hard is it to stop it. In addition, I learned that impulse tells us in some way how much time would I need to stop the object. If ...