The product of the force on an object and the displacement the object undergoes along the direction of the force.

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Why work is done on the system in this case?

Consider the following situation: The system is the air contained within a bicycle tire along with a tire pump connected to it. The pump plunger is pushed down, forcing air into the tire. Assume ...
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0answers
28 views

Why changes in the degrees of freedom implies changes in the internal energy?

In Thermodynamics we describe equilibrium states of macroscopic systems. For those equilibrium states we make a description giving one macroscopic coordinate for each measured degree of freedom (like ...
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2answers
37 views

Electric Potential of Point Charge (sign problem)

This question has been asked before, but the answers didn't clarify the problem for me, so I thought I might ask again. It's really a simple question. Let's say we're calculating the electric ...
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1answer
77 views

How can the work done by friction be positive? [closed]

I have this energy related problem that i cannot understand in this problem, I am required to find the velocity of the 4.8kg mass when it hits the ground. I easily solved this problem using newton's ...
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3answers
42 views

Why does work in the Work Energy Therom equal the Sum of the integral F*dr?

I am studying the work energy therom and I understand that 1/2(mv^2)=Wnet, however, I saw this picture below online. I understand the summation of the force times the change in distance. However, ...
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2answers
36 views

Work applied to a thermodynamic system

What are some examples of a thermodynamic system where no work is done on the system, but the first law is applied? Work in thermodynamics is based around volume. Would that mean if the system's ...
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2answers
117 views

Is work done on a system always the negative of the work done by the system? [duplicate]

Consider the following situation. A block slides on a rough surface. We have already given it an initial velocity. I consider my system to include only the block. Due to friction, the table performs ...
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1answer
34 views

Source of energy, work of magnetic field

Suppose I have a constant magnetic field, and I switch it off (abruptly or slowly) , a ring of uniform charge would acquire same angular velocity if it was present in a plane perpendicular to B and ...
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0answers
27 views

Work energy theorem explanation

So there is this problem in my head, it may seem very simple, but I need an answer. The problem is, we have some object, and we apply a force by our hands with a constant speed from a position (1) to ...
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2answers
55 views

Equipotential surface paradox

Consider a point charge +q as shown below. Now consider a equipotential surface and two points in it A and B. now the potential at A is equal to potential at B. If we now integrate (E.ds) from A to ...
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4answers
77 views

Prove that gravitational potential energy of a body of mass m at a height h is mgh

Many introductory physics books just write that potential energy of a body of mass $m$ at a height $h$ as $U_g=mgh$. However, they never show how this was derived. I'm interested in knowing this ...
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0answers
51 views

Deriving the formula for energy stored in a spring without using geometry (determining the area under a curve)?

Using Hooke's Law, we know that the force applied is proportional to the extension of the spring. Therefore by plotting a graph of force against extension, through the area under the curve we are able ...
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42 views

An object is accelerating on a rough surface with frictional force of 10N. Is the friction doing any work on the object?

This question might look stupid to some but I am in great confusion. An object, say a box, is moving on a surface with some velocity v and is accelerating. It means that the force applied by the box ...
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1answer
35 views

Projectiles ability to do work to a box when connected by string? [closed]

I was wondering, the work-energy theorem states that KE can do work, as it is Mechanical energy. if the KE energy and thus Mechanical energy of a ball, if external...can do work on an object, ...
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2answers
57 views

If displacement is 0, why isn't the work performed on an object 0?

Work is force x distance/displacement. The exact definition is something I'm a little confused about since my professor said it could either be distance or displacement. So going with that, if the ...
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2answers
67 views

Work energy theorem

The work energy theorem states that the work done along a path from a point (1) to point (2) is the difference of the kinetic energies between the last and the first points. But if the force was ...
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2answers
114 views

Is the work done by friction on an accelerating car zero?

Consider a car is accelerating and its tires are not slipping ,just rolling.what is the force on the car that changes its kinetic energy? Some people say in the definition of work dw=F.dx that dx is ...
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3answers
52 views

Is this thought regarding work and potential energy correct?

I am really confused about this. The potential energy acquired by an object is equal to $mgh$, if we are on any planet, where $g$ is the planet's gravitational acceleration, which directly comes from ...
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2answers
144 views

I dropped my tissue box on a glass table, the box didn't bounce back, table didn't move nor break, what happened?

I have a box, it drops and thus by moving has Kinetic energy, It doesn't penetrate and impacts however the box doesn't rebound nor breaks the table. Its like when I slam my fist on a table but the ...
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2answers
41 views

Pressure Volume graphs and work done

So if I have a system where pressure, volume, and temperature change, how do I find the work done on the system? I look at an example where you simply use $\mathrm{d}W =-p\, \mathrm{d}V$, but I ...
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1answer
34 views

Concept of Work & Energy with trolley Example

I was solving one question in which girl on trolley of certain masses sits. Then certain force is applied on trolley which made some displacement. In my opinion work should be done by both Girl & ...
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1answer
41 views

confusion regarding force applied at different angles and work thus done? [closed]

considering $f=1$ and $s=1$ in the work-energy theorem , $W= \cos(\omega)$ this shows that as we increase the angle we do less work for moving an object to the same distance. It also means that ...
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2answers
50 views

Does towing a car make moving it easier?

once i saw a diagram in some of my books , of a car being towed by a big vehicle that was sort of a truck. now today that i am studying work , that picture somehow popped in my mind. it looked mostly ...
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1answer
16 views

Why aren't two systems considered as one instead of saying we are doing no work on one of them?

Suppose i have on my head a block that is applying its force (weight) perpendicularly on my head. now suddenly i start moving with the block still on my head. According to the definition of work , I ...
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1answer
43 views

Change of energy into friction?

If I am pushing a car and it does not move, I am doing no mechanical work. However, I am changing the energy that was stored in my cells into heat energy (maybe sound energy if my hand slips off the ...
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1answer
55 views

Conventions and realities of kinetic energy?

I am having doubts regarding why $1/2$ is present in kinetic energy and if this is conventional why cant we say potential energy is $2mgh$ and kinetic energy $mv^2$. So is this $1/2$ conventional or ...
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74 views

Why is work a scalar quantity?

If the displacement is in the direction of the force, then work is positive. If the displacement is in the opposite direction of the force, then work is negative. If the displacement is perpendicular ...
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1answer
42 views

Area of a Trapezoid formula doesn't seem to work? (In calculating work)

My Physics Teacher assigned me to find the work done by the force described by the above graph. Work is the integral of the force with respect to distance, or in other words, the area under the ...
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22 views

Relation between gravitational field and gravitational potential

gravitational field is the negative differential of gravitational potential . now gravitational potential due to a particle at a distance r is -Gm/r where m is the mass of the particle . If i take the ...
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2answers
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Im learning Work-energy theorem, this question popped into my mind about Force applied and displacement

I know a lot but I'm not sure, I'm guessing if $400J$ of work done on a 800 Newton object, if I'm correct, $400N$ to $800N$..that is $.5 m$ displacement, so by $W=∆KE$ why do I get $200J$? I was ...
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1answer
21 views

Work in electric field - formula

Suppose there's a electric field generated by a charge $Q$. If I moved a charge $q$ placed at distance $r_1$ away from $Q$ to distance $r_2$, supposedly the average force acting on $q$ will be: ...
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0answers
71 views

Is work only a change of kinetic or potential energy?

I find out on the internet that work is a transfer of energy essentially kinetic. What is the use of work if it does not consider all the types of energy applied , i mean sometimes an objects internal ...
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1answer
65 views

Confusion in a problem

This is a very basic homework type question. I guess there is some intermixing of concepts in my head. Help. There was a question I came across - A ball of mass 0.2 kg is thrown vertically upwards ...
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1answer
27 views

What information does kinetic energy and work give us about a body?

When I studied momentum I learned that momentum says about a body how hard is it to stop it. In addition, I learned that impulse tells us in some way how much time would I need to stop the object. If ...
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35 views

Mechanical equivalent of heat => transfer from work W to heat Q

Consider the following experiment to determine the mechanical equivalent of heat $\mu = \frac{\Delta W}{\Delta Q}$ Not seen in the picture is a weight with known mass hanging down the cord. When you ...
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6answers
146 views

When we write that $F = -\nabla V$ , what would happen if we ommit the (-) minus sign

I have had this question for a long time. In classical mechanics, if we choose $\mathbf F = -\mathbf \nabla \, V,$ with the minus sign, we can proof the work - kinetic energy theorem. What are the ...
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2answers
49 views

Work done by a friction in rolling

When force is applied on extended objects at some point, the work done by this force on this object $\vec{F} \cdot \vec{dr_{P}}$ where $P$ is the point of application of force. When the object is ...
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1answer
29 views

0.19 kg apple falling (a problem on Work and Power) [closed]

Problem A 0.19-kg apple falls from a branch 3.5 m above the ground. a) Does the power delivered to the apple by gravity increase, decrease, or stay the same during the time the apple falls to the ...
2
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0answers
21 views

COP and input work in a refrigerator [duplicate]

Where can i find a COP and input work requierd in a standard modern refrigerator? I need a sample refrigerator, so that I can calculate the heat disposed to the surrounding and use that to design an ...
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1answer
33 views

a question on work and kinetic energy [closed]

A bullet has a mass of 0.02kg and is moving with a speed of 10m/s. It can penetrate 10cm of a given target before coming to rest. If the same target is only 6cm thick, what will be the speed and ...
2
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0answers
45 views

Work by Gravity using Tensors [closed]

Now I'm familiar with the various methods for deriving work done by gravity, but I noticed a few things about the situation, and wanted to see if I could properly apply a tensor treatment to the ...
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3answers
182 views

Where Potential increase gets it's energy from?

Imagine there are two particles: A,B; of which, we observe A to be stationary, while B is moving towards A at velocity v. A,B has same mass; and they are charged both positive. B has a potential wrt ...
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2answers
38 views

Conservation of energy in vertical circular motion

Books usually use conservation of energy to solve problems in vertical circular motion. But, principle of conservation of energy for one particle is, If all the $n$ forces $\vec F_i ...
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2answers
57 views

Why dont you take derivative of force in definition of power ? P=F.v

The derivative of work is $\bf F\cdot v .$ $$P(t)= \frac{\mathrm dW}{\mathrm dt}= \mathbf{F\cdot v}=-\frac{\mathrm dU}{\mathrm dt}\;.$$ But why not $$(\mathrm d(\mathbf F)/\mathrm dx)\cdot \mathbf x ...
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2answers
59 views

Work-Energy Problem

A wire, which passes through the hole in a small bead, is bent in the form of quarter of a circle. The wire is fixed vertically on ground as shown in the figure. The bead is released from near the top ...
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1answer
68 views

Does this count as a proper derivation of the formula for work and kinetic energy? [closed]

$v_{av}$ = average velocity, $d$= distance, $a$ = acceleration, $m$ = mass Given: $$v_{av}*t=d$$ $$t=\frac{v_f-v_i}{a}$$ $$v_{av}=\frac{v_f+v_i}{2}$$ Then: $$\frac{v_f+v_i}{2}*\frac{v_f-v_i}{a}=d$$ ...
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4answers
84 views

When writing a differential equation, when do you take $+\text{d}x$ and when do you take $-\text{d}x$?

When writing a differential equation I'm confused as to when to write $+\text{d}x$ a and when to write $-\text{d}x$ a where $x$ represents some quantity. For example, I wanted to derive the equation ...
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1answer
46 views

Why the force acting on a particle is the negative gradient of a scalar potential? [closed]

For conservative forces we can proof that it is a gradient of a scalar potential, but why we use the negative sign? In every book I searched, it said that it is like an agreement between physicists, ...
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0answers
25 views

Work + heat absorbed in a thermodynamic process

The question describes a simple isobaric closed cycle. The temperature is on the y-axis and volume on the other. There are 4 states. The question asks: ''Find the work done on the gas in the cycle and ...
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2answers
54 views

Question about Kinetic Energy and Force acting on a body

Below is the graph of a body that rests on a friction-less flat surface. On this body force F is applied and it's value is being depicted in the graph below. We can see that the body moves from point ...