5
votes
1answer
140 views

About the gauge formalism in statistical quantum field theory

I would like to understand a bit more the aspects of the gauge theory in statistical field theory. In particular, I would like to understand how the replacement $\tau \rightarrow it/\hbar$ is ...
6
votes
0answers
104 views

Srednicki's book chapter 8

Reading first page in chapter 8 of Srednicki's it reads: To employ the $\epsilon$ trick, we multiply $H_0$ with $1-i\epsilon$. The results are equivalent to replacing $m^2$ with $m^2-i\epsilon$. ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Hermitian conjugation in Radial Quantization

I'm a little confused about Hermitian conjugation in a radially quantized CFT. Now, in the Minkowski theory, Hermitian conjugation leaves the coordinates invariant, i.e. $t^\dagger = t$ and $x^\dagger ...
27
votes
4answers
693 views

How exact is the analogy between statistical mechanics and quantum field theory?

Famously, the path integral of quantum field theory is related to the partition function of statistical mechanics via a Wick rotation and there is therefore a formal analogy between the two. I have a ...
4
votes
0answers
115 views

Time Reversal in Euclidean Spacetime - unitary or antiunitary?

(pre-request) We know that time reversal operator $T$ is an anti-unitary operator in Minkowsi Spacetime. i.e. $$ T z=z^*T $$ where the complex number $z$ becomes its complex conjugate. See, for ...
4
votes
0answers
236 views

Time Reversal, CPT, spin-statistics, mass gap and chirality of Euclidean fermion field theory

In Minkowski space even-dim (say $d+1$ D) spacetime dimension, we can write fermion-field theory as the Lagrangian: $$ \mathcal{L}=\bar{\psi} (i\not \partial-m)\psi+ \bar{\psi} \phi_1 \psi+\bar{\psi} ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Can we obtain non-Lorentzian metric from Lorentzian metric, through renormalization methods?

Since low-energy, non-relativistic thermal field theories are defined in Euclidean spacetime, while high-energy relativistic theories are define in Minkowski spacetime, I was wondering if there are ...
0
votes
0answers
147 views

$\mathrm{i}\epsilon$ prescription makes a function analytical?

I've seen this everywhere where they say "Analytic continuation is obtained by the usual $\mathrm{i}\epsilon$ prescription..." but how is that? How do you analytically continue (say) $\ln x$ with ...
3
votes
2answers
187 views

Imaginary time in QFT

I'm reading chapter 4 of Introduction to Quantum Field Theory by Peskin & Schroeder. In the $\phi^4$ theory, the authors state that the ground state of the interaction theory $|\Omega\rangle$ can ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Volume element $\mathrm{d}^4k =\mathrm{d}k^0 \,|\mathbf{k}|^2\,\mathrm{d}|\mathbf{k}| \,\mathrm{d}(\cos\theta) \,\mathrm{d}\phi$ in Minkowski space?

Suppose we have an integral $$\int \mathrm{d}^4k \,\ f(k)$$ we want to evaluate and that we're in Minkowski space with some metric $(+,-,-,-)$. Is it true that: $$\mathrm{d}^4k = \mathrm{d}k^0\ ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Intuition behind the notion of reflection positivity

I came across Yuji's question. I'm finding it difficult to parse the meaning behind what's said on Wikipedia. Could someone give an explanation of the concept involved? I would also appreciate ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

Wick Rotation, interpretation of $\bar{p}^2$ vs the usual $p^2=m^2$

Suppose we use the metric $(+,-,-,-)$ thus the momentum squared is $p^2 = p_0^2-\vec{p}^2 = m^2>0$ Defining $p_E:=\mathrm{i}\cdot p_0$ and $\bar{p}:=(\,p_E,\vec{p})$ with Euclidean norm ...
4
votes
1answer
599 views

How does the Feynman's $i\epsilon$-prescription make the Feynman propagator causal?

The Feynman propagator is non-vanishing outside the light cone, but still manages to be in accord with causality. How is this achieved? What does the $i\epsilon$-prescription have to do with this?
7
votes
3answers
663 views

Relation between statistical mechanics and quantum field theory

I was talking with a friend of mine, he is a student of theoretical particle physics, and he told me that lots of his topics have their foundations in statistical mechanics. However I thought that the ...
5
votes
1answer
497 views

Analytic continuation of imaginary time Greens function in the time domain

Consider the imaginary time Greens function of a fermion field $\Psi(x,τ)$ at zero temperature $$ G^τ = -\langle \theta(τ)\Psi(x,τ)\Psi^\dagger(0,0) - \theta(-τ)\Psi^\dagger(0,0)\Psi(x,τ) \rangle $$ ...
10
votes
0answers
373 views

Wick rotation and spinors

I am quite familiar with use of Wick rotations in QFT, but one thing annoys me: let's say we perform it for treating more conveniently (ie. making converge) a functional integral containing spinors; ...
15
votes
4answers
345 views

What is a simple intuitive way to see the relation between imaginary time (periodic) and temperature relation?

I guess I never had a proper physical intuition on, for example, the "KMS condition". I have an undergraduate student who studies calculation of Hawking temperature using the Euclidean path integral ...