one of the four known fundamental forces of nature and the one responsible for beta-decay radioactivity. The weak interaction is very short-ranged and more weakly coupled than either the strong nuclear force or electromagnetism. At energy scales above the Z mass the weak and electromagnetic ...

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24 views

Fermi's theory of beta decay - density of states?

I am following through these MIT OCW notes on Fermi's theory of beta decay. On page 11 (103 as on page) they wrote the expression: $$\rho(p_e)dp_e = dN_e \frac{dN_{\nu}}{dT_\nu}$$ for the density of ...
1
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1answer
79 views

Can neutrinos interact by the EM interaction and gravity?

A definition of a lepton is: A particle that does not interact by the strong force but does by the 3 other forces.$^1$ Neutrinos are leptons, so from the above definition one would expect it to ...
2
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1answer
42 views

Solar activity and radioactive decay rates [duplicate]

I recall hearing about this quite some time ago and thought it was very strange. I recently had it pop in my head again and was curious if anyone knew what was going on with this. Variable decay ...
0
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0answers
21 views

How much of the decay energy is left when the electron escapes to large distances?

During a neutron decay, there is distribution of KE of electron. When KE given to electron is 0.782MeV (max) , it escapes from proton field. A lot of this KE is used for Potential Energy. Some is ...
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0answers
29 views

Do elementary particles with the same weak hyper charge ($-1$) repel each other?

Take an electron neutrino and a muon neutrino for example, they have no electric charge, but both have $-1$ weak hyper charge. So would these two particles repel each other?
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1answer
33 views

Weak decay iff or if strangeness changes? [duplicate]

I know that for a decay if the strangeness changes then the decay is a weak decay because strangeness is conserved in both strong decays and electromagnetic decays. However, is it also true that if a ...
4
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2answers
284 views

How it is possible to mediate a weak interactions by very heavy particle such as Boson?

When considering a weak decay interaction such as leptons , the weak force is mediate by huge particle such as bosons (W+ or W- ). How it is possible to have a such heavy particle within less massive ...
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1answer
17 views

How does the nature of bonding between individual atoms in a molecule affect the van der Waal interactions between molecules?

I am currently studying certain materials. Some of these materials have ionic bonds, while some others have covalent bonds. Moreover, each unit of these materials interacts with the adjacent unit via ...
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1answer
58 views

Is it possible the weak force isn´t fundamental? [closed]

Once the strong force was thought to be a fundamental force mediated by the massive pion. Later colour and gluons were introduced. The old strong force was a residue force of the new fundamental force....
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3answers
1k views

How many kinds of “weak charges” exist?

For electricity, we have one charge, for the strong force three. How many are there connected to the weak force? Three, because of the W- and Z-particles?
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3answers
125 views

Would life (as we know it) be possible without the weak interaction?

I understand why the strong interaction is important in everyday life (it holds nuclei together and also allows the fusion reactions that power the Sun) and also why the electromagnetic interaction is ...
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2answers
78 views

Change of flavour, Weak interaction

I couldn't find a straight and clear answer to this question on the internet: Why is the weak interaction (charged), the only interaction which can change the flavours of the quarks?
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1answer
93 views

Virtual particles in EM interaction and Weak interaction

I know that a real electron has a probability (which depends on the intensity of the EM force) of emitting a photon, changing his 4-momentum. The photon should be virtual. Now, my teacher says that ...
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0answers
69 views

Does this physical situation distinguish whether you are viewing it a mirror?

The weak interaction's lack of $P$-symmetry is often explained by saying that "the amplitudes for processes involving the weak interaction are different from the amplitudes for the same processes ...
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1answer
31 views

How can I determine the interaction knowing the decay formula?

I know the kind of interaction occurring in very common reaction. For example, I know that the interaction: $e^- + e^+ \longrightarrow \mu^+ + \mu^-$ is driven by the electromagnetic force (there is ...
0
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1answer
39 views

Why is weak hypercharge not a function of the number of up or down quarks?

I'm fairly new to quantum mechanics, and I was looking up some basic information about the weak force and it's interactions. I found this equation of weak hypercharge on Wikipedia and quoted a few ...
0
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3answers
143 views

Why is this particle interaction forbidden?

Why is this interaction forbidden? $$\nu_e+\bar{\nu}_e\rightarrow K^+ + K^-$$ Lepton number is conserved, charge is conserved, baryon number is irrelevant since these are mesons. Energy is conserved ...
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0answers
25 views

Semileptonic decay amplitude

I'm trying to do past exam papers and I am absolutely failing understand some things. I would very much appreciate any insights/intuition you have. The part I'm struggling is here: In the first ...
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0answers
46 views

Are quadrilinear weak boson couplings possible?

$ZZ\rightarrow ZZ$, $ZZ\rightarrow W^+ W^-$, etc. Are these interactions possible?
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3answers
126 views

If neutrons aren't affected by electromagnetic force, what causes it to bounce off matter?

Say a neutron is heading for a mountain, what would cause it to bounce off said amalgamation of matter? Electromagnetism is ruled out, gravity is too weak, (if I'm not mistaken) nuclear strong force ...
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1answer
52 views

The charges of the forces

I am trying to establish a simplified understanding of the fundamental forces to explain them to a young audience. If we say that gravity has one charge (attractive), electromagnetism has two charges ...
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0answers
35 views

Where does the square root of two in the conversion between the Fermi constant and the weak coupling constant come from?

As in the title, where does the square root of two in the conversion $$ G_{F}=\frac{\sqrt{2}g^{2}}{8m_{W}^{2}} $$ between the Fermi constant and the weak coupling constant come from? I was able to ...
3
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1answer
52 views

How to determine if interaction is allowed?

I'm trying to determine if the reaction $$n\rightarrow p\pi^-$$ is allowed. First of, this doesn't list this as one of the decay modes of the neutron, so I suspect that it should not be allowed. ...
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3answers
69 views

How is each neutrino associated with a specific charged lepton?

For instance, why is an electron neutrino called that and what is its relationship with an electron?
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2answers
103 views

How is an electron “recycled” in a neutron?

A proton is made up, they say, by 2 up and 1 down quark, drowned in a sea of virual paricles: when an electron is captured this process thereby changes a nuclear proton to a neutron and ...
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1answer
47 views

Direct vs. indirect CP violation: theoretical foundations

I know very little about the difference between direct and indirect CP violation. I've been studying QFT from Peskin and Schroeder's "An Introduction to QFT", and they don't seem to address this issue....
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1answer
107 views

Neutrinos and DNA

This is a question which bridges the gap between biology and physics... but I thought this was the best place to ask it. I remember reading a while ago that it is thought that neutrinos may play a ...
2
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0answers
91 views

Fermi's theory of beta decay - Does Fermi's Hamiltonian have the wrong transformation properties?

I'm studying the theory of beta decays as proposed by Fermi in the 30's, and I found an inconsistency between the transformation properties that he claims for his Hamiltonian and the transformation ...
10
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2answers
784 views

Why couldn't the decay $\pi^- \to e^- + \bar\nu_e$ occur if electrons were massless?

If we assume that electrons (just like neutrinos) are massless, why can’t the decay $\pi^- \rightarrow e^- + \bar{\nu}_e$ occur under the weak interaction?
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1answer
148 views

SU(2) confinement picture

Preamble: In section 2 of these lecture notes (Gerard 't Hooft, 1998) an alternative interpretation of the weak interaction is presented, in which the weak force is confined, much like the strong ...
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0answers
20 views

Mass difference in particle oscillation from weak lagrangian

Looking for an answer to how an expression to $\Delta M = M_2 - M_1$ arise in QFT I have found the approximation \begin{equation} \Delta M_K \approx \frac{G_F^2}{4\pi} m_K f_K^2 \sum_{q=u,c,t} m_q^2 \...
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1answer
99 views

Strangeness of elementary particles

What is the property, whose violation led to the assumption of strangeness? Prior to the discovery of strangeness was it assumed that particles that are produced by strong interactions can decay only ...
0
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1answer
46 views

Is dark matter particle affected by weak interaction too?

Neutrino is affected by weak subatomic force and gravitational force and just like dark matter they don't easily interact with matter, if dark matter cannot be affected by the weak interaction how ...
2
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0answers
147 views

Feynman amplitude for electron-positron annihilation and $W^{\pm}$ production

I'm working with this interaction Hamiltonian density $$ H_{int}(x) = ig\bar{\Psi}_{\nu_e}(x)\gamma^\rho P_L \Psi_e(x)V_\rho(x) + igV^\dagger_\rho(x)\bar{\Psi}_e(x)\gamma^\rho P_L \Psi_{\nu_e} $$ ...
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2answers
593 views

Are there weak force waves?

In the same way as there are electromagnetic and gravitational waves that update the information on their respective field, is there an analogue for the weak and strong forces?
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1answer
84 views

Leptonic Decay of Muon and Tau

So the question asks: (a) Draw the Feynman diagrams showing the dominant leptonic decay mode of the $\mu^-$ and the $\tau^-$. (b) Assuming $m_\tau \gg m_\mu \gg m_e$, estimate the ratio of the rate ...
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1answer
29 views

Is the Electroweak theory chiral regardless of temperature?

Is the electroweak theory a chiral theory regardless of whether one is above the electroweak symmetry breaking temperature or not?
5
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1answer
84 views

Why is the $D^0$ oscillation so different from the $K^0$ and $B^0$?

I have looked for this answer into many articles and books but I am not able to figure out why $D^0\to\bar{D}^0$ is so highly suppressed if compared to the $B^0 \to \bar{B}^0$ and $K^0 \to \bar{K}^0$ ...
0
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1answer
48 views

Wu experiment beta decay

maybe it's a stupid question. But in Wu experiment she showed that parity in not conserved in beta decay. So how to say on general that this is true for any weak force interaction?
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1answer
43 views

Do neutrinos ever turn back to something less ghostly?

The most notable source of neutrinos seems to be the Sun. Obviously, the neutrinos are created from something else. Now as I think of it, they can just fly away through the solar system and be gone. ...
0
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1answer
61 views

Why should we expect dark matter with weak scale masses?

The WIMP "miracle" is often used to motivate WIMPs: that a WIMP with a weak-scale mass naturally freezes out of thermal equilibrium after the big bang with the right relic abundance. I understand the "...
0
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4answers
83 views

Change in the half-life of a neutron

What would happen if the half-life of a neutron was much more less than it is now? How could this affect the nuclei?
7
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0answers
87 views

Distinguishing between left-handed and right-handed weak coupling from electron-neutrino scattering

This question comes from Schwartz's QFT book, exercise 13.6. In it we consider a coupling between fermions (neutrinos and electrons in this particular case) and the Z boson of the form $g_V \bar{\psi} ...
2
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1answer
52 views

What is the product of low energy neutrino annihilation?

Since neutrinos are only subjected to weak interaction(ignore gravitation), thus the interaction of neutrinos are only governed by Z bosons, and photon is unlikely produced. If two neutrinos ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Why does virtual negative W boson decay mainly into antiup and down quarks during weak decays of lambda, Xi, omega and other baryons

Virtual $W^-$ boson may decay into $\bar{u}$ and $d$ quarks, $\bar{c}$ and $s$ quarks, $e$ and $\bar{\nu}_e$, $\mu$ and $\bar{\nu}_{\mu}$, $\tau$ and $\bar{\nu}_{\tau}$. Decay into $\bar{u}$ and $s$, $...
6
votes
1answer
143 views

Why does an interaction see the proton instead the quark mass?

When an interaction goes deep in the nucleus, should we have some way to interpolate between the proton mass and the quark mass which is going to be the ultimate destination of the interaction? For ...
1
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1answer
214 views

Why we unified electromagnetic and weak force?

We have unified electromagnetic and weak force into one single force called Electroweak force. I mean we can use these different forces within their respective domains like weak interaction for short ...
3
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1answer
186 views

How can we calculate pion decay constant in Chiral Perturbation Theory ?

Above diagram is an one-loop contribution to the Pion decay constant $f_\pi$. For example in this paper (Eq.7) they have written down the pion decay constant to one loop, but the calculation is not ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Is the mass of the Z due to mixing with the photon “precursor” B or to interaction with the Higgs?

I want to get something clear that I do not seem to understand. I used to read that the photon A and the Z boson are (different) linear combinations between the W^0 (neutral weak boson before SU(2) ...
2
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1answer
113 views

How do neutrons escape nuclei?

How do neutrons ejected from a nucleus gain kinetic energy if the they don't repel electrically and the nuclear force only attracts? Does it have something to do with the weak force?