Waves are disturbances that propagate through space and time. Classically, they travelled through a medium, disturbing the particles but not changing their mean position. Electromagnetic waves/particle-waves need no medium; they are disturbances in their respective fields.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

0
votes
2answers
86 views

Difference between a wavevector and wavefunction

I often see both terms used in textbooks, but I am not sure whether I understand the difference between them. Both describe the state of a system, however, they seem different in some ways. From what ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

factors that affect energy of a sound wave?

Putting a lot of energy into a transverse pulse will not effect the wavelength, the frequency or the speed of the pulse. The energy imparted to a pulse will only affect the amplitude of that pulse.why ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Light waves and water waves

I have an idea and i would like to have more information: If I drop a stone in the water some rings or waves will appear. Those rings are made of water and are behaving that particular way because of ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

What is the actual meaning of magnetic field and electric field in Electromagnetic waves?

I know that electromagnetic waves are composed of electric field and magnetic field but I don't understand what magnetic field is. Would you help me understand its physical meaning? What is the ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Is frequency at normal inversely proprtional to wavelength?

since speed of sound is constant for normal conditions(conditions where speed of sound is normal) , can anybody provide me the mathametical proof of why frequency is linearly and inversely ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Normal Modes for Standing Waves in 1-D Acoustic Ducts with Arbitrary (but real) Impedance Jumps

Let's say we have a 1-D duct, such as this: Where $Z_i \equiv \frac{P}{US}$ is the acoustic impedance, L is the length of the duct in question, and S is the area of the cross-section. In general, ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

group velocity of acoustic waves

One can find the sound speed for the acoustic waves as follows: $\frac{\partial p}{\partial t} = -\nabla \cdot \rho \vec v$ (1) $\rho (\frac{\partial \vec v}{\partial t} + (v \cdot \nabla)\vec v)= ...
5
votes
2answers
101 views

Can you simulate a Michelson-Morley experiment with sound?

Is it possible to make a MME with sound waves? Suppose we travel on a rail platform with two "mirrors" that reflect sound, what parameters would we need to simulate the light experiment? would it work ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

What field property may allow faster than $c$ speed?

What field property may allow faster than $c$ speed? Is there theoretical field or what property it needs to have to allow wave speed larger than $c$? What is the speed of the gravitational wave? Is ...
-3
votes
1answer
82 views

Which came first - definition of wave or wave equation? [closed]

In an interview, I was asked to define what a wave is. I replied that it was a sort of disturbance which propagated. Then he asked how I could identify what a wave would be like. I said that the ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Amplitude at successive wavefronts?

Consider spherical waves emanating from a point source initially the amplitude is A, as wave travels forming wavefronts will the amplitude of each point in all the secondary wavelets be the same and ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

How is wave equation equivalent to the Turing reaction-diffusion equation with 3 species?

I was reading the paper, "Critical waves and the length problem of biology" by Robert B. Laughlin. He mentions a point like this in it : "This wave equation is equivalent to Turing Reaction-diffusion ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Velocity of propagation of an EM field in vacuum

I am asked to find the speed of propagation $\vec{v}$ of an electromagnetic field, in a region of empty space. The magnetic field is described by $\vec{B} = B_0e^{ax}\sin{(ky-\omega t)} \hat{z}$. I ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Why is root mean square pressure used in the definition of sound pressure level?

I dont understand the way we measure loudness. I know that it is in some way related to the magnitude of pressure variations. please help me figure out where my understanding fails. Let $p(t)$ be the ...
4
votes
2answers
117 views

Why invariance holds for the electromagnetic waves but not for the mechanical waves?

Why the electromagnetic wave equation provides a wave with constant speed in all reference frames, but the mechanical elastic wave equation (from linear elasticity) does not? The electromagnetic wave ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Why does compton scattering provide evidence for the particle nature of light?

I understand that compton scattering is modeled as a collision between a photon and an electron, but why does this conclusively prove that light can act as a particle? Why couldn't the same ...
0
votes
2answers
84 views

Can a system be engineered to cause a standing wave resonance with gravity waves? [closed]

Thank you Docscience for helping me adjust my question in a better direction. My interest has been sparked by getting Into the chapter of waves in physics class and of course the new discovery of ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

phase difference of two reflected wave

Suppose a tuning fork generates sound waves with a frequency of 100 Hz. The waves travel in opposite directions along a hallway, are reflected by end walls, and return. The hallway is 47.0 m long and ...
-2
votes
1answer
42 views

Formation of traveling waves

can a traveling wave exist on a closed cylindrical string? or more general, what are the conditions for the formation of traveling waves vs the conditions for the formation of standing waves?
0
votes
4answers
138 views

Does sound waves pick up the speed of its source?

I googled the speed of sound and found that it only depends on the medium (just like the speed of light but with different parameters). I can't see how it doesn't pick up the speed of its source! I ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Draw the way the longitudinal wave spreads [duplicate]

Draw the way longitudinal wave spreads. I know how to draw how the transverse wave is spread http://picasaweb.google.com/102071315138065861533/February162016#6251906804992968450 Could you do the same ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Relation between the direction of propogation of sound and loudspeaker's diameter

Sound waves from a conical loudspeaker spread nearly uniformly in all directions if the wavelength of the sound is much larger than the diameter of the loudspeaker. Sound is essentially ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Can $Ae^{-bt^2}\sin(kx-\omega t)$ be considered a wave?

The damped wave PDE can have an exponential term, but the argument for the exponential term cannot be quadratic, AFAIK. $Ae^{-bt^2}\sin(kx-\omega t)$ So this isn't a solution for the damped wave ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

Is there an instrument that measures the Frequency of light directly

Is there an instrument that measures the frequency of light DIRECTLY? By "DIRECTLY" I mean without using any properties of the Wavelength.
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Gravitational waves parallel

Just an idea to illustrate the gravitational waves. This kind of analogy is proposed: When you have a rotational motion of the fluid, some small amount of the energy is radiated as a pressure ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Non-standard representation of the free electromagnetic plane wave

The usual representation of a free electromagnetic wave in vacuum looks like this: The blue parts are the local electric field, while the green parts are the local magnetic field. The circularly ...
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Moving an object in hand back and forth creates a gravitational wave?

Does moving an object in one's hand back and forth create a wave? It creates a changing gravitation field and that propagates as a wave, right? How does that differ from a "gravitational" wave that ...
0
votes
0answers
105 views

Reflection at a conducting surface. Why the presence of surface current would require infinite electric field at the boundary?

While I was reading about electromagnetic waves in conductor, precisely about Reflection at a conducting surface on Introduction to electrodynamics by David J. Griffiths I came across some difficulty ...
6
votes
3answers
158 views

Is gravitational wave a new category of wave?

Is gravitational wave a new category of wave? We know that there are 3 kinds of waves. Mechanical wave, Electromagnetic wave, Matter Wave. Since the theory of gravitational wave is confirmed, ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

What is the nature of ocean waves in DEEP water? [closed]

My book says that it's both longitudinal and transverse, if yes then how?
1
vote
2answers
55 views

The image of a wall clock is to be obtained on the opposite wall 2m away by the means of a convex lens. What is the minimum focal length required? [closed]

I'm in 10th grade and this question came in my physics test. Nobody was able to answer this question correctly except my physics teacher who says that the answer is 2m. My answer is that there should ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Graphic analysis of sound wave acceleration

I'm working on a lab involving measuring the velocity of various sound waves, done by dropping a bowling ball with accelerometers lined up in a certain position nearby. Each accelerometer is a fixed ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

How to tell whether a wave is coherent or not? [closed]

I know that coherency means constant phase difference,but how to figure it from equation? Are all sinusoidal waves coherent?
0
votes
1answer
81 views

phase velocity versus instantaneous velocity

I'm trying to understand the relationship between phase velocity and instantaneous velocity in relation to the vector direction. This still isn't clear to me: Wave fronts move in a direction which is ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

At which point are gravitational waves generated when two black holes merge?

I was reading today's announcement of the gravitational waves and was wondering about this situation where there are two orbiting black holes. Did the wave come from the final merging or was it from ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Confusion in understanding the derivation of wave speed from Newton's Second Law

In the book 'Principles of Physics' by Resnick,Halliday and Jearl Walker,the opening para of derivation of wave speed from Newton's Second Law is such: Let us consider a symmetrical pulse moving ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Wave optics physics

When does monochromatic beam of light incident on a reflective surface get completely transmitted.according to the question what exactly the word transmitted means? I'm little bit confused .could you ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Energy and power in a travelling sinusoidal wave

This stuff is driving me crazy. Here: http://galileo.phys.virginia.edu/classes/152.mf1i.spring02/AnalyzingWaves.htm I found that the average kinetic energy per unit length is: $$ \frac{1}{4}\mu ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

How can a probability distribution have wavelength (de Broglie wavelength)?

The wave function described by Schrodinger's equation is interpreted as describing the probability of a particle in at any point in space, i.e. a probability distribution. Since this distribution ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Can a piezoelectric material only vibrate at one frequency?

Given a material X with piezoelectric properties which is used in a ultrasonic transducer, what determines the working frequency of said transducer? If hypothetically such a transducer is specified ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

How to arrange a 3d cymatics experiment?

Various researchers have filmed levitating polystyrene using sound waves. If i were to take 3 speakers and attempt to visualize the standing wave fields formed by the three speakers, how would i do ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Michelson Morley experiment - why is there an interference pattern in the first place?

In descriptions of the experiment, the two arms of the interferometer have the same length. There's an interference pattern which was expected to be shifted when the system was rotated 90 degrees. But ...
0
votes
2answers
68 views

The Vectors in $v=f\lambda$

We are learning about waves in physics and I was just wondering what are the vectors and what are the scalars in this function:$$v=f\lambda$$ I know the velocity $v$ is a vector so that means that: ...
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Is the video “How to Reveal Subatomic Particles at Home”'s explanation of its experiment misleading?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wN_DMMQEhfQ The video asserts that along the path of an electron or muon, a trail of condensation will appear. But from what I understand, if an electron or muon (both ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Is the relation c=νλ valid only for Electromagnetic waves?

What is the validity of the relation $c = \nu\lambda$? More specifically, is this equation valid only for Electromagnetic waves? I read this statement in a book, which says: de Broglie waves are ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

Interpretation of Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of an hyperbolic conservation law $\partial_t W + A \partial_x W = 0$

I read in a article dealing with a hyperbolic partial differential equations this statement : For any system of hyperbolic partial differential equations (pde), expressed as (1) ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

theoretical echo from a point scatterer

How can I compute an echo coming back from a point scatterer? Let's say I know the excitation signal (plane wave), scatterer position, medium properties, what else do I need to see, how the echo will ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Why eyepiece does not resolve image formed by objective lens further?

In my book it is written that "The angular resolution of the telescope is determined by the objective of the telescope. The stars which are not resolved in the image produced by the objective cannot ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Will smoke affect young's double slit experiment

If smoke is present in between the screen and slit in Young's double slit experiment using laser, will there be any change in the interference pattern? Will the fringes be obtained on the screen? ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

What do we mean by wavelength of any electromagnetic wave?

What do we mean by wavelength of EMW? Wavelength of oscillating electric field or the oscillating magnetic field? Or is it that both the electric and magnetic field waves have same wavelength? If ...