Waves are disturbances that propagate through space and time. Classically, they travelled through a medium, disturbing the particles but not changing their mean position. Electromagnetic waves/particle-waves need no medium; they are disturbances in their respective fields.

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Can anyone outline the theory of plane wave Born approximation for direct nuclear reactions in detail?

Can anyone outline the theory of plane wave Born approximation for direct nuclear reactions in detail? Also What are the modification introduced in the distorted wave Born approximation? I was ...
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31 views

Calculating Dynamics of a Thick Sheet of Material

So I'm working on a computational neuroscience problem, and I'm attempting to model skin dynamics for use in some perception models. The problem is as follows: Imagine you had a two dimensional sheet ...
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80 views

Rotate the phase of a wavelet

Let's take a zero-phase Ricker wavelet which is given by: $$ \psi(t)=\frac{2}{\sqrt{3\sigma}\pi^{1/4}}\left(1-\frac{t^2}{\sigma^2}\right)e^{-t^2/2\sigma^2} $$ in the time domain which is often used ...
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34 views

How much can a thin layer of hi-speed material within a low-speed volume block a wave due to total internal reflection?

Consider a block of isotropic material with compression wave velocity associated with it, $v_1$. Consider a thin flat layer of high compression wave velocity $v_2, v_2>v_1$ that is buried within ...
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32 views

electron spin separation

I am having doubt whether the electron's up spin moment and down spin moment can be isolated from one another. If it got separated, will each moment acts as magnetic monopole (stable or unstable). ...
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109 views

Gerstner Wave Formula to Vertex information $(x,y,z)$

I have created a program, that draws a plane mesh, and allows to me edit or animate all the separate vertices along it. The idea behind it, is for me to be able to create a gridMesh based wave ...
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177 views

Inverse of the D’Alembert wave operator

Let $f(x)$ a solution of the wave equation $\square f(x) = 0$. I don't understand why the following operator $$ \mathcal{D} \equiv \frac{1}{2}(\nabla^2)^{-1} (x_0\partial_0 - C) $$ for arbitrary ...
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62 views

Is there a consensus on the definition of wavelength for a solitary wave?

Solitary waves are by definition a wave of single nature so the usual definition for periodic waves does not apply. R. Dalrymple provides a definition but I saw a lot of other websites and papers ...
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85 views

What could be the distribution of an explosion energy of a mining-grade and seismic exploration explosives?

Seismic exploration involves the excitation of seismic waves using the industrially made explosive charges. What could be the distribution of explosion energy of such a charges? My guess is that it ...
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81 views

What is the physical meaning of group velocity for elastic waves through crystals?

In a chapter about phonons they define group speeds for elastic waves in crystals as the derivative of the dispersion relation: $$v_g = \frac{d{\omega}}{d{k}} $$ I wonder though how they come to ...
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43 views

I've been reading that it's possible to create a “mostly magnetic” wave, and I have a few questions

Would it be possible with the "mostly magnetic wave" to have it behave in such a way that it would be undetectable by radio triangulation? I read about the monument at the CIA headquarters that was ...
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226 views

Standing Waves in Flutes

How do the waves produced in flutes have a wave characteristic while maintaining a velocity that allows them to travel to out ear? If it were simply a standing wave I'd imagine that they would ...
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109 views

Longitudinal EMAG wave?

I'm reading about optical waveguide analysis, and often come across the terms "transverse electric mode" vs. "transverse magnetic mode". As I unerstand, it means that the electric/magnetic field has ...
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142 views

How do you super impose two or more signals to occupy a fix area of space with the resultant summed wave?

Is it possible to super-impose two or more signals all sent from different directions as a standing wave with the resulting summed wave occupying a fix area of space that is also a complex area? Do ...
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71 views

What phenomenon is responsible for the evolution pattern of waves created by waterfalls?

I have been fascinated lately by the pattern of the waves created by a waterfall in my town. Specifically, the pattern shows a gradual decrease in the density of the waves as they travel away from ...
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156 views

Behavior of wave at boundary

Firstly, how is "density" of wave formulated as? Secondly, when wave, travelling in less density medium, meets with the boundary that has higher density medium next to, reflected parts of the wave ...
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200 views

How to derive a multi-reflection echo from a given single-reflection “trace”

Consider a one-dimensional semi-bounded "ray" (or thin "cylinder") of stratum (or just any homogeneous substance) which has several "features" along it's length (say, thin films). Consider a wave that ...
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498 views

Depth of sea and point at which waves break

Following up on this answer, is the point at which waves break on the sea shore a guide to the depth of the sea at that point? Could it indicate eg hidden rocks? Explain the direction of waves on sea ...
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142 views

Reflected electromagnetic wave relation

If incident electromagnetic wave is given as: $$\begin{align*}E_i&=A_e \cos(\omega t + bz)\\ H_i&=A_h \cos(\omega t + bz)\end{align*}$$ What would be relation for REFLECTED wave? Does it ...
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69 views

Reorienting a sensor axes according to particle displacement directions

Consider a sensor which is located inside the solid substance. This sensor is capable of detecting the substance oscillations along each of the three axes (usually orthogonal, but generally, any ...
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9 views

About EarthQuake?

As you know in Nepal many aftershocks are coming and earthquake is related to physics as earthquake is also a longitudinal waves . I have some series of question as well as my thoughts about it? ...
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15 views

Would any interference maxima be missing in the double slit experiment?

An aperture of 0.9mm of double slit forms a diffraction pattern on a screen placed 6.0 meters away when illuminated with light of wavelength 600 nm; the distance between two slits are not specified. ...
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6 views

Finding the frequency of vibration of part of a system

The setup: 4 spheres of diameter 1 are suspended on a horizontal plane (magically). They are arranged in a square with length one. The velocity of a wave in the medium they are suspended in is equal ...
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30 views

What discrete form of the wave equation do you need to use to make a wave simulation?

I'm working my way through these blog posts about the wave equation. All has made sense up until now. The wave equation is $$ \frac{\partial^2h}{\partial t^2} = c^2 \frac{\partial^2h}{\partial x^2} ...
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16 views

Finding skip distance/one-hop distance for a radio wave?

I've been racking my brains all afternoon trying to figure this out. Here's the question we're given: At an altitude of 400km is the reflective layer in the atmosphere. What is the maximum distance ...
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10 views

What is the effect of a magnetic field on a plasma speaker?

I have been doing some research for the past couple years investigating the effect of a magnetic field on a plasma speaker. More specifically, if you apply a relatively uniform magnetic field in no ...
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35 views

Calculating the energy of a string wave with different phase and group velocity/amplitude/etc

(Please note this is mostly a theoretical, mathematical question, not one about specific particles. Let me know if this is more appropriate in Mathematica) The energy per wavelength of an ideal ...
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26 views

Generalized long wave and KdV equation

I have read many papers about benjamin-bona-mahony (BBM) equation or Regularized Long Wave (RLW) equation and found that BBM equation can be derived from KdV equation. from other papers i got others ...
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23 views

Functions of the form $F(x-ct)$ written as superposition?

In this section of the Wikipedia article on the wave equation they do the following: $$\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}s_+(\omega)e^{-i(kx+\omega t)}d\omega +\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}s_-(\omega)e^{i(kx-\omega ...
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46 views

Direct interaction theory

I got to know about a kind of theory or formulation of EM which doesn't have the idea of fields in it. In that theory I guess field isn't that which mediates the force between two charged particles. ...
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30 views

What have we built? A resonant loop antenna? Rhombic?

Some background, my partner and I have built an antenna we are supposed to characterize for an assignment, and compare it to physical predictions. However, we don't know what type of antenna we have ...
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20 views

Intrinsic Impedance Clarification

Can somebody explain to me what it means to have a complex intrinsic impedance? I realize that it happens in lossy media and know the formula but am looking for comprehensive insight
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11 views

Can TEM waves have constant offsets - that is, mean of non-zero in context of Poynting's theorem?

Suppose the electromagnetic wave and the corresponding magnetic field wave are TEM waves. Can such waves have overall mean of non-zero? (so DC offset) If they do, what do they mean in context of ...
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60 views

Wave equations for reflected waves in standing wave calculations, when the end is fixed and when it is free?

Consider a sinusoidal wave moving in the +x direction $$y_{1}(x,t)=A\sin\left [ \frac{2\pi }{T} \left ( t-\frac{x}{v} \right )\right ]$$ (A) At a fixed end, the amplitude of the resultant wave ...
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19 views

Time for water wave to reflect

In class we discussed an experiment for measuring the speed of waves in water. The basic procedure went something like this: Make a wave at the near end of the tank and wait for it to travel to the ...
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12 views

Solution for elastic wave on plane of ideal contact between two half spaces of elastic, homogeneous, isotropic, linear solids

Please give the solution for elastic wave of arbitrary polarization incident at arbitrary angle on plane of ideal contact (meaning no slip, homothermal, nondissipative, and no transfer of material ...
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11 views

Zero stress boundary conditions for the acoustic wave function

When is it appropriate to use zero normal stress boundary conditions when solving the acoustic wave equation. That is when the pressure is equal to zero.
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52 views

Refractive index and electric susceptibility

Suppose we have a complex refractive index $n_{ref}=n+ik$ whose value is given at a precise frequency $\omega_l$ from experimental data. We know that the imaginary part is responsible for the ...
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17 views

Formation of standing waves in a flume

Having observed standing waves in a flume when the Froude number > 1, I'm unsure how they form at this flow speed. My understanding of standing waves is that it requires equal waves traveling in ...
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54 views

General solution of the four-vector with each component satisfying the wave-equation

Maybe this is more appropriate for Math stackexchange, but this question regards the solution we use in order to find representation for massive / massless spin-1 particle. When $$(\Box + m^2)A_\mu = ...
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32 views

What does invariant exactly mean and how does it get the invariant?

I have read many journal about simulation of regularized long wave. In numerical test section,many researcher use invariant of mass,momentum and energy to check accuracy of their method but i found ...
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31 views

standing wave formation in a string of varying density

What will be the condition of standing wave formation in a string fixed at both end if density of string is uniformly increasing ?
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83 views

ratio between conduction current and displacement current

First, recall that Maxwell displacement current for a plane wave is $$ \vec j_D = \epsilon \partial_t \vec E = \epsilon \partial_t (\vec E_o cos(\vec k \cdot \vec r - \omega t)) = \epsilon \omega ...
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28 views

Does superposition principle apply to the velocity of each particle in a wave?

Superposition principle can be applied to find the net displacement of a particle when two waves interfere. But can it be applied in case of velocity? If so, then what happens to the velocity of the ...
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19 views

Can a patterned microwave beam with alternating frequencies be created?

Is there a way to create a patterned microwave beam with alternating frequencies such that, in the far field, from top to bottom of beam, there is repeated pattern of Wavelength one, Wavelength two, ...
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103 views

What happens to the velocity distribution during constructive interference?

Two pulses(one inverted & having velocity in the opposite direction) moving towards each other with same wavelength & amplitude after undergoing destructive interference do reapper. Why? ...
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50 views

In Young's double slit experiment how can we determine the shape of fringes formed?

Does the shape of fringe change if the type of source is changed (point source or extended source) or if the relative position of slits is changed (both lie on a line either horizontal or vertical to ...
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13 views

how to measure the wave emitted from some particles after input sine wave into the particle

which waves can be input into the particle? is it sine wave? is the wave emitted from the particle after input wave into the particle different? if want to measure the output wave, how to use math ...
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60 views

How much energy and momentum is carried by a mechanical wave?

Let's assume there is a wave spreading across in a substance. Described by some partial differential equation. How can I calculate the momentum and energy carried by this wave? Or maybe the energy and ...
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26 views

Is the oscillation of all particles for stationary wave equal?

Is the oscillation of all particles for stationary wave equal? I think the point of nodes for stationary wave never oscilliate. Is this idea true?