Waves are disturbances that propagate throush space and time. Classically, they travelled through a medium, disturbing the particles but not changing their mean position. Electromagnetic waves/particle-waves need no medium; they are disturbances in their respective fields.

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Reflected electromagnetic wave relation

If incident electromagnetic wave is given as: $$\begin{align*}E_i&=A_e \cos(\omega t + bz)\\ H_i&=A_h \cos(\omega t + bz)\end{align*}$$ What would be relation for REFLECTED wave? Does it ...
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520 views

Double Slit Problem, Waves and Optics [closed]

Given d(slit separation)= $0.158\:\rm{mm}$, $\lambda _{red}= 665\:\rm{nm}$, $\lambda _{g/y}= 565nm$, L(distance from screen)= $2.24\:\rm{m}$ What is the distance between the third order red and ...
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67 views

Reorienting a sensor axes according to particle displacement directions

Consider a sensor which is located inside the solid substance. This sensor is capable of detecting the substance oscillations along each of the three axes (usually orthogonal, but generally, any ...
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118 views

Why are radio waves in the 1.43 - 2.5 Mhz range invisible?

Visible light diapason is 400 - 700 nm which is 1.43 - 2.5 Mhz. If using an antenna I would broadcast steady sinusoidal wave in this range, why the EM emitted by the antenna are not visible? Suppose ...
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409 views

Does brightness of the light remains constant with the variation of the distance with respect to the source in vaccum?

I have this question going in my mind from many days, i.e why brightness of light emitted from any light source around us decreases with distance? The brightness of light from tube light, streetlight, ...
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111 views

If a tree falls in the forest [closed]

The question of whether or not a tree that falls in the forest makes a sound - if there is nothing or no one around to hear it - comes up frequently at my house. So, my question is: is there any way ...
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610 views

Transmission of energy in medium and wave nature (periodicity)? [closed]

Is there any example of a transmission of energy in a medium that does not show wave nature?
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220 views

Lethality of sounds and extreme “loudness”

In theory, could pure sound be lethal? How loud would it have to be? Also, which events are the loudest in the universe, and how loud are they? I'm confining attention to events which occur regularly, ...
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188 views

Are waves on water an example of gauge invariance?

So: Is the close similarity of small waves crossing water of varying depths ("depth potentials") an example of an approximate gauge invariance? If so, do other "only the surface dynamics matter" ...
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40 views

Does there exist a hyperbolic relationship between frequency $\omega$ and wavenumber $k$?

As the title states, is it possible to derive a hyperbolic relationship in the form of $\frac{x^2}{a^2} - \frac{y^2}{b^2} = 1$ between frequency $\omega$ and wavenumber $k$ I have tried to start this ...
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54 views

Why is sometimes the wave function written as $\exp(i(\omega t-kz))$, so ωt and kz are switched?

Is it legitimate to write $-\exp(i(kz-\omega t))$ as $\exp(i(\omega t-kz))$?
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65 views

Doppler effect- will frequency continually decrease?

My problems: I know that when a person is moving away, the perceived frequency will be lower than the frequency of the source. However, in the question, if the person is moving away, the ...
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287 views

Can we explain Huygen's principle taking into account Maxwell's predictions?

Descartes gave the corpuscular model (1637) of light. Corpuscular model was further developed by Issac Newton. Model predicted that if the ray light (on refraction) bends towards the normal then the ...
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211 views

Does our existence cost us energy?

Anything when it needs to inform its presense such as electromagnetic presense of charged particles and gravitational presense of particles due to their mass does so by sending information of its ...
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4answers
3k views

Why is distance between two successive nodes equal to $\frac{1}{2} \lambda$ in standing wave

I'm reading my textbook and it says the distance between two successive nodes is equal to $\frac{1}{2} \lambda$ in standing wave. If $\lambda$ here means the wavelength of the standing wave ...
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900 views

Sine wave, $\pi$ and frequency

Please explain the relation $\sin(2\pi ft)$ such that how the $\pi$ (which is actually circumference/diameter of a circle) relates with the sine wave which is having a longitudinal vibration?
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144 views

Why frequency is inversely proportional to time-period?

Why frequency is inversely proportional to time-period? While studying about Fourier transform that shows frequency representation. A doubt that came to me was a set of signal with same wavelength ...
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1answer
184 views

Why Shock wave propagation is faster

From The Blast Wave A fraction of a second after a nuclear explosion, the heat from the fireball causes a high-pressure wave to develop and move outward producing the blast effect. The front of ...
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66 views

Why the crest of water absorb more light than the trough of water?

I have done my experiment using water ripple to study the behavior of waves. I know that the crest will absorb more light than the trough so that the image created on the white paper sheet appeared to ...
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356 views

Dispersion of Probability Wave Packets

A picture in my text book shows a three dimensional wave packet dispersing, "resulting from the fact that the phase velocity of the individual waves making up the packet depends on the wavelength of ...
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1answer
288 views

Does a football stadium wave satisfy the wave equation?

This is the wave by fans. Does it satisfy the wave equation?
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132 views

Messing with the past: Endless loop, or alternate timelines? [closed]

Let's take the following scenario: A person finds a time machine. He uses it to travel to the past, and kills his grandparents. Now because of this, his parents are never born, they do not ...
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3k views

Can the equation $v=\lambda f$ be made true even for non sinusoidal waves?

The known relation between the speed of a propagating wave, the wave length of the wave, and its frequency is $$v=\lambda f$$ which is always true for any periodic sinusoidal waves. Now consider: ...
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182 views

Standing Wave: How to show that $\frac{\mathrm df}{f}=0.5\frac{\mathrm dF}{F}$ where $f$ is frequency and $F$ is tension of the string?

How to do this? Show that if the tension $F$ in a string is changed by a small amount $\mathrm dF$, the fractional change in frequency of a standing wave, $\frac{\mathrm df}{f}$ is given by: ...
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28 views

Plane polarized light?

I have heard about plane polarized light: light wave which has vibration in one plane. My curiosity forces me to ask a doubt, is there any way to produce polarized light wave which has vibrations in ...
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1answer
65 views

Why is $B=\frac{1}{\omega} k\times E$?

Why can we derrive from $B=\frac{k}{\omega}|E|$ the formula $B=\frac{1}{\omega} k\times E$ ? Obviously, because they are perpendicular, but why is it mathematically legitimate?
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66 views

Coherent sources for interference

Regular interference pattern can be observed if the two wave sources are coherent. Two sources are coherent if they have the same frequency and constant phase difference. Could someone please ...
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174 views

Distance between Newton's Rings fringes is does not seem linear

On the outer edges of Newton Ring patterns, the fringes are really close together, and much more uneven. Also, the spacing does not seem to decrease linearly at all as you move from the center. Why is ...
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138 views

What is the theoretical/intutive meaning of $x(t) = x_0 \cos ( \omega t + f )$?

What is the meaning of $x(t)=x_0 \cos(\omega t+f)$, where $x_0$ is the amplitude, $\omega$ the angular frequency, $t$ time and $f$ the phase constant? I know how to solve the mathematical problems ...
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84 views

Are there any substances that allow sound to travel better then air? [closed]

The question is the same as the one I put in the title but here it is in more words. I was wondering if there were any substances that allowed sound to travel more efficiently. For example water is ...
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2answers
103 views

Is light electromagnetic waves or quantumn particle waves? [duplicate]

Is light electromagnetic waves or quantum physical particle waves. Or are they the same? Note: My question is specifically how electromagnetism plays into the quantum physics and the double slit ...
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1answer
408 views

Periodic Wave formula; need explanation? [closed]

I was listening to Quantum Mechanics lecture and there were wave explanation; to be exact it is periodic wave .. its formula is v (speed) = lambda (wavelength) X f (frequency cycles/second) the ...
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317 views

How do EM waves propagate?

I have read about this and what I surmise is that when charged particles such as electrons accelerate they produce time-varying electric fields. These E-fields produce H-fields and the process goes ...
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64 views

Relationship between tones made by a piano

If a piano were to be tuned perfectly with the equal temperament system, what would be the relationship between standing waves from one note to the next? How would the frequency and wavelength of ...
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221 views

The second resonance of string?

What is the relationship between "the second resonance " and string and the wavelength. Like in this question: if the length of the string is 2cm with second resonance, then what is wavelength?
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1answer
2k views

Will changing amplitude change the frequency? [closed]

Will changing the amplitude change the frequency of a wave, or is it possible for a specific frequency (50 Hz. for example) to generate from shifting amplitude patterns?
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1answer
12k views

how to determine the direction of a wave propagation?

In the textbook, it said a wave in the form $y(x, t) = A\cos(\omega t + \beta x + \varphi)$ propagates along negative $x$ direction and $y(x, t) = A\cos(\omega t - \beta x + \varphi)$ propagates along ...
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110 views

Why is the turbulent energy cascade described as function of a wavenumber?

In all the literature I've seen the turbulent energy spectrum described as $E(k)$ instead of $E(L)$, i.e. as a function of a wave number not eddy size. The connection via $k=2\pi/\lambda$ is clear, ...
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3answers
457 views

Conservation of energy with Huygens-Fresnel principle

I am currently experimenting with Huygens-Fresnel principle. I am trying to simulate the propagation of a beam, emerging from an aperture slot of width w. I assume the slot to be long and therefore ...
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2answers
219 views

Sound “exploding” in car's window at certain speed [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why, when one opens 1 car window, does that noise occur? My knowledge in this area is really out-of-dated and stopped somewhere like ten years ago. So I would like to ...
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2answers
1k views

What is the best material and design for building a parabolic dish?

I'm currently using a homemade metallic spaghetti strainer with a wifi adapter inside it to increase my wifi adapter's signal reception, but would think that a different material, like the aluminum ...
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1answer
389 views

Speed of Light, Photons or WaveSpeed?

The speed of light is almost 300 000 km/s. The photons have a speed along the wave, and the wave have a speed straight forwards. What is the speed of light? Is it the speed the photons have along ...
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35 views

What's the physical interpretation of an arbitrary normal mode for masses and springs?

Consider the following system consisting of 3 masses and 4 springs : I have learned that this system posseses three normal modes, corresponding to its three natural frequencies, say ...
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2answers
35 views

Is there a (cheap) optical resonance demonstration using visible light?

I'm looking for a impressive, inexpensive lecture demonstration of optical standing wave resonance. Preferably visible light. Can anyone suggest such a demo?
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46 views

Polarisation definition

What is more correct and what is the difference? Polarised waves are waves with vibrations in one direction perpendicular to energy propagation "vibrations in one plane" "vibrations in one direction ...
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1answer
94 views

What is matter made of in the light of Quantum Mechanics? [closed]

I've always wondered what matter (particles, force particles, etc.) was actually made of considering the fact that quantum mechanics has shown us that particles can actually act as a probabilistic ...
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1answer
27 views

Does the equation for a wave passing through two slits apply for particles as waves?

The standard equation for a wave travelling through a double-slit apparatus is $w=\dfrac{z\lambda}{d}$, where $w$ is the fringe spacing at the detector screen on the other side of the slits, $z$ is ...
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1answer
68 views

Sound Wave interference Experiment

I was wondering, can we use two sound sources so as to create a destructive interference at the position of a recorder at home? If possible, what is the easiest way?
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1answer
46 views

How to understand “the speed of propagation of the condition of constant phase”?

I still can't understand that the phase can be a constant until now. If the phase is constant, from the $$y(x,t) = a \times \sin(phase)$$ the shape of wave will be a line parallel to x-axis.But I ...
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1answer
36 views

Interaction of ocean waves and currents

I was on a small island recently near high tide. As the tide started to go out, a tidal pond emptied into the ocean through a narrow channel with a strong outgoing current. There was also wind on ...