The wavelength of a sinusoidal wave is the spatial period of the wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats, and the inverse of the spatial frequency or wavenumber. Determined by considering the distance between consecutive corresponding points of the same phase, such as crests. Use for ...

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1answer
68 views

De Broglie wave length of electron [closed]

Consider an electron with total energy $E>V_2$ in a potential well with $$V(x)= \begin{cases} \infty & x< 0 \\ V_1 & 0< x< L \\ V_2 & x>L \end{cases} ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Mathematical Relationship to find number of antinodes/nodes in a standing wave

So I have been learning about closed pipes (nodes at both ends), open pipes (antinodes at both ends) and open/closed pipes (node at one end and antinode on the other). I have also learnt that for a ...
0
votes
1answer
433 views

How does a longer wavelength penetrate deeper with Rayleigh waves?

I'm struggling slightly to understand this idea. I've slowly been building up an explanation, so at this stage it might be just some confirmation I'm looking for, but also some guidance if I'm off ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Calculating Natural Broadening of Emission Lines

I'm trying to demonstrate the small effect of Natural Broadening as compared to other types of broadening (Doppler, Stark, van der Waals, etc.) and my calculations don't match the accepted values. My ...
1
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2answers
31 views

Is optical path length (OPL) usually in units of length, or wavelength?

When I do calculations, I usually define optical path length (OPL) of a path as the integral of index $n$ along a path divided by the vacuum wavelength, so that I can get the phase easily. So for a ...
4
votes
3answers
86 views

What exactly is meant by the wavelength of a photon?

I've been thinking about this for quite some time, and from looking online I haven't found a satisfying answer. Lots of photons, such as visible-light photons have very small wavelength (which from ...
-1
votes
1answer
18 views

Standard green glass reflection and absorption rates by wavelength

Is there any exact data on reflection and absorption rates based on wavelength for the common green glass materials ? I know the rate itself is dependent of the angle, the exact composition of the ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Frequency shift in case of wind and no relative motion between observer and source

I've learned the following things about Doppler effect in the case of sound waves The Doppler effect formula is to be used in the air reference frame (where $v_{sound}=343 m/s$, at room temperature) ...
0
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0answers
28 views

Minimal size of an optical lens

Is the minimal size of an optical lens (diameter, width and curvature) limited by the wavelength of the incident light?
3
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1answer
126 views

Is meters per second equivalent to seconds per meter?

I know this question is probably ridiculous, but bear with me for a moment. This thought emerged while I was converting between nm and wave numbers ($\rm cm^{-1}$). In order to prove this conversion, ...
3
votes
0answers
88 views

Optics: finding total power of a system, including wavelength

Specifically I need to create an ABCD matrix given 2 radii of curvatures, the thickness of the lens, type of glass (BK7) and a given wavelength. I will have to figure this out eventually, so help ...
3
votes
3answers
70 views

Can sound travel in the form of transverse waves?

We all know that sound is a longitudinal wave but in some books, I have found that sound travels in the form of both longitudinal and transverse waves while passing through rocks. Can anybody explain ...
1
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0answers
32 views

Is measuring the speed of light using energy and wavelength cyclical?

I would like to measure the speed of light by directly measuring the frequency and wavelength of a light source. In order to determine the wavelength, I wanted to use a diffraction grating and the ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Situations in which there is path difference interference or formation of standing waves [closed]

I came up with a doubt about standing waves and path difference in general. Consider these two different cases as examples. If I have a rope fixed at one end and I make the free end oscillating, I ...
4
votes
4answers
177 views

How do light waves get their size?

An atom or (small) molecule has the size of about 100pm. Elektromagnetic waves range from about 0.1nm up to 1 km. The most common way waves (like light) are caused by 'jumping' electrons to another ...
0
votes
3answers
98 views

Explanation for the spectrum of the sun?

My Question is, why exactely does the intensity vanish below 240 nm ? If i look at the plank's law, obviously the intensity for $\lambda \rightarrow 0$ and $\lambda \rightarrow \infty$ will vanish, ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Reason for absorbance

First quoting the example which raised my curiosity"when light passes through polaroid it absorbs certain direction light rays" My question is how this phenomenon of absorbance occurs is this some ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Why does our eyes see red when exposed to too much light? [closed]

When I looked into my projector when it was on the blue screen it left a red spot in my vision. I should not have tried it but all the colors left a red spot. Why not a blue or yellow spot was left?
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Refractive index and color

Does the color of an object have anything to do with its refractive index, and if so, what is the relation? I tried googling this and searching through the questions on stack exchange, but I haven't ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Finding the exponent of $\lambda$ in Wien's displacement law

I am reading this paper on a short history of the $T^4$ radiation law. In particular, on page 5, By assuming that the wavelength of radiation emitted by a molecule was a function only of its ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

How do I find the constants in Cauchys equation for index of refraction for different wavelengths?

Im trying to find the indexes of refraction for my Dispersion of a Glass Prism lab. Specifically I need to use Cauchy's equation to find the index of refraction for different wavelengths. $$ n=a+\...
2
votes
4answers
598 views

Why does light bend?

I have just read about dispersion of light by a prism and the thing which i donnot understand is that WHY does the light bend at all? Through prisms and slabs? I came to know that red light has the ...
1
vote
3answers
434 views

What is the significance of wavelength when referring to light (in layman's terms)?

Without any equations or complex terminology, I simply want to understand in complete layman's terms what the significance of a single photon's wavelength is. People say that microwave radiation's ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

Is speed of sound really constant?

Does not speed of sound actually depend on the frequency and/or amplitude of the waves? If so, why it is constant?
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Will these two coherent electromagnetic waves be in phase?

My question is how will I know if two coherent electromagnetic waves are in phase based on their phase difference. I just solved a problem which stated... Two coherent sources A & B send ...
3
votes
2answers
306 views

Why does the length of a wind instrument affect it's pitch?

I understand how length of a string on any string instrument affects it's pitch, but I don't understand how a short wind instrument produces a high pitch.
5
votes
0answers
51 views

How was Fizeau able to measure interference fringes in his experiment of 1851?

I am wondering how Fizeau, in the famous experiment of 1851, was able to measure changes in the interference fringes given that he used Sun light. Sun light consists of all kinds of wave lengths and ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Finding Amplitudes of Resultant Mechanical Waves

Let's say I have two arbitrary mechanical waves $y_1$ and $y_2$ propagating on a string in the same direction. The waves $y_1$ and $y_2$ differ in phase by an arbitrary angle $\phi$ and the ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

What wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation are emitted by the LH2/LOX reaction?

Rocket engines such as the Rocketdyne Rocket System 68 and the Space Shuttle Main Engine use liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen as propellants. The exhaust from this type of engine is notable in ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Diffraction wavelength relationship [closed]

This question appears somewhat similar to other questions asking about why wavelength affects diffraction (a concept which I'm still not 100% sure on...) however my query is different and not answered ...
67
votes
8answers
83k views

Why does a remote car key work when held to your head/body?

I was trying to unlock my car with a keyfob, but I was out of range. A friend of mine said that I have to hold the transmitter next to my head. It worked, so I tried the following later that day: ...
4
votes
3answers
84 views

Where does the energy of a photon trying to escape a black hole go?

I've heard "light cannot escape a black hole" explained several ways. One is that if a photon inside the event horizon tries to escape a black hole it loses energy to gravity. As it loses energy its ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Detecting position of electrons [duplicate]

To detect particles like electrons, why would the accuracy of the position determined be affected by the wavelength of EM wave used?
0
votes
1answer
42 views

is there explicit eqution between radiation electromagnetic wave and accelerator a charge that has curve moving path?

i had a basis question i read a rule in electromagnetic when a charge is moving and it has accelerator it will emit electromagnetic wave. now i want to find a explicit equation that describe this rule ...
1
vote
2answers
268 views

Is light getting another color when travelling through a prism?

When white light travels through a prism the speed of this light is slowed down. Now there is a relation between speed of light, frequency and wavelength. So when a red light of 700nm enters a prism ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Harmonics and the frequencies

Let's say we had a pipe which was closed on one side and open on the other. We can find the wavelength for the first harmonic. To find the second harmonic we just add one more antinode and find a new ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Heisenberg theory of uncertainty

I was watching a video on YouTube about uncertainty theory of Heisenberg it said that there is a relation between momentum (multiple of mass and speed) and wave length. And the relation is that if ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

What is the relationship between the size of a slit and wavelength in diffraction? [duplicate]

Almost everywhere I see the statement that diffraction gets stronger when the size of the slit is comparable to the wavelength. I would just like to know the logic behind. Could anyone help me please? ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

Wavelength and Frequency (Wave travel)

It is true when a wave is traveling in a constant velocity, there is an inverse relationship between a wavelength and frequency. For example, if a wavelength is increasing, frequency should decrease ...
15
votes
7answers
3k views

Why is air invisible?

I think that something is invisible if it's isolated particles are smaller than the wavelength of visible light. Is this correct? Why is air invisible? What about other gases and fumes which are ...
3
votes
3answers
114 views

Can particles at rest have wave nature?

Can particles have wave nature even when they are at rest? I think this is possible due to the formation of standing waves
-1
votes
1answer
85 views

Characteristics of electromagnetic radiation

Is it possible to change the wavelength of an electromagnetic wave without a change of medium?
0
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3answers
625 views

Why does sound wave suffer more diffraction than light waves generally?

Why do sound waves suffer more diffraction than light waves generally ? I would like more of a logical explanation rather than mathematical .
1
vote
1answer
191 views

Quantum properties of objects with zero velocity

What would the Heisenberg uncertainty principle and De Broglie wavelength be for a baseball that is not moving (i.e has zero velocity)? Also, since macroscopic objects like baseballs have extremely ...
-1
votes
1answer
118 views

Is there any naturally occurring light wave with a constant frequency that has a terminable decimal. [closed]

I was wanting to think of a natural unit of time, if one exists, that is known exactly. I started thinking about it with the Voyager plaque and the 21 cm Hydrogen line (HL). When I looked into the HL, ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

Beating the Diffraction Limit with NSOM

I am trying to understand exactly why we can beat the diffraction limit when using near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM). For those who aren't familiar with NSOM, check out this article: ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Normal Modes for Standing Waves in 1-D Acoustic Ducts with Arbitrary (but real) Impedance Jumps

Let's say we have a 1-D duct, such as this: Where $Z_i \equiv \frac{P}{US}$ is the acoustic impedance, L is the length of the duct in question, and S is the area of the cross-section. In general, ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Blue hues in Aluminum mirror

[][] When depositing Aluminium sometimes I end up with a bluish hue to my film especially when changing angle of view. I use a very high rate of deposition and low temperature. What would cause this?
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Is frequency at normal inversely proprtional to wavelength?

since speed of sound is constant for normal conditions(conditions where speed of sound is normal) , can anybody provide me the mathametical proof of why frequency is linearly and inversely ...
1
vote
3answers
118 views

Can speed of light be $c$ in air or other medium?

I know that the speed of light in a vacuum is $c\sim 3\ 10^8\ \mathrm{m/s}$, but I also know that speed of light in a medium (e.g., air) is less than that in vacuum. Special relativity says that ...