The wavelength of a sinusoidal wave is the spatial period of the wave—the distance over which the wave's shape repeats, and the inverse of the spatial frequency or wavenumber. Determined by considering the distance between consecutive corresponding points of the same phase, such as crests. Use for ...

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34
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4answers
2k views

Are there any theoretical limits on the energy of a photon?

Is there any lower or upper limit on the energy of a photon? i.e. does the mathematical framework we currently use for Quantum Mechanics blow up when a photon surpasses a certain upper limit of energy?...
9
votes
2answers
379 views

Wavelength used in manufacturing of integrated circuits (IC)

How is it that the silicon ICs industry can burn ICs of a dozen nanometers using photolytography with UV laser of about 193 nanometers? Since the gates are smaller than the wavelength, for example 22&...
0
votes
1answer
207 views

Why EM waves with long wave length traveles long distance cmpared to EM waves of smaller wave length? [closed]

Most of the times i was told with an example that police uses red light because they travel large distance than compared to blue or green or other wave lengths ? ...
1
vote
1answer
444 views

If wave speed is dependent on medium only, then how to reconcile $v\propto f$?

I have read and learnt in many places that velocity of a wave depends only on the medium through which it travels. It is clear from this that the velocity of a wave doesn't depend on the frequency of ...
0
votes
1answer
421 views

How does a longer wavelength penetrate deeper with Rayleigh waves?

I'm struggling slightly to understand this idea. I've slowly been building up an explanation, so at this stage it might be just some confirmation I'm looking for, but also some guidance if I'm off ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Can a phase array evoke a standing wave at a focal point that has a much higher frequency that the constituent emitted frequencies?

This is a phased array: How can you focus sound? It can focus many waves of weak radio wave or light into a single focal point that's very strong. Now imagine that we delay half of the emitters by ...
0
votes
0answers
75 views

Ultrasonic cascade sonotrode design question

I wish to experiment with a cascade sonotrode =||<[]-[]==[[]]==[[]]==[[]].. <-something like this. -=||<[]- is the transducer. [large]=small=[large] (small and large diameters) Typically, ...
1
vote
3answers
109 views

How can frequency be constant during refraction? [duplicate]

When entering from a rarer to a denser medium, the speed of light decreases.I know that the frequency remains constant.But if frequency is cycles/sec then doesn't that mean more speed will lead to ...
3
votes
3answers
672 views

Relation between wavelength and system size

We always say that when a given light wave interacts with atoms bound in a molecule, only waves with wavelength close to the inter-atomic-spacing are able to probe the system. In other context (...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Is there no way to create an arbitrary wave on a string fixed at two ends?

My question concern standing waves on a string with 2 fixed end. As there is one wave created, it will be reflected when it reaches one end and create another identical wave with opposite direction ...
1
vote
0answers
285 views

Minimum spread of frequency and wavelength in neodymium laser

What is the equation linking the minimum spread in wavelength and frequency of a pulsed laser, in relation to the lasers pulse time and operational wavelength. For example: If a Neodymium laser ...
-1
votes
1answer
42 views

Question regarding frequency of pendulum while it is stopping

As a pendulum stops, the frequency increases, but of course the pendulum stops. So does the frequency increase so much that it... turns to 0? Or does this have to do with wavelength or speed?
1
vote
2answers
65 views

Do I need to convert units to be compatible with constants?

I want to calculate the wavelength of radiation given its energy. I know I need to use $E=h f$ and $f = c / \lambda$. All I'm given is $E = 20 \text{ keV}$, now my true question is: Do I use $E = ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Fresnel equations of reflection applied to microparticles

I wanted to know if the Fresnel equations of reflection, as described here, can be used to calculate the reflectance on the interface of particles which have a diameter near the size of the wavelength ...
0
votes
1answer
310 views

Error propagation from frequency to wavelength

I have measured a value for a frequency of $1.07 \times 10^{10} \pm 5 \times 10^7) \text{ Hz}$. Obviously it is very simple to find the wavelength from this frequency value, which I have (using $c=2....
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Unusual waves and one of its parameter

I'm messing up with this java app on the web about waves on a string and i'm really curious about something. The java app is the following : http://phet.colorado.edu/sims/wave-on-a-string/...
1
vote
2answers
253 views

Is there a relation between music chords and visible light palette [closed]

Ok I have no idea if this is the right stackexchange so if you know who would know please tell me :) In music there are groups of notes that, when played togheter, are basis to harmony. Since both ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Question about wavelength of EM wave in dielectric

Many websites (http://maxwells-equations.com/materials/permittivity.php) lists out the following formula as to how you can compute the wavelength of an EM wave in a dielectric $$\lambda_d = \lambda_o/...
0
votes
2answers
324 views

A simple quantum mechanics question [closed]

Here is the problem: Find the energy of neutron, electron and electromagnetic waves of wavelength 0.1nm. English is my second language, so I am kind of confused about the meaning of problem ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

What is energy of light, as we know speed of light?

1.What is total energy of EM waves, as all got same speed? If two em waves has same energy, do they have same mass? If same mass and energy, do they have same frequency or wavelength still ...
0
votes
3answers
5k views

Why frequency is inversely proportional to time-period?

Why frequency is inversely proportional to time-period? While studying about Fourier transform that shows frequency representation. A doubt that came to me was a set of signal with same wavelength but ...
1
vote
3answers
156 views

Thought experiment about wavelength of light through a medium [duplicate]

Though the physical concepts and mathematics are highly rudimentary, I often try to comprehend exactly why light wants to keep it's frequency, yet alter it's wavelength as it travels through a medium, ...
0
votes
0answers
129 views

Which wavelength of light can reflect easiest on any material?

What I know is, when wave has long wavelength it tend to penetrate matter. While a short wavelength tend to be absorbed So what is the medium value of wavelength has most probability to reflect? And ...
5
votes
2answers
419 views

Where does de Broglie wavelength $\lambda=h/p$ for massive particles come from?

I'm curious where the de Broglie relation $p=\frac{h}{\lambda}$ comes from? I know that for light (which has no rest mass), the following is true: $E=pc$ and $E=hf$ so, $$pc=hf \Rightarrow p=\...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

What causes an increase in sound speed in a medium?

Its an established fact that increase in the temperature causes increase in speed of sound waves but what is the property which is changed by changing temperature ? Does frequency and wavelength get ...
0
votes
1answer
127 views

Propagation of sound waves and monopole

While it is understood that in order for the acoustic waves to reach far field the wavelength should be less than the characteristic length of the source, I am not able to physically understand how? ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

Why do we perceive a colour?

White/yellow light hits a red case, and the red color is reflected into our eyes, since other wavelengths are absorbed. My question is: since both the paint on the case and the white light have ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Police laser speed detection guns

Situation Police shooting a laser device into his rearview mirror, bouncing off the oncoming car license plate. I want to know if this second surface mirror, and the symmetric system--laser gun to ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Why does frequency increase as the length of an open air column shortens?

I am curious as to why the frequency of a wavelength increases as an open air column becomes smaller in length. Is it because an open air column will always contain half a wavelength, therefore if the ...
1
vote
3answers
256 views

How damaging is light? [closed]

On Surely You're Joking Mr Feynman, when talking about the Trinity test, the author states: the only thing that could really hurt your eyes (bright light can never hurt your eyes) is ultraviolet ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

Is the frequency of light restricted?

What are the factors that limit the frequency of light? Can it have wavelengths ranging between zero and infinity?
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Color in Different media

When a light wave passes from one medium to other, the wavelength of the light wave changes and the frequency remains constant. If then color of the light waves depends on changing wavelength or ...
28
votes
9answers
29k views

Why does wavelength affect diffraction?

I have seen many questions of this type but I could nowhere find the answer to "why". I know this is a phenomenon which has been seen and discovered and we know it happens and how it happens. But my ...
-1
votes
1answer
95 views

light color and refraction

I'm a bit confused on the topic of refraction, some starting premises: 1) When light refracts from exiting a medium with a low n and entering a medium with high n the light bends. 2) The index of ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Problem with plane mirror focal length thoery: Is the focal length actually infinite?

We all learned that the focal length of plane mirrors is considered to be infinite, as the radius of curvature is infinite. However, imagine this scenario: You have a perfectly flat (no one get mad, ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

What does the size of an object have to do with it's color?

Stephen Hawking mentions in his book 'A Brief History of Time' that quarks are much smaller than the wavelength of visible light so they do not have any color in the normal sense. What exactly does ...
2
votes
1answer
237 views

Why is water blue (on a quantum level)

OK, lets formulate it differently and say water works as a blue passing / red restricting filter. It is actually observable. Just do a dive in a swimming pool with white light (maybe even at night) ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Why doesn't De Broglie's wave equation work for photons?

Well, as I am learning about quantum physics, one of the first topics I came across was De Broglie's wave equation. $$\frac{h}{mc} = \lambda$$ As is obvious, it relates the wavelength to the mass of ...
0
votes
3answers
126 views

Could this suggest that there is a wavelength smaller than Planck's?

Suppose the earth receives a photon with a wavelength $\gamma_1$. Since spacetime is expanding, we know that this photon had an original wavelength $\gamma_2$, such that $\gamma_2\lt\gamma_1$. This is ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

Snells Law: Does the $k$ vector change on the boundary between mediums?

I was using Waves - Berkley Physics Volume III, and in explaining Snell's Law the author claims that as a wave is on the boundary between glass and air (going from glass to air) that the number of ...
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Compton Wavelength

I have the formula for Compton wavelength: $$\lambda_{c}= \frac{h}{m_{0}c}$$ In this equation, is $m_0$ the mass of the electron that the photon hit? I got online that this might be the photon rest ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the symbol Å?

I saw this symbol like: $$\lambda=3000\overset{\circ}{\text{A}}$$ and I don't know what this means. Is it a frequency? (since $\lambda$ is usually used for frequency)
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Diffraction, wave length

I read that when we want to study the structure of a crystal we have to use an electromagnetic wave which has a wave length of approximately the distance between two consecutive atoms in the crystal. ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Why does diffraction depend on wavelength? [closed]

We've all heard of the diffraction of radio waves over a mountain and the diffraction of water waves through a gap, but why does this effect depend on wavelength? I'm looking for as simple answer as ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Are small speakers inherently limited to higher frequencies?

I am hoping to build a subwoofer using multiple smaller speakers (165mm) instead of a single larger speaker (380mm). My theory is that the displaced air volume is what matters, not the individual ...
2
votes
1answer
566 views

Red color has largest wavelenght and violet minimum (in the range of visible light). then why does violet light appears reddish? RED + BLUE = VIOLET [duplicate]

My question is simple. Green light is more similar to red light than violet, then why is violet reddish and green not? in the language of frequencies and wavelengths, red and violet should contrast ...
0
votes
2answers
400 views

What is the reason behind why a quantum particle cannot be at rest?

So I've seen different reasonings for this; which is correct, or are they both corollaries of each other? 1) For a particle to be at rest, we would know its momentum and therefore by Heisenberg's ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Calculating the energy of an electron given the wavelength

Okay, so I know that the wavelength of an electron is 5e-7m and I am asked to calculate its minimum velocity and hence minimum energy. Calculating the minimum ...
67
votes
8answers
80k views

Why does a remote car key work when held to your head/body?

I was trying to unlock my car with a keyfob, but I was out of range. A friend of mine said that I have to hold the transmitter next to my head. It worked, so I tried the following later that day: ...
1
vote
3answers
470 views

Intuitive understanding of wavelength

Light is described as having wavelength. I can somewhat understand this in connection with for example the double slit experiment, that photons interact spatially in a wave like manner. But can the ...