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21
votes
8answers
1k views

Why does wavelength affect diffraction?

I have seen many questions of this type but I could nowhere find the answer to "why". I know this is a phenomenon which has been seen and discovered and we know it happens and how it happens. But my ...
-1
votes
1answer
23 views

light color and refraction

I'm a bit confused on the topic of refraction, some starting premises: 1) When light refracts from exiting a medium with a low n and entering a medium with high n the light bends. 2) The index of ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Problem with plane mirror focal length thoery: Is the focal length actually infinite?

We all learned that the focal length of plane mirrors is considered to be infinite, as the radius of curvature is infinite. However, imagine this scenario: You have a perfectly flat (no one get mad, ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What does the size of an object have to do with it's color?

Stephen Hawking mentions in his book "A Brief History of Time' that quarks are much smaller than the wavelength of visible light so they do not have any color in the normal sense. What exactly does ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

Why is water blue (on a quantum level)

OK, lets formulate it differently and say water works as a blue passing / red restricting filter. It is actually observable. Just do a dive in a swimming pool with white light (maybe even at night) ...
2
votes
1answer
267 views

Why doesn't De Broglie's wave equation work for photons?

Well, as I am learning about quantum physics, one of the first topics I came across was De Broglie's wave equation. $$\frac{h}{mc} = \lambda$$ As is obvious, it relates the wavelength to the mass of ...
0
votes
3answers
98 views

Could this suggest that there is a wavelength smaller than Planck's?

Suppose the earth receives a photon with a wavelength $\gamma_1$. Since spacetime is expanding, we know that this photon had an original wavelength $\gamma_2$, such that $\gamma_2\lt\gamma_1$. This is ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Can temperature affect or change the wavelength or frequency of EMR?

If we were to emit Electro Magnetic Radiation(X-rays for example) to a very hot body such as the sun would we still get X-rays if we had a capturing device at the other end or would the high ...
0
votes
3answers
66 views

Compton Wavelength

I have the formula for Compton wavelength: $$\lambda_{c}= \frac{h}{m_{0}c}$$ In this equation, is $m_0$ the mass of the electron that the photon hit? I got online that this might be the photon rest ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the symbol Å?

I saw this symbol like: $$\lambda=3000\overset{\circ}{\text{A}}$$ and I don't know what this means. Is it a frequency? (since $\lambda$ is usually used for frequency)
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Diffraction, wave length

I read that when we want to study the structure of a crystal we have to use an electromagnetic wave which has a wave length of approximately the distance between two consecutive atoms in the crystal. ...
1
vote
1answer
129 views

Why does diffraction depend on wavelength? [closed]

We've all heard of the diffraction of radio waves over a mountain and the diffraction of water waves through a gap, but why does this effect depend on wavelength? I'm looking for as simple answer as ...
7
votes
1answer
161 views

Are small speakers inherently limited to higher frequencies?

I am hoping to build a subwoofer using multiple smaller speakers (165mm) instead of a single larger speaker (380mm). My theory is that the displaced air volume is what matters, not the individual ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Red color has largest wavelenght and violet minimum (in the range of visible light). then why does violet light appears reddish? RED + BLUE = VIOLET [duplicate]

My question is simple. Green light is more similar to red light than violet, then why is violet reddish and green not? in the language of frequencies and wavelengths, red and violet should contrast ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

What is the perceived color of a D-illuminant?

I am implementing a software that simulates the color of the sky. To do this, I use a model that takes as input the sun position and returns the Yxy components of a D-illuminant for each point of the ...
0
votes
2answers
139 views

What is the reason behind why a quantum particle cannot be at rest?

So I've seen different reasonings for this; which is correct, or are they both corollaries of each other? 1) For a particle to be at rest, we would know its momentum and therefore by Heisenberg's ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Calculating the energy of an electron given the wavelength

Okay, so I know that the wavelength of an electron is 5e-7m and I am asked to calculate its minimum velocity and hence minimum energy. Calculating the minimum ...
49
votes
8answers
9k views

Why does a remote car key work when held to your head/body?

I was trying to unlock my car, but I was out of range. A friend of mine said that I have to hold the transmitter next to my head. It worked, so I tried the following later that day: Walked away from ...
1
vote
3answers
98 views

Intuitive understanding of wavelength

Light is described as having wavelength. I can somewhat understand this in connection with for example the double slit experiment, that photons interact spatially in a wave like manner. But can the ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Resampling spectral data?

I want to use the CIE CMFs (Color Matching Functions) provided here: http://www.cvrl.org/cmfs.htm With data from my spectrometer in 10 nm increments. However, the CMFs are only provided at 5 nm ...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

Is the frequency/wavelength of light modified when multiple light sources are combined?

Let's say I light a wall with two spotlights: One red and one green one. Where they overlap, I'll see a yellow area at the wall. My question is, whether this is caused by an modification of the ...
7
votes
4answers
194 views

What {R,G,B} values would represent a 445nm monochrome lightsource color on a computer monitor?

Is it possible to answer my question definitely (assuming the monitor is perfect)? What would be the formula for calculating RGB values for a visible monochrome light with given wavelength?
0
votes
1answer
82 views

What does (simple) $j/cm^2$ represent AND how does this result $6.959j/cm^2$? [closed]

According to the image shown below, this specific Laser Hair Treatment device claims that it has a concentration of $6.959 j/cm^2$. So far by research I have found that it needs around $6\mbox{ to }7 ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Spreading UV light? Fresnel lenses?

I'm making a little UV exposure box and I'm looking for a way to evenly spread out the UV light. I've used Fresnel lenses to do just this in the past, but that was for visible light. But from what ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Too small error on the calculus of wavelenght

I have this function: $$\lambda=d \sin(\arctan(\frac{x}{z}))$$ and I want to find its absolute error. $d$ is a constant ($10^{-6}$), $x =(0.716 \pm 0.001)$ m, and $z=(1.000 \pm 0.001) $ m. For the ...
1
vote
1answer
435 views

What is limiting line in series spectrum?

The wavelength of first line in the Balmer Series is 'whatever(in nm)' . Calculate the wavelength of the second line and the 'limiting line' in the Balmer Series. I found this question in an ...
0
votes
2answers
162 views

Change in Wavelength of a Photon Relation to Energy (specifically Compton Effect)

Given a photon dropping from $\lambda_1$ to $\lambda_2$, its energy will drop from $\frac{hc}{(\lambda_1)}$ to $\frac{hc}{(\lambda_2)}$. However, I was wondering if there is any significance in the ...
4
votes
2answers
105 views

Diffraction pattern when wavelength tends to zero

While studying about Fresnel and Fraunhofer diffraction, I came across a statement which says that the fringes disappears and the image would take on the limiting shape of the aperture when wavelength ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Radar as range detector between cars-static sender vs dynamic sender

Say I have a radar transmitter on a car,used to detect its distance from a car in front of it by measuring the doppler shift on the reflected wave. i.e Car 1 is the source, its wave gets reflected by ...
1
vote
2answers
190 views

How is wavelength actually related to space (/distance)?

Is a photon of 400nm in wavelength "smaller" than a photon of 1km in wavelegth?
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Relationship between tones made by a piano

If a piano were to be tuned perfectly with the equal temperament system, what would be the relationship between standing waves from one note to the next? How would the frequency and wavelength of ...
0
votes
1answer
114 views

What is the wave length of the entire universe?

In quantum physics, particles are also waves. Larger particles have shorter wave lengths, and macroscopic objects have extremely short wave lengths so that the wave aspect can be ignored, and ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Radio antennas that are much shorter than the wavelength

From my limited experience with ham radio when I was a kid, I expect transmitting and receiving antennas to have lengths that are on the same order of magnitude as the wavelength, and in fact I recall ...
4
votes
1answer
601 views

Is the de Broglie wavelength of a photon equal to the EM wavelength of the radiation?

Is the de Broglie (matter) wavelength $\lambda=\frac{h}{p}$ of a photon equal to the electromagnetic wavelength of the radiation? I guess yes, but how come that photons have both a matter wave and an ...
0
votes
0answers
50 views

How does QED deal with wavelength of quanta [duplicate]

Since QED treats photons as individual units (quanta) how does it treat the concept of the "wavelength" associated with the photon?
6
votes
2answers
2k views

De Broglie wavelength, frequency and velocity - interpretation

Two fundamental equations regarding wave-particle duality are: $$ \lambda = \frac{h}{p}, \\ \nu = E/h .$$ We talk about de Broglie wavelength, is it meaningful to talk about de Broglie frequency ...
1
vote
1answer
457 views

Finding the wavelength of an electron in its ground state?

To find the wavelength of an electron in its ground state in a hydrogen atom, would I or could I do the following? Use the ground state energy (-13.6eV) in $E^2 = m^2c^4 + p^2c^2$ Solve for $p$ Use ...
2
votes
1answer
209 views

Understanding de Broglie Wavelengths

I understand the derivation and calculation of de Broglie wavelengths, but what exactly does the wave of a particle represent? What does the wavelength of a particle mean? I'm assuming it's not the ...
3
votes
2answers
548 views

How does the wavelength change in relativistic limit?

In the text, it reads that the momentum of a particle will change if it is moving at speed close to light speed. In the general case, the wavelength is given as $$ \lambda = \frac{h}{p} $$ and $$p ...
0
votes
0answers
136 views

Are EM waves scattered the most when the wavelength and the obstacle have a similar size?

I heard that when the wavelength and obstacle are similar in size, the scattering is the greatest. Is this true?
2
votes
2answers
887 views

Why does Planck's law for black body radiation have that bell-like shape?

I'm trying to understand Planck's law for the black body radiation, and it states that a black body at a certain temperature will have a maximum intensity for the emission at a certain wavelength, and ...
1
vote
0answers
407 views

How does a Fresnel rhomb work (half and quarter wave plate)?

How does a Fresnel rhomb work (half and quarter wave plate)? I am aware of birefringence, which creates a phase shift of $\Delta\phi=\dfrac{2\pi\Delta nL}{\lambda_0}$. But this doesn't explain how a ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Holograms? Sci Fi or future fact?

Based on how light behaves when it passes through mediums, i.e. the wavelength of light changes when it passes through mediums of different refractive indexes, wouldn't it be possible to convert ...
5
votes
2answers
466 views

If photons move linearly, what's actually stopping them from passing through a microwave oven mesh?

So, my understanding is that the wavelength of a photon is the distance traveled in the time it takes it's magnetic field to oscillate. And it's inversely proportional to it's energy and it's ...
1
vote
1answer
723 views

De broglie equation

What is the de Broglie wavelength? Also, does the $\lambda$ sign in the de Broglie equation stand for the normal wavelength or the de Broglie wavelength? If $\lambda$ is the normal wavelength of a ...
-1
votes
2answers
8k views

Relationship between frequency and wavelength [closed]

I am currently writing up a report for science class on the relationship between frequency and wavelength. And so I was wondering if anyone knew where I could find published results (literature value) ...
3
votes
3answers
801 views

Why aren't the graphs for black body radiation straight lines?

We know that a wave which has greater frequency will have low wavelength and high energy. So, by decreasing the wavelength, the frequency and consequently energy (intensity) of that wave will increase ...
7
votes
3answers
965 views

Does light change color on its way through a window? [duplicate]

Looking at the refractive index of glass, it's around $1.6$. Then the speed of light $x$ through light should be given by $$ 1.6 = \frac{3.0\times10^8}{x}, $$ so $x$ is about ...
-1
votes
1answer
137 views

Are the speeds of the different wavelengths of visible light different or varying in a medium such as air?

Are the speeds of the different wavelengths of visible light different or varying in a medium such as air? If so, please inform by how much? Also, even if the wavelength speeds vary minimally, please ...
0
votes
2answers
254 views

Wavelength comparison of two waves

Is there any non-digital (naturally existing) mechanism to compare two or more waves in such a way: ...