# Tagged Questions

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### Is the EmDrive, or “Relativity Drive” possible?

In 2006, New Scientist magazine published an article titled Relativity drive: The end of wings and wheels1 [1] about the EmDrive [Wikipedia] which stirred up a fair degree of controversy and some ...
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### Reconciling total internal reflection and the evanescent Wave

I understand that light is guided in a dielectric waveguide via total internal reflection. My question is regarding the origin of power contained in the evanescent field traveling along the direction ...
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### Fiber optics with broadband, incoherent light

I wonder if someone could help clarify waveguiding with broadband, incoherent light please. If we take a telecomms fiber, which is single-moded above ~1.4 μm and couple a laser beam in, we assume ...
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### EmDrive Cavity modes

The EMDrive described in patent application GB 2493361 is a simple section of a sphere surrounded by a superconducting cooling system. I have attempted to solve the oscillation modes possible and ...
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### Waveguides (in the ocean?)

The speed of sound in the ocean is given by $$c_s(\theta,z) = 1450 + 4.6\theta - 0.055\theta^2 + 0.016z$$ $\theta$ is the temperature in degrees celcius, and $z$ is the depth. In a simplified model, ...
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### Optical waveguide that can displace a 4D light field

Has anyone invented an optical waveguide that can "pipe" a scene from one place to another unaltered? More precisely, I want to displace (and/or rotate) a 4D light field. An optical waveguide is an ...
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### What is the meaning of the Fourier Transform of the electric field of a well guided mode in a dielectric waveguide?

I have been studying waveguiding in dielectrics for a while now; however, I cannot understand the meaning of the Fourier transformed electric field. I will first give some background information. ...
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### Sequence of Transmission Lines [closed]

This is in relation to a practice question I was doing. I believe I'm aware of the theory surrounding the question - I'm just not sure how I can actually get the answer that the question is looking ...
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### Why is Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) preferred over Erbium Doped Waveguide Amplifier (EDWA)?

Why is Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) preferred over Erbium Doped Waveguide Amplifier (EDWA)? The question has been asked from an engineering point of view, but obviously I would also be ...
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### Can someone prove that the $\tilde{E}$ and $\tilde{H}$ fields in a waveguide looks as pictured?

Hi, I'm trying to use the solution to the wave's equation in a rectangular waveguide for $\tilde{E}$ and $\tilde{H}$ to show how I can get the above picture. For example, why is the magnetic field ...
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### In a waveguide, where does the energy in attenuated waves go?

In an electromagnetic waveguide, there is generally a "cutoff frequency." Electromagnetic waves with a frequency that is lower than this cutoff frequency will not propagate at all -- i.e., they will ...
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### Transmission of light, sub-wavelength apertures, and cut-off frequencies

I was hoping someone could please explain how the transmission of light through a sub-wavelength aperture in a metal film, at a particular wavelength, changes when the aperture is: i) above cut-off ...
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### Wavelength and Frustum shaped resonant cavity

Given a right conical frustum resonator top radius r, bottom radius R and height h, what is the relationship of the wavelength w that we wish to create resonance with, to r, R, and h? Assume for now ...
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### How to block coupling between adjacent waveguides?

I have a number of nonlinear waveguides, say six. I don't want coupling between specific two waveguides. Other than keeping them large distance away, what are the other possibilities to ensure no ...
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### Optical Waveguides with grating

I have some problems about mode analysis in grating-coupled waveguides,Would you please introduce me a useful book about wave propagation in these structures.
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### Electric Field in Circular waveguide in TE mode

I know that the magnetic field inside a circular waveguide is $B_z=B_0\dfrac{\rho}{R}\left(1-\dfrac{\rho}{2R}\right)\cos{\phi}\sin{\frac{\pi z}{d}}$ How can I find the two components of the electric ...
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### Increase Phase Velocity by Losing Power

I just read some words from the book Optical Waveguide Theory by Snyder, Allan W., p226. It says that However, although it is possible for the phase velocity of a mode to exceed the maximum speed ...
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### Can one make a propagating field along a waveguide only have longitudinal/transverse components?

We know that in free space, a propagating electromagnetic wave is always transverse. However, along a dielectric waveguide, the propagating wave can have longitudinal components. The exist of the ...
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### Distance between minima's of standing wave in a wave guide

I just started studying waveguides, i have a basic doubt about the standing wave pattern in waveguide. How are the m,n values related to the distance between the minima's? I read in a book that , ...
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### Computing the Electric and Magnetic Field Distribution of a Funnel Waveguide

In our undergraduate E&MWaves class, we learned about a rectangular waveguide, and how to calculate the electric and magnetic field distribution throughout the waveguide using finite element ...
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### Longitudinal EMAG wave?

I'm reading about optical waveguide analysis, and often come across the terms "transverse electric mode" vs. "transverse magnetic mode". As I unerstand, it means that the electric/magnetic field has ...
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### Why is signal bad in a tunnel?

Consider this: you are driving through a tunnel listening to your AM radio and a GPS, all of the sudden AM radio has nothing but statics and your GPS says "reconnecting - please hold". You say to ...
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### Wave guide boundary conditions

Why only the normal component of Electric field and the parallel component of Magnetic field exist at the surface of a wave guide or any conductor?
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### Why are waveguide fields not infinite?

I was reading The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Volume II, when I got to the section on waveguides. Toward the end, Feynman uses the concept of an infinite number of alternating line sources to explain ...
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### Which waveguide mode will be excited by circularly polarized laser mode $\mathrm{TEM}_{00}$ entering hollow fiber?

Linearly polarized Gaussian mode $\mathrm{TEM}_{00}$ mode, would couple into HE modes of circular hollow fiber. Which modes would circular polarized beam excite entering hollow circular fiber ?
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### Is the acceleration and deceleration of a wave instantanious?

When an light travels in free space, it has a velocity of propagation equal to the speed of light. However, then the light enters a medium with a refractive index of n, the velocity of propagation ...
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### Do Conch shell horns produce infrasound?

I was just reading an article about some guys at Stanford playing with ancient conch shell horns: http://news.stanford.edu/news/2011/february/conch-acoustic-musicians-020711.html They mention feeling ...
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### Ultrasound in hollow tube

Ultrasound in pulse-echo mode (reflection from air-water interface) is used to measure the level in a tank filled with water. Since the level is several meters, a hollow steel tube is used to ...
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### trouble calculating dispersion curve for TE Mode symmetrical step-index waveguides

I'm trying to work on a problem where I'm needing to show the dispersion curves for a slab waveguide. I'm given the refactive index of the core, $n_1$, the refractive index of the cladding, $n_2$, the ...
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### Reflection coefficient of transition coaxial and wave guide

Suppose you have a 1 GHz generator connected to a wave guide with a coaxial cable with a characteristic impedance of $Z_c =45 \Omega$. The wave guide is connected to the system which has a reflection ...
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### how do hybrid plasmonic waveguides work?

I was hoping that someone could clarify the operation of hybrid plasmonic waveguides for me. what I read on wikipedia left me with some questions: If the operation is based on coupling the ...
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### Why are photonics fibers called band gap fiber?

Why are photonics fibers called band gap fibers? Do the photonic fibers guide light inside the band gap or outside? What creates the band structure?
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### Why you need at least two conductors for Transverse electromagnetic (TEM) propagation in a waveguide?

Do the two conductors have to be separated (no current flowing) or 2 connected lines? Of course both connected to a generator? Thinking about the Maxwell equations I guess the 2 conductors are ...
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### phase velocity in dielectric lined waveguide

I want to simply calculate the phase velocity of a mode in a dielectric loaded waveguide but am having difficulty arriving at a sensible answer. Here I consider only a TM mode. The problem is ...
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### Transverse electromagnetic (TEM) mode waveguide

Suppose we have a parallel plate waveguide operating solely in the TEM mode, composed of perfect conductors. I understand that the electric field must terminate perpendicularly on the plates, where a ...
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### Wave propagation in micro strip waveguide

I am trying to understand wave propagation in micro-strip waveguide, the way i came to understand rectangular waveguide is this way (in brief): EM waves can be understood as reflecting from the ...
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### calculate the length and width a of waveguide for a span of frequency

I know how to calculate the length and width of a rectangular waveguide when the cut off frequency is given. But when a span of frequency is given how do we calculate it? Here what is given by a span ...
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### Dispersion relation in wave guides

I am reading Griffiths section 9.5. Assume that wave guides are surrounded by perfect conductors, and geometry is $z$-independent, as in the text. I understand he proved that in a hollow wave guide, ...
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### How can electric and magnetic fields have any component in the direction of propagation of electromagnetic waves?

In case of waveguides we talk about $E$ and $H$ having non zero component in the direction of propagation of wave. But the entire basis of EMW is that $E$ and $H$ are perpendicular to the direction of ...
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### Coaxial waveguide - wave impedance

Determine the capacity $C$ per $m$, the inductance $L$ per m and the wave impedance $Z_0$ for a coaxial waveguide with inner radius $a$ and outer radius $b$. How large would $b$ have to be so ...