A complex scalar field that describes a quantum mechanical system. The square of the modulus of the wave function gives the probability of the system to be found in a particular state.

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214 views

Integers, Energy levels, and wavenumbers for a particle in a 2D box

(This question is not about coding) I have built a little code in Python that allows the user to plot the energy vs the wave number of particle in a 2D box, depending on what values for the integers ...
3
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3answers
496 views

Is the wave function of a particle re-created after a measurement stops?

Yeah, I haven't quite understood, or been told, what happens to, for example an electron and it's wavefunction, when you stop to measure it? I mean, an electron has a wave function describing it's ...
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2answers
295 views

A difference between Plane Wave and Collimated?

Collimation is clearly in reference to ray($\vec{k}_{xy}$ vector) orientation unlike waterfront continuity( $\phi_{xy}$ phase shift) described by plane-wave. Not to say that one is not directly ...
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1answer
91 views

Can the wavefunction of a system be reconstructed from density matrices of subsystems?

Suppose we have several interacting particles in pure state $\left|\psi\right>$. For each of particles we can extract density matrices via $$\rho_i(x_i,x_i^\prime)=\int ...
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0answers
29 views

The influence of the expanding universe on the wave function

I was puzzled by a question on a physics fora about a possible connection between the expansion of the universe and the wave function. So, a photon's red shift tells us something about the expansion, ...
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2answers
270 views

General wavefunction and Schrödinger Equation

I'm starting with quantum mechanics and the book I follow (Griffiths) first introduces the wavefunction as the probability density of the position of a 0-spin single particle. Later on I've realized ...
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1answer
117 views

Can general wavefunctions be expressed as kets?

I am confused on bra-ket notation in quantum mechanics. My professor says that a ket is an eigenfunction of some operator. However, for some time now I thought a ket could represent a general ...
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1answer
156 views

Notation in Quantum Mechanics

When we write equations in QM, in certain places, the wave function is represented as $\psi(x,t)$, which is the wave function in position space, and in some other places, it is written as $\Psi(t)$. ...
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1answer
487 views

Wave packets and the derivation of Schrodinger's equation

I studied in my class, that a plane progressive wave cannot be used to represent the wave nature of a particle as it is not square integrable. Also, the phase velocity can get above the value of $c$, ...
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1answer
228 views

Probability in Quantum Mechanics: General

How do I find the most probable value of position of a (non-Gaussian) wave function? Is it the same value as the expectation value of the position? And is it true that the most probable value of ...
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2answers
240 views

Bloch wave function orthonormality?

there is this text book that is giving me a hard time for a while now: It shows that Bloch wave functions can be written as $$\Psi_{n\vec{k}}\left(\vec{r}\right) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{V}}e^{i\vec k \vec ...
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1answer
1k views

Ground State Wavefunction of Two Particles in a Harmonic Oscillator Potential

Question: Two identical, non-interacting spin-$1/2$ particles are in a 1D Harmonic Oscillator Potential. Their Hamiltonian is given by ...
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1answer
107 views

Product of position eigenvectors at different times

I've been thinking about this, and it might sound like a stupid question, but I can't seem to find an answer anywhere, here goes: Whenever we calculate expecation-values between two position ...
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2answers
65 views

Which number should I suppose to $a$ (width of well) and $m$ (mass of particle) in potential well problem? [closed]

I tried to plot a complete of state functions of potential well problem but graph was so weird. I thought a cause was variables a and ...
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2answers
235 views

Area under the graph of squared wave function

I was given a graph of square of the wave function of a hydrogen atom, against the distance of the electron from the nucleus (denoted by r). What I know is that the square of the wave function gives ...
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1answer
143 views

Modulus Square of the Gaussian Wave Packet for uncertainty in $p$

Upon evaluating the integral (2.67) and obtaining the complex valued equation given in box 2.4, the author performs the modulus square to obtain the Gaussian distribution (2.68). How does one go about ...
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2answers
310 views

Normalising a wavefunction where $\psi$ is equal to a sum of functions [closed]

The wavefunction $\psi(x)$ = $\phi_1(x)$ + $2\phi_2(x)$ + $3\phi_3(x)$ is to be normalised. The functions $\phi_1(x)$, $\phi_2(x)$, $\phi_3(x)$ are normalised eigenfunctions of a Hermitian operator ...
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2answers
392 views

A few parity questions for simple harmonic oscillator

I think I understand that the solution to the Schrodinger equation for the SHO is based on the Hermite polynomials (and the Guassian function). The solution set of all even Hermite polynomials are a ...
3
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2answers
292 views

Formulation and probability of a wave-function [closed]

I have got this problem where I have been given the following wave function: $$\Psi = 0\quad\text{if}~|x| > a\quad\text{and}\quad A(a^2-x^2)\quad \text{if} \quad |x|< a$$ Now the first question ...
2
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1answer
138 views

Possible Outcomes from Measuring a Hydrogen Atom

A hydrogen atom is characterized by the wavefunction $$\mid \psi \rangle =\sqrt{\frac{2}{7}}\mid 4\,2\,1\rangle +\sqrt{\frac{1}{7}}\mid 2 \,1\,\bar{1}\rangle+\sqrt{\frac{4}{7}}\mid 3\,2\,0\rangle$$ ...
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1answer
95 views

Momentum representation of a function with discontinuous derivative [closed]

Consider the following wave packet $$\psi = Ce^{2\pi i p_0x/h}e^{-|x|/(2\Delta x)}$$ where $h$ is the Planck's constant and $C$ is the normalization constant. The derivative of this function is ...
2
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1answer
240 views

Probability current vs. direction of wave function

I did an exercise for my Quantum-Mechanics Lecture: Let $\hbar$=2m=1. A particle in 1 dimension has $j(x)=2\ Im(\overline{\psi} (x) \ \psi'(x))$ and it's to show that there are superpositions $\psi ...
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2answers
438 views

Understanding the Wave Function and Excited States

A wave function is an infinite dimensional vector space, how can it "live" in $\mathbb{R}^3$? Given the equation that is built like: $$\Psi (x,t) = \sum ^{\infty} _{n=1} c_n \psi _n (x) e^{-i E_n t / ...
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1answer
563 views

Orthonormality of Radial Wave Function

Is the radial component $R_{n\ell}$ of the hydrogen wavefunction orthonormal? Doing out one of the integrals, I find that $$\int_0^{\infty} R_{10}R_{21}~r^2dr ~\neq~0$$ However, the link below says ...
2
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1answer
468 views

Wave function collapse

When we try to measure the position of a system, wavefunction collapses to form a spike. After a while, the wavefunction spreads again, and you take another measurement, the results will be different" ...
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1answer
615 views

Writing a Wavefunction as a Linear Combination of Eigenstates

We have the following wavefunction for the hydrogen atom: $$\psi(r,\theta,\phi)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{4\pi}}\frac{1}{(2a)^{3/2}}\frac{r}{a}e^{-r/2a}\sin(\theta)\sin(\phi)$$ where $a$ is the Bohr radius. ...
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1answer
217 views

Majorana wavefunction

I'm trying to compute the wavefunction for a Majorana state in an nanowire/superconductor hybrid system, like arXiv: Majorana Fermions and a Topological Phase Transition in ...
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1answer
262 views

Confusion about the probability cloud

What is the meaning of the electron probability cloud? I understood it to mean that the electron has a probability to be found in a certain postion before measurement, but now after reading ...
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5answers
838 views

Infinite Wells and Delta Functions

In considering a delta potential barrier in an infinite well, I can just enforce continuity at the potential barrier-it doesn't have to go to zero. Why then does it need to go to zero at the walls of ...
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1answer
490 views

Why is the wave function complex? [duplicate]

Why should an equation (TDSE) in which first time derivative is related to second space derivative have a solution that contains $i$?The wave function is supposed to be complex, but I am unable to ...
0
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0answers
64 views

Measurement and wavefunction collapse. problematic time in quantum mechanics

Q: When does the wavefunction collapse? A: When a measurement is made. But when exactly is this? I have a question about the time at which a measurement can be considered to have occurred: what ...
10
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4answers
356 views

Reconstruction of “wavefunction” phases from $|\psi(x)|$ and $|\tilde \psi(p)|$

Consider a "wavefunction" $\psi(x)$, which has a Fourier transform $\tilde \psi(p)$ Suppose that we know, for each $x$, $|\psi(x)|^2$, and that we know, for each $p$, $|\tilde \psi(p)|^2$. Have we ...
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1answer
193 views

In Schrödinger equation, can we get $\Psi$ if we know $\varphi(n)$?

Let $A$ be a mechanical quantity and we know its eigenfunction $\varphi(n)$. Can we get its wave function $\Psi$, if we measure $A$ for many (maybe infinite) times at the same time?
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1answer
331 views

Tunnelling through a Dirac potential barrier

I am reading a QM book by Griffiths, which says it is possible for wave particle to tunnel through a barrier formulated by a Dirac function. This function is known to peak at infinity and also ...
2
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2answers
150 views

Does Schrödinger equation have dual-property with Heat equation?

I have experimental data that Schödinger equation maintains high frequencies, while heat equation low. Does Schrödinger equation have some duality property with heat equation?
2
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2answers
216 views

How to understand wavefunction in quantum mechanics in math

I am reading some introduction on quantum mechanics. I don't understand all but I get the point that the wavefunction tells some probability aspects. In one book, they show one example of the ...
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1answer
2k views

How to find the wavefunction that solves an infinite square well with a delta function well in the middle?

Solutions for the wavefunction in an infinite square well with a delta function barrier in the middle are easily found online (see here for an example). I am wondering what the wavefunction is for an ...
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1answer
252 views

Quantum harmonic Oscillator analytic method

I'm using a book from Griffiths, I got really stuck about how he arrived at the approximate solution, is it just by trying( trial solution method?), I really appreciate any help on this. ...
2
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1answer
270 views

Given wave function at $t=0$, what is the process of deriving time dependent wave equation? [closed]

Suppose $$\Psi (x, t=0)=Ae^{i\alpha _1}\psi _1(x)+Be^{i\alpha _2}\psi_2(x)+Ce^{i\alpha _3}\psi_3(x).$$ If $\psi _n$ are the energy eigenfunctions how would I derive $\Psi (x,t)$? I am having trouble ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Overlap integral and probability

I have a question regarding how to extract probability from an overlap integral. Specifically, I am calculating the probability of a particle in a bound state in a delta potential $V=-\alpha ...
0
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1answer
649 views

Expectation value of total energy for the quantum harmonic oscillator [closed]

A particles unnormalized wavefunction is given as $$\psi(x)=2\psi_1+\psi_2+2\psi_3.$$ How can I find $\langle E\rangle $ without calculating $\langle T\rangle$ or $\langle V\rangle $ ...
2
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2answers
148 views

Workaround to fermion sign problem?

My (rather incomplete) understanding of the NP-hard fermion/numerical sign problem is that it occurs when attempting to converge on a wavefunction for many-body fermion systems (for example, a small ...
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1answer
142 views

Meaning of $C$ in wavefunction equation ($\Psi_{MO} = C_1\phi_A(1s) + C_2\phi_B(1s)$, where $C_1=\pm C_2$)

I've just cracked open a biophysics textbook and it's all fine up until the introduction of the letter C in a wavefunction equation, and declaring C1= ±C2 I've had lectures on eigenfunctions etc. ...
2
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3answers
141 views

Non-normalizable QM bound state in 4 spatial dimensions?

Edit 26/Sept/13: Fixed Typo in potential I'm solving the following (seemingly simple) quantum-mechanical problem in four spatial dimensions. In natural units ($\hbar^2/2m=1$), the Schrödinger ...
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1answer
118 views

Wavefunction's inner product

When two wavefunctions are orthogonal we can write that $$\langle\Psi_n|\Psi_m\rangle=\delta_{mn}$$ This means that $$\langle\Psi_1|\Psi_2\rangle=\langle\Psi_2|\Psi_1\rangle=0$$ But if the two ...
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2answers
354 views

Wave function decomposition

Problem: Given the wave function $\Psi_0=A\sin^2(\theta)$ along with the Hamiltonian operator of a physical system: $H=\frac{L^2}{2I}+g B L_z$, find the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of $\hat{H}$ ...
3
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3answers
662 views

When Eigenfunctions/Wavefunctions are real?

When the Hamiltonian is Hermitian(i,e. beyond the effective mass approximation), generally under which conditions the eigenfunctions/wavefunctions are real? What happens in 1D case like the finite ...
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6answers
1k views

Why do wave packets spread out over time?

Why do wave functions spread out over time? Where in the math does quantum mechanics state this? As far as I've seen, the waves are not required to spread, and what does this mean if they do?
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1answer
196 views

Normalizing a Wave Function

How would I normalize the wave function: $ \psi (x)$ = $Ce^{i\rho_0x/\hbar}e^{-|x|/2\Delta x}$? I squared it, which got rid of the imaginary part-Then I considered breaking up the absolute value-but ...
0
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1answer
1k views

Normalizing Wave Functions

We normalize the wave function to $1$, but couldn't we also normalize it to $-i$ as $(-i)^2=1$? Does this not work? Is it equivalent?