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1answer
87 views

Interpretation of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle

Heisenberg's uncertainty principle is one of the most fundamental principles on which quantum mechanics is based on. But it is also one of the most confusing laws we encounter. My doubt is whether the ...
7
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2answers
614 views

Has the collapse of wave function due to observation been recorded?

I've seen pictures like this one, which depict the outcome of the Double-slit experiment with wave-like or particle features, depending how measurement has taken place. The graphic showing ...
4
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1answer
193 views

How do you measure a particle's postion or momentum?

This question is about the Uncertainty Principle $$\sigma_x \sigma_p ~\ge ~\frac{\hbar}{2}.$$ Looking at the maths, I understant why the uncertainty in the poistion increases as the uncertainty in ...
2
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1answer
108 views

How is it possible for light to be a wave and a particle? [duplicate]

I have always been interested in Physics, and lots of people say that light is a particle and a wave. How is it possible? How can a photon (a light particle) be a wave as well, when its a particle? ...
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7answers
1k views

Why can't we have a wave of particles?

I understand the nature of light can be complex and has extensive theories/experimental data. We hear light can be both a wave and particle, so why can't it be both, a wave of particles?
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2answers
652 views

Size of a photon

When detecting radio waves in space, we use very large telescopes or arrays of telescopes. But according to QM, aren't photons point particles when measured? Does a photon with a large wavelength ...
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1answer
102 views

If the wave function can be collapsed, can we collapse the particle function? [closed]

No doubt it's been questioned before so what is the theory or experiment? If there is an experiment.
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5answers
750 views

Quantum Wave Mechanics

I am studying QM-I these days. Now, I just think of the wave function as just a mathematical function that defines the state of the particle at an instant and from it you can extract various ...
2
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1answer
86 views

Which types of particles are affected by the wave-particle duality?

If we take the double slit experiment as a way of demonstrating the wave-particle duality, which types of particles would show an interference pattern? For example, I know that electrons show such a ...
2
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0answers
92 views

de Broglie formula inconsistency

I recently stumbled across a small peculiarity I don't understand: According to de Broglie, the frequency of a matterwave can be written as $f=\frac{E}{h}$, and its wavelength as $\lambda = ...
1
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3answers
256 views

What is wave particle duality? [duplicate]

I am sort of confused about this. Wave particle duality says that sub atomic particles are waves. There is something more though. What is the actual meaning of wave particle duality?
2
votes
0answers
120 views

Constructive and destructive interference in De Broglie matter waves

I'm a little confused about matter waves and especially interference. $\lambda = h/p$ The denominator is momentum and is thus reliant on mass. If we assume that the property holds for particles ...
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7answers
3k views

Does electron in wave form have mass?

I heard from my lecturer that electron has dual nature. For that instance in young's double slit experiment electron exhibits as a particle at ends but it acts as a wave in between the ends. It under ...
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2answers
646 views

is a single photon a wave? Is it a wave packet?

How could it split and interfere? How could a wave packet, with many frequencies, be a photon with one freq.? Thank you very much.
0
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1answer
549 views

Can Zeno's Dichotomy Paradox be Resolved with Quantum Mechanics?

I would like to start off by saying this is not a philosophical question. I have a specific question pertaining to physics after the following explanation and background information, which I felt was ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Photons and phonons

A few months ago I asked about phonons. I got some very good answers but I still have difficulty getting an intuition for phonons, while somehow photons, which in many ways are similar and which I ...
0
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4answers
505 views

Why complex functions for explaining wave particle duality?

I have this very bad habit of going to the scratch, discarding all the developments of a theory and worldly knowledge, and ask some fundamental (mostly stupid and naive, as some may say) questions as ...
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2answers
403 views

Does String Theory explain wave-particle duality?

Does string theory explain the weird things that happens at the quantum level, especially wave-particle duality?
0
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0answers
32 views

de Broglie relations: calculate wavelength using two different approaches [duplicate]

When studying the de Broglie relations, I have stumbled across the following problem: Consider an electron with known velocity $v$ and assume: $v \ll c$. Calculate the corresponding wavelength of ...
1
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3answers
3k views

What actually is meant by wave nature of electron or any other material particles? [duplicate]

Einstein has suggested that light can behave as a waves as well as like a particle i.e, it has dual character. In 1924, Louis de Broglie suggested that just as light exhibits wave and particle ...
1
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1answer
232 views

Electron double slit experiment and the electric field

In the electron double slit experiment, why is it not, in principle, possible to know which slit the electron went through by the electron's effect on the surrounding EM field? As the electron ...
0
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1answer
285 views

Matter Waves Interference

When an EM wave diffracts, I can imagine that its EM field interacts with the charges in a certain obstacle thus inducing a wave behaviour on the charges of the matter that will interact with the EM ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Is it valid to calculate mass of electron using the speed of the wave packet and energy

A gaussian wave packet. It's peak is moving at speed v. We know the energy of the packet is E. Can I deduce the mass of the electron using $m=2E/v^2$
1
vote
2answers
115 views

What happens to the physical properties of electrons after diffraction?

Particle Wave duality shows us that waves and particles are the same thing. Therefore electrons can be viewed as both particles and waves. The wave properties of electrons can be seen in the double ...
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1answer
430 views

Dual nature of Matter at gross level [duplicate]

Is the Dual nature (wave - particle duality) of Matter completely proved or just a theory and are the objects (water,rubber ball, car, apple etc.) that we see all around us in day to day life exhibit ...
0
votes
1answer
163 views

Light behaves as a particle or wave in this thought experiment?

Consider a metal plate, on which a light of appropriate wavelength is incident such that it creates an interference pattern. The wavelength is chosen such that it can cause detectable photo-electric ...
3
votes
2answers
184 views

When light is only considered as a particle, is it still considersed to be oscillating electic and magetic waves?

I have my head around wave-particle duality, however people tend to refer to light as either a wave or a particle in different situations. If I were to consider light as a particle am I still ...
0
votes
1answer
554 views

Particle nature of radio waves?

Is there any experiment that would show that radio waves (I am talking about macroscopic wavelength, say between 0.01m - 2m) are made out of individual photons? Sort of an equivalent of the ...
6
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1answer
1k views

How to tell theoretically whether an electron behaves as wave or particle

I have seen many questions on SE on the dual nature of electrons behaving in certain circumstances as particles and as waves in some other circumstance. There is one thing I couldn't get a clear ...
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2answers
3k views

What is a phonon?

I am trying to understand intuitively what a phonon is, but for the moment I find it quite difficult (having a limited background in quantum mechanics, an undergraduate course in non-relativistic QM). ...
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2answers
110 views

Why the wave-particle duality cannot be explained as a traveling-standing wave duality?

This would explain why speed and position cannot be measured at the same time, since either the wave would be traveling (speed) or enclosed and standing (position). The act of enclosing it (to be ...
1
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3answers
138 views

Why should nature of light(or any quantum object) depend on observation?

We know that, in the double slit experiment, observation changes the behavior of a quantum object, that it behaves like a particle when observed and a wave when not observed. But why should its nature ...
2
votes
4answers
796 views

If matter and light have dual-nature, shouldn't we able to explain the observed phenomenons using either wave or particle?

Historically wave and particle has been perceived as totally different phenomenons (before 20th century). Now is it widely accepted and there are experimental results to show that in fact both matter ...
1
vote
5answers
412 views

Fermion vs. Bosons and particle vs. wave: is there a link?

I'm puzzled since several years on this basic aspect of quantum mechanics. Quantum theory is supposed to describe particle-wave symmetry of our world. It also describes our universe in term of bosons ...
2
votes
3answers
854 views

Electromagnetic radiation and quanta

since electromagnetic radiation possess the property of both wave and particle(photon). and both theory are applicable but how we have to find out that which theory is suitable or applicable in ...
5
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3answers
568 views

Why does light diffract only through slits?

We can see diffraction of light if we allow light to pass through a slit, but why doesn't diffraction occur if we obstruct light using some other object, say a block? Why are shadows formed? Why ...
1
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0answers
112 views

Wave Particle duality because of discrete time?

If time is discrete, such as the Planck's length, would the transition from one frame of time to the next explain why it appears matter changes from a particle to a wave? During that infinitely small ...
0
votes
1answer
952 views

De-broglie wavelength in electron microscope

The de Broglie wavelength is given by $$\lambda\equiv\frac{h}{mv}$$ Now, if we have a small body, it's wavelength will be large when it is in motion. Similarly, a large body will have small ...
0
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2answers
196 views

Uncertainty and wave-trains

My textbook and the following extract from feynman's lectures present the same idea regarding wavetrains and uncertainty in their wavelengths. Why is it that a wavetrain confined to some space has an ...
2
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1answer
71 views

Radiation interactions: how is the transition from the “electric” regimen to “particle-like” regimen?

When we study the interaction of the electromagnetic radiation with free electrons we can find two different approaches in the literature: for low frequency (RF, light...) a classical view is used and ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Can this ratio be written any better?

This topic is closely related to previous topic where we were to calculate ratio $\lambda_e/\lambda_p$ for proton and electron with same velocities. This time we I want to know if it is possible to ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

How can we calculate (relativisticly correct) ratio $\lambda_e/\lambda_p$ if proton and electron have same speeds

This question is about group/phase velocities and also De Brogilie wavelength. What I would like to know is how to derive ratio $\lambda_e/\lambda_p$ ($\lambda_e$ and $\lambda_p$ are De Broglie ...
3
votes
2answers
341 views

Photons-Wave/particle duality

I know that photons and electrons and such are said to have a wave particle duality, but what does that mean for a photon? When light strikes an object, are many photons emitted, enough to draw ...
1
vote
1answer
195 views

Relation/meaning between momentum and contours of constant equal phase of a wave function

Sometimes, mainly due to my limited knowledge of experimental modern physics, whenever I fancy and think about quantum physics, things appear really amusing and counter intuitive, and when if I don't ...
0
votes
1answer
141 views

Is there a hard upper bound to the deBroglie wavelength of a particle with vanishing momentum? [duplicate]

This is probably a stupid and simple question, but does the heisenberg uncertainty principle set this upper bound? That knowledge of the momentum is limited, so it can't reach a very low value and ...
12
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4answers
2k views

Are the Maxwell equations a correct description of the wave character of photons?

In basic quantum mechanics courses, one describes the evolution of quantum mechanics chronologically. Interference experiments with particles showed that particles should have a wave character; on the ...
-2
votes
1answer
129 views

Is light particle of wave?

We know that Young's double slit experiment shows that light is a wave. On the other hand photoelectric effect shows that light is made up of photons. How can light be both at the same time?
0
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2answers
179 views

Quantum Mechanical Interpretation of Water Waves?

So I have been exploring the idea of wave-particle duality and came across and interesting idea. Could water waves, be interpreted as particles in some context? If so, how would you observe their ...
5
votes
3answers
504 views

How can particles travel in a straight line?

A particle can be set off in a certain direction by giving them momentum. Momentum is a vector, so the particle heads off in a specific direction. But the wave function of the particle allows it to ...
7
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0answers
144 views

Anyons as particles?

I'm trying to understand the basics of anyons physics. I understand there is neither a Fock space they live in (because Fock is just the space of (anti-)symmetrized tensor product state, see e.g. ...