Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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35
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8answers
22k views

Why does ice melting not change the water level in a container?

I have read the explanation for this in several textbooks, but I am struggling to understand it via Archimedes' principle. If someone can clarify with a diagram or something so I can understand or a ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Does an ice cube change its core temperature as it melts?

Let's say we have an ice water solution in an ambience with room temperature, i.e. there is a permanent exchange of energy. Let's suppose the ice cubes were from the freezer, which is at -18°C. The ...
3
votes
3answers
534 views

Would sea water moderate a nuclear submarine meltdown?

My son asked me: If nuclear submarines get sunk or blown up, what is to stop them going into nuclear meltdown? I thought about it and came to the conclusion that because they're in the sea the ...
1
vote
1answer
187 views

Does the termination point(level) influence water flow from a pipe

I get water to my home from a nearby Tank A at a certain height above ground level. I have a 1" pipe through which I get this water to my home.. I leave this water into my well by connecting a 1" tube ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

Why do I sink then float in a swimming pool?

Was swimming this morning and observed something strange: if I stop treading water, hold my legs together, arms pressed against my sides, then I sink to about 3m below the surface, and then rise again ...
3
votes
1answer
165 views

Force field for Calcium ions, potassium ions and water in molecular dynamics

I want to adapt my existing MD simulation so that it can handle these three species. For the interactions of the ions I thought that I would use the coulomb potential, but I don't know what sort of ...
-1
votes
0answers
38 views

How to model radio wave attenuation by seawater?

From the very limited literature I can find regarding radio waves in saline-water solutions (as in seawater), I have been able to find very few corroborating models of radio wave propagation through ...
4
votes
3answers
386 views

Why does a pitcher with lemon juice have foam, while one with pure water does not?

Whenever I pour water into lemon juice (pouring directly from the tap into the pitcher, not quietly along its edge) I get a foam on top: The same pitcher with water (same water tap, pitcher, time ...
4
votes
2answers
429 views

What is the resonant frequency of liquid water?

I learned it's not 2.45 GHz. But what is it, then? In my failure to find the real value, I'm starting to wonder: does it even make sense talking about a resonant frequency of water molecules?
7
votes
3answers
2k views

How does a canvas water bag cool water?

I was reading about this water bottle by Botl that behaves like a canvas water bags to keep water cool. I found out that this idea is an old idea and cars would drive with water bags in front as shown ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Why do we use Mie scattering to describe light scattering off large objects?

I'm an undergraduate student who has recently come across Rayleigh and Mie scattering and I'm trying to understand them a little better. As I understand it Rayligh scattering is used only when the ...
1
vote
5answers
5k views

Water pressure calculation for a volume of water at a given height

I'm looking to create a rain harvesting system. I have a 275 gallon IBC tote that is 48" x 40" x 46". I have an adapter for a 3/4 garden hose at the bottom of the IBC tote. I'm trying to figure out ...
5
votes
1answer
681 views

Finding Surface Tension of water at certain Temperature and Pressure

The question is: Using the Young-Laplace Equation (if applicable), find the surface tension (dynes/cm) for water at 20 degrees Celsius with 2.5 psi. Round to the nearest tenth. ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Will the water go inside the moving water bottle?

Let's say that there is a empty bottle in the water moving at a high speed like this: My question is: Will the water go inside the the empty bottle when the bottle is moving at a high speed? If ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Does the density of water ice (any form of water ice) near 0K exceed the density of water at 277.15K?

In a question brought up by my chemistry class, the most we have determined is that the stability of most forms of ice decreases as the temperature decreases. What does this loss of stability do to ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

What will be the affect of Global Warming if Polar Ice melts? [duplicate]

Due to global warming, all the polar ice melts & sea level increases, with increase in humidity. Angular momentum of ice at pole is, very low. Due to shift of water, from pole to equator, it's ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do the waters of the different oceans of the world have different ratios of their H and O isotopes?

I was reading about the Kelvin, then water, which defines it, so I ended up reading about the VSMOW. It's based on "average" ocean water. From ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

If you charge water will the evaporation rate change?

If you take away electrons or add electrons to a body of water will the evaporation rate be changed? (Even if it's brief or the effect is small)
9
votes
1answer
423 views

Why is ice more reflective than liquid water?

Why is ice more reflective (has higher albedo) than liquid water? They're both the same substance (water). Is something quantum mechanical involved?
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Does water diffuse trough rubber of car tire of when liquid or only as gas

Does Water difuse trough rubber of car tire when its liquid or only when its a gas. Can also be that is diffuses but slower when liqiud. I want to know this for my argumentation that filling car tire ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

What granular/colored material suspends itself in an enclosed container filled with water regardless of pressure, gravity and buoyancy?

i've been looking around for an answer but it turns out that google dsn't think it's an obvious question. Would really appreciate the help. Basically i'm wondering if there is any known material that ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

What happens to charge during laser ablation in water?

One of my friends from lab makes gold nanoparticles in the following manner: He puts a gold plate in water (without surfactants or other additives) He fires laser at the plate After 5 minutes ...
1
vote
3answers
222 views

Dielectric constant of water

I need the dielectric constant of water from $10^{-2}$ Hz to $10^4$ Hz. As stupid as it may seem, I cannot find much info. I've googled for days. All I can find is close to GHz. And the only info ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

Fluid dynamics tsunami

I have been given a energy head (pressure) in meters for a given tsunami on land. If the tsunami hits a wall 1 meter by 1 meter, is it possible to calculate the height it will reach. I am thinking it ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

Is there a depth at which a human body, with lungs full of air, will no longer float?

I was watching a special on divers who dove down hundreds of feet without tanks or gear. The show referred to a depth at which the diver was no longer buoyant and would actually sink, even with lungs ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Water enclosed in a vessel

Suppose I am taking water in a glass or metal or even something else. It s air tight and (so it is water tight). Now imagine, if I keep it heating and none of its molecule escapes from it, what am I ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Could submarine SONAR kill a diver?

Could a diver swimming next to a submarine be killed or seriously injured by its SONAR? What physical aspect of SONAR affects the human body in a potential harmful way?
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating the coefficient of thermal expansion in liquid

I am trying to write a matlab function that calculates the coefficient of thermal expansion of water from a given temperature. From what I understand the thermal expansion coefficient is calculated as ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Equilibrium between two water tanks

I've been reading about hydrostatic theory, however I couldn't find a similar case/exercise about my basic problem. I have two water tanks (same size) filled with different water heights, and ...
15
votes
1answer
328 views

Ice cube left in water at 0 °C for a thousand years

Let's say we take an ideal calorimeter with a liter of water at +5 °C and throw a 5×5×5 cm cube of ice having temperature of –70 °C. I choose these initial parameters so that the stationary ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Hot water from a faucet

Why does hot water come out of a faucet cloudy white? The cold water comes out clear, but if you turn the hot water tap on, it'll be clear until it gets hot and then turns a cloudy white colour. ...
2
votes
2answers
343 views

Dynamic water pressure from flow and diameter

I've to test some fire hydrants and need to get the dynamic pressure. For that I know I can use a Pitot tube but... I don't have. After Googling a lot, I found two formulas allowing to compute the ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

What happens when water added to the ash?

I am pouring some water (using falling by gravity) from my water bottle into the ash. The ash is not in heat conditions. Now the small particles from the ash come out proportional to the water flow. ...
8
votes
8answers
13k views

Why does hot oil explode when pouring water on it?

I am puzzled to know, What is the reason of hot oil make sound and explode when we pouring water on it?
1
vote
3answers
1k views

How does liquid convert to gas on getting thermal heat energy?

Say for example, when we heat, water converts to steam gas. How does it happen? What happens underneath giving rise to breaking of bond between molecules in liquid state and spreading them in gas ...
1
vote
4answers
5k views

Why does a bottle shrink when you pour hot water in it?

I think the title says pretty much. Last night I poured hot water in a half full bottle of water and closed the cap. The bottle immediately shrunk. Why? My girlfriend suggested that the hot water has ...
19
votes
5answers
1k views

What is the status of Mpemba effect investigations?

There is this puzzling thing that is called Mpemba effect: paradoxically, warm (35°C) water freezes faster than cold (5°C) water. As a physisist, I've been asked about it several times already. And I ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Warship cannons influence on speed/direction [closed]

I've been looking at great warships like the Iowa or equivalent ww2 warships, and I raised question. This kind of war is pretty much only about strategic placements, accuracy and fire power. Hence ...
4
votes
1answer
8k views

Why does water sometimes form bubbles when I pour it into a glass?

Sometimes when I'm filling up a container with water from the tap, bubbles will form on the top of the water. They look a little like soap sud bubbles, but there's no soap suds present. I notice, ...
67
votes
7answers
15k views

Why does hot water clean better than cold water?

I had a left over coffee cup this morning, and I tried to wash it out. I realized I always instinctively use hot water to clean things, as it seems to work better. A Google search showed that other ...
0
votes
4answers
2k views

Physics of the inverted bottle dispenser

When you invert a water-bottle in a container, the water rises and then stops at a particular level --- as soon as it touches the hole of the inverted bottle. This will happen no matter how long ...
9
votes
2answers
884 views

Why does the water in the toilet move around so much on stormy days?

On calm days, the water in the toilet looks completely still. But when it's rainy and windy out, the water looks like it moves and pulsates. Why is this?
4
votes
3answers
219 views

why water molecules in vapor contributes to the green house effect and water condensed in drops not?

I am a teacher planning a unit on climate change. I came across this statement: "Clouds are water vapor (green house gas) and water molecules will reflect heat into space… actually clouds are ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Electrolysis boat engine

Would it be possible to create a submersible boat engine using the combined principles of electrolysis of water, ramjet propulsion, and hydrogen-oxygen combustion similar to that used in rocket ...
15
votes
5answers
24k views

Does wrapping a wet paper towel around a glass bottle really speed up the cooling process?

There are claims like this one that you can improve the cooling speed of beverages when you put them wrapped in a wet paper towel inside the refrigerator/freezer. I've just tried it by myself and ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

By what factor would you have to slow down time for water to feel like glass?

I have been told that though glass seems like a solid, it is somehow, in theory, a liquid -- but is just somehow a liquid that is so thick that it appears to be solid. (Of course --- if this premise ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

Why do water ripples widen (in plain English)

In this YouTube video water ripples start out with a wavelength of, say, 10 cm at the outer edge and they end up with a wavelength of about 30-40 cm towards the end of the video. Why does this happen, ...
4
votes
5answers
80 views

What happens to the air in a water bottle when it falls?

(ignoring the air resistance that causes the bottle to take positions in mid air. Let's say it is dropped in a vacuum with earth's gravity accelerating it downwards) I just cannot catch what happens ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Heat transfer between river and air

There is a temperature sensor about 200 feet back from a large river, at about the same height as the river. A sewage pipe continuously dumps water of about 12 degrees C in the river directly in front ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Surviving underwater explosions

All other things being equal are there any greater concerns about surviving an underwater explosion versus an explosion in the atmosphere? For example, if an explosion of an M80 is going to go off 5 ...