Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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5
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2answers
143 views

Wave with mass transport?

I don't think this question has been asked on this forum before (at least I didn't find it). In the case of a tsunami, an earthquake generates a wave which will travel with the sea/ocean as the ...
15
votes
1answer
4k views

Why is boiling water loud, then quiet?

Water in my electric kettle makes the most noise sixty to ninety seconds before the water comes to a full boil. I have been fooled many times by the noisy kettle, only to discover that the water was ...
3
votes
1answer
246 views

Boiling when I plunge my french press?

Occasionally when I make coffee in my french press I experience something odd. It happens pretty infrequently but certainly enough to be curious about. I have the grounds ready in the carafe. The ...
2
votes
1answer
249 views

How much water is destroyed in photosynthesis, relative to the world's supply?

Water is involved in the photosynthesis. How much water are we talking about compared with the total amount on water on Earth? Is it enough to have an effect on the average age of water molecules?
10
votes
3answers
9k views

Why does adding solutes to pure water lower the the specific heat?

We found that water with salt, sugar, or baking soda dissolved in it cools faster than pure water. Water has a very high specific heat; how do these solutes lower it? We heated a beaker (300ml) of ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

How does the process of freezing water remove salt?

How does freezing water to make ice remove whatever salts were in the water to begin with?
5
votes
2answers
229 views

What reflective media do laser shows use?

I am having a hard time in finding out what exact light media laser shows use. I am trying to build a laser show myself. I know that the laser light is reflected off these particles in such a way that ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does a bullet bounce off water?

It is known that bullets can ricochet off a body of water. Is surface tension responsible for this or is this the same behavior we see when an asteroid ricochets off the atmosphere? I don't think ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does an object when filled with water sink, but without water inside float (in a body of water)?

Why does an object sink when filled with water, even if the same object would float without water inside? For example, put an empty glass cup into water, and it floats. But if you put a plastic ...
3
votes
2answers
164 views

why water molecules in vapor contributes to the green house effect and water condensed in drops not?

I am a teacher planning a unit on climate change. I came across this statement: "Clouds are water vapor (green house gas) and water molecules will reflect heat into space… actually clouds are ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

water flow in a sink

When one turns on the tap in the kitchen, a circle is observable in the water flowing in the sink. The circle is the boundary between laminar and turbulent flow of the water (maybe this is the wrong ...
1
vote
1answer
345 views

How to model water flow with and without friction against other objects?

I am interested in modeling water flow including boundary flow (with friction) against other objects in the path of the water flow. I'm not a physicist but I am interested to learn the relevant ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

Water flushed down, water pumped up (in buildings)

I live in a tall building (20 floors) on a mountain. Because the water pressure from the water company is not enough, there is a water pump at the last floor which is activated each time someone is ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Experiment to find structure of water

Who first determined the structure of water (two hydrogen atoms stuck to an oxygen atom at approx 105 degrees), and, more importantly, how was this done?
6
votes
1answer
481 views

What is highest water pressure at which electrolysis can be performed?

What is highest water pressure at which electrolysis can be performed to derive hydrogen and oxygen? Does the dielectric constant of water, which which lowers as pressure increases, have an effect on ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

How do I determine when this object is about to get covered in dew? I can measure the environment parameters

There is a large disk of glass sitting outside, it is pretty thick and wide. Via different sensors hooked up to a controller, I can measure the air temperature, glass temperature (on the surface), and ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

How much disolved oxygen is removed by boiling water?

Apologies if this is a chemistry question I've read that drinking water contains dissolved oxygen to the tune of $10\:\rm{ppm}$. I've also read that raising the temperature of water will remove some ...
12
votes
2answers
958 views

Why doesn't water come out of tap/faucet at high pressure when I turn it on?

(tap=faucet) When I turn a tap on full and then put my thumb over the spout covering, say, 90% of it, then the water spurts out. If I turn it on to, say 10%, then the water dribbles out. What's the ...
2
votes
1answer
325 views

Calculating spacecraft water leak flow rate

A large container of heated water is floating in space. How can I calculate leak rate if a small puncture is opened? I'm assuming the water is kept at 298K and in the liquid state inside the chamber. ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

The force of a phase transition

At standard temperature and pressure, I fill a bottle to capacity with $N$ liters of water, then place a weight of mass $M$ kg on its opening to serve as a lid. What values of $N$ and $T$, where $T$ ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How the pipes of water don't freeze in -40 celsius?

Does anyone have a good answer how comes that the water in the pipes in our houses doesn't freeze even if it is -40 celsius for a whole week? of course assuming we don't make the water to fluid in it
7
votes
1answer
133 views

Polar ice deposits on the Moon - dispersed in permafrost loose rubble, or also massive/layered?

Water has been discovered on the Moon with remote sensing methods. Read the press release Diviner results indicate presence of widespread ice on the Moon on the "Diviner" infrared instrument on the ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Cooking pasta: why does adding a lid lead to overflow?

When cooking pasta, some organic foam usually forms on the surface of the boiling water and the situation can be kept under control by adjusting the heat (and/or adding some oil). Covering the pot ...
0
votes
1answer
561 views

Temperature change effected by electric heater [closed]

A 40-gallon electric water heater has a 10kW heating element. What will the water temperature be after 15 min of heating if the start temp is 50F degrees. There must be an equation. I can't find it ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Clouds in closed hydrosphere

Is possible estimate the needed size of an geodesic dome (like in the Eden project) for creating an real hydrosphere - especially clouds (and rain)? With other words, under what circumstances can ...
2
votes
0answers
1k views

Easy to obtain liquid with freezing point a couple of degrees above 0 Celsius [closed]

Please advice me a liquid whose freezing point is 2-5 Celsius. I know that the solution of salt in water can have freezing point of about -3 Celsius. I would like to know if similar liquid but with ...
0
votes
0answers
2k views

How to determine size of a Heat Exchanger?

I am designing a Tube heat-exchanger, similar to this: My process requires water (at room temperature, 18C ~ 22C) that is being pumped out of a small tank (300 Liters) to be heated in a ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Does stirring water in a bucket in whirlpool keeps it warm?

I did an experiment when I was a teenager. I want to prove/see what really went on in that experiment. When taking a bath, take a warm water in bucket and start taking a bath. You will notice that ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Why does water make a sound when it is disturbed?

When I disturb a body of water, what causes the familiar "water moving" sound?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Is a given volume of sparkling water lighter or heavier than the same volume of still water?

I can see it two ways - if all the $CO_2$ has turned into bubbles I would imagine it is lighter. However dissolved $CO_2$ atoms are probably heaver than the $H_2O$ atoms they replace, or fit in ...
1
vote
1answer
786 views

How does liquid convert to gas on getting thermal heat energy?

Say for example, when we heat, water converts to steam gas. How does it happen? What happens underneath giving rise to breaking of bond between molecules in liquid state and spreading them in gas ...
0
votes
3answers
542 views

What makes waves at beaches to come with high velocity and frequency at nights?

When we are in beach we can see waves coming when the sun light goes of the waves amplitude will increase what is the reason Some people said me that for moon light the frequency and velocity of ...
1
vote
2answers
287 views

Water and superconductors

If you have seen my previous questions then this may make better sense. If you put an insanely powerful superconducter on the outside layer of a ROV that is underwater, would it form an outer layer ...
2
votes
3answers
215 views

can Superconductivity be used to repel water?

Can water be repeled with the force from superconductivity gathering current on the surface cuased by Faraday law of induction? I'm trying to make a ROV that can run underwater that uses ...
3
votes
1answer
316 views

Tear drop shape

i heard that a tear drop shap is the most aerodynamic shape possible or the best is this true? If this isn't true what is since i need to make a fast ROV? Also since i need to have a propeller to ...
3
votes
4answers
554 views

Could hydrogen liberated from water provide lifting energy which exceeds the energy it took to liberate it from water

I was thinking about Hydrogen balloons and that large ones which are used for weather balloons which sometimes go up to 100,000 ft (approx 30km). Then I was wondering, how much potential energy has ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Best way to solve P-V-T Question

Typically in an exam or problem set we have a problem that's like this: Determine the specified property at the indicated state of water. Locate the state on a sketch of the T-v and P-v diagram. p= 3 ...
2
votes
2answers
437 views

the form of a kettle

What is the best form for a kettle, that is, to have the water boil the fastest? I am particularly interested in the following case: for one given kettle (whose volume is constant) containing ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Simple formula for liquid heat transfer

I'm trying to do a simple simulation of a solar panel coupled through some piping to a boiler, with the aid of a pump. My input constants could be something like: volume of liquid inside the panel, ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

ice in a microwave

I have noticed that when I microwave an ice cube it appears to melt more slowly than I would expect. For example, an equal volume of water starting at 0 deg C would probably be at boiling point before ...
2
votes
1answer
440 views

Water droplet evaporation due to humidity and temperature

I am conducting an experiment that requires comparison to models for a water droplet's change in size due to evaporation. I've found plenty of papers, but they all seem to require measurement of the ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Air Regeneration in Closed Systems

I wonder what's the way to regenerate O2 in air without using consumable chemicals (where one can use electricity through electrolisis or using UV lamps)? We can dissolve water into O2 & H2, but ...
0
votes
1answer
417 views

Uses and interpretation of the 'Bowen Ratio' ($B_o=SH/LE$)

The Bowen Ratio is the ratio of sensible heat flux to latent heat flux, so presumably it gives some information about the relative importance of these processes. But it is not clear how this ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Maxiumum weight a buoy can float [closed]

I have a buoy that can hold 2943.02 cubic millimeters of non-pressurized air, I need and equation to work out the maximum weight that the buoy can float.
8
votes
1answer
623 views

Why does the water in the toilet move around so much on stormy days?

On calm days, the water in the toilet looks completely still. But when it's rainy and windy out, the water looks like it moves and pulsates. Why is this?
1
vote
1answer
338 views

Extracting water out of silica gel [closed]

From my preliminary research I've learned that desiccants are a good (best?) method to absorb water from air. Assuming I'm using silica gel (or kitchen salt, or rice) then what is the best way to ...
1
vote
2answers
859 views

Tube under water and air pressure

If you take apart a syringe you are left with one piece that is a tube with a tiny hole in one end and the open end of a tube at the other. If you then submerge this underwater and cover the small ...
7
votes
1answer
311 views

How to simulate a crashing wave? [closed]

I'd like to create a very rough animation of a wave crashing on a beach. I'm guessing it would have to be a particle simulator, where you code in the forces between the particles and then integrate ...
17
votes
5answers
8k views

Why do tsunami waves begin with the water flowing away from shore?

A sign of a tsunami is that the water rushes away from the shore, then comes back to higher levels. It seems that waves should be both + and - polarized and that some tsunamis should go in the ...
5
votes
4answers
292 views

When displacement isn't possible

Stop me if i'm wrong but displacement is, for example, when you enter a bathtub the water level rises around you. What happens when displacement isnt possible? I'll give an example. I have two ...