Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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Does the temperature of water determine how much heat will be removed from air used to evaporate it?

This is a question about evaporative cooling as used in residential evaporative cooling appliances. This type of cooling uses the heat in the ambient outside air to evaporate water and remove the heat ...
3
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2answers
504 views

Would a small puddle of water evaporate faster if you spread a dry towel over it?

Let's say you spill 10ml of water on the kitchen counter. It forms a small puddle that would evaporate after a while (assuming room temperature and sane humidity). Would spreading a large, dry towel ...
3
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1answer
233 views

How to create visible reflections in shallow water?

Assumption: The only lights I have are candle, table lamp, and sunlight. What would I need to create visible reflection of an object in the shallow water contained in a 5 liter bucket? Is it even ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Why can't I evaporate water without wind, just heat? (not boiling,evaporating!) Or can I?

So here is the thing, I searched all over the internet for this but all the sources say that I need wind because the process of evaporation goes as follow: Water particles at the top layer with ...
3
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2answers
766 views

Why does it take until the middle of summer before lakes have warm water, but desert sand heats up in hours?

My sister asked me this question and I keep thinking that water would conduct heat much faster than sand. Hence the energy transfer of heat across the lake does not allow it to heat up soon. Sand on ...
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3answers
3k views

Does stirring water in a bucket in whirlpool keeps it warm?

I did an experiment when I was a teenager. I want to prove/see what really went on in that experiment. When taking a bath, take a warm water in bucket and start taking a bath. You will notice that ...
3
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1answer
39 views

What is the equivalent of a eutectic point for a (two-liquid)+solids system?

I deal with complex phase equilibria involving solid and liquid phases at high temperature. Below is a simplified temperature-XH2O diagram for a multicomponent system at constant pressure. (Note: ...
3
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1answer
94 views

Can ice thickness be different on two nearby lakes?

In winter, is it possible for two distinct bodies of water, which are a few kilometers apart (so they are exposed to roughly same temperature), to have different thickness of ice? Does the area of the ...
3
votes
3answers
404 views

Water Level and Pipe Widths

I ran into a bit of physics yesterday, and couldn't understand the physics at work. I've been scouring the Internet, but haven't found the answer yet. I'm guessing there's a basic principle I'm ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Time required for water to freeze

recently I was wondering if there is any specific formula in order to calculate how long it takes for certain liquids to freeze (especially water). I know this depends on: the volume of the liquid, ...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

Make water droplets charged?

Normally water molecules are electrically neutral. But I have seen somewhere ideas about electric energy generators mentioning that water droplets might be used in some applications as they are ...
3
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2answers
404 views

Pumping water from a closed column. Will the column get empty or just circualte?

As a picture is worth a thousand words, here is my problem: It is a closed water column with a bit of air in the top section. If I run the pump and make the water flow from IN to OUT, Will the ...
3
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1answer
495 views

Pascal law with two connected cylinders filled with water, and 50kg stones at both their ends

If I have two connected cylinders filled with water, and 50kg stones at both their ends (pressing both ends of the water) how much weight do I need to add on one side so that one of the stones reach ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Calculating time to heat cold water in bowl of hot water

How would I calculate the time it takes to heat a given volume of water to a given temperature with a given temperature T1 when it is submerged in a volume of water with a temperature T2 Estimation ...
3
votes
1answer
894 views

Static flow of water in the presence of a loudspeaker

The title, I don't know whether it's correct or not, but I came across a video in youtube, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_PkgQQqpH2M. The author of video used the title and hence I used the same. ...
3
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2answers
195 views

why water molecules in vapor contributes to the green house effect and water condensed in drops not?

I am a teacher planning a unit on climate change. I came across this statement: "Clouds are water vapor (green house gas) and water molecules will reflect heat into space… actually clouds are ...
3
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1answer
132 views

Experiment to find structure of water

Who first determined the structure of water (two hydrogen atoms stuck to an oxygen atom at approx 105 degrees), and, more importantly, how was this done?
3
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1answer
2k views

Where are the ice rings in X-ray crystallography located?

I threw this image of one of my protein crystal's diffraction pattern (not the greatest) on a poster, and was wondering where (what reciprocal dimension) the ice rings are located as it might be a ...
3
votes
1answer
382 views

Tear drop shape

i heard that a tear drop shap is the most aerodynamic shape possible or the best is this true? If this isn't true what is since i need to make a fast ROV? Also since i need to have a propeller to ...
3
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1answer
39 views

What is the best angle to see water

Sometimes when I clean my house, I miss some of the water since it seems invisible, but when I stand in different angle from the water I can see it clearly, whereas some angles offer partial ...
3
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1answer
65 views

Magnetic Fields in water

I have a question for all of the persons talking about magnetism. What are the differences in any of the properties, laws, etc. of a magnetic field totally submerged in water compared to a magnetic ...
3
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1answer
109 views

What is the origin and nature of the “hydrogen envelope” located on the sun side of a comet coma?

It is tempting to assume the origin of the hydrogen is water vapor from the comet, in which case, what process "breaks up" the water molecule (or perhaps ammonia molecule?)? Is the hydrogen actually ...
3
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1answer
360 views

Why the dissolution of hydrophobic compounds decreases the entropy of water molecules in the vicinity of the solute?

The following is a quote from Lehninger's Principles of Biochemistry, 4th edition, pg.52: (...) dissolving hydrophobic compounds in water produces a measurable decrease in entropy. Water ...
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3answers
3k views

Why should fluids be confined for Pascal's Law to be applicable

When is Pascal's law about fluid pressure propagation applicable? Is it applicable to a closed circular pipe with a pump rotating the fluid, but not to a tub of water. Most statements require only ...
3
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1answer
446 views

Cause of sea ice freezing during an upwell event

One of the Episodes of BBC's documentary Frozen Planet describes an upwell phenomenon in the Antarctic Ocean. I am trying to understand the cause of seawater freezing when this upwell occurs. Liquid ...
3
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4answers
529 views

Water to ice expansion in $1\textrm{mm}^3$ pit - pressure on the pit walls?

[EDITED] by mistake, the subject was regarding 1m^3 instead of 1mm^3. There should be a significant difference between the two... A 1x1x1mm pit filled with water is frozen at a slow rate (1K/minute). ...
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2answers
500 views

the form of a kettle

What is the best form for a kettle, that is, to have the water boil the fastest? I am particularly interested in the following case: for one given kettle (whose volume is constant) containing ...
3
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2answers
99 views

Dynamic water pressure from flow and diameter

I've to test some fire hydrants and need to get the dynamic pressure. For that I know I can use a Pitot tube but... I don't have. After Googling a lot, I found two formulas allowing to compute the ...
3
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0answers
51 views

How would water drain out of a sealed pipe?

While hiking through the Grand Canyon, I started wondering. Say we have a pipe for the purpose of transporting water across a canyon, with the bottom submerged in a pool of water. Like the blue line ...
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2answers
129 views

Reducing the evaporation of water at room temperature

Water drops kept on different surface evaporate after a few minutes. How can I reduce the rate of evaporation of these drops? Can I add some additives which suppress evaporation?
3
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0answers
61 views

producing distilled water using sun energy [closed]

My home town (Iran, Lamerd) has very hot summer (always > 45+ degree) with dry weather and sharp sun shine. I used some black tubes under glassy box to heat up water. It was a natural thermal siphon ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Force field for Calcium ions, potassium ions and water in molecular dynamics

I want to adapt my existing MD simulation so that it can handle these three species. For the interactions of the ions I thought that I would use the coulomb potential, but I don't know what sort of ...
2
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4answers
1k views

What happens to water level when ice XII melts?

There exists this famous idea that if all floating icebergs melt, water level will stay the same (because the water replaced by ice is the volume of the melted ice). Now, Is this always so, if you ...
2
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1answer
309 views

Would Beetee's electrocution plan work and kill the tributes in the lake?

In Catching Fire, the second episode of the Hunger Games trilogy, one of the characters (Beetee) proposes a plan to kill some of the remaining tributes. He proposes wrapping a special wire that he has ...
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2answers
25k views

Freezing point of water with respect to pressure.

I know when the pressure is reduced, the boiling point of water is reduced as well. But how does the pressure affect the freezing point of water ? In a low pressure environment is the freezing point ...
2
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2answers
933 views

Changes in Water Bonding Angle

I heard something recently in a casual discussion, but have yet to be able to confirm it: is there any evidence that the bonding angle for a water molecule, currently defined as 104.5, has been either ...
2
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2answers
742 views

How does blow-drying a mirror keep it from steaming up again?

After a hot shower, the mirror in my bathroom steams up. When I try to clear it with a towel, it immediately refogs. Yet once I use my hair-dryer, it will clear the fog and the mirror will stay clear. ...
2
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1answer
2k views

Do my noodles cook quicker when the water is boiling or when it is just about to boil?

I was just cooking some noodles and staring at the pot waiting for them to cook made me wonder... Will my food cook quicker when the water is boiling and bubbling, or when it is at a temperature where ...
2
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3answers
251 views

Why is there more steam when water is subject to less fire?

When I cook things, such as scallop and salmon, I found that the food may be more tender if I wait till the water boils (at 100 C) and immediately turn the fire lower so that the water is not bubbling ...
2
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3answers
231 views

can Superconductivity be used to repel water?

Can water be repeled with the force from superconductivity gathering current on the surface cuased by Faraday law of induction? I'm trying to make a ROV that can run underwater that uses ...
2
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2answers
412 views

How does the boiling time depend on the amount of water?

For example we have 1 electric kettle with 1 litter of water and we have another (the same type) electric kettle with 2 litters of water. How much time each kettle will need to boil and why? How does ...
2
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1answer
462 views

Could submarine SONAR kill a diver?

Could a diver swimming next to a submarine be killed or seriously injured by its SONAR? What physical aspect of SONAR affects the human body in a potential harmful way?
2
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2answers
3k views

Microwaves vs Gas or Electric Coil heating of a water boiler in a typical household

Wouldn't it be more energy efficient and or safe to use microwaves to heat our home's water boiler instead of using dangerous gas or hot electric coils that could catch other things on fire? I'm kinda ...
2
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2answers
165 views

Cloud Microphysics - Does It contain Ice Or Water Or Both?

I'm not sure if this is the right site to post this on but I have a project where I have some cloud microphysical properties: ...
2
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2answers
195 views

The physics behind The Great Flood [closed]

The book of Genesis floats (pardon the pun) some interesting numbers when discussing the Great Flood. For example, it rained for 40 days and 40 nights, and at the end of that time, the entire planet ...
2
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1answer
296 views

How much water is destroyed in photosynthesis, relative to the world's supply?

Water is involved in the photosynthesis. How much water are we talking about compared with the total amount on water on Earth? Is it enough to have an effect on the average age of water molecules?
2
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2answers
2k views

How the pipes of water don't freeze in -40 celsius?

Does anyone have a good answer how comes that the water in the pipes in our houses doesn't freeze even if it is -40 celsius for a whole week? of course assuming we don't make the water to fluid in it
2
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1answer
41 views

What is the maximum height for a puddle of water, assuming stp?

I wonder if anyone has figured this out. Assuming, standard temperature and pressure(273 K and 1atm), what is the maximum height of a water puddle on a flat surface? There might be some other factors ...
2
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1answer
59 views

If a window in a plane cabin breaks will a bunch of water vapor form?

If a plane has some windows broken mid-flight (ie open) will the plane suddenly be full of water vapor because of the difference of pressure?
2
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2answers
154 views

Drying up a wet object

I am wondering whether an object which has been wet with hot water always dries up more easily and more quickly than one wet with cold water. How much do the shape, roughness, material, structure of ...