Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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movement of water in plants

Books say that water moves from places with a high water potential to places with a low water potential. The movement of water in plants are explained because water potential is lowest in leaves and ...
2
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0answers
85 views

Suction from flowing water

My memory from physics says yes but I want to check. Our pool is dirty and our vacuum is broken. If I were to stick the vacuum hose into the pool drain, would the flow of water going into the drain ...
9
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2answers
435 views

Water evaporation problem. Exercise from Feynman's lectures

I read lectures of Richard Feynman and try to solve problems and I have some trouble with a problem on water evaporation. A glass full of water is left standing on an average outdoor window in ...
3
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1answer
170 views

Calculation of long-range forces in Molecular Dynamics - Ewald summation

I am trying to write a code to calculate the potential and forces, for the same using ewald summation.For this purpose, the formula for potential and force I have used is : $$ U = U^{(r)} + U^{(k)} ...
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1answer
755 views

Why is there steam in a hot shower even though the water is not boiling? [duplicate]

When I take a hot shower, there is normally a fair amount of steam. However, I don't think the water coming out of the shower-head is actually boiling (unless I am mistaken). Why is there water ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Why is boiling not just a surface phenomenon?

The boiling point of a liquid is defined as The temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. That being the case, why, in a pot of boiling ...
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3answers
28 views

Breathe Air from a source without any pressure compensation?

I just thought about what I'd do if I was on a sinking ship and of course breathing was the first thing that came into my consideration. Now imagine the ship's front going up and the room you are in ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Why can't I evaporate water without wind, just heat? (not boiling,evaporating!) Or can I?

So here is the thing, I searched all over the internet for this but all the sources say that I need wind because the process of evaporation goes as follow: Water particles at the top layer with ...
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1answer
88 views

Why is it that not the entire surface of Earth is covered by water? [closed]

Isn't it a coincidence that our planet is mostly but not completely covered by water? Is there a reason why less water or more water is not compatible with intelligent life? Also, isn't it a ...
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3answers
319 views

Does ice made out of salt water melt slower than ice made of pure water?

I'm trying to make this whole bunch of ice bottles to cool down my little aquarium. What I want in the ice bottles is that, fter freezing the whole bottle full water into ice, I need the ice to melt ...
3
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1answer
288 views

Why does water get significantly colder while falling through the air?

I think we've all experienced this effect. You turn on the shower and the stream of water at the shower head is a fair bit hotter than the water towards the bottom of the stream. Alternatively, if you ...
11
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4answers
42k views

Why does ice have a lower density than water?

Can someone explain me why is ice less dense than water? As I know, all solids are usually denser than the liquids (correct me if I am wrong).
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1answer
124 views

Can capilliary action move liquid against gravity?

I was wondering if it was at all possible to very slowly suck up water from a cup with a rope, and then deposit the water into another cup on a 3cm thick book or similar object. Here is an example ...
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3answers
70 views

Kayaking against the wind is faster than with wind in my back? [closed]

Today I was kayaking on a lake. I noticed that there is not very strong, but noticeable wind. There were also currents, all going in one direction, probably caused by wind. One more thing I realized ...
2
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2answers
805 views

Why does a paper towel absorb water upwards?

When I touch a paper towel to a drop of water I can see the water move upwards into the paper towel. What force is responsible for this gravity defying phenomenon?
0
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1answer
63 views

Efficiency of a gravity feed hose

If I am trying to fill a large cylindrical container with a gravity feed hose, would it be more efficient, time-wise, to drill a hole in the bottom of the container for a greater initial pressure ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Why toilet paper is softer in moist air? [duplicate]

After a hot shower,the air from the bathroom is full of water steam,right? How does the air affect the texture of the toilet paper?I mean,the toilet paper it seems to be softer,but why? Can someone ...
0
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0answers
42 views

How long does it take for disturbed water to stop making sound?

Suppose I have a bowl with water or another liquid. The water from the bowl is perfectly quiet. Then I throw a stone in the water and I wait. How can I calculate the time after which the water is ...
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2answers
132 views

Greater pressure perceived when wearing waders

A few days ago I went for a hike in the waters of a river. I was wearing waders like the ones you see in the following picture: I don't understand why the pressure I perceived on my legs when the ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Can I disperse a droplet with electromagnetic fields?

If I have a droplet of water, can I apply an electromagnetic field in order to disperse the droplet into smaller subdroplets (tiny vapor) and fill a space with them? The same way that magnetic dust ...
11
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2answers
8k views

Is there a way to fill Tank 2 from Tank 1 through Gravity alone?

I am a newbie in water system design but I am currently faced with the exact situation below on my land, and I need to know whether gravity alone is sufficient in order to fill Tank 2 from Tank 1, as ...
0
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2answers
53 views

When drying paint brushes washed with water, which way is the best to orient them?

After washing my paint brushes with soap and water and rinsing them, in order to avoid damage to the bristles and the ferrules and the wooden handle, is it best to hang them bristles down and let ...
0
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1answer
96 views

How does sound make water flow in zig-zag patterns?

I saw this video where water is piped past a large speaker and weird shapes are formed. Later in the video the pipe actually moves from the sound so that's obviously why the patterns are forming, but ...
3
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1answer
148 views

Why doesn't water get 'increasingly thicker' as it gets colder?

It's my understanding that the colder liquids get (or anything else for that matter) the slower the constituting particles move. That being the case, why is H$_2$O either 'water' or 'ice'? Given that ...
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1answer
84 views

How to calculate the resistance (conductance) between two contacts embedded into a 3D object?

Pouillet's law, $R = \rho \frac{\ell}{A}$, is useful when dealing with a "column" (cylinder) of a conducting material, with cross section $A$ and height $\ell$. Using this equation has an underlying ...
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1answer
300 views

Why isn't steam/cloud blue like liquid and solid water?

Most of us here are aware as I think that pure water has a natural quest to absorb visible red colour wavelength slightly due do which liquid water and sometimes even ice appears to have a blue colour ...
3
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4answers
338 views

Is a turbine the same thing as a motor?

Is a turbine the same thing as a motor? We know that water, wind and nuclear power plants rotate a turbine so is this turbine like a motor? I think we can generate electricity by rotating a motor too. ...
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1answer
87 views

Boiling water function

i want to make a program that realistically boils water with all the variables but know near nothing about the math i got the energy transfer equation down but this seems to be giving me some ...
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2answers
242 views

Why can't people just pump water from ground and flood deserts to make them habitable? [closed]

I know this may be the wrong site, but I'm a curious man and I want to solve world's problems. One of big problems is deserts. They're so dry that nothing grows there. I was thinking about this and ...
4
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3answers
355 views

Does wax go through a sharp phase transition when it melts?

When ice melts, the system goes sharply from being solid to being liquid. There is no intermediate state where it is soft. This is a true phase transition. The thermodynamic potential is not an ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Difference between a tap and a hosepipe

When the flow of water through a tap is blocked by the fingers, the water does not increase in velocity whereas the velocity of water increases when the same is done tp a hosepipe. Both involve the ...
0
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2answers
13k views

Water Electrolysis Calculations

From Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_electrolysis#Efficiency): The electrolysis of water requires a minimum of 237.13 kJ of electrical energy input to dissociate each mole. Each ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Does an ice cube change its core temperature as it melts?

Let's say we have an ice water solution in an ambience with room temperature, i.e. there is a permanent exchange of energy. Let's suppose the ice cubes were from the freezer, which is at $-18°C$. The ...
4
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3answers
847 views

Would sea water moderate a nuclear submarine meltdown?

My son asked me: If nuclear submarines get sunk or blown up, what is to stop them going into nuclear meltdown? I thought about it and came to the conclusion that because they're in the sea the ...
5
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1answer
300 views

Why do I sink then float in a swimming pool?

Was swimming this morning and observed something strange: if I stop treading water, hold my legs together, arms pressed against my sides, then I sink to about 3m below the surface, and then rise again ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Why does a pitcher with lemon juice have foam, while one with pure water does not?

Whenever I pour water into lemon juice (pouring directly from the tap into the pitcher, not quietly along its edge) I get a foam on top: The same pitcher with water (same water tap, pitcher, time ...
7
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3answers
4k views

How does a canvas water bag cool water?

I was reading about this water bottle by Botl that behaves like a canvas water bags to keep water cool. I found out that this idea is an old idea and cars would drive with water bags in front as shown ...
3
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1answer
160 views

Why do we use Mie scattering to describe light scattering off large objects?

I'm an undergraduate student who has recently come across Rayleigh and Mie scattering and I'm trying to understand them a little better. As I understand it Rayligh scattering is used only when the ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Will the water go inside the moving water bottle?

Let's say that there is a empty bottle in the water moving at a high speed like this: My question is: Will the water go inside the the empty bottle when the bottle is moving at a high speed? If ...
0
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0answers
76 views

Does the density of water ice (any form of water ice) near 0K exceed the density of water at 277.15K?

In a question brought up by my chemistry class, the most we have determined is that the stability of most forms of ice decreases as the temperature decreases. What does this loss of stability do to ...
0
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0answers
48 views

What will be the affect of Global Warming if Polar Ice melts? [duplicate]

Due to global warming, all the polar ice melts & sea level increases, with increase in humidity. Angular momentum of ice at pole is, very low. Due to shift of water, from pole to equator, it's ...
15
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3answers
1k views

Why do the waters of the different oceans of the world have different ratios of their H and O isotopes?

I was reading about the Kelvin, then water, which defines it, so I ended up reading about the VSMOW. It's based on "average" ocean water. From ...
2
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1answer
71 views

If you charge water will the evaporation rate change?

If you take away electrons or add electrons to a body of water will the evaporation rate be changed? (Even if it's brief or the effect is small)
9
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1answer
881 views

Why is ice more reflective than liquid water?

Why is ice more reflective (has higher albedo) than liquid water? They're both the same substance (water). Is something quantum mechanical involved?
0
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1answer
39 views

What granular/colored material suspends itself in an enclosed container filled with water regardless of pressure, gravity and buoyancy?

i've been looking around for an answer but it turns out that google dsn't think it's an obvious question. Would really appreciate the help. Basically i'm wondering if there is any known material that ...
2
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1answer
134 views

What happens to charge during laser ablation in water?

One of my friends from lab makes gold nanoparticles in the following manner: He puts a gold plate in water (without surfactants or other additives) He fires laser at the plate After 5 minutes ...
1
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3answers
302 views

Dielectric constant of water

I need the dielectric constant of water from $10^{-2}$ Hz to $10^4$ Hz. As stupid as it may seem, I cannot find much info. I've googled for days. All I can find is close to GHz. And the only info ...
0
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1answer
113 views

Water enclosed in a vessel

Suppose I am taking water in a glass or metal or even something else. It s air tight and (so it is water tight). Now imagine, if I keep it heating and none of its molecule escapes from it, what am I ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Could submarine SONAR kill a diver?

Could a diver swimming next to a submarine be killed or seriously injured by its SONAR? What physical aspect of SONAR affects the human body in a potential harmful way?
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1answer
3k views

Calculating the coefficient of thermal expansion in liquid

I am trying to write a matlab function that calculates the coefficient of thermal expansion of water from a given temperature. From what I understand the thermal expansion coefficient is calculated as ...