Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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4
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2answers
6k views

Flow of liquid among branches

If water is flowing through big pipe is branched into 4 branches of small pipe. Lets say the flow is around 4 m/sec. I have the following questions: What will be the flow rate in each of the ...
4
votes
2answers
61 views

Why water vapour condense easier in contact with a solid?

Reading about cloud formation, I learned that to a droplet to form, the water vapour needs a Cloud Condensation Nuclei, which is an aerosol with a size in the order of 0.0001mm. And if no CCN is found ...
3
votes
2answers
800 views

Why doesn't the water spill out?

In this experiment, a number of coins are put into a cup full of water, without spilling it. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N2mKpZHnEzw Firstly, let me clarify one thing. If you fill up a cup ...
8
votes
2answers
321 views

How to model the form of a surface water wave?

Normal surface water waves, as generated by wind, do not have sine form but wave peak is higher and shorter than wave trough with different wave steepness. What parameters characterize such a surface ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Where are the ice rings in X-ray crystallography located?

I threw this image of one of my protein crystal's diffraction pattern (not the greatest) on a poster, and was wondering where (what reciprocal dimension) the ice rings are located as it might be a ...
0
votes
1answer
781 views

HEPA vs. water filter in vacuum cleaning

What is the difference between air being filtered with HEPA or water? Which one performs better within a non-allergic home environment? Does water filter have a meaning still when common vacuum ...
44
votes
4answers
4k views

Being in a solid state, why is ice slippery? [duplicate]

Saying that ice is slippery is like saying that water is wet -- it's something we've known for as long as we can be said to have known anything. Presumably, humans as a species knew ice was slippery ...
-7
votes
2answers
433 views

Are shadows underwater “wet”? [closed]

Sorry if this is the wrong place to post this but it seemed the most appropriate. I read a riddle earlier today that mentioned something about shadows underwater and it got me thinking.. Would a ...
2
votes
2answers
256 views

Would sea water moderate a nuclear submarine meltdown?

My son asked me: If nuclear submarines get sunk or blown up, what is to stop them going into nuclear meltdown? I thought about it and came to the conclusion that because they're in the sea the ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Determining The Coefficient of Viscosity and Diffusivity in an Estuary?

I am curious and eager to discuss about the experience of determining viscosity and diffusivity coefficient for our coastal or estuary model. I myself, just start to use the range of: ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

What is a good model for computing water dropping on a surface?

Before introducing my question I would like to outline the fact that I'm a coder, so I can be wrong when using some kind of terminology. What is a good model for computing the flow, the shape and all ...
4
votes
2answers
118 views

Dynamics of Honey in hot water: Honey accelerates like it is falling through air?

Here is a Video showing the honey accelerating in the hot water. As you can see, there are also dynamics. Since the water started stationary, I guess the dynamics arise because of convection flow. ...
17
votes
6answers
4k views

Why does ice form on bridges even if the temperature is above freezing?

So with this "arctic blast" continuing, I've noticed that for my area, the temperature drops below freezing just long enough to cause freezing rain, but then the sun comes out and the temperature ...
-3
votes
1answer
126 views

Slope of a channel

I have a trapezoidal channel like this: The question is to get the slope of the channel such that we have a Chézy coefficient of 64 $m^{1/2}/s$. Given: $B= 76\: \mathrm{m}$, $y = 10\: ...
0
votes
3answers
290 views

Why are oxygen and hydrogen compressible, but water is barely compressible

What makes the two gases compressible, but does not apply to a liquid like water?
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Gerstner Wave Formula to Vertex information $(x,y,z)$

I have created a program, that draws a plane mesh, and allows to me edit or animate all the separate vertices along it. The idea behind it, is for me to be able to create a gridMesh based wave ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Can ice thickness be different on two nearby lakes?

In winter, is it possible for two distinct bodies of water, which are a few kilometers apart (so they are exposed to roughly same temperature), to have different thickness of ice? Does the area of the ...
0
votes
1answer
274 views

Which one conducts heat better: water, or air?

If we were to assume room temperature of 20C, which of the fluids conducts heat better, and why?
8
votes
2answers
8k views

Why does water pouring from a glass sometimes travel down the side of the glass?

If you have a glass of water, say, three quarters full and you pour it at an angle of say, $45^{\circ}$ with respect to the the table, the water comes out of the glass and goes directly down towards ...
2
votes
2answers
280 views

Measuring background radiation

We tried to measure background radiation using a geiger counter for a experiment at school. The meter showed $0.12$-$0.21$ microSv/h during the day averaging at about $0.14$ mcSv/h. As we tried to ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Non-determinitric flow of water stream on vertical porcelain surface

I noticed several times while washing my hands that accumulated water when starts streaming vertically does not flow vertically in straight line on vertical porcelain surface under the force of ...
0
votes
2answers
288 views

Is it possible to project an image onto water? [closed]

Is there a way to create an image/projection in the water? Or form the water to project an image, little dot/pixel? Use some type of frequency to modulate the little dot in the fluid?
-2
votes
2answers
175 views

How long will it take to fill a bath tub with oil compared to water?

As everyone knows, the oil is more viscous than water. But, I've been wondering how long it will take to fill a bath tub compared to water. It is quite obvious that oil will take longer. But, how much ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Optimal temperature for Mpemba Effect

Is there an pptimal temperature for the Mpemba Effect? Is there an optimal initial water temperature for speedy freezing? If so, what is it? If a specific example is needed: There is a 100 milliliter ...
4
votes
4answers
275 views

Dissolving oxygen into water

I was wondering how one would actually calculate how much oxygen would dissolve into water given the necessary initial conditions, and what those initial conditions would need to be. I assume they ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Why water from upper level not goes into lower level in this drainage system

In the following typical water drainage system, I'd like to know why waste water from upper floor (let say, from 2nd floor's toilet) does not come to the lower floor's equipment via the common pipes ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

How much heat needed to heat 400g of ice at 0°C to 20°C in a 200g aluminium pot? [closed]

An aluminium pot has a mass of 200g and contains 400g of ice at 0°C. How much heat would be needed to melt that ice and then raise the temperature of the resulting water to 20°C. The specific heat ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

How to freeze the Niagara waterfalls?

Here is a picture of the usual vigorous Niagara Falls (in the winter). Here is the picture of Niagara Falls frozen in 1933 (in the very cold winter). Here is the picture of Niagara Falls frozen in ...
-2
votes
2answers
363 views

How much water from ice and after how much time? [closed]

I need two formulas in dealing with ice and water. First: If I have 2 x 2 x 2 (cm) ice cube, after it melts, how much water will there be ? Second: If I have 2 x 2 x 2 (cm) ice cube, after how ...
2
votes
1answer
370 views

Could submarine SONAR kill a diver?

Could a diver swimming next to a submarine be killed or seriously injured by its SONAR? What physical aspect of SONAR affects the human body in a potential harmful way?
0
votes
4answers
236 views

'Polar Vortex' Boiling Water to Snow is Mpemba Effect?

I am based far away from the icy storm currently blanketing the US - the 'polar vortex'. However, I have seen in the TV news footage of reporters throwing boiling water into the air, the water ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

what is the mechanism of water conductivity?

I'm trying to wrap my head around the kelvin water drop generator and more specifically what happens in the water before it drops. If on one side the drops of water are positive and on the other side ...
-2
votes
1answer
76 views

What is the physics concept in sponge filter

I really need help I want to ask what is the physics concept in Sponge Filter?
2
votes
1answer
283 views

Would Beetee's electrocution plan work and kill the tributes in the lake?

In Catching Fire, the second episode of the Hunger Games trilogy, one of the characters (Beetee) proposes a plan to kill some of the remaining tributes. He proposes wrapping a special wire that he has ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

How cold does it need to be for spit to freeze before hitting the ground?

What is the dominant form of heat transfer between warm water and cold air? If a $100 mg$ drop of water falls through $-40 C$ air, how quickly could it freeze? Is it credible that in very cold ...
1
vote
1answer
841 views

Can a long salt bath increase water retention?

So it's Thanksgiving here in the states and an odd combination of things are on my mind. In the past day, I've Brined a turkey whole, skin on Taken a long epsom salt bath (Same thing, right? What ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Spreading heat with water

If water is cycled through a thin pipe by a pump, and a certain spot on that pump is made of thin copper that is being heated by a 1000 C source, will the water, as a whole, attain a heat of 1000 C ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I predict volume loss due to evaporation when boiling water?

Suppose I have a pot with diameter $D$ containing a volume of water $V$, being heated by a flame under it. If the ambient air temperature is $T$ and relative humidity is $R$, how can I calculate the ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Triple points for other substances

Can substances other than H2O have a triple point, where the three usual phases of matter (solid/liquid/gas) can exist?
1
vote
1answer
162 views

Does the temperature at which water evaporates influence the amount of chalk left behind?

I believe the title is straightforward. Evaporating water leaves behind chalk. Assuming you evaporate the same amount of (the same type of) water, does the temperature at which this happens (and so ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Can a saltwater solution conduct electricity forever? [closed]

We know that very pure water does not conduct electricity, but salt water is a decent conductor. This is commonly explained by saying that "the ions carry the current through the solution", an ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

What happens if you try to freeze water in an water tight container

If I have a container that is full of water and I attempt to freeze the water by freezing the container, what would happen if the container is strong enough to prevent the water expansion? Could the ...
0
votes
2answers
727 views

Physics of the inverted bottle dispenser

When you invert a water-bottle in a container, the water rises and then stops at a particular level --- as soon as it touches the hole of the inverted bottle. This will happen no matter how long ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are refrigerators 4 degrees and freezers -18 degrees?

I assume that the refrigerator's temperature of 4 degrees has something to do with the fact that water is densest at that temperature. Does that inhibit microbe growth? But what about the freezer, ...
3
votes
1answer
880 views

Static flow of water in the presence of a loudspeaker

The title, I don't know whether it's correct or not, but I came across a video in youtube, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_PkgQQqpH2M. The author of video used the title and hence I used the same. ...
3
votes
1answer
319 views

Why the dissolution of hydrophobic compounds decreases the entropy of water molecules in the vicinity of the solute?

The following is a quote from Lehninger's Principles of Biochemistry, 4th edition, pg.52: (...) dissolving hydrophobic compounds in water produces a measurable decrease in entropy. Water ...
1
vote
1answer
6k views

Is sea water more conductive than pure water because “electrical current is transported by the ions in solution”?

Apparently, electrical charge is transported by the ions dissolved in water, is this true?
7
votes
2answers
665 views

How is the water meniscus at the edge of a capillary tube

Suppose we have a capillary tube in which water can rise to a height of x cm. If we dip the tube such that the height above the surface is less than x, then how will the water meniscus be at the edge ...
0
votes
0answers
126 views

when water falls to the ground and forms a puddle, where does most of the energy go?

When water falls from some height to the ground and forms a puddle, where does most of the initial potential energy go? Sound, heat, surface tension, or motion of the earth?
0
votes
1answer
6k views

Water Electrolysis Calculations

From Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_electrolysis#Efficiency): The electrolysis of water requires a minimum of 237.13 kJ of electrical energy input to dissociate each mole. Each ...