Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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2
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2answers
288 views

Would sea water moderate a nuclear submarine meltdown?

My son asked me: If nuclear submarines get sunk or blown up, what is to stop them going into nuclear meltdown? I thought about it and came to the conclusion that because they're in the sea the ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Determining The Coefficient of Viscosity and Diffusivity in an Estuary?

I am curious and eager to discuss about the experience of determining viscosity and diffusivity coefficient for our coastal or estuary model. I myself, just start to use the range of: ...
1
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2answers
2k views

Why does a bottle shrink when you pour hot water in it?

I think the title says pretty much. Last night I poured hot water in a half full bottle of water and closed the cap. The bottle immediately shrunk. Why? My girlfriend suggested that the hot water has ...
44
votes
4answers
4k views

Being in a solid state, why is ice slippery? [duplicate]

Saying that ice is slippery is like saying that water is wet -- it's something we've known for as long as we can be said to have known anything. Presumably, humans as a species knew ice was slippery ...
5
votes
4answers
677 views

Water in vacuum (or space) and temperature in space

So, water in vacuum will boil first and then freeze. I don't know how the freeze happens. As pressure lowers to zero, what happened to freezing point? (I know heat taken by vapor, and the water cool ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

What is a good model for computing water dropping on a surface?

Before introducing my question I would like to outline the fact that I'm a coder, so I can be wrong when using some kind of terminology. What is a good model for computing the flow, the shape and all ...
0
votes
3answers
103 views

cooling glass of milk glass and a jar of water

When im given a steel glass of boiling milk which I cannot even touch, I used to put that glass in a jar surrounded with room-temp water and give it 10 mins. At the end, I used to find the steel glass ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Dynamics of Honey in hot water: Honey accelerates like it is falling through air?

Here is a Video showing the honey accelerating in the hot water. As you can see, there are also dynamics. Since the water started stationary, I guess the dynamics arise because of convection flow. ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Psychorometric equation : calculation of dew point

I would like to calculate a dew-point temperature having wet and dry bulb temperatures and atmospheric pressure. I have the equation, but this equation uses following coefficients: A: 6.116441 K: ...
7
votes
3answers
899 views

How does a canvas water bag cool water?

I was reading about this water bottle by Botl that behaves like a canvas water bags to keep water cool. I found out that this idea is an old idea and cars would drive with water bags in front as shown ...
-3
votes
1answer
126 views

Slope of a channel

I have a trapezoidal channel like this: The question is to get the slope of the channel such that we have a Chézy coefficient of 64 $m^{1/2}/s$. Given: $B= 76\: \mathrm{m}$, $y = 10\: ...
15
votes
2answers
234 views

What would happen to wet laundry in the vacuum of space?

Imagine for a second that I was in a college dorm room frustrated that all the dryers were broken or in use. I'm impatient and not a jerk so I don't wait or take out someone else's laundry, I shoot it ...
0
votes
3answers
401 views

Why are oxygen and hydrogen compressible, but water is barely compressible

What makes the two gases compressible, but does not apply to a liquid like water?
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Gerstner Wave Formula to Vertex information $(x,y,z)$

I have created a program, that draws a plane mesh, and allows to me edit or animate all the separate vertices along it. The idea behind it, is for me to be able to create a gridMesh based wave ...
0
votes
1answer
407 views

Which one conducts heat better: water, or air?

If we were to assume room temperature of 20C, which of the fluids conducts heat better, and why?
17
votes
6answers
4k views

Why does ice form on bridges even if the temperature is above freezing?

So with this "arctic blast" continuing, I've noticed that for my area, the temperature drops below freezing just long enough to cause freezing rain, but then the sun comes out and the temperature ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Is the temperature different and or salinity different can lead to different colour of the water bodies?

I had skimming on an article about Thermocline and Halocline. How can two seas not mix? However, I am still curious on: Why the effect of Thermocline and Halocline are distinguishable based on ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Can ice thickness be different on two nearby lakes?

In winter, is it possible for two distinct bodies of water, which are a few kilometers apart (so they are exposed to roughly same temperature), to have different thickness of ice? Does the area of the ...
2
votes
2answers
310 views

Measuring background radiation

We tried to measure background radiation using a geiger counter for a experiment at school. The meter showed $0.12$-$0.21$ microSv/h during the day averaging at about $0.14$ mcSv/h. As we tried to ...
0
votes
1answer
909 views

HEPA vs. water filter in vacuum cleaning [closed]

What is the difference between air being filtered with HEPA or water? Which one performs better within a non-allergic home environment? Does water filter have a meaning still when common vacuum ...
0
votes
2answers
128 views

Dielectric constant of water

I need the dielectric constant of water from $10^{-2}$ Hz to $10^4$ Hz. As stupid as it may seem, I cannot find much info. I've googled for days. All I can find is close to GHz. And the only info ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Why does a bucket of Water weigh more than a bucket of Air?

Given the numerous chemical compounds found in dry air [compressed into a liquid] of a given volume [lets say $22.4$ L for simplicities sake] whose atomic weights far surpass that of water alone ...
0
votes
2answers
293 views

Is it possible to project an image onto water? [closed]

Is there a way to create an image/projection in the water? Or form the water to project an image, little dot/pixel? Use some type of frequency to modulate the little dot in the fluid?
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Non-determinitric flow of water stream on vertical porcelain surface

I noticed several times while washing my hands that accumulated water when starts streaming vertically does not flow vertically in straight line on vertical porcelain surface under the force of ...
0
votes
3answers
115 views

Raindrops on a fence. Why a regular pattern?

I observed a fence composed of plastic-coated metal wires running vertically and horizontally at intervals of around 3 cm. After it had rained, drops of water remained on the horizontal wires. I was ...
-2
votes
2answers
194 views

How long will it take to fill a bath tub with oil compared to water?

As everyone knows, the oil is more viscous than water. But, I've been wondering how long it will take to fill a bath tub compared to water. It is quite obvious that oil will take longer. But, how much ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Optimal temperature for Mpemba Effect

Is there an pptimal temperature for the Mpemba Effect? Is there an optimal initial water temperature for speedy freezing? If so, what is it? If a specific example is needed: There is a 100 milliliter ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Why water from upper level not goes into lower level in this drainage system

In the following typical water drainage system, I'd like to know why waste water from upper floor (let say, from 2nd floor's toilet) does not come to the lower floor's equipment via the common pipes ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

How much heat needed to heat 400g of ice at 0°C to 20°C in a 200g aluminium pot? [closed]

An aluminium pot has a mass of 200g and contains 400g of ice at 0°C. How much heat would be needed to melt that ice and then raise the temperature of the resulting water to 20°C. The specific heat ...
2
votes
1answer
460 views

Could submarine SONAR kill a diver?

Could a diver swimming next to a submarine be killed or seriously injured by its SONAR? What physical aspect of SONAR affects the human body in a potential harmful way?
-2
votes
2answers
410 views

How much water from ice and after how much time? [closed]

I need two formulas in dealing with ice and water. First: If I have 2 x 2 x 2 (cm) ice cube, after it melts, how much water will there be ? Second: If I have 2 x 2 x 2 (cm) ice cube, after how ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

what is the mechanism of water conductivity?

I'm trying to wrap my head around the kelvin water drop generator and more specifically what happens in the water before it drops. If on one side the drops of water are positive and on the other side ...
0
votes
4answers
246 views

'Polar Vortex' Boiling Water to Snow is Mpemba Effect?

I am based far away from the icy storm currently blanketing the US - the 'polar vortex'. However, I have seen in the TV news footage of reporters throwing boiling water into the air, the water ...
-2
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the physics concept in sponge filter

I really need help I want to ask what is the physics concept in Sponge Filter?
2
votes
1answer
308 views

Would Beetee's electrocution plan work and kill the tributes in the lake?

In Catching Fire, the second episode of the Hunger Games trilogy, one of the characters (Beetee) proposes a plan to kill some of the remaining tributes. He proposes wrapping a special wire that he has ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Spreading heat with water

If water is cycled through a thin pipe by a pump, and a certain spot on that pump is made of thin copper that is being heated by a 1000 C source, will the water, as a whole, attain a heat of 1000 C ...
3
votes
1answer
109 views

What is the origin and nature of the “hydrogen envelope” located on the sun side of a comet coma?

It is tempting to assume the origin of the hydrogen is water vapor from the comet, in which case, what process "breaks up" the water molecule (or perhaps ammonia molecule?)? Is the hydrogen actually ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Triple points for other substances

Can substances other than H2O have a triple point, where the three usual phases of matter (solid/liquid/gas) can exist?
0
votes
2answers
413 views

Compression and expansion

Why is it that solids on compression [As in striking a hammer etc.] heat up, but liquids and gases on compression [Pressurizing liquids causes them to freeze or gases to liquify] cool down? Can ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

Does the temperature at which water evaporates influence the amount of chalk left behind?

I believe the title is straightforward. Evaporating water leaves behind chalk. Assuming you evaporate the same amount of (the same type of) water, does the temperature at which this happens (and so ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How do I predict volume loss due to evaporation when boiling water?

Suppose I have a pot with diameter $D$ containing a volume of water $V$, being heated by a flame under it. If the ambient air temperature is $T$ and relative humidity is $R$, how can I calculate the ...
28
votes
7answers
4k views

Is it possible to “cook” pasta at room temperature with low enough pressure?

It is known fact, that boiling point of water decreases by decreasing of pressure. So there is a pressure at which water boils at room temperature. Would it be possible to cook e.g. pasta at room ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

How to freeze the Niagara waterfalls?

Here is a picture of the usual vigorous Niagara Falls (in the winter). Here is the picture of Niagara Falls frozen in 1933 (in the very cold winter). Here is the picture of Niagara Falls frozen in ...
0
votes
3answers
385 views

Using water to amplify sound

It seems that water generally dampens sound waves. Is there any way one could attach a speaker to a body of water in such a way that the water would actually amplify some frequencies (for nearby ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Can a saltwater solution conduct electricity forever? [closed]

We know that very pure water does not conduct electricity, but salt water is a decent conductor. This is commonly explained by saying that "the ions carry the current through the solution", an ...
2
votes
2answers
142 views

Freezing water in a closed container [duplicate]

We know that density of ice reduces by about 8% during freezing, this means it expands to have little higher volume. But if I fill water in a container (entire volume) which has very low coefficient ...
0
votes
0answers
137 views

when water falls to the ground and forms a puddle, where does most of the energy go?

When water falls from some height to the ground and forms a puddle, where does most of the initial potential energy go? Sound, heat, surface tension, or motion of the earth?
6
votes
2answers
726 views

How is the water meniscus at the edge of a capillary tube

Suppose we have a capillary tube in which water can rise to a height of x cm. If we dip the tube such that the height above the surface is less than x, then how will the water meniscus be at the edge ...
0
votes
1answer
102 views

Viscosity of water in the presence of solutes

Some physical properties of water change in the presence of solutes: vapor pressure, boiling point, freezing point and osmotic pressure. In particular, these four properties are called colligative ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Shaking water inside bowl causes waves but why does the water stabilize?

Suppose you shake water inside a container, then at first the waves goes up and down strongly but they gradually dissipate. What makes them dissipate?