Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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1answer
1k views

How do I predict volume loss due to evaporation when boiling water?

Suppose I have a pot with diameter $D$ containing a volume of water $V$, being heated by a flame under it. If the ambient air temperature is $T$ and relative humidity is $R$, how can I calculate the ...
28
votes
7answers
4k views

Is it possible to “cook” pasta at room temperature with low enough pressure?

It is known fact, that boiling point of water decreases by decreasing of pressure. So there is a pressure at which water boils at room temperature. Would it be possible to cook e.g. pasta at room ...
13
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3answers
1k views

How to freeze the Niagara waterfalls?

Here is a picture of the usual vigorous Niagara Falls (in the winter). Here is the picture of Niagara Falls frozen in 1933 (in the very cold winter). Here is the picture of Niagara Falls frozen in ...
0
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3answers
275 views

Using water to amplify sound

It seems that water generally dampens sound waves. Is there any way one could attach a speaker to a body of water in such a way that the water would actually amplify some frequencies (for nearby ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Can a saltwater solution conduct electricity forever? [closed]

We know that very pure water does not conduct electricity, but salt water is a decent conductor. This is commonly explained by saying that "the ions carry the current through the solution", an ...
2
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2answers
103 views

Freezing water in a closed container [duplicate]

We know that density of ice reduces by about 8% during freezing, this means it expands to have little higher volume. But if I fill water in a container (entire volume) which has very low coefficient ...
0
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0answers
104 views

when water falls to the ground and forms a puddle, where does most of the energy go?

When water falls from some height to the ground and forms a puddle, where does most of the initial potential energy go? Sound, heat, surface tension, or motion of the earth?
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2answers
528 views

How is the water meniscus at the edge of a capillary tube

Suppose we have a capillary tube in which water can rise to a height of x cm. If we dip the tube such that the height above the surface is less than x, then how will the water meniscus be at the edge ...
0
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1answer
84 views

Viscosity of water in the presence of solutes

Some physical properties of water change in the presence of solutes: vapor pressure, boiling point, freezing point and osmotic pressure. In particular, these four properties are called colligative ...
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1answer
79 views

Shaking water inside bowl causes waves but why does the water stabilize?

Suppose you shake water inside a container, then at first the waves goes up and down strongly but they gradually dissipate. What makes them dissipate?
3
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1answer
226 views

Why the dissolution of hydrophobic compounds decreases the entropy of water molecules in the vicinity of the solute?

The following is a quote from Lehninger's Principles of Biochemistry, 4th edition, pg.52: (...) dissolving hydrophobic compounds in water produces a measurable decrease in entropy. Water ...
0
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2answers
556 views

Physics of the inverted bottle dispenser

When you invert a water-bottle in a container, the water rises and then stops at a particular level --- as soon as it touches the hole of the inverted bottle. This will happen no matter how long ...
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2answers
232 views

How does a dehumidifier work?

I have read sites like this, but I am just not getting it yet. I'm looking to understand the variables involved, which I think are: air moisture content air flow (cfm?) condenser surface area? ...
4
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2answers
118 views

The velocity of a cloud?

I noticed an unusually fast moving cloud this morning. My questions: What is the average velocity of a cloud on Earth? What is the greatest ever recorded cloud velocity? What factors affect the ...
1
vote
1answer
684 views

Can a long salt bath increase water retention?

So it's Thanksgiving here in the states and an odd combination of things are on my mind. In the past day, I've Brined a turkey whole, skin on Taken a long epsom salt bath (Same thing, right? What ...
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0answers
189 views

The formation of ice from water properties? [closed]

The formation of ice from water is accompanied by: A. absorption of energy as heat B. temperature increase C. decrease in volume D. an evolution of heat E. temperature ...
1
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1answer
343 views

Hydrostatic pressure?

What what I understand, hydrostatic pressure is the "weight" of the water pushing against objects. But if this is true, why is hydrostatic pressure perpendicular to the surface it acts on instead of ...
0
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2answers
123 views

How do you keep a fridge full of food cooler?

I just graduated and a mate moved into a flat (none of us are physicists by the way). So, were graduates, we got a new flat, and were broke. So, were now having a debate on how to keep a fridge ...
2
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2answers
138 views

Drying up a wet object

I am wondering whether an object which has been wet with hot water always dries up more easily and more quickly than one wet with cold water. How much do the shape, roughness, material, structure of ...
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2answers
174 views

In a glass of water, will an ice cube ever touch the bottom?

No matter the mass of the ice cube or the level of the water, will the ice cube ever touch the bottom of the glass or will there always be a layer of water in between?
4
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1answer
2k views

Why does water sometimes form bubbles when I pour it into a glass?

Sometimes when I'm filling up a container with water from the tap, bubbles will form on the top of the water. They look a little like soap sud bubbles, but there's no soap suds present. I notice, ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Why does cornstarch and water mixed together become solid when put under stress? [duplicate]

Here is one of the many videos on youtube showing how a cornstarch and water mixture can become very hard when put under stress. I haven't found a good explanation of why it behaves the way it does. ...
2
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2answers
143 views

Cloud Microphysics - Does It contain Ice Or Water Or Both?

I'm not sure if this is the right site to post this on but I have a project where I have some cloud microphysical properties: ...
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0answers
37 views

Which laws of physics apply when creating a soap blaster with pressurized air?

I want to create a soap blaster using: a 1" hose with 8 bar compressed air a non pressured container of soap and water mix without the use a pressurized tank I.e. something like this sand blaster: ...
0
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1answer
96 views

why does water do that?

I found recently that water fills a bottle quicker through only observation if I hold the tube away from the filling water than if I leave the tube inside the bottle. why does that happen? does ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

producing distilled water using sun energy [closed]

My home town (Iran, Lamerd) has very hot summer (always > 45+ degree) with dry weather and sharp sun shine. I used some black tubes under glassy box to heat up water. It was a natural thermal siphon ...
3
votes
3answers
342 views

Water Level and Pipe Widths

I ran into a bit of physics yesterday, and couldn't understand the physics at work. I've been scouring the Internet, but haven't found the answer yet. I'm guessing there's a basic principle I'm ...
7
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1answer
211 views

Why water wont leak out in this case? (Picture provided)

just curious why the water in the aquarium tank would not leak out as shown in the picture provided below? The question is in the red circle. The water level in the aquarium tank is definitely higher ...
10
votes
1answer
406 views

Sandstone getting soaked with water

I have seen someone putting a sandstone in water. With only about 10% of the stone sitting in the water. One could see the stone getting soaked with water. So there must be a force, which lets the ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Estimate temperature and pressure of steam in a pot of boiling water

Suppose we have a pot of known dimensions filled to level L with boiling water on a stove, covered by a lid with a vent of known dimensions. Given the steady-state temperature of the stove (bottom of ...
4
votes
3answers
459 views

Why is the absolute zero -273.15ºC?

I can't find an answer of why the lowest temperature is -273.15ºC. Is it deduced theoretically or is it experimental? An explanation is that when any gas volume tends to zero, the temperature will be ...
8
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2answers
4k views

Why does ice have a lower density than water?

Can someone explain me why is ice lighter than water? As I know, all solids are usually heavier than the liquids (correct me if I am wrong).
1
vote
1answer
176 views

Is there an easy way to get water at roughly 70°C in our kitchen?

Some green tea requires to pour water at 70°C. I have no thermal sensor or kettle with adjustable temperature with me. Do you know a way to get water at roughly 70°C like “boil water and wait for x ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Force field for Calcium ions, potassium ions and water in molecular dynamics

I want to adapt my existing MD simulation so that it can handle these three species. For the interactions of the ions I thought that I would use the coulomb potential, but I don't know what sort of ...
4
votes
1answer
312 views

Plastic bottle floating and sinking

I was doing this experiment: i take a plastic cup, put in a container of water, it floats – then when I put a coin in the water, it sinks and rests at the bottom. So to make the cup sink, i fill it ...
0
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0answers
123 views

Calculating Integrated Precipitable Water using GPS

I'm trying to calculate the Integrated Water Vapor (IWV) using GPS data. I'm following the equations in the following publication: GPS Meteorology: Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Water Vapor ...
4
votes
2answers
301 views

Why do some things crystallize? (And others don't, for that matter.)

Ice, for example, will form a crystal when frozen under certain circumstances. Why is this the case for ice? While on the subject of water crystallization, why do snowflakes usually form in base 6 ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Mysteries of the water meter

Recently, I got an exceptionally high bill for water consumption. I went to check my water meter, and saw that it rotates in a pace of about 200 cc per minute, even though all the faucets in my home ...
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0answers
210 views

Rate of evaporation of water

In our everyday life, does the temperature or humidity have a greater effect on how fast things dry? Are there any theories/models that explain this quantitatively?
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2answers
2k views

Why should fluids be confined for Pascal's Law to be applicable

When is Pascal's law about fluid pressure propagation applicable? Is it applicable to a closed circular pipe with a pump rotating the fluid, but not to a tub of water. Most statements require only ...
19
votes
4answers
3k views

Why does boiling water in the microwave make a cup of tea go weird?

When I boil water in the kettle, it makes a nice cup of tea. Sometimes I need to use a microwave because a kettle isn't available. I boil the water in the mug and it looks pretty normal, but when I ...
0
votes
1answer
389 views

Is there a way to let water pour out of bottle without letting air inside? [closed]

Is there a way to let water pour out of bottle without letting air inside? i understand that air needs to enter the bottle to ensure water flow, but i do not want to the water to be exposed to air. ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Does the termination point(level) influence water flow from a pipe

I get water to my home from a nearby Tank A at a certain height above ground level. I have a 1" pipe through which I get this water to my home.. I leave this water into my well by connecting a 1" tube ...
3
votes
2answers
394 views

Would a small puddle of water evaporate faster if you spread a dry towel over it?

Let's say you spill 10ml of water on the kitchen counter. It forms a small puddle that would evaporate after a while (assuming room temperature and sane humidity). Would spreading a large, dry towel ...
0
votes
1answer
242 views

How to heat swimming pool with physics principles [closed]

I'd like to apply physics principles to a home-experiment relating to my swimming pool. The water should flow inner to 100 meters of black pipe and so it should become warm. Then it should return in ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

Possibility of determining the mass of the water without a scale?

Possibility of determining the mass of the water by knowing water volume, water temperature and atmospheric pressure. I want to know if I can determine the mass of $V=0.01\,m^3$ of water in ...
5
votes
1answer
671 views

Does something like Pascal's Law apply in a Swimming Pool? If not, how does pressure spread?

I've been trying to wrap my head what happens when a force is exerted on the surface of a swimming pool / pond, or underneath it. Examples include a small boy cannon-balling into the deep end, or a ...
5
votes
1answer
503 views

Does a domestic microwave work by emitting an electromagnetic wave at the same frequency as a OH bond in water?

I was told once that microwaves work by exciting water molecules in food. Also that this worked because the frequency in the microwave was the same as that in the bond between Oxygen and Hydrogen in ...
0
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0answers
59 views

Is it possible for a planet to be made entirely of water (even it's core)? [duplicate]

I was thinking about this today... Is it possible for a planet to be made almost entirely of water (H20)? I'm sure that other elements would be in the mix, but I mean almost entirely made of water. ...
3
votes
3answers
318 views

Would a sea level rise (on the other side of the Earth) if you would dip your finger into the ocean?

(I'm not a physicist & I hope this question isn't too basic/lame) The question says it all & assuming: No atmosphere No Earth rotation Not a single object in the ocean(s) Ignore all other ...