Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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Capillary bridge force function given volume and distance

Given two surfaces and a fluidic glue with sufficient adhesion, what is the force provided by the capillary bridge provided the cohesive properties of the glue, volume, and distance between the ...
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1answer
85 views

Why does the bulk modulus of water have a maximum at around 60-70ºC

So I'm doing some water hammer analysis and was calculating bulk modulus of water as a function of temperature. I took the speed of sound and density of water as functions of temperature and ...
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1answer
355 views

If I mix 1 unit of water at at 30C° with 1 unit of water at 60C°, is the resulting water at 45C°? [closed]

I'm curious how temperatures work when mixing water. I'm not very good at physics but I'm always learning. Let's say I've 1 gallon of water at 30C° and 1 gallon of water at 60C°, and I mix them ...
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2answers
282 views

When Sugar Is Added to Water, How Does the Mass Change, and How does That Affect the Water's Density and Boiling Point?

I can't find a good answer anywhere. How does the amount of sugar added change the boiling point, mass, and density of water? Does it affect the mass or the volume? Or both?
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0answers
84 views

What pressure will stored water at height provide from a pipe? [closed]

A big open tank is filled with water ($10000$ litres) and kept at a height $15$ metres from ground. At its bottom, a pipe of $1.5$ inch diameter and $10$ meter length is connected. The water is ...
6
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4answers
2k views

Force of an impact on water

Today, at the Brazilian news, I heard that a men fell from a cruise into the sea, from a height of 50m, and decided to see if he could have survived. I took his weight for being 80kg. I did ...
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0answers
49 views

Entropy changes of water

I have a few questions regarding entropy and water. Suppose you cool down water so that it freezes at $273.15K$. How is entropy positive in this case? I have a feeling it may have to do with the ...
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1answer
1k views

Why does a water drop on a hot plate at 150°C evaporate faster than on a plate at 200°C?

I recently read that: A drop of water landing on a hot plate at 150°C (300°F) evaporates in a few seconds. A drop of water landing on a hot plate at 200°C (400°F) survives a whole minute. How ...
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2answers
1k views

How much better is salt water at letting through microwaves than pure water?

Radio Wave Attenuation There are two general types of matter (substances) in the universe that affect electromagnetic waves, conductors and insulators which are called dielectrics by ...
5
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1answer
565 views

Distinctive properties of liquids

The molecules are closely arranged in solids, loosely arranged in liquids and are free to move in gases... But, Why are liquids (especially water) exhibiting these distinctive properties such as ...
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1answer
28 views

Can there be net condensation into a pool of water?

I'm curious about the equilibrium of evaporation and condensation. Given that the surface area of a dehumidifier's evaporation coil at 4C is proportional to the rate of condensation, how would the ...
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1answer
64 views

Time to decrease water temperature by 5F from different initial temperatures

Is the time to (naturally) decrease temperature of water by 5 degrees the same, regardless of the initial temperature? Imagine 3 glasses of water (a, b c) in a room temperature of 70F. There are 3 ...
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3answers
2k views

Why does water reflect light?

Why does water reflect light? What is actually happening when light is reflected by water? We know why metals reflect light; water, however, is not metal, but it still reflects light and we can see ...
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1answer
584 views

Water evaporation

It is known that molecules at the surface are more strongly attached to each other (more attraction less repulsion) than those within the bulk (attraction and repulsion are balanced). This is the ...
39
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8answers
45k views

Why does ice melting not change the water level in a container?

I have read the explanation for this in several textbooks, but I am struggling to understand it via Archimedes' principle. If someone can clarify with a diagram or something so I can understand or a ...
0
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1answer
95 views

How does pressure increase underwater?

How it is that when we go deeper in water(seas or oceans) the pressure increases, while water(generally liquids) are incompressible?
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3answers
111 views

Is there an way water can burn or cause fire?

Water known as the fire extinguisher.What is the possibility watere being the fuel to fire. "Pure water"
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3answers
3k views

Why are oxygen and hydrogen compressible, but water is barely compressible

What makes the two gases compressible, but does not apply to a liquid like water?
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3answers
12k views

Why does the water level equalize in a series of tubes?

Say I have a series of tubes (not the internet) looking like this, where w represents water: ...
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1answer
30 views

Water's Specific Heat Capacity as an Outlier

Can the specific heat capacity of water being ridiculously high as compared to other substances be explained at a molecular scale?
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0answers
89 views

Finding an equation for the cooling curve of water with respect to surrounding temperature

I would like to find a general equation that describes the cooling curve of water from 100 degrees Celsius to the surrounding temperature $T_s$ against time (say, in seconds). As far as I know and ...
2
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3answers
322 views

Does water absorb neutrons?

Water is used as a shielding material in nuclear reactors. What's its function as a shield? Does it absorb neutrons and is there a reaction between water and neutrons?
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1answer
47 views

Viscosity of Muddy Water

How do I calculate the viscosity of muddy water at 25 deg C and knowing the weight of undissolved solids either SiO2 or Al2SiO5 in H2O, grain size < 150 microns? Do I have enough information to get ...
0
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0answers
33 views

What are the physics principles behind “amphibious” camera lens windows?

Underwater camera housings have a window through which the lens looks. When the camera surfaces, a couple of things can happen, and I've seen both captured in the camera footage. In one case, water ...
4
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4answers
247 views

why water molecules in vapor contributes to the green house effect and water condensed in drops not?

I am a teacher planning a unit on climate change. I came across this statement: "Clouds are water vapor (green house gas) and water molecules will reflect heat into space… actually clouds are ...
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2answers
1k views

Why do some things crystallize? (And others don't, for that matter.)

Ice, for example, will form a crystal when frozen under certain circumstances. Why is this the case for ice? While on the subject of water crystallization, why do snowflakes usually form in base 6 ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Why is steam used to spin turbines?

The ideal gas law tells us that the relationship between Pressure (P), Volume (V), Temprature (T), and quantity/amount (n) is $$ PV = nRT $$ where R is the gas constant. Say your an engineer who ...
2
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1answer
90 views

Why is modelling water so difficult?

There are several models of water that have come into existence so far. Nevertheless, there is no one particular model which effectively gives all the properties of water correctly. A model like TIP3P ...
4
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2answers
77 views

Why does soaking something soften it up [duplicate]

Apologies if this is duplicate, I've dug around and can't find it. If you leave a sponge/cloth out to dry for a while it eventually becomes slightly stiff. Upon wetting again, however, it softens up ...
4
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2answers
5k views

Why are refrigerators 4 degrees and freezers -18 degrees?

I assume that the refrigerator's temperature of 4 degrees has something to do with the fact that water is densest at that temperature. Does that inhibit microbe growth? But what about the freezer, ...
0
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1answer
354 views

Why do hot tubs dehydrate you? [closed]

I was just sitting in a hot tub for a few hours with friends, and we all noticed we really wanted to drink some water. We felt dehydrated. I tried looking up why hot tubs dehydrate you and all I got ...
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2answers
255 views

Does water follow the path of least resistance

I am having hard time proving this either right or wrong. Let's take for example a river, does the water flowing down follow the least resistant path?
8
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3answers
9k views

Why did my frozen water bottle explode when I opened it after it defrosted a bit?

Last night I filled a 20 fl oz bottle (http://www.thenibble.com/reviews/main/beverages/soft-drinks/boylans-mash.asp) with lukewarm water from my tap. I filled the bottle pretty much to the brim, ...
9
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8answers
22k views

Why does hot oil explode when pouring water on it?

What is the reason that hot oil makes sound and explodes when water is poured on it?
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2answers
104 views

Is pure water electrically conductive? [closed]

I know that water with some ions dissolved is a good conductor. I wonder whether it is true for pure water?
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1answer
81 views

Paper Napkin Folded

Why folded napkins are better absorbing water than ordinary napkin. I think there must be related to cohesion of water element. Water are captivated between layers because they appeals each other or ...
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0answers
28 views

What do water stains make things appear dark? [duplicate]

If a piece of grey tarmac is damp after the rain, it appears darker. If I spill water on my carpet, the damp patch is darker than the rest of the carpet. Generally speaking, a lot of things appear ...
6
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1answer
13k views

Why does water sometimes form bubbles when I pour it into a glass?

Sometimes when I'm filling up a container with water from the tap, bubbles will form on the top of the water. They look a little like soap sud bubbles, but there's no soap suds present. I notice, ...
10
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3answers
5k views

How fast does an ice cube melt in a microwave?

I have noticed that when I microwave an ice cube it appears to melt more slowly than I would expect. For example, an equal volume of water starting at 0 deg C would probably be at boiling point before ...
73
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8answers
23k views

Why does hot water clean better than cold water?

I had a left over coffee cup this morning, and I tried to wash it out. I realized I always instinctively use hot water to clean things, as it seems to work better. A Google search showed that other ...
0
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1answer
46 views

How long can water hold elevated pressure and energy after opening pressure cooker lid?

I noticed today that the water warmed up in pressure cooker (1.5 ATM) dissolves sugar much faster and much more than water cooked in 1 ATM. I am interested in how long can water hold the high ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Pump pressure required to fill water tower

I have a water pump at a distance of x meters from a water tower located h meters above the pump through a pipe with diameter d. I am not concerned with the exact value just want to make sure my pump ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Is it possible to mix a drink with a non-standard phase of ice?

Would it be possible to safely cool and drink a glass of water with anything else than the Ih form of ice? Here and here you can see that some alternative forms of ice have a higher density than ...
6
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2answers
822 views

Microwave oven + water: dielectric heating or ion drag?

When you place a water or food in a microwave oven, it heats. Which process commits more energy to that: dielectric heating, or ion drag i.e. resistive heating? AFAIK, in distilled water (which is a ...
2
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1answer
84 views

Why does water remain as a “hemispherical bubble” when it falls on a page?

Today while drinking water, a drop of it accidentally felt on a page of my book, and I was thinking that, "Oh my god! The water will spread instantly, making the part of page wet". But, I observed, ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

How can we describe or model the spread of ice during the freezing of the surface of a still lake?

Premise: I live in a place where it is unquestionably wintertime in every aspect of the phrase. I was driving down the street and I drove by a lake. There was a recent and sudden temperature drop ...
12
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3answers
261 views

Crown shape in water waves?

Watching this slow motion video of waves caused by a droplet falling on water, I am puzzled by the first wave shape. The first wave rises with circular symmetry as I expected, but is not even in ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Why does water boil differently in a microwave than over a flame?

Over a flame, small bubbles will start to form on the bottom of the pot, and as the average temperature rises, the bubbles will become larger until they start rise to the top. As it gets even hotter, ...
63
votes
7answers
12k views

When I boil a kettle, what stops all the water from turning (exploding!) in to steam in one go once it reaches 100°C?

While making a cup of tea in the office kitchen, a colleague asked me this question and neither of us could answer with any certainty. We're guessing it has something to do with the pressure of the ...
1
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2answers
116 views

movement of water in plants

Books say that water moves from places with a high water potential to places with a low water potential. The movement of water in plants are explained because water potential is lowest in leaves and ...