Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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50 views

Difference of water pressure

We know that $P = \rho gh$, so is it true that water pressure at 2nd floor will be higher than water pressure at 9th floor of a 12 story building?
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0answers
31 views

How fast does water have to be moving for it to gain a lot of heat? [duplicate]

A random question popped into my head a few minutes ago: objects, when moving fast enough, start to get resistance from the air. Since there is friction between the air and the object [water], there ...
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3answers
164 views

Why is alcohol less dense than water?

Ethyl alcohol (ethanol) is less dense than water, and it's boiling point is lower. But this molecule is more complex and bigger than the simple H2O. How can a substance with a higher molecular size ...
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2answers
225 views

Torricelli's speed of efflux law

Torricelli's law states that if we make a hole in a container of fluid open to atmosphere, then the speed of the fluid spouting out is: $$\sqrt{2gh}$$ Does this velocity correspond to the horizontal ...
3
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0answers
46 views

What is the spheroidal temperature of water?

I understand that when a hot plate reaches a certain temperature water will no longer wet the surface, but will form perfect spheres on the surface of the plate. The temperature at which this happens ...
0
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1answer
79 views

Are particles that locally evaporate off water's surface at T = 100?

Water molecules can evaporate off a surface without needing to boil (How does water evaporate if it doesn't boil?). This is because surface particles are sometimes energetic enough to overcome ...
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0answers
32 views

Superheating Water Demonstration with a Vacuum

There are many Youtube videos which place a cup of water into a vacuum chamber and cause boiling around 0.020 atm, but I can't find any which show a vacuum-only "superheating" effect (to be clear, I ...
3
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2answers
127 views

Why water boiling time depends linearly on water volume?

I thought that the function will follow the Square-cube Law since we heat water at the surface (which is x^2) while we heat the volume (which is x^3) as it happens in animals according to Bergmann's ...
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3answers
82 views

Velocity of water from a certain depth

I was curious to know does water come out of a certain depth when there is a difference in pressure, and also if it does come out of a certain depth, at what velocity does it travel at? So, ...
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1answer
77 views

What makes bathroom soap bars to crack during winter season?

Is there some relation between winter season and cracking of bathroom soaps? I noticed that , cracking happens only during winter season.I also learned earlier from physics stack that, During winter ...
3
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1answer
713 views

Why does sound not travel between media?

So imagine you're at the beach; you go into the water and the moment you enter the water you stop hearing anything from the outside world. The same happens vice-versa: your friend shouts at you from ...
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2answers
74 views

Why is water such a poor electromagnetic conductor? [closed]

1.-Why does salt water not conduct any form of non-visible light? 2.-Why does it conduct red light so much worse than other colours? (Why does it absorb red so much and not blue, for example). It's ...
2
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4answers
563 views

Better explanation of why an object floats: density? or buoyancy in equilibrium with object's weight?

Across StackExchange, you see two explanations for why an object floats: The buoyant force, equal to weight of displaced water, is in equilibrium with the object's weight. The density of the object ...
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1answer
31 views

Hydrostatic pressure in a vase at different depths

I am building a water level sensing device on the base of Arduino. The sensor is the eTape by Milontech. The resistance changes almost linearly with depth as the sensor is immersed in liquid ...
2
votes
2answers
124 views

How does a rising bubble take a dome-like shape?

Since I have swam on the swim team for most of my life, I am very familiar with bubbles. I know a raindrop falling through the sky gets its shape because it is the most aerodynamic shape, but how come ...
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0answers
11 views

Capillary bridge force function given volume and distance

Given two surfaces and a fluidic glue with sufficient adhesion, what is the force provided by the capillary bridge provided the cohesive properties of the glue, volume, and distance between the ...
1
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1answer
97 views

Why does the bulk modulus of water have a maximum at around 60-70ºC

So I'm doing some water hammer analysis and was calculating bulk modulus of water as a function of temperature. I took the speed of sound and density of water as functions of temperature and ...
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3answers
467 views

When Sugar Is Added to Water, How Does the Mass Change, and How does That Affect the Water's Density and Boiling Point?

I can't find a good answer anywhere. How does the amount of sugar added change the boiling point, mass, and density of water? Does it affect the mass or the volume? Or both?
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1answer
356 views

If I mix 1 unit of water at at 30C° with 1 unit of water at 60C°, is the resulting water at 45C°? [closed]

I'm curious how temperatures work when mixing water. I'm not very good at physics but I'm always learning. Let's say I've 1 gallon of water at 30C° and 1 gallon of water at 60C°, and I mix them ...
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0answers
54 views

Entropy changes of water

I have a few questions regarding entropy and water. Suppose you cool down water so that it freezes at $273.15K$. How is entropy positive in this case? I have a feeling it may have to do with the ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Can there be net condensation into a pool of water?

I'm curious about the equilibrium of evaporation and condensation. Given that the surface area of a dehumidifier's evaporation coil at 4C is proportional to the rate of condensation, how would the ...
0
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1answer
73 views

Time to decrease water temperature by 5F from different initial temperatures

Is the time to (naturally) decrease temperature of water by 5 degrees the same, regardless of the initial temperature? Imagine 3 glasses of water (a, b c) in a room temperature of 70F. There are 3 ...
0
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1answer
103 views

How does pressure increase underwater?

How it is that when we go deeper in water(seas or oceans) the pressure increases, while water(generally liquids) are incompressible?
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3answers
121 views

Is there an way water can burn or cause fire?

Water known as the fire extinguisher.What is the possibility watere being the fuel to fire. "Pure water"
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1answer
30 views

Water's Specific Heat Capacity as an Outlier

Can the specific heat capacity of water being ridiculously high as compared to other substances be explained at a molecular scale?
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0answers
100 views

Finding an equation for the cooling curve of water with respect to surrounding temperature

I would like to find a general equation that describes the cooling curve of water from 100 degrees Celsius to the surrounding temperature $T_s$ against time (say, in seconds). As far as I know and ...
0
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1answer
50 views

Viscosity of Muddy Water

How do I calculate the viscosity of muddy water at 25 deg C and knowing the weight of undissolved solids either SiO2 or Al2SiO5 in H2O, grain size < 150 microns? Do I have enough information to get ...
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0answers
33 views

What are the physics principles behind “amphibious” camera lens windows?

Underwater camera housings have a window through which the lens looks. When the camera surfaces, a couple of things can happen, and I've seen both captured in the camera footage. In one case, water ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Why is modelling water so difficult?

There are several models of water that have come into existence so far. Nevertheless, there is no one particular model which effectively gives all the properties of water correctly. A model like TIP3P ...
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2answers
81 views

Why does soaking something soften it up [duplicate]

Apologies if this is duplicate, I've dug around and can't find it. If you leave a sponge/cloth out to dry for a while it eventually becomes slightly stiff. Upon wetting again, however, it softens up ...
0
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1answer
408 views

Why do hot tubs dehydrate you? [closed]

I was just sitting in a hot tub for a few hours with friends, and we all noticed we really wanted to drink some water. We felt dehydrated. I tried looking up why hot tubs dehydrate you and all I got ...
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2answers
306 views

Does water follow the path of least resistance

I am having hard time proving this either right or wrong. Let's take for example a river, does the water flowing down follow the least resistant path?
4
votes
2answers
131 views

Water bombing - risks and possibilities

I just saw a video on youtube, where an excavator drops a load of water on a car, destroying it completely. I also saw a video with a fire-fighting plane dropping even more water on a burning truck. I ...
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2answers
121 views

Is pure water electrically conductive? [closed]

I know that water with some ions dissolved is a good conductor. I wonder whether it is true for pure water?
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1answer
85 views

Paper Napkin Folded

Why folded napkins are better absorbing water than ordinary napkin. I think there must be related to cohesion of water element. Water are captivated between layers because they appeals each other or ...
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0answers
28 views

What do water stains make things appear dark? [duplicate]

If a piece of grey tarmac is damp after the rain, it appears darker. If I spill water on my carpet, the damp patch is darker than the rest of the carpet. Generally speaking, a lot of things appear ...
3
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3answers
2k views

Why does water reflect light?

Why does water reflect light? What is actually happening when light is reflected by water? We know why metals reflect light; water, however, is not metal, but it still reflects light and we can see ...
0
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1answer
47 views

How long can water hold elevated pressure and energy after opening pressure cooker lid?

I noticed today that the water warmed up in pressure cooker (1.5 ATM) dissolves sugar much faster and much more than water cooked in 1 ATM. I am interested in how long can water hold the high ...
2
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2answers
84 views

Is it possible to mix a drink with a non-standard phase of ice?

Would it be possible to safely cool and drink a glass of water with anything else than the Ih form of ice? Here and here you can see that some alternative forms of ice have a higher density than ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Why does water boil differently in a microwave than over a flame?

Over a flame, small bubbles will start to form on the bottom of the pot, and as the average temperature rises, the bubbles will become larger until they start rise to the top. As it gets even hotter, ...
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2answers
125 views

movement of water in plants

Books say that water moves from places with a high water potential to places with a low water potential. The movement of water in plants are explained because water potential is lowest in leaves and ...
2
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0answers
88 views

Suction from flowing water

My memory from physics says yes but I want to check. Our pool is dirty and our vacuum is broken. If I were to stick the vacuum hose into the pool drain, would the flow of water going into the drain ...
0
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1answer
133 views

How does a water-steam mixture behave?

Namely, if I mix a flow of steam that has density $\rho_s$, velocity $v_s$, and pressure $P_s$ with a flow of water that has pressure $P_w$, velocity $v_w$, and density $\rho_w$, how can I find the ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Why does water remain as a “hemispherical bubble” when it falls on a page?

Today while drinking water, a drop of it accidentally felt on a page of my book, and I was thinking that, "Oh my god! The water will spread instantly, making the part of page wet". But, I observed, ...
63
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7answers
12k views

When I boil a kettle, what stops all the water from turning (exploding!) in to steam in one go once it reaches 100°C?

While making a cup of tea in the office kitchen, a colleague asked me this question and neither of us could answer with any certainty. We're guessing it has something to do with the pressure of the ...
4
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3answers
1k views

Why is boiling not just a surface phenomenon?

The boiling point of a liquid is defined as The temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. That being the case, why, in a pot of boiling ...
12
votes
3answers
276 views

Crown shape in water waves?

Watching this slow motion video of waves caused by a droplet falling on water, I am puzzled by the first wave shape. The first wave rises with circular symmetry as I expected, but is not even in ...
3
votes
1answer
187 views

Calculation of long-range forces in Molecular Dynamics - Ewald summation

I am trying to write a code to calculate the potential and forces, for the same using ewald summation.For this purpose, the formula for potential and force I have used is : $$ U = U^{(r)} + U^{(k)} ...
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3answers
29 views

Breathe Air from a source without any pressure compensation?

I just thought about what I'd do if I was on a sinking ship and of course breathing was the first thing that came into my consideration. Now imagine the ship's front going up and the room you are in ...
0
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1answer
246 views

What wavelength of light is the least absorbed by water?

As I understand it, an infrared laser range finder will not work underwater because the infrared rays are heavily absorbed by water. What wavelength (optical, ultraviolet, microwave, etc.) of light ...