Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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Why is it faster (as in proportion to volume) to boil 4 cups of water than to boil 2 cups?

I did an experiment where I boiled two cups (500ml) of water in a kettle, and it took 1:30 minutes to reach around 98 C, average. However, when I boiled 4 cups of water, (1L) it only took me 2:30 ...
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3answers
550 views

Why is the absolute zero -273.15ºC?

I can't find an answer of why the lowest temperature is -273.15ºC. Is it deduced theoretically or is it experimental? An explanation is that when any gas volume tends to zero, the temperature will be ...
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2answers
4k views

273 + degree Celsius = Kelvin. Why 273?

Temperature conversion: 273 + degree Celsius = Kelvin Actually why is that 273? How does one come up with this? My teacher mentioned Gann's law (not sure if this is the one) but I couldn't find ...
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1answer
54 views

If a window in a plane cabin breaks will a bunch of water vapor form?

If a plane has some windows broken mid-flight (ie open) will the plane suddenly be full of water vapor because of the difference of pressure?
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3answers
59 views

Why are some surfaces slippery?

Why are ice and oil slippery? In general, why do certain substances make a surface difficult to walk on?
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4answers
4k views

Waves in water always circular

I have had a question since childhood. Why do we always get circular waves (ripples) in water even when we throw irregularly shaped object in it?
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0answers
17 views

Rapids in a River

Can I expect to have bigger or smaller rapids in a river that has a water level that is higher than average? I am not sure which way this would go. With the lower water, one is closer to the rocks, ...
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0answers
35 views

Speed of Water in a River

Does a river flow faster the higher the water level - or does it go at exactly the same speed? I was recently tubing in a river and the water seemed to be going faster with the water level being ...
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3answers
3k views

Why did my frozen water bottle explode when I opened it after it defrosted a bit?

Last night I filled a 20 fl oz bottle (http://www.thenibble.com/reviews/main/beverages/soft-drinks/boylans-mash.asp) with lukewarm water from my tap. I filled the bottle pretty much to the brim, ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Is the temperature different and or salinity different can lead to different colour of the water bodies?

I had skimming on an article about Thermocline and Halocline. How can two seas not mix? However, I am still curious on: Why the effect of Thermocline and Halocline are distinguishable based on ...
3
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3answers
307 views

Why does water not evaporate in below 0 degrees?

I have learnt that, most objects still have energy in their atoms until the temperature reaches absolute zero. In other words, everything has energy around us. Now, that in mind if I go to antartica, ...
1
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0answers
58 views

Solar still and how it works

I use a solar still that holds 182 cubic feet of water. Here is how it works: There is an insulator on both sides of the metal bowl. On the outside it covers the whole thing. on the inside it covers ...
7
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5answers
893 views

Why the water remains on the surface of the Earth?

What makes the water stay on the surface? Why the earth does not absorb the water in it?
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1answer
149 views

Psychorometric equation : calculation of dew point

I would like to calculate a dew-point temperature having wet and dry bulb temperatures and atmospheric pressure. I have the equation, but this equation uses following coefficients: A: 6.116441 K: ...
4
votes
2answers
316 views

Why does evaporation take place? [duplicate]

I was looking at at puddle when I thought that this puddle will evaporate tomorrow but then it occurred to me that the boiling temperature of water (aka to turn into gas) is $100$ degrees under 1 ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

What kinds of reactions happen when bubbling air through water?

Mostly I have seen air bubbling used to remove impurities in the water itself, like exemplified in this course packet. This is called "Sparging," but I have yet to learn much about transfer between ...
5
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3answers
7k views

Does wrapping a wet paper towel around a glass bottle really speed up the cooling process?

There are claims like this one that you can improve the cooling speed of beverages when you put them wrapped in a wet paper towel inside the refrigerator/freezer. I've just tried it by myself and ...
2
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2answers
57 views

Why is water blue (on a quantum level)

OK, lets formulate it differently and say water works as a blue passing / red restricting filter. It is actually observable. Just do a dive in a swimming pool with white light (maybe even at night) ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Why is mud muddy?

How to explain properties of mixture of sand with water? Why is it so coherent and slippery at the same time? Is it due to hydrogen bonds? Why is mud of smaller grains more slippery and incoherent ...
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2answers
5k views

Why is boiling water loud, then quiet?

Water in my electric kettle makes the most noise sixty to ninety seconds before the water comes to a full boil. I have been fooled many times by the noisy kettle, only to discover that the water was ...
12
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3answers
3k views

Why is there more steam after a pot of water *stops* boiling?

I have a pot of vigorously boiling water on a gas stove. There's some steam, but not alot. When I turn off the gas, the boiling immediately subsides, and a huge waft of steam comes out. This is ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Flow of water in a lake [closed]

You are 10 miles upstream from a dam. A 50 sq ft gate 30 feet above the lower water level is opened and water starts to flow from the dam. How long is it until your boat starts moving towards the ...
0
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2answers
137 views

The Ultimate Hand Dryer

I have come across many hand dryers that attempt to dry your hands really fast after you wash them. Here are two of them: XLERATOR http://www.exceldryer.com/ Dyson Airblade ...
4
votes
1answer
561 views

Does the pressure increase under an upturned glass?

During my children's bath time we were playing with an upturned plastic jug filled with water and making some plastic divers float up inside the jug - see image. If one of the divers swam from A to ...
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2answers
341 views

What will happen if we put balloon in water tank in space

Imagine this. You have some object (let say barrel) and fill it with water. The water remains rather calm so it doesnt' spills out. Then we take a balloon filled with air and push it in that tank. ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Does the temperature of water determine how much heat will be removed from air used to evaporate it?

This is a question about evaporative cooling as used in residential evaporative cooling appliances. This type of cooling uses the heat in the ambient outside air to evaporate water and remove the heat ...
1
vote
1answer
310 views

Water Pressure Calculation for a volume of water at a given height

I'm looking to create a rain harvesting system. I have a 275 gallon IBC tote that is 48" x 40" x 46". I have an adapter for a 3/4 garden hose at the bottom of the IBC tote. I'm trying to figure out ...
13
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3answers
834 views

What is the status of Mpemba effect investigations?

There is this puzzling thing that is called Mpemba effect: paradoxically, warm (35°C) water freezes faster than cold (5°C) water. As a physisist, I've been asked about it several times already. And I ...
0
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1answer
241 views

Water evaporation

It is known that molecules at the surface are strongly attached to each other (more attraction less repulsion) than those within the bulk attraction and repulsion are balanced). This is the molecular ...
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0answers
25 views

Question: if a nuclear reactor of a submarine explodes will it contaminate the surrounding waters? [closed]

After watching a Naval War movie I began to ask myself this question and I would like to know.
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2answers
1k views

Does Uchimizu (watering streets in summer) help reduce temperature in an area?

It appears that in Japan, there is an old custom called Uchimizu. The name is a combination of words "road" and "water". The essence of it is moisturizing small parts of populated areas like ...
0
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2answers
3k views

Is water considered a substance with low friction or high friction?

Like, for example, rubber is a substance with high friction, as an object with neither high or low friction would easily stop on it, and wouldn't skid. Ice is considered an object with low friction, ...
0
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1answer
103 views

What is “hydrostatic uplift pressure”?

I was reading Wikipedia about the St. Francis Dam and came across this sentence. Water that collected in the drainage pipes under the dam to relieve the hydrostatic uplift pressure was carried ...
15
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2answers
228 views

What would happen to wet laundry in the vacuum of space?

Imagine for a second that I was in a college dorm room frustrated that all the dryers were broken or in use. I'm impatient and not a jerk so I don't wait or take out someone else's laundry, I shoot it ...
7
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3answers
5k views

Why does the water level equalize in a series of tubes?

Say I have a series of tubes (not the internet) looking like this, where w represents water: ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Regarding the theory of the origin of water on earth through meteorites, why wouldn't the water evaporate on impact?

Water on earth has been theorized to have come through comets trapped inside crystals. But why wouldn't that water evaporate on impact, and wouldn't the atmosphere at that time allow the vapours to ...
3
votes
2answers
122 views

How come a whistling kettle starts whistling only when water boils, and not long before - due to hot air escaping under pressure?

A whistling kettle will start to whistle when the water boils and turns into a jet of steam which then exits the small aperture in the spout. But why doesn't this happen much earlier - when the air ...
0
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2answers
77 views

Can a submerged capsized vessel be turned into a sort of diving bell and propelled forward like a submarine?

I am writing a story set in the 17th century and have read accounts of such early submarines, however, not much detail is available. If some kid of weights/plummets are attached to the sides of the ...
0
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1answer
54 views

Exception to weight of hot vs cold water?

I have seen the various posts regarding the comparison of weight of heated and cold water.But is there any contradiction?I live in really hot conditions and as such tap water literally 'boils' ...
2
votes
2answers
264 views

How does the boiling time depend on the amount of water?

For example we have 1 electric kettle with 1 litter of water and we have another (the same type) electric kettle with 2 litters of water. How much time each kettle will need to boil and why? How does ...
5
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2answers
8k views

Why does earth look blue from outer space?

I know it's more than 70% water. But what has it got to do with earth's colour ?
2
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2answers
89 views

Why is a material such as plastic air-tight?

I'm not too familiar with fluid mechanics, but i always wondered how let's say plastic containers would be able to contain a fluid, such as gas or water. How does plastic prevent the molecules of the ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Water Displacement in the Oceans As a result of Global Warming [duplicate]

Not sure if this is the right place to ask this but here goes. If the north pole ice sheets melt, everyone agrees this would be a bad thing, however one of the reasons they state for this being a bad ...
15
votes
1answer
414 views

Why does a water drop on a hot plate at $150^o C$ evaporate faster than on a plate at $200^o C$?

I recently read that: "A drop of water landing on a hot plate at $150^o C \:(300 F)$ evaporates in a few seconds. A drop of water landing on a hot plate at $200^o C \:(400 F)$ survives a whole ...
3
votes
1answer
662 views

Behavior of water at temperatures above 100°C

Assuming you have container with heat insulation (something like boiler). You can store water at any temperature below 100°C. At these conditions, you can drill a hole into container and store water ...
0
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0answers
45 views

How come evaporation is possible? [duplicate]

If I have wet clothes and put them on the ground and let the Sun shine on them, they dry as water evaporates. But water should evaporate at 100 degrees Celsius so how come they go dry if it's just ...
11
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2answers
124 views

Do all phases of ice look the same visually?

I recently read about different phases of ice on Wikipedia. But I can't find any pictures of the different ice phases. Do they all look alike visually? If you weren't able to measure the pressure and ...
0
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0answers
16 views

Understanding how clouds form: warm air near the earth's surface?

I'm trying to understand how clouds are formed. I've read that it begins with air near the earth's surface heating up. But I'm hearing two different reasons for how this happens: Air pressure near ...
10
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2answers
356 views

a wierd image of sun

Have you ever notice the sunset's image in the sea? It's like long light path to the end of the horizon! I've attached a sample of this: How can we explain this? I know that it can happen even in ...
0
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3answers
70 views

Upward bouyant forces?

When an object is submerged in a fluid (e.g., water), there is a pressure on the object due to weight of water by p=mgh, but why is there an upward buoyant force?