Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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4
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1answer
47 views

Is the IoR of water exactly $4/3$?

The index of refraction of water is commonly cited as $n \approx 1.33$, to varying numbers of decimal places. I've never seen a decimal expansion for this value with any digit other than $3$ past the ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Mixing Water at Different Temperature

If I have cup of water at room temperature (say, $25^\circ$C). What would be the resultant temperature if I pour another cup of same amount of water at $100^\circ$C to it? Is it simply ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Why does the surface structure of a metal make it hydrophobic?

I was just reading this article from phys.org describing water-repellant surfaces. However the article doesn't go into enough details of explaining why a particular structure repels the water. Can ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Can an electric field align water molecules?

Water is a polar molecule, which means it has an uneven charge distribution. How much of an electric field strength would it take to align all, or most, of the molecules at room temperature?
1
vote
1answer
330 views

Can a liquid boil in a closed container?

The title says it all. When one fills a container (with water for example) and closes it so no air can escape from it, then heats the container continuously, can the liquid boil or completely ...
17
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4answers
1k views

What is the status of Mpemba effect investigations?

There is this puzzling thing that is called Mpemba effect: paradoxically, warm (35°C) water freezes faster than cold (5°C) water. As a physisist, I've been asked about it several times already. And I ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Compute pipe restriction from water flow and static pressure

How can I determine if residential water pipes have a restriction given, for example, flow rate and static pressure? Details: (1) You hook up a static pressure gage to a faucet which is in the ...
12
votes
2answers
159 views

Why do crystals grow in preferred directions?

I want to know why snowflakes (and other crystals) grow symmetrically and I find the leading answer to the established question to be entirely unsatisfactory. When water freezes, you get ice. ...
24
votes
7answers
15k views

Why do tsunami waves begin with the water flowing away from shore?

A sign of a tsunami is that the water rushes away from the shore, then comes back to higher levels. It seems that waves should be both + and - polarized and that some tsunamis should go in the ...
2
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2answers
763 views

How much better is salt water at letting through microwaves than pure water?

Radio Wave Attenuation There are two general types of matter (substances) in the universe that affect electromagnetic waves, conductors and insulators which are called dielectrics by ...
1
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0answers
43 views

I need to remove water from a system [closed]

I work in an industry and I need to remove water from a system. The scenario: There is a washer and a blower on a conveyor belt. The item being washed is plastic (not sure what type) and can't be ...
0
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0answers
40 views

How can we describe or model the spread of ice during the freezing of the surface of a still lake?

Premise: I live in a place where it is unquestionably wintertime in every aspect of the phrase. I was driving down the street and I drove by a lake. There was a recent and sudden temperature drop ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Heating water with low and high gas heat

Similar type question is asked before but i'm looking for other aspect of it. I observed that if water is heated with low gas heat, it takes long time but it retains it high temperature for long time ...
3
votes
2answers
586 views

What air pressure is needed on mars, to have fluid water?

The atmospheric pressure on the Martian surface averages 600 pascals (0.087 psi), about 0.6% of Earth's mean sea level pressure. There is a lot of frozen ice on mars, but it can't melt, because of ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

How much does grabbing a piece of a plane free falling change your survivial?

Just for context let's saying you are falling from a plane in free fall position at 56m/s(200 km/h or 120 mph) and you grab onto a wing which slows you down to 25m/s. You weigh 70kg. so ...
21
votes
2answers
1k views

When a drop of water falls into water, where do the splashes come from?

When a drop of water falls into a reservoir of water from a high enough altitude, water droplets will splash (image credit): My question: Does the water in those droplets come from the original ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Where would a perfect sphere break under pressure?

My roommate who studies physics once showed me the leftovers of an interesting experiment: They filled up those metal balls with water and then froze it. The water expanded and with all of its ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Would it actually be possible to preserve a snow flake?

In episode one of season 3 of The Big Bang Theory Leonard offers Penny as a gift a snow flake he says he preserved in some kind of resin, having it brought from the North Pole. Is this purely ...
1
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0answers
33 views

Bond Angle in a water molecule

I recently started up reaching up on the Feynman lectures on Physics and in Vol I,Chap 1-2,Feynman states that the bond angle between the hydrogen and oxygen atom is 105° 3′. I know that the bond ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

What Is the Physics principle behind dropping a stone into a cup of water?

I have been doing an experiment about relationship between drop height of a stone and the loss of water in the cup it lands in. I found that after dropping the same stone into a cup with the same ...
3
votes
3answers
119 views

Why do square shaped cups spill easier than round cups?

I've noticed that when I use a cup that is square shaped with convex sides, it spills more easily than a circular cup. Why does this happen? What is the most spill-prone cup shape? What is the most ...
4
votes
3answers
266 views

Why does a pitcher with lemon juice have foam, while one with pure water does not?

Whenever I pour water into lemon juice (pouring directly from the tap into the pitcher, not quietly along its edge) I get a foam on top: The same pitcher with water (same water tap, pitcher, time ...
3
votes
2answers
349 views

Reducing the evaporation of water at room temperature

Water drops kept on different surface evaporate after a few minutes. How can I reduce the rate of evaporation of these drops? Can I add some additives which suppress evaporation?
4
votes
4answers
5k views

Why the shape of rainbow is semicircular after rain why not the whole atmosphere is colorful?

I have a very simple question. Everyone must have seen the rainbow after rain. According to the theory the rainbow is created due to the passing of sunlight from small drops of water in the ...
4
votes
2answers
82 views

Water level of ice in cup [duplicate]

Since ice is less dense than water, it floats on it, we all know this. Now suppose, if ice is floating in a glass cup, when the ice melts there should be some change at water level in the glass cup. ...
6
votes
3answers
203 views

Why is concrete dry around cracks?

On a warm and partly cloudy day this summer, I was sitting in my office and suddenly heard rain on the roof. I went outside to shut my car windows. By the time I did that and was walking back into ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How much water must flow trough canal to maintain a constant water deep?

In order to maintain a constant water deep in canal, how much water must flow trought the pipe ? As shown on picture, canal have a rectangular shape. I don't know if canal length have an influence. ...
1
vote
0answers
155 views

How can I bring water to 90 degrees C? [closed]

For my coffee I need the water to be 90 degrees Celsuis. Boiling water, however, is 100 degrees. How can I make it 90 degrees? Do I just measure the temperature of the water from my tap, and if it's ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

How do you work out the energy requirement for a submerged pump?

I was wondering if you were to place a pump in a submerged container and then were to open a hatch allowing water to flood the previously vacant cavity how much energy would be required to discharge ...
7
votes
1answer
261 views

Electric Field Change Freezing Temperature of Water?

I assume that the reason water freezes is because as you decrease the temperature, the kinetic energy of the water molecules decreases and the dipole bonding potential eventually over comes the escape ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Effect of water pressure on sinking objects

As I understand, water pressure increases as we go towards bottom of the ocean. So if an object* is thrown into water and it starts sinking with some speed, does the sinking object's acceleration ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Will Ice Cubes Form Quicker when Made from Hot Water or Cold Water? [duplicate]

When you put water in the freezer you can make Ice Cubes. But does the time taken for these Ice Cubes to form decrease or increase when the water which is used is hotter or colder?
-7
votes
2answers
517 views

Are shadows underwater “wet”? [closed]

Sorry if this is the wrong place to post this but it seemed the most appropriate. I read a riddle earlier today that mentioned something about shadows underwater and it got me thinking.. Would a ...
10
votes
2answers
314 views

Can cannonballs go through water?

In the recent Spielberg/Jackson Tintin movie, there is a scene where Red Rackham and Captain Haddock's ships are fighting, and cannons are fired. The cannonball is shown at one point to go through a ...
-1
votes
1answer
524 views

What happens if we put a pinch of salt on the ice cubes which is melting in the water?

What happens if we put a pinch of salt on the ice cubes which is melting in the water? How will the ice react to the salt, and what other things will happen after mixing them?
1
vote
2answers
171 views

Why does room temperature water and metal feel almost as cool as each other?

From what I've read about heat, temperature and conductivity, I understand that the reason water at room temperature feels colder than most other things at the same temperature (like wood, air, ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Why are ripples formed in water round? [duplicate]

Despite whatever be the shape of object that you drop in water, it be 1D, 2D, 3D, they all produce ripples in a circular pattern, is this pattern followed under water as well (in terms of density ...
1
vote
2answers
98 views

Why Does Air Hold More Water When the Air is Warmer?

I know that when the temperature of the air rises, the maximum amount of Water it can hold before the water condenses to water droplets increases. But why is this - has it got something to do with ...
6
votes
0answers
69 views

Why is the splash of water always vertical, no matter in which angle the gunfire hits the surface

When gunfire hits the surface of a pond, the water seems to always splash directly upwards, in 90° to the surface of the water, no matter at which angle the gun is fired. The angle is usually very ...
2
votes
2answers
147 views

What would a graph of temperature increase of a cup of water in a microwave look like?

My lunch had been in the microwave for a minute or so, and I was wondering if I took it out 10 seconds early, would the amount of temperature it increased in that 10 seconds be more significant, less ...
9
votes
4answers
17k views

Why does ice have a lower density than water?

Can someone explain me why is ice lighter than water? As I know, all solids are usually heavier than the liquids (correct me if I am wrong).
5
votes
1answer
63 views

How does the movement of molecules change at the edge of a liquid?

I am thinking about how the velocity of molecules measured from a small region of space might change as the region of inquiry moves closer to the edge of a container. Ultimately I am thinking about MR ...
5
votes
1answer
89 views

Superhydrophobic coating and water friction

If you were to apply super-hydrophobic coating to the hull of ships or even submarines, would you get more or less water friction? If the coating completely repels the water you could argue there ...
35
votes
6answers
19k views

Why does ice melting not change the water level in a container?

I have read the explanation for this in several textbooks, but I am struggling to understand it via Archimedes' principle. If someone can clarify with a diagram or something so I can understand or a ...
0
votes
4answers
63 views

Is it true that water go down the drain counterclockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern [duplicate]

Many websites say that water drain in different directions in Northern, Southern hemispheres. Some people say that Coriolis effect causes it. Some people say that it's not true.
1
vote
1answer
27 views

What concepts/rules apply for multi-stage pumping of water

For single stage (ie one pump) water transfers calculations for pressure loss are commonly done by adding the elevation difference of the start and end of the pipe line to the friction losses that ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Water behaviour under theoretical near-infinite pressure conditions

I've asked a similar question here but the answer given shows the behaviour of water under general conditions. I'd like to know what the behaviour of water is like as pressures increase towards ...
4
votes
2answers
176 views

Why do power lines buzz more when it is low-humidity outside?

I have observed that the power lines buzz louder when there is less moisture in the air. Why is this? If it will help the lines are located on the foot hills of a nearby mountain.
0
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2answers
33 views

why only surface of water get frozen in polar countries?

why only surface of water get frozen in polar countries? but if i kept glass full of water in fridge then not only surface, whole water turns frozen ,why?
3
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3answers
5k views

Why should fluids be confined for Pascal's Law to be applicable

When is Pascal's law about fluid pressure propagation applicable? Is it applicable to a closed circular pipe with a pump rotating the fluid, but not to a tub of water. Most statements require only ...