Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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1answer
313 views

How to simulate a crashing wave? [closed]

I'd like to create a very rough animation of a wave crashing on a beach. I'm guessing it would have to be a particle simulator, where you code in the forces between the particles and then integrate ...
7
votes
2answers
379 views

Why water in the sink follow a curved path?

When you fill the sink with water and then allow the water to be drained, the water forms a vortex.. And then it starts to follow a curved path downwards by effects of gravity.. Why this phenomena ...
7
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2answers
3k views

How cold does it need to be for spit to freeze before hitting the ground?

What is the dominant form of heat transfer between warm water and cold air? If a $100 mg$ drop of water falls through $-40 C$ air, how quickly could it freeze? Is it credible that in very cold ...
7
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2answers
2k views

ice in a microwave

I have noticed that when I microwave an ice cube it appears to melt more slowly than I would expect. For example, an equal volume of water starting at 0 deg C would probably be at boiling point before ...
7
votes
1answer
133 views

Polar ice deposits on the Moon - dispersed in permafrost loose rubble, or also massive/layered?

Water has been discovered on the Moon with remote sensing methods. Read the press release Diviner results indicate presence of widespread ice on the Moon on the "Diviner" infrared instrument on the ...
6
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5answers
924 views

What happens if you try to freeze water in an water tight container

If I have a container that is full of water and I attempt to freeze the water by freezing the container, what would happen if the container is strong enough to prevent the water expansion? Could the ...
6
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4answers
628 views

Why the water remains on the surface of the Earth?

What makes the water stay on the surface? Why the earth does not absorb the water in it?
6
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3answers
539 views

Effect of water pressure on sinking objects

As I understand, water pressure increases as we go towards bottom of the ocean. So if an object* is thrown into water and it starts sinking with some speed, does the sinking object's acceleration ...
6
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2answers
306 views

Why does the gas cloud of an underwater gunshot pulse?

I have been watching some slow motion video and I was intrigued by the slow motion underwater gunshot. The first moments of the video go as expected. The gun fires and a cloud forms in front of the ...
6
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1answer
3k views

How fast would someone have to run to run over water?

I was thinking about Flash, the superhero, or the little boy in the Incredibles. There is one Yahoo answer that doesn't answer a lot. Especially, I don't think surface tension would help a lot for a ...
6
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3answers
3k views

Why does frozen water burst a pipe?

When water freezes in a pipe it can crack the pipe open. I assume this takes quite a lot of energy as when I try to crack a pipe it can be hard work! I think water freezing is a result of energy ...
6
votes
1answer
458 views

Why does blowing on someone who is wet feel colder than on someone who is dry?

The title says it all. If I'm standing in the wind and I'm wet, I feel much colder than when I'm dry. This is true no matter how warm or cold the water. Why is this?
6
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2answers
303 views

How is the water meniscus at the edge of a capillary tube

Suppose we have a capillary tube in which water can rise to a height of x cm. If we dip the tube such that the height above the surface is less than x, then how will the water meniscus be at the edge ...
6
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3answers
4k views

Why does a bullet bounce off water?

It is known that bullets can ricochet off a body of water. Is surface tension responsible for this or is this the same behavior we see when an asteroid ricochets off the atmosphere? I don't think ...
6
votes
1answer
63 views

Electric Field Change Freezing Temperature of Water?

I assume that the reason water freezes is because as you decrease the temperature, the kinetic energy of the water molecules decreases and the dipole bonding potential eventually over comes the escape ...
6
votes
1answer
572 views

Microwave oven + water: dielectric heating or ion drag?

When you place a water or food in a microwave oven, it heats. Which process commits more energy to that: dielectric heating, or ion drag i.e. resistive heating? AFAIK, in distilled water (which is a ...
6
votes
1answer
481 views

What is highest water pressure at which electrolysis can be performed?

What is highest water pressure at which electrolysis can be performed to derive hydrogen and oxygen? Does the dielectric constant of water, which which lowers as pressure increases, have an effect on ...
6
votes
0answers
77 views

Can a submerged place in the sea have huge air pockets? [duplicate]

I know that air can be under water if there is something to contain it that prevents its escape. But can a place such as buildings or ancient ruins submerged totally under water hold air pockets as ...
5
votes
4answers
292 views

When displacement isn't possible

Stop me if i'm wrong but displacement is, for example, when you enter a bathtub the water level rises around you. What happens when displacement isnt possible? I'll give an example. I have two ...
5
votes
3answers
9k views

Can pockets of air exist underwater?

If yes, why don't they fill up with water, and can you breathe the air there? Like, it's not exactly atmosphere there, but an underwater cave with higher ceiling. P.S. Possible that it has a ...
5
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4answers
8k views

Is it really possible for water to be held in a “cone shape” for a brief period of time?

I just saw this "trick" where a cup of water is turned over onto a table without spilling (using a piece of cardboard. After removing the cardboard from underneath the cup, the person then removes ...
5
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5answers
4k views

Why does hot oil explode when pouring water on it?

I am puzzled to know, What is the reason of hot oil make sound and explode when we pouring water on it?
5
votes
2answers
623 views

What is the largest sphere of liquid water that could exist in space held together under it's own gravity? [duplicate]

What is the largest theoretical sphere of liquid water that could exist in space held together under it's own gravity? I've always wondered if a planet the size of earth could exist as a single volume ...
5
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3answers
982 views

Is a water world possible, and for how long could it be stable?

I have several questions regarding this topic. First, could a water world be stable for thousands of years with most of its surface remaining covered in water. What would it take for this to be ...
5
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3answers
175 views

Do hail stone fall down just when it is created?

Density of ice is much higher than air. Then how can hail stone remain in earth atmosphere before they fall down ?
5
votes
1answer
396 views

Does a domestic microwave work by emitting an electromagnetic wave at the same frequency as a OH bond in water?

I was told once that microwaves work by exciting water molecules in food. Also that this worked because the frequency in the microwave was the same as that in the bond between Oxygen and Hydrogen in ...
5
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2answers
620 views

If you stop water from expanding, will its temperature stop rising?

Water expands when it heats up. If you heat water in a container that prevents it from expanding, will its temperature top out -- maybe around the boiling point? And if not, will it still turn to ...
5
votes
1answer
245 views

Distinctive properties of liquids

The molecules are closely arranged in solids, loosely arranged in liquids and are free to move in gases... But, Why are liquids (especially water) exhibiting these distinctive properties such as ...
5
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1answer
288 views

Water flushed down, water pumped up (in buildings)

I live in a tall building (20 floors) on a mountain. Because the water pressure from the water company is not enough, there is a water pump at the last floor which is activated each time someone is ...
5
votes
1answer
574 views

How the bond angle of a water molecule is measured?

How the angle of a water molecule is measured? The bond angle for water was first determined by vibrational and rotational analysis of its infrared absorption spectra. How is bond angle extracted?
5
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2answers
143 views

Wave with mass transport?

I don't think this question has been asked on this forum before (at least I didn't find it). In the case of a tsunami, an earthquake generates a wave which will travel with the sea/ocean as the ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

Resonance modes of a cubic box of water which we shake

I don't know hydrodynamics, but I wonder how one would compute resonance modes of a cubic box of water which we shake. I believe the waves would directly depend on the height of water and the width ...
5
votes
1answer
277 views

Can a saltwater solution conduct electricity forever? [closed]

We know that very pure water does not conduct electricity, but salt water is a decent conductor. This is commonly explained by saying that "the ions carry the current through the solution", an ...
5
votes
1answer
556 views

Does something like Pascal's Law apply in a Swimming Pool? If not, how does pressure spread?

I've been trying to wrap my head what happens when a force is exerted on the surface of a swimming pool / pond, or underneath it. Examples include a small boy cannon-balling into the deep end, or a ...
5
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1answer
57 views

Fresco in his “Future By Design” introduces drawing of underwater vessel and its front system of generating air bubbles. Is idea energy efficient?

I recently saw Fresco's Future By Design and noticed something miniature to investigate. My notice regards about one of his illustration he describes in the documentary. Here is the link on youtube, ...
5
votes
1answer
237 views

How do I measure the temperature of a tiny water droplet?

How do I accurately (+/- 0.1 degrees Celsius or better) measure the temperature of a small (5 to 50 microliter) water droplet without noticeably affecting its temperature? The mass of a thermistor or ...
5
votes
2answers
229 views

What reflective media do laser shows use?

I am having a hard time in finding out what exact light media laser shows use. I am trying to build a laser show myself. I know that the laser light is reflected off these particles in such a way that ...
5
votes
0answers
643 views

How to turn water opaque by pouring the smallest quantity of matter into it?

Consider a glass of water and a glass of coffee. Their contents differ by no more than a few grams of particles coming from the roasted and ground coffee, yet the former lets almost all visible light ...
4
votes
4answers
493 views

Can a diver swim a short distance in great depths without being physically crushed by the pressure?

I recently saw "The Abyss". Does it make sense that they do dives in these depths (700m) with soft suits? Also - what is all the depressurization talk about? Why do divers need to depressurize long ...
4
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2answers
2k views

How does the process of freezing water remove salt?

How does freezing water to make ice remove whatever salts were in the water to begin with?
4
votes
2answers
230 views

Why is steam used to spin turbines?

The ideal gas law tells us that the relationship between Pressure (P), Volume (V), Temprature (T), and quantity/amount (n) is $$ PV = nRT $$ where R is the gas constant. Say your an engineer who ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Why are refrigerators 4 degrees and freezers -18 degrees?

I assume that the refrigerator's temperature of 4 degrees has something to do with the fact that water is densest at that temperature. Does that inhibit microbe growth? But what about the freezer, ...
4
votes
2answers
120 views

Is there a good explanation for the observation of Martian canals?

Martian "canals" have been observed by independent observers after their first description. Now, they are attributed to "optical illusion", but I think that this is not a good choice of word, because ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does a slight drip of water protect pipes from freezing?

I've heard that turning on faucets to a slight drip will prevent pipes from freezing, but I've never understood why this is the case. Can anyone out there help me to understand? Thanks!
4
votes
2answers
145 views

Why does my kettle only make a noise when it is turned on

Almost as soon as I turn my kettle on it starts to make the familiar kettle noise, yet very shortly after turning off the power the boiling noise stops and the kettle is totally silent. The ...
4
votes
3answers
305 views

Is it easier to pump water up or down?

I'm trying to gauge the strength of aquarium air pumps, for use in a vertical hydroponic farm. A curious question arose: is it easier to pump water upwards vertically, or is it easier to pump it ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

Is nuclear fusion via underwater vacuum possible?

An under water explosion creates a bubbly which quickly collapses on itself. The action takes less that 1/100 of a second for bubbles less than a foot across. This creates a point of extremely ...
4
votes
3answers
359 views

How can I keep a smaller water reservoir's water level at half available when being fed from a larger reservoir? [closed]

I'm trying to create my own ultrasonic humidifier. I ordered the misting part which works great but it only functions correctly in shallow water. So I'd like to feed from a large water reservoir to a ...
4
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2answers
5k views

Flow of liquid among branches

If water is flowing through big pipe is branched into 4 branches of small pipe. Lets say the flow is around 4 m/sec. I have the following questions: What will be the flow rate in each of the ...
4
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2answers
47 views

Why water vapour condense easier in contact with a solid?

Reading about cloud formation, I learned that to a droplet to form, the water vapour needs a Cloud Condensation Nuclei, which is an aerosol with a size in the order of 0.0001mm. And if no CCN is found ...