Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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4answers
4k views

How does a canvas water bag cool water?

I was reading about this water bottle by Botl that behaves like a canvas water bags to keep water cool. I found out that this idea is an old idea and cars would drive with water bags in front as shown ...
0
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2answers
45 views

Can vaporization heat added to the whole volume of liquid before vaporizing it?

It seems, for example a volume of water is heated to boiling point, then part of the water is vaporized, while the remainder need much more heat to vapor, which means that part doesn't receive latent ...
4
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4answers
817 views

Would water, given enough heat, instantly vaporize?

(Please excuse the wrong usage of words, I'm not a trained physicist. Please point out any misuse.) So far, my understanding of water evaporating is the following: Water always evaporates, whatever ...
0
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2answers
102 views

What is the nature of equilibrium between water and air in a sealed container that is heated above 100C?

In the case of a single substance (water), looking at the phase diagram is enough to conclude what happens upon heating: (source: WolframAlpha) But what if I have water and air (or some other gas) ...
1
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2answers
74 views

Why bigger stream of water in a metal sink is more silent than a smaller one?

I have a metal sink. I don't want to waste much water so I prefer smaller streams of water. But when the stream is small it makes a big noise. However, when I increase the flow, the tapping sound ...
0
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0answers
41 views

what is the mathematical expression of the water drop curve on the surface?

As a part of a high-school research about water drops on surfaces, I've been trying for a long time to find some theory that gives the expression of the curve, without any success. In fact, the ...
0
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6answers
101 views

Can I recirculate water from an open reservoir to the bottom of a bigger, closed one, without a pump?

A fountain head pumps water out of the main tank into a 'pond' reservoir. Can the water recirculate back into the main tank without the help of another pump? I'm sorry if this a dumb question. I'm ...
0
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1answer
175 views

How does a water-steam mixture behave?

Namely, if I mix a flow of steam that has density $\rho_s$, velocity $v_s$, and pressure $P_s$ with a flow of water that has pressure $P_w$, velocity $v_w$, and density $\rho_w$, how can I find the ...
0
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1answer
61 views

How does the levitating water illusion work?

After watching a movie in which levitating water was used as an illusion, I was curious to discover how it works. Unfortunately I cannot find any great explanations of the science behind the effect, ...
1
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1answer
48 views

global warming due to CO2 vs water

What is the physical reason for CO2 being a vital greenhouse gas when it is present at only approx 0.03% of atmospheric composition compared to water vapour, which is present at at least 100 times ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Would a small puddle of water evaporate faster if you spread a dry towel over it?

Let's say you spill 10ml of water on the kitchen counter. It forms a small puddle that would evaporate after a while (assuming room temperature and sane humidity). Would spreading a large, dry towel ...
0
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2answers
130 views
81
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6answers
10k views

Why is oil a better lubricant than water?

How come mineral oil is a better lubricant than water, even though water has a lower viscosity? When two surfaces slide over each other with a gap filled with a fluid, the different layers of the ...
2
votes
2answers
197 views

What actually makes boiling happen?

Boiling can be breezed over easily with a few rudimentary diagrams and a couple equations, but I seek a deeper explanation. The definition of boiling is that the vapor pressure in the liquid is ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does blowing on someone who is wet feel colder than on someone who is dry?

The title says it all. If I'm standing in the wind and I'm wet, I feel much colder than when I'm dry. This is true no matter how warm or cold the water. Why is this?
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Does humidity affect passage of microwaves?

Does the humidity level in air affect the passage of microwaves? I've heard people say water is radio opaque, so could a high humidity level lead to faster signal degradation? As an example, would ...
1
vote
2answers
94 views

Why is water not considered a proper liquid in terms of thermometers?

We were just discussing about why liquids in general are used in glass thermometers. I was wondering why water isn't considered a proper liquid. Is it because of the way is expands differently to ...
0
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1answer
38 views

find the density of water only by its pressure?

Is it possible to find the density or specific volume of water, by only knowing its pressure? Or we need to know its temperature as well? I can't find any relevant table, so can you advise me please? ...
9
votes
3answers
11k views

Why did my frozen water bottle explode when I opened it after it defrosted a bit?

Last night I filled a 20 fl oz bottle (http://www.thenibble.com/reviews/main/beverages/soft-drinks/boylans-mash.asp) with lukewarm water from my tap. I filled the bottle pretty much to the brim, ...
0
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1answer
46 views

what causes water to be white in a river?

I know it is because of turbulance, causing air to enter the water. But neither air nor water are White, why does the combination of the two make White.
9
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1answer
87 views

Measuring tides in a swimming pool

The tidal range of a perfectly fluid inertialess ocean on the Earth (taking into account lunar tides only) is approximately half a metre: this is the range between "high" and "low" points of an ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Does water turn solid under deep ocean because of high pressure?

I know that we can make water solid with high pressure, so I think water will be solid in the deep ocean? If that is true, the depth of the ocean would be limited because water will become ice? ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Whenever we fill a bottle with cold water and close it, why is it that after a few seconds we notice cold water droplets outside the bottle?

Whenever we fill a bottle with cold water and place back the cap tightly closing it, why is it that after a few seconds we notice cold water droplets outside the bottle as if the water is coming out ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Which way the water evaporate faster?

-Hello everyone, Yesterday I was preparing some tomato sauce and, in order to remove some water from the sauce, I put it in a pot on the burner and waited until it started to evaporate. When I sow a ...
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3answers
91 views

Pressure Drop in Water Fountains

In first grade, my class made a list of things that our school could improve on. One of the things on the list was to increase the water pressure in the drinking fountains because it was very poor and ...
0
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3answers
1k views

When Sugar Is Added to Water, How Does the Mass Change, and How does That Affect the Water's Density and Boiling Point?

I can't find a good answer anywhere. How does the amount of sugar added change the boiling point, mass, and density of water? Does it affect the mass or the volume? Or both?
0
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1answer
67 views

How cold does this ice have to be to freeze this water bottle solid?

We are at sea level in a room that is 21 celsius. We have 1 liter of sterile water with a temperature of 21 celsius in a normal plastic bottle. We have a 20 liter bucket of ice cubes, consisting of ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

How could water pour out from upside-down bottle, unless its pressure is smaller than atmosphere pressure?

Just a simple question : when we remove a stopper of an upside-down bottle, water flows out. But the pressure caused by the mass of water's column is usually smaller than atmosphere pressure unless we ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

The colour of clouds

Clouds can be a variation of grays, from white to some dark gray, almost black. They are clearly grayscale, so it means they reflect all colours uniformly, but some clouds are whiter than others, so ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

The thickness of a puddled sheet of water

If I pour water of different amounts into a puddle on a level surface, it appears by eye that both puddles have the same height. The water seems to retain itself into a puddle by surface tension. I ...
3
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0answers
39 views

Chemistry of water under pressure [closed]

What is the structure of water under extreme pressure, like the bottom of the ocean on a moon like Europa.
4
votes
1answer
35 views

Will water cool faster in an earthen pot if wetted externally?

If we put water in an earthen pot then water is being absorbed and it reaches the surface of the pot and then water evaporates and makes inside water cool. So is it right that if we wet the earthen ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Lengthening in-flight evaporation time of water droplet in air

How one can increase the in-flight evaporation time of sprayed water droplets in air without changing the thermodynamic conditions of the ambient air ( i.e. RH, T ). For instance mixing water with ...
1
vote
4answers
51 views

How can removing energy from a system do work? (ice)

Water freezing into ice expands, damaging roads, breaking rocks, etc. To my understanding, this is doing work (in a physics sense) by removing energy from the system. How is this possible?
8
votes
4answers
3k views

Is there a depth at which a human body, with lungs full of air, will no longer float?

I was watching a special on divers who dove down hundreds of feet without tanks or gear. The show referred to a depth at which the diver was no longer buoyant and would actually sink, even with lungs ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

Why is it easier to remove stains with water?

And I don't mean stain removers, but literally tap water. See here's the thing, you can't remove a stain without some sort of friction, and water reduces friction. Yet if I say, spill some coffee and ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

How does water carve rock?

How does water carve rock? And more generally, how does a soft material carve a hard material? Obviously it happens, but is it a continual process (every drop of soft water carries away a minute ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

How can I get the exit temperature of water entered 100 degree in a pipe surrounded by 30 degree water?

Assume any value for: Length of the pipe The material of the pipe Velocity Heat transfer coefficient. I tried considering it as parallel flow heat exchanger but the water in this example isn't ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

effect of opening the barrier between a tube with one side pressurized and the other side a vacuum

What would happen when a tube with an air space pressurized to 500 atm by the water exerted at 5 km below the surface was opened into a vacuum chamber rising up 5 km to the surface? The bottom of the ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

How fast should 6 liters flow out of the sink through a 6cm pipe?

I had 6 liters in the sink when I pulled the plug. It took the water about 30 seconds to get through a pipe which has about 5cm in diameter. I think the pipe might be blocked a bit, causing it to have ...
7
votes
4answers
274 views

Do hail stone fall down just when it is created?

Density of ice is much higher than air. Then how can hail stone remain in earth atmosphere before they fall down ?
0
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0answers
19 views

Role of heat flux on bubble size

This is sort of related to this question, in that the question was spawned from the same question on Worldbuilding. Say you have a relatively shallow open pool of water (a pot or pan). When the ...
2
votes
1answer
7k views

Mixing Water at Different Temperature

If I have cup of water at room temperature (say, $25^\circ$C). What would be the resultant temperature if I pour another cup of same amount of water at $100^\circ$C to it? Is it simply $\frac{25+100}...
7
votes
2answers
277 views

Does the size of bubbles in water brought to a boil ever vary as a function of the amount of water?

Some discussion surrounding this answer on Worldbuilding got me curious. When water is brought towards a boil, bubbles are formed. Anyone who has ever cooked anything whatsoever knows about this. ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Water in pot with a heat source beneath it to boil it, does the water move?

I mean if there is there heat transfer by convection in the water? since convection requires motion. if it moves, then how can i determine the velocity of the water?
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Thermofluid mechanics, calculating load on a steel water tank

An open cylindrical water tank 2.4m diameter rests on three legs evenly positioned around the periphery of its circular base. The base and sides of the tank are made from steel with relative density 7....
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Is it possible to fight tree height limit with centrifugal force?

I heard tree has some height limit because water cannot be pumped over some height (130m if I remember it right) which cap the limit of tallest tree possible on earth But there are centrifugal force ...
-5
votes
1answer
45 views

What phase is water at 262C and 15bar? [closed]

what phase is water at 262C and 15bar? at which conditions and above can we be sure that the water is totally gaseous? can I see a water phase graph for 262C and 15bar?
-1
votes
3answers
87 views

Velocity of water from a certain depth

I was curious to know does water come out of a certain depth when there is a difference in pressure, and also if it does come out of a certain depth, at what velocity does it travel at? So, ...
4
votes
3answers
43k views

Explanation for different boiling points of water on different altitudes

I understand water boils at different temperatures depending on altitude. I am seeking to get an illustrative explanation for this, including a diagram if possible.