Two Hydrogen atoms covalently bonded to one Oxygen atom. One of the more common compounds on the surface of the earth.

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14
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1answer
2k views

Is there some way to narrow down the Leidenfrost point for water?

Cooks sometimes use the Leidenfrost effect to estimate the temperature of a frying pan by flicking a few drops of water onto the heated pan. I had no idea, before looking into this, that this could be ...
4
votes
2answers
179 views

Is there a good explanation for the observation of Martian canals?

Martian "canals" have been observed by independent observers after their first description. Now, they are attributed to "optical illusion", but I think that this is not a good choice of word, because ...
7
votes
1answer
14k views

How fast would someone have to run to run over water?

I was thinking about Flash, the superhero, or the little boy in the Incredibles. There is one Yahoo answer that doesn't answer a lot. Especially, I don't think surface tension would help a lot for a ...
4
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3answers
717 views

How can I keep a smaller water reservoir's water level at half available when being fed from a larger reservoir? [closed]

I'm trying to create my own ultrasonic humidifier. I ordered the misting part which works great but it only functions correctly in shallow water. So I'd like to feed from a large water reservoir to a ...
5
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3answers
2k views

Is a water world possible, and for how long could it be stable?

I have several questions regarding this topic. First, could a water world be stable for thousands of years with most of its surface remaining covered in water. What would it take for this to be ...
15
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3answers
1k views

Why don't I feel pressure on my body when swimming under water?

If I put a couple of lead bricks on my foot, there would be a definite sensation of a heavy, perhaps even painful, force. Calculating the pressure for $20 kg$ of lead over a $100 cm^2$ area of my ...
4
votes
3answers
327 views

Water Jet Cutter and Laser

I watched a video of "Glass cutting" which uses a Water Jet Cutter. It was said that Cutting glass simply by machines would eventually crack it... So, They're using grains of sand (by placing a sand ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How to find out the maximum radius of a hole that can keep water stay in a container by water viscosity?

Assume I have a inverse cone which holds 200ml water. I am going to cut the tip of the cone to create a small hole. How to calculate the maximum radius of the hole that the water will still stay in ...
0
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1answer
457 views

Measure maximum volume of liquid of a water tap

I need to know the consumption of a water tap in Liters. I'm able to know the cross-sectional area of the pipe and how long the tap is open. With these data, how can I know the consumption/volume of ...
16
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1answer
1k views

Why is boiling water the second time more quiet than boiling it the first time?

First of all: This is a different question than Why is boiling water loud, then quiet?, although the answers might be similar. When I wake up, I boil some water for a cup of tea. It happens quite ...
34
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2answers
10k views

Before a once-warm lake starts to freeze, must its temperature be 4°C throughout at some point?

This is a problem I just started puzzling over, and I felt this would be a good forum to check my reasoning. So here are the relevant observations followed by my question: Water achieves its maximum ...
0
votes
2answers
911 views

Why laundry dry up also in cold/frost?

Why laundry dry up also in cold/frost? When you have frost, water in the clothes should freeze, but if clothes are dry, then it should be possible that steam in the clothes does not have time to ...
1
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0answers
100 views

Determining Water Level

Given a cylinder of a constant shape and size, how can the water level be calculated using the inside surface of the container? For instance, could the inside lining of the container be a pressure ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

boundary limit conditions in 3D water surface simulation

As is discused on this post, taking some assumptions, the water surface can be simulated by a discrete aproximation of a grid of heights using this formula Where: HT is the new height grid HT-1 ...
2
votes
1answer
285 views

DIfference in Pitch Caused by Water Temperature?

I have recently been intrigued by the following question: What is the difference between the pitch of the noise of dripping water between hot and cold water? For example, would cold water create a ...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

Can small clouds reflect enough light to hurt your eyes/blind you?

I looked out my window a minute ago and immediately noticed a very bright spot where a cloud and a jet/plane trail met. The spot was so bright that I thought the sun was behind it because it left that ...
4
votes
1answer
340 views

How would one calculate the amount of water contained in a cloud?

So I was looking out the sky one day and I wondered how I would go about calculating how much water was contained in a cloud. I figured the following simple outline 1) We need to roughly know how big ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

Why does frozen water burst a pipe?

When water freezes in a pipe it can crack the pipe open. I assume this takes quite a lot of energy as when I try to crack a pipe it can be hard work! I think water freezing is a result of energy ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

Fresco in his “Future By Design” introduces drawing of underwater vessel and its front system of generating air bubbles. Is idea energy efficient?

I recently saw Fresco's Future By Design and noticed something miniature to investigate. My notice regards about one of his illustration he describes in the documentary. Here is the link on youtube, ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How does blow-drying a mirror keep it from steaming up again?

After a hot shower, the mirror in my bathroom steams up. When I try to clear it with a towel, it immediately refogs. Yet once I use my hair-dryer, it will clear the fog and the mirror will stay clear. ...
4
votes
1answer
860 views
3
votes
1answer
383 views

Does $\lambda\nu = c$ hold for all the waves in the universe?

Are all waves in the universe the same as electromagnetic waves? Basically, my question arises from an equation I found in my chemistry textbook: $$\lambda \nu ~=~ c.$$ This states that the ...
16
votes
4answers
5k views

Why are snowflakes symmetrical?

The title says it all. Why are snowflakes symmetrical in shape and not a mush of ice? Is it a property of water freezing or what? Does anyone care to explain it to me? I'm intrigued by this and ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Action on Lard Oil

If water is mixed with lard oil and heated (creating some super-critical liquid with water), how does this affect the volatility of the mixture in comparison with its purity..? So, My question is: ...
-1
votes
1answer
765 views

Percentage of water that is void or empty space?

At the atomic level, at sea level on earth, what percentage of normal pure drinking water is void or empty space? What percentage of lead (the kind used to insulate from nuclear radiation) is void or ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How the bond angle of a water molecule is measured?

How the angle of a water molecule is measured? The bond angle for water was first determined by vibrational and rotational analysis of its infrared absorption spectra. How is bond angle extracted?
1
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1answer
1k views

What makes water-droplet/dew stick to spider's web and what keeps them there?

How water-droplet/dew stick to spider's web? What keeps them there?
3
votes
1answer
745 views

Pascal law with two connected cylinders filled with water, and 50kg stones at both their ends

If I have two connected cylinders filled with water, and 50kg stones at both their ends (pressing both ends of the water) how much weight do I need to add on one side so that one of the stones reach ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

What phenomenon is responsible for the evolution pattern of waves created by waterfalls?

I have been fascinated lately by the pattern of the waves created by a waterfall in my town. Specifically, the pattern shows a gradual decrease in the density of the waves as they travel away from ...
4
votes
3answers
472 views

Can anyone estimate what proportion of water remains after I flush a toilet?

Imagine I have a clean toilet with some amount of water in the bowl. When I flush the toilet much of that water will be displaced by the tank's water. I want to work out (or model really) what amount ...
1
vote
1answer
9k views

Can I calculate the maximum concentration of sucrose that will dissolve in water at STP using physical constants?

I am interested in identifying the maximum solubility of sucrose in water. Can this value be estimated based on the physical properties of sucrose? Eventually I will need this in degrees Brix (%w/w). ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does it take until the middle of summer before lakes have warm water, but desert sand heats up in hours?

My sister asked me this question and I keep thinking that water would conduct heat much faster than sand. Hence the energy transfer of heat across the lake does not allow it to heat up soon. Sand on ...
2
votes
2answers
327 views

The physics behind The Great Flood [closed]

The book of Genesis floats (pardon the pun) some interesting numbers when discussing the Great Flood. For example, it rained for 40 days and 40 nights, and at the end of that time, the entire planet ...
1
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3answers
443 views

Water, can it break through temperature?

If water is heaten up to ridicilously high temperatures, is it possible for the atoms in the molecules to lose their bonds? And if it is possible, isn't this some kind of chain-reaction? Like you ...
0
votes
1answer
257 views

I want to recreate a phenomenon I've noticed from our water tank [closed]

I'm trying to recreate a phenomenon I have noticed from our water tank at home. Ok so we have a deep well pump that fills our water tank everyday. But something odd always happen everytime the water ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

How to find out the compress happen when some force act on water/oil/air?

I need to do some calculation to find out whether my design works. I may use oil/water/air in my pneumatic cylinder (or you can call it hydraulic cylinder). Assume I have just a cylinder and I put oil ...
2
votes
2answers
484 views

Fluid Dynamics - Water Bottle Drink Mix: Air or No Air?

If you take an ordinary sized plastic water bottle full of water and pour a packet of powdered (or liquid) drink mix into it, Will shaking the bottle with the cap screwed on to dissolve the mix into ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Calculating time to heat cold water in bowl of hot water

How would I calculate the time it takes to heat a given volume of water to a given temperature with a given temperature T1 when it is submerged in a volume of water with a temperature T2 Estimation ...
3
votes
2answers
877 views

Does a fluid's temperature affect the way light passes through it?

For example, if I were to supercool water would it's refractive index still be 1.33 or would it be 1.31, the same as water-based ice even though it's still in liquid form?
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Can sound be used to purify/filter water?

I remember reading about all chicken at a poultry farm being violently sick/dying for apparently no reason. It turned out the culprit was machinery at a nearby factory that emitted sound at a ...
2
votes
2answers
435 views

Why water will stay on a piece of toilet paper?

I think everyone has tried to blow air (breath) on toilet papers. The papers will get wet. I believe the holes diameters on a toilet paper should be much larger than diameters of water molecules. (The ...
0
votes
0answers
395 views

Reduction in velocity in pipe

I have two pipes divided from main pipe. If I add one more pipe, what would be the amount of velocity in each pipes. I know the velocity of main pipe, then diameter and radius of each pipe. Edit: 1) ...
1
vote
1answer
681 views

Calculating temperature of water in the freezer

Assuming water volume ($V$), initial water temperature ($T_0$) and environment temperature ($T_e$) are known, what is the easiest way to calculate temperature of water in given time ($T$)? For the ...
1
vote
1answer
408 views

Why does the water-pressure of my shower fall if I hold the shower head high?

I live in a very old house - build 1902 - in the 4th floor in the city of Karlsruhe (Germany). I have a shower and the gas-heater for the water is in it: If I hold the shower head over some height ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

how to stop water reaching up inside an under water structure (see video)

in this video at arround 0:47 they deliver the 'dry pots' to the under water lab, bellow the water and they seem to swim up into an opening where it is completly dry.. how is this dry, surly the water ...
1
vote
1answer
570 views

How would this rapid depressurization of water really behave?

An in-development game(Starbound) recently released a demo of their water physics. At about 39 seconds into the video, a volume of water in a container is released when the cap on the container is ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Is my electric kettle collecting old water during the week?

I have an electric kettle at work. On Monday, it's empty and I pour in about 1.5 liters of water. I usually end up drinking about 1 liter per day and refilling 1 liter each morning. At the end of the ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does water flow out of an upside-down bottle? (Rayleigh Taylor Instability)

I am currently reading the excellent book An Indispensable Truth: How Fusion Power Can Save the Planet by Francis F. Chen and I came across this explanation. The Rayleigh–Taylor Instability ...
3
votes
1answer
642 views

Cause of sea ice freezing during an upwell event

One of the Episodes of BBC's documentary Frozen Planet describes an upwell phenomenon in the Antarctic Ocean. I am trying to understand the cause of seawater freezing when this upwell occurs. Liquid ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Why I will feel colder when I get out from a swimming pool? [duplicate]

A friend of mine told me that because water heat capacity is higher. He also mentioned that it was similar to alcohol on skin effect. Assume that there are 3 situations. 1. I did not get wet 2. I got ...