7
votes
2answers
103 views

Why is salt so hard to remove from water?

Water molecules and various salt molecules are very different. However, it seems very difficult to separate the two. Once a salt is dissolved in water, an energy or chemical intensive method (like ...
3
votes
3answers
271 views

Why does water not evaporate in below 0 degrees?

I have learnt that, most objects still have energy in their atoms until the temperature reaches absolute zero. In other words, everything has energy around us. Now, that in mind if I go to antartica, ...
2
votes
3answers
169 views

How much energy needed to push a volume of water?

I am trying to solve a situation, where I'd like to know how much energy would be needed to push a mass of water out of a container. Here's an image to help understand: The water tank has a height ...
2
votes
2answers
201 views

Would sea water moderate a nuclear submarine meltdown?

My son asked me: If nuclear submarines get sunk or blown up, what is to stop them going into nuclear meltdown? I thought about it and came to the conclusion that because they're in the sea the ...
0
votes
0answers
106 views

when water falls to the ground and forms a puddle, where does most of the energy go?

When water falls from some height to the ground and forms a puddle, where does most of the initial potential energy go? Sound, heat, surface tension, or motion of the earth?
0
votes
2answers
124 views

How do you keep a fridge full of food cooler?

I just graduated and a mate moved into a flat (none of us are physicists by the way). So, were graduates, we got a new flat, and were broke. So, were now having a debate on how to keep a fridge ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

producing distilled water using sun energy [closed]

My home town (Iran, Lamerd) has very hot summer (always > 45+ degree) with dry weather and sharp sun shine. I used some black tubes under glassy box to heat up water. It was a natural thermal siphon ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Is a tankless water heater more or less efficient than an electric stove at heating water?

Consider the following scenario that I actually encounter frequently: I just finished washing a pot in the sink, and now I want to boil some water for cooking noodles. If I fill the pot with hot ...
4
votes
1answer
356 views

What would jumping into a pool and feeling cold be called? Conduction, or convection?

This was another question from my son's workbook. It said: ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Why can't I evaporate water without wind, just heat? (not boiling,evaporating!) Or can I?

So here is the thing, I searched all over the internet for this but all the sources say that I need wind because the process of evaporation goes as follow: Water particles at the top layer with ...
0
votes
1answer
5k views

Water Electrolysis Calculations

From Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_electrolysis#Efficiency): The electrolysis of water requires a minimum of 237.13 kJ of electrical energy input to dissociate each mole. Each ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

Which is more efficient, heating water in microwave or electric stove?

So our propane tank in the kitchen ran out again today. Which is more energy efficient, boiling water in a microwave on an electric stove? All things being equal i.e. starting temperature and mass ...
0
votes
1answer
613 views

Temperature change effected by electric heater [closed]

A 40-gallon electric water heater has a 10kW heating element. What will the water temperature be after 15 min of heating if the start temp is 50F degrees. There must be an equation. I can't find it ...
1
vote
1answer
951 views

How does liquid convert to gas on getting thermal heat energy?

Say for example, when we heat, water converts to steam gas. How does it happen? What happens underneath giving rise to breaking of bond between molecules in liquid state and spreading them in gas ...
0
votes
1answer
434 views

Uses and interpretation of the 'Bowen Ratio' ($B_o=SH/LE$)

The Bowen Ratio is the ratio of sensible heat flux to latent heat flux, so presumably it gives some information about the relative importance of these processes. But it is not clear how this ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Why does frozen water burst a pipe?

When water freezes in a pipe it can crack the pipe open. I assume this takes quite a lot of energy as when I try to crack a pipe it can be hard work! I think water freezing is a result of energy ...