Voltage is the unit of measurement for electronic potential, from one point location to another.

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Electric potential difference

From what I have read, since electrical potential is essentially EPE/unit of charge, it would be position dependent (relative to the electric field). Electrical potential difference is then defined ...
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How can you have a negative voltage?

How can you have a negative voltage? I don't really understand the concept of negative voltage, how can it exist?
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What does it mean when we say that power of a bulb is 10 W? Since $V/I=$ resistance is a constant, how can power $=VI$ be a constant?

My question is simple. In Ideal situation, at constant temperature, we know that normal appliances like a filament bulb has straight Voltage vs Current graph, meaning its resistance is constant or ...
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36 views

Voltage and volume, same SI symbol, how to discern between the two? [on hold]

Both are SI quantities that use the same symbol, namely $V$. It annoys me that I might be working with the wrong unit even though it's easy to see if it's voltage or volume by looking to the whole ...
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144 views

How does back-emf oppose the input-current?

A circuit, has current $A$ flowing at a certain $V$. When there is a change in magnetic-flux, based on Faraday's law of induction & Lenz's law, we know that there is change in Potential ...
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25 views

Resistance & temperature of semiconductor

From what I have read about semiconductors, the reason their IV characteristic shows a decrease in resistance is because as voltage is increased, current is increased. However, the reason for the ...
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145 views

Ohm's Law Question?

Since $V=IR$, if you were to have say a $5\:\mathrm{V}$ source connected directly to ground, no components in the circuit at all, you would need to add resistance for the current to flow? Or is there ...
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41 views

How is a potential difference created between two points?

I would like to know how potential difference is created between two points?Is potential difference created by adding more electrons at one side?If that's the case how to add more electrons at one ...
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38 views

Is it low current or low voltage that dims a bulb?

At times we have dim bulbs due to some fault from national grid, what I want to know is if this fault is low current or low voltage. Other times electrical appliances blow-up, is that high current or ...
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If induced voltage (back-emf) is equal and opposite to applied voltage, what drives the current?

Suppose we have a circuit with a voltage source, a switch open and an inductor all in series. If we close the switch, the potential difference of the voltage source is instantaneously applied to the ...
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57 views

Confusion with potential difference [closed]

I was trying to solve a hard problem involving a circuit like this: Find the reading on the voltmeter (red ones are resistors) I don't know how to think about potential difference across branches ...
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34 views

How to apply voltage source in FEM when solve Maxwell equation?

I need to solve the Maxwell equation of electric field by finite element method. In this function, the right hand side is the current density. However, in my problem, the voltage source with 1 MHz ...
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62 views

Filament lamp: Negative part of I/V characteristic?

I don't understand the negative part of the graph. It shows that the resistance is decreasing as the voltage goes from negative towards 0. What does a negative voltage mean and why does the graph ...
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293 views

If I charge a battery using a much higher current, can it explode?

If I have a 12V 4Ah lead acid battery and use a battery charger that, let's say for example, can charge 10A, 50A, or 100A. If I theoretically turned it to 100A will the battery explode? I understand ...
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37 views

Voltmeter in series with a component?

I always see voltmeters connected in parallel with a component, but what happens if you connect it in series? I think it's due to the high resistance of a voltmeter but I don't really see why this ...
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1answer
28 views

Filament lamp gets hot, metallic conductor doesn't?

Keeping the temperature constant, if you increase the voltage across a filament lamp and a metallic conductor, the filament lamp gets hot but the metallic conductor doesn't. Both are made of metal so ...
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50 views

Efficiency of an electric motor? [closed]

Question: An electric motor runs off a 12V d.v. supply and has an overall efficiency of 75%. Calculate how much electric charge will pass through the motor when it does 90J of work. Can someone tell ...
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28 views

Capacitors and Voltage

Imagine if I have a capacitor, connected to a battery of $12 V$. After charging the capacitor, I increase the plate separation. Then my capacitance decreases, right? But charge should be ...
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Does sending current upwards reduce the voltage?

I was thinking about relativistic situation of having a vertical wire on a neutron star or high-gravity environment and then say if I send current upwards (away from the ground) will the voltage be ...
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Measuring voltage drop from induced current

I'm having trouble connecting voltage drops and induced current. Imagine you have a triangular loop make up off three resistors. You place this loop in a constantly changing magnetic field. This ...
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86 views

Back EMF & Current, how can we make the current $I$ stable?

Lets assume we have a wire that has $10V$ across and $1$ $Amp$ flowing, now if this conductor is introduced to a changing magnetic field, $-EMF$ is induced, can we control our voltage to increase it ...
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16 views

Current function of voltage, Taylor series

Why can the current as a function of voltage for any device be written as a taylor series? Is it because voltage can be written as V0 Cos wt and then I = V/R ? I'm confused on this.
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Why is the zero of electric potential taken to be $r = \infty$, rather than $r = 0?$

Wouldn't it make more sense if it was taken to be zero at $r = 0$? This seems to imply that with a negative test charge at $r = 0$ from a positive point charge, $V = -\infty$, which I have trouble ...
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What determines the forward voltage drop for a diode?

I have always had the idea that the forward voltage drop in a semiconductor diode was related in a simple way to the bandgap energies in the semiconductor. However this is apparently not the case: ...
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Electrostatic notion of voltage as it applies to circuits

I have a question that's been bothering me about electric fields, voltage, and circuit analysis. Initially, I came to understand voltage as it was taught in the context of electrostatics - through ...
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1answer
92 views

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which ends of the metal is grounded to?

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which part of the metal is ground to? I draw a diagram to make it simple to understand: Right diagram: When ground is touched with the ...
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Is the induced EMF dependent on the conventional or actual flow of electrons?

I have been studying Faraday's Law and Lenz's Law and the flow of current to oppose change in flux linkage. My question is whether the actual flow of electrons to the top of a material makes the EMF ...
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25 views

Energy, Voltage Drop, and Current

In an electrical circuit consisting of just a source and some load, when current hits the load, the voltage drops. This means that the potential energy of the charge drops. If the potential energy ...
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53 views

What is the voltage of an average carpet static shock? Can you make it lethal?

I think I heard somewhere that it was in the thousands of volts, but it had extremely, extremely low amps. Could you somehow transform the current to make it larger or something? Or does the equation ...
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Resolution to a hotly debated question: Which is more dangerous to humans, amps or volts? [duplicate]

Many times I have heard many a self-reputed wise internet sage quote, " 'Tis the amps that kill.' I really don't think so, at least, I don't think that applies all the time. Shouldn't volts be just ...
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How do I choose the right value of $r$ to find where the electric field is zero?

Sorry for the long question. I'm having a difficult time trying to explain my confusion. I have a positive point charge$\ Q_1 =+q$ at the origin and a negative point charge $\ Q_2 = -2q$ at $\ x=2$ ...
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4answers
839 views

Why do high current conductors heat up a lot more than high voltage conductors?

120 volts x 20 amps = 2,400 Watts However, if I increased the voltage and lowered the current, you can also use a smaller wire size (more inexpensive), also have less heat and achieve the same watt ...
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51 views

How does the voltage across an inductor and a capacitor vary in series LCR circuit about resonance?

I am aware that at resonance, the voltage across the inductor and the capacitor are equal in magnitude and opposite in phase. However, I want to know how the voltage across $L$ and $C$ vary if I vary ...
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What is bias voltage and what is it's function in a Scan Tunneling Microscope?

I was reading about the Scan Tunneling Microscope and I read that a 'bias voltage' is needed to realize a current of electrons between the needle and the sample. I don't know what the definition of ...
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Induced-EMF in a parallel circuit, vs a series circuit?

I wanted to know the difference between the induced-EMF in a series circuit layout, vs a parallel circuit layout. In a series the current would stay the same,however, the induced-EMF would increase? ...
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30 views

Current and Resistance-Effects of the Length of the Wire

Two wires of the same material are both connected to a 9-V ideal battery. They have the same cross section area but wire 2 is twice longer than wire 1. Compare the following quantities by answering ...
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50 views

Why does a voltmeter give a positive reading for a path in the same direction as the electric field?

Straight from my textbook: If the direction of the path from initial location to final location is the same as the direction of the electric field, the potential difference is negative. Yet a ...
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How to find the voltage?

How to find the voltage ? Given is the following mixed circuit below, every resistor has the value $1$ ohm, the current flow through the last resistor is $1$A and I have to find the voltage V ...
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1answer
94 views

Measured voltage on coil

I have a simple circuit of coil with inductance L $$u_c(t)= -L\frac{di}{dt}$$ and AC source with output voltage $u_s$ What is actually measured by the voltmeter ($u_c$, $u_s$ or $u_s - u_c$)? If ...
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Why is voltage added when batteries are connected in series but not in parallel?

As I understand, the different voltage between two object is caused by the total different charged between two object. Thus, the higher extra electron between two opposite charged object, the higher ...
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How does Ohm's law relate to transferring energy?

Potential difference = Current x Resistance where Resistance is a constant. Walking through a circuit I have 1 battery, a wire and 2 components. I start of with 6 volts at the battery and after the ...
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Is it correct to use $P=\large\frac{V^2}{R}$ for AC circuits?

In one of my old notebooks, I found a problem which was basically about finding out resistance of a 100W light bulb (In my country electricity voltage is 220V). Then our teacher had used the equation ...
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Need help understanding a simple circuit in-depth

I would like to know more in detail what's really going on in a simple circuit like this. I think I understand it, but I have a lot of things mixed up and others aren't clear to me. I'm going to ...
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Resistor and voltage

Considering this simple circuit : The potential is supposed to be constant along each wire (because they're conductors), such that the left wire in its entirety is at the same potential as the ...
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Why is the voltage of a battery equal to the emf?

We know that there is an electric field inside the battery that works against the moving electrons of a circuit. But there is also the chemical force of the battery that at some point become equal. ...
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Could someone intuitively explain to me Ohm's law?

Could someone intuitively explain to me Ohm's law? I understand what voltage is and how it is the electric potential energy and that it is the integral of the electric field strength etc. I also ...
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Why is cap voltage negative in KVL for discharge circuit?

I was just trying to derive the equation for a capacitor discharging through a resistor, and I've run into in a problem. If I set up my KVL, then I would say $iR = V_c$ (where $i$ is instantaneous ...
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how does V divided by EMF shows efficiency

I get that emf = energy per coulomb supplied and that V= energy per coulomb used but i dont get what it means when is says "how"
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52 views

Different voltages between same point?

In this circuit, we determine that the emf needs to be reversed and that its value is 108.75 V. My confusion is that I thought the voltage between any two points must be the same irrespective of the ...
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Average induction voltage

I've got a basic question on the method of computing the average induction voltage. Here is the task: A conductor loop with the area $A_1 = 50\text{cm}^2$ in a magnetic field with the flux density of ...