Voltage is the unit of measurement for electronic potential, from one point location to another.

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Calculating the electric potential in cylindrical coordinates from constant E-field

I am having so much trouble with this problem. I feel like I shouldn't be, but I am. A uniform electric field, $\vec{E} = E_0\hat{x}$. What is the potential, expressed using cylindrical ...
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3answers
136 views

Calculating the Potential from the E-Field

I find that often times I'll be tripped up by questioning whether or not I can do something mathematically, and be unable to come up with a satisfying answer. This is, unfortunately, one of those ...
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1answer
174 views

Current vs Voltage Drive for Loudspeakers [closed]

Please see this article: here I don't know enough EMFT to comment on this but I am working on other tasks for a wireless speaker system prototype called "Busker's Friend". Completing my Schaum's ...
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1answer
92 views

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which ends of the metal is grounded to?

Does charge of a metal charged by induction determine by which part of the metal is ground to? I draw a diagram to make it simple to understand: Right diagram: When ground is touched with the ...
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2answers
209 views

Voltage Drop and Charge Flow

I am hoping someone can help me with understanding voltage drop and charge flow. Here is what I think I know. The voltage drop through a circuit must equal the voltage of the battery source, and ...
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4answers
111 views

Wrong positioned Ampere-meter and Voltmeter [closed]

I'm dealing with a problem here and even that I'm trying to solve it i can't It says: In what figures the voltmeter and ampere-meter are wrong positioned? I think that all the the others are ...
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138 views

Does corona discharge charged insulator?

Does corona discharge charged insulator? I draw a diagram to make it simpler to understand. Electrons form negative side is accelerated due to electric field and accumulate on insulator surface. Gas ...
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1answer
38 views

Does higher voltage and plate area cause more separation between leaves in electroscope?

Does higher voltage cause more separation between leaves in electroscope? Will higher voltage and plate area attract more charge since Q = CV.
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0answers
299 views

What is the voltage difference between the Moon and the Earth?

The Moon and Earth are approximately spherical conductive balls and the Earth has a self-capacitance of around 710uF. Is there ever a significant potential difference in the Earth-Moon system? Is ...
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3answers
67 views

Electric Power $P$

In my textbook there are 2 formulas for electric power: $$\begin{array}{cccr} P &=& E/t &\hspace{10pt} (1) \\ P &=& VI. &\hspace{10pt} (2) \end{array}$$ What is the ...
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1answer
27 views

Computing power based on weighted averages [closed]

I'm struggling to understand the reason why I'm getting different results with two apparently similar ways to compute the power consumption (over multiple time intervals) of an electrical circuit. ...
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0answers
88 views

How to achieve Gigavolts?

I was searching the internet when I found this article http://arxiv.org/abs/0804.1764, about achieving high voltage and power to ignite thermonuclear reaction by inertial confinement, the plan was to ...
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1answer
374 views

Electric shock from a frayed wire

Let's say it's a laptop charger not connected to a laptop, and it is frayed near the tip. I am guessing about 20Volts runs through that area. Now if a person touches a bit of plastic below the frayed ...
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2answers
64 views

Electric motors and change in flux

"When a current passes through an electric motor, the magnetic force on the motor causes a torque on the loop of wire causing it to turn". However, when the loop rotates, there should also be a ...
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1answer
527 views

How does battery cell size affect voltage drop for a fix current load? [closed]

For a fixed current load, will the voltage drop be larger in a small cell or a big cell battery? Why?
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1answer
141 views

Is powered delivered to an Incandescent light bulb changing with time? [duplicate]

Initially, when the current starts flowing the temperature of the filament is less and thus resistance is less. So, more current flows through the bulb and the power delivered to the bulb is more. As, ...
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1answer
101 views

How dangerous is a parallel plate capacitor which is used in physics demo experiments?

How dangerous may it be when experimenting with a parallel plate capacitor typically used in physics demonstration experiments? Take for example this one (that's what I use): ...
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2answers
152 views

Can a liquid insulator be electrically charged by touching a charged conductor?

Can a liquid insulator be electrically charged by touching a charged conductor? I understand that solid insulator will only be charge on the surface where it is touch, but the case is different ...
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1answer
45 views

Influence of a Capacitance Matrix of a voltage measurment

I am having a problem in understanding how in a multiconductor system the Capacitance Matrix influences the measure of voltage between two electrodes. In the case that interest me we have 4 ...
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3answers
188 views

Understanding voltage

I understand that water flows because of height difference and current flows because of potential dfference. Now, in this analogy, I can understand height but I fail to realise what potential is. Is ...
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2answers
377 views

What actually happens at the microscopic level in a Zener diode in reverse bias?

A Zener diode is used as a voltage stabilizer. The graph of current vs voltage of Zener diode clearly shows that there is a constant voltage across Zener after the breakdown voltage as the current ...
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2answers
482 views

How to calculate potential in circuit

In the following circuit (that has come up during a BJT DC analysis for what is worth), I'd like to calculate the potential at point B and point E. My notes say that $V_B = -10 + 0.7 = -9.3V$. ...
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4answers
831 views

Why do high current conductors heat up a lot more than high voltage conductors?

120 volts x 20 amps = 2,400 Watts However, if I increased the voltage and lowered the current, you can also use a smaller wire size (more inexpensive), also have less heat and achieve the same watt ...
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2answers
356 views

Physics of batteries (volts vs charge)

Car batteries are usually 12 V. What is the difference between buying a car battery and hooking up a bunch of cheap household batteries in series? Both would register at 12 V. I assume that cars need ...
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2answers
550 views

How do voltage and voltage drops over a circuit relate to work done?

I have a few remaining uncertainties when it comes to voltage. I numbered the paragraphs in my thought sequence for easier reference. In a series circuit, I know voltage is the electric potential, ...
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4answers
954 views

Is voltage important when creating a magnetic field?

Would a DC circuit that has a high current and low voltage have a powerful magnetic field? I'm trying to create a powerful solenoid. In order to create a powerful magnetic field, I'm focusing more on ...
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3answers
3k views

Questions about voltage

For some reason, I feel like the concept of voltage is escaping my grasp. I've done much research on these forums and through texts, and come across answers that seem quite well thought out, but still ...
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78 views

Capacitor related query

Why does a capacitor charge only upto the voltage of the source? I mean in an r.c. circuit if we have a resistor that is in series with the capacitor then because of the potential drop there will be ...
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3answers
159 views

Relation between voltage and current [duplicate]

What I know is that voltage is the electrical pressure which is required to drive the electrons in a circuit. According to that we have higher currents when there is a high voltage. Ohm's law confirms ...
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1answer
98 views

Emf of a rod sliding on two conducting rails [closed]

The following is the question. Actually, I do not know how to find the answer. I have tried to find out the solution or hints from the lecture note given to me but it is quite difficult to ...
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0answers
197 views

Could anyone help explain this current voltage graph for an LED in liquid nitrogen?

I've been doing my coursework investigating LEDs at various temperatures and I've come across an interesting phenomenon which nobody I've asked has been able to explain thoroughly - wheras at room ...
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1answer
1k views

Power dissipated on internal resistance of short-circuited voltage source

Suppose we have a voltage source with an EMF of $\mathcal{E}$ and an internal resistance $R$. If we connect to it a perfect wire with zero resistance, we get a short circuit. The value of the current ...
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1answer
190 views

Voltage and current in parallel circuit

I am having a bit of a tough time understanding the following: ...
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1answer
465 views

Use kirchhoff's second law to deduce the resistance R of the resistor [closed]

Using what I learned so far, i constructed an equation like this: $$30V=(I_{1}\times 20\Omega)+10V+(0.2A\times 10\Omega)+(I _{3}\times 10\Omega)+(0.5A\times R)$$ Which is clearly not solvable on ...
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3answers
308 views

Current without voltage?

Suppose you have a 120 volt, 20 amp circuit which only has a light bulb connected. When measuring the voltage going to the light bulb my meter reads 120 volts. The basics taught me that a circuit is ...
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1answer
368 views

How/Why does voltage reflect?

I'm trying to understand antenna theory again, and I'm again stumped by the concept of VSW (voltage standing waves). I understand standing waves, I remember these from a physics clases, however I do ...
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1answer
2k views

How to evaluate, how much current flows in the circuit?

Please take into advisement, that I'm quite a beginner in subjects of physics and especially about electricity. Lately I've decided, that I want to learn more on basics of electronics and I've started ...
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3answers
207 views

Why are high voltage lines “high voltage?”

If I have two spheres of the same size and one sphere has a small amount of charge compared to the other that has a lot more charge, then clearly the sphere with the larger charge has a larger voltage ...
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562 views

Finding potential difference (PD) between two points [closed]

How do I find the potential difference between two points in a circuit without using Kirchhoff laws?
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1answer
656 views

Hard circuit problem [closed]

I want to find the p.d. between points A and B. I'm not sure how to approach this problem though, could I have a hint?
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1answer
469 views

Why is it written 'High voltage' in danger boards if current is the one which actually causes the shock?

After reading the answers given to this question I could understand that the amount of shock is dependent on the current and not majorly on the voltage even-though in some cases it depends. But, in ...
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1answer
84 views

In what way do passive circuit elements change the functional form of the voltage?

I heard capacitors affect the valleys and mounds of voltage sine curves, so that you get DC from AC. It's related to Graetz bridge, flipping signs of sine waves and seemingly afterwards smoothing ...
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2answers
806 views

Measuring voltage drop from induced current

I'm having trouble connecting voltage drops and induced current. Imagine you have a triangular loop make up off three resistors. You place this loop in a constantly changing magnetic field. This ...
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1answer
5k views

Does the phase difference between voltage and current in an LCR circuit exist throughout the circuit?

I know that in an purely inductive circuit the current lags behind voltage by $90^o$, in a purely capacitive circuit vice-versa and in an LCR circuit the current may lag or gain with respect to ...
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1answer
4k views

Sign conventions for voltage drop and gain in circuit

In Sears and Zemansky's University Physics book and in many other books in English they define the following sign conventions (used for Kirchhoff loop rule for example): While in many other books ...
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1answer
215 views

Resistance and current

I'm not a current student at any school, but I am learning a new profession, and some of it is a basic understanding of elecrticity. I have some knowledge, but definitely not enough, and I have had to ...
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0answers
137 views

Circuit Analysis: Help getting the Thevenin equivalent [closed]

I am attempting to solve this problem which requires me to get the Thevenin equivalent of a circuit, and I've gotten as far as getting the equivalent resistance of the circuit (which I believe is 5 ...
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1answer
2k views

Difference between voltage and potential energy in a capacitor

I'm confused about the difference between voltage and potential energy in a capacitor. Suppose you have a capacitor with a voltage V and capacitance C, and you release a particle with charge $+Q$ from ...
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5answers
19k views

Why does voltage remains same over Parallel Circuit

Why does voltage remains same over parallel circuit. If a resistor is connected in the circuit some of the charge should be transformed into heat and make a lack of charge after the resistor (in my ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does vaccum have a nonzero characteristic impedance towards electromagnetic radiation

OK, so the characteristic impedance is calculated "as square root of the ratio of the permeability of free space (µ o ) in henrys per meter ( H/m ) to the permittivity of free space ( o ) in farads ...