# Tagged Questions

Voltage is the unit of measurement for electronic potential, from one point location to another.

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### Modeling the working of a transformer by pushing magnet into a coil

Let me go step-by-step. First I will outline a simple transformer. There are two circuits next to each other (not touching). One is an electromagnet set-up (with AC supply) and the other has a ...
67 views

### Is the electric field in the wires of the parallel circuit always the same and how that affects current?

When we connect two resistors connected in parallel with a battery, it creates an electric field through this wire. well, my question here: Is the electric field in the main wire is the same as the ...
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### Voltage and Current

I know that as voltage increases, current increases by $V=IR$, but I really find some difficulty in understanding this at the atomic level (what happens with the electrons inside that wire). I ...
59 views

### Current through resistors crossing each other [closed]

Calculate the current shown by the ammeter A in the given circuit. I've searched the internet but didn't know how to search for it. Please help
108 views

### Which light bulb will burn out? [closed]

We have 5 light bulbs connected in series assuming all bulbs have identical characteristics. The environment is identical for all bulbs. Wire is superconductor (0 Ohm) and is thick enough to deliver ...
94 views

### Voltage and Current in an Electromagnet

I'm having a little bit of trouble with electromagnets. I know that a magnetic field is induced by current flowing through a conductor, but what role does voltage play? Does it have an effect on the ...
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### What were the experiments performed that lead to ohm's Law

How was the relationship of $V=IR$ first developed? What were the experiments that were preformed that lead to Ohm's Law? I understand that they had devices during George Ohm's time to measure current ...
26 views

### Fréedericksz transition question

What is the lowest voltage needed for a Fréedericksz transition to occur?
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### High voltage arc stability reasons (in some cases shape of the arc is rapidly changing)

When turning off 500kV switch we can see an arc like on this picture this arc is very unstable, curved, distorted. It consists of many little loops. While on this picture electric arc patiently goes ...
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### How to draw + and - and $\nabla \times E$ on a circular wire?

Faraday's Law: $$\vec{\nabla}\times\vec{E}=-\frac{\partial\vec{B}}{\partial t}$$ Circulation of electric field: For time-varying magnetic field and a closed wire, How can we add + and - pole ...
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### How could a current passing through a resistance create a voltage as predicted by Ohm's Law?

I have a question about the classic relation $V = RI.$ I know that is the voltage that creates the electrostatic force. But I do not understand how, in a circuit with just a current source and a ...
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### Induced EMF dependent on terminal wire connection?

Figure(a): When a conductor moving inside magnetic field, of a given length at a certain velocity the induced EMF is: $$\epsilon = vBL$$ However, what if we changed the position where the bottom ...
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### How to calculate resistivity of ring [closed]

Q: In a resistance experiment, a gold ring was connected into a circuit as a resistor. The connections touched on diametrically opposite points on the circular ring. Its diameter is 2cm, and the ...
59 views

### Voltage and Energy in a capacitor [duplicate]

Well, my first question is related to the energy of the capacitor. Why does the energy of capacitor equals $E=\frac{1}{2}QV$ and not $E=QV$;in other words, why we multiplied it by $\frac{1}{2}$?? My ...
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### Resistor and voltage drop [duplicate]

I know that a voltage drop of a resistor is the energy lost from the potential energy of the electrons.well, what i am really confused about is why the potential energy of the electron decreases as it ...
113 views

### Does voltage always cause current?

I'm wondering if the following statement is fully correct: Voltage causes current through a closed circuit, but through an inductor it is the change in current that causes a voltage. Obviously ...
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### What happens to the resistance, voltage and current when DC passes through saltwater?

I have a circuit of a battery(1.5V or 9V) connected to a multimeter, a connected to 2 metal pieces in water(distilled)(see picture, in place of the LED is a multimeter). With the addition of salt 1. ...
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### What is the potential difference between $a$ and $b$ in this basic circuit, when the switch is open? [closed]

My professor says the potential difference between $a$ and $b$ is the difference between the voltages on the top left capacitor and the bottom right capacitor. My friend and I however both think it's ...
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### What is the voltage in this circuit? [closed]

Attached is an image of circuit diagram for which I was asked to calculate the voltage for. However, because of the lack of information provided I belive this is impossible. Am I correct?
2k views

### Will a bulb glow brighter if voltage is increased but current remains the same?

I understand that increasing voltage increases the energy given to each coulomb in the circuit, so in theory more energy given to a bulb should make a bulb glow brighter. But also if voltage is ...
306 views

### Is the number of turns in a loop part of the magnetic flux?

In all both my physics textbooks, the number of loops $N$ is left out of the equation for magnetic flux $\phi_B = \int_s \vec B \cdotp\hat n dA$ and only when calculating the Emf induced by an ...
131 views

### Is resistance the gradient in a $V/I$ graph?

We have a circuit where there is a variable resistor, and we increase this resistance at a steady rate, while increasing current. Thus we have increasing voltage. The gradient is defined by $dy/dx$. ...
129 views

### Solving circuit problems

I'd like to know why in a parallel loop, the voltage, along with the current, isn't divided. e.g. in this image from a youtube video the voltage in parallel loop is the same across both resistors,...
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### Is “applying a voltage” the same as “applying a potential” to an electrode?

From what I understand, voltage is the potential difference, but it seems like the terms are used interchangeably. This is confusing me because I am only just learning what these terms mean. I'm also ...
49 views

### Capacitance question

A capacitors capacitance, C is equal to Q/V right? If Q was somehow cut in half, would the potential difference also be cut in half, since V is directly proportional to Q? And if so, Its C would be ...
24 views

### Explanation to the flow of charge

I came across a really cool Cymatics video: There is one part in the video which is unclear to me. Please refer to the snapshot below taken at 05:15. I see the equipment being close to a Van de ...
832 views

### Why do Capacitor Inductor circuits Oscillate instead of reaching equilibrium?

When the capacitor is fully charged there is a potential difference between its poles and that creates a current. This current would create a magnetic field that is changing in the Inductor (because ...
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### Did I calculate this voltage correctly?

I have just started to learn physics. Please forgive me if I am completely wrong or something, I have just turned 14 haha. I am trying to learn about how to work out voltage for my year 10 exams. ...
54 views

### When a coil makes a complete turn, why is does magnetic flux double with respect to time?

EMF, $\mathcal{E}$, is equal to -d($\phi$)/dt Where $\phi$ is magnetic flux. Why is it that if from $t_1$ to $t_2$ the coil makes a complete turn and during this turn the normal vector's angle with ...
316 views

### Does KV in rc motors (RPM/Volt) tell us anything about the torque?

Considering that KV is RPM/Volt, does it ever tell us anything about the torque? Wouldn't you need to be told the torque separate from the KV rating? If torque can be derived from a KV rating then ...
53 views

### Thevenin theorem

Hi i got the trouble and i miss the concept about v out in thevenin i have the circuit like this so i used voltage divider for finding the voltage at point 1, but how to finding voltage at Vo , ...
63 views

### What is voltage in a circuit?

What is voltage in a circuit? We just started learning about electricity in my school. From what I understand; potential is potential energy per Coulomb and voltage means difference in potential. So, ...
54 views

### Deriving Loop Equations in a Circuit with 2 batteries?

First time posting here, so please help with formatting. I need help deriving loop equations for this becaue the 2 batteries/power supplies are throwing me off. https://i.imgur.com/MJH6mIM.jpg The ...
14 views

### Generation of negative ions in air [duplicate]

What is the main physical mechanism behind the generation of negative ions in air by a high negative voltage electrode ?
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### Physical intuition behind the fact that current in an inductor lags behind the emf/voltage by $\frac{\pi}{2}$ in an AC circuit

What exactly is the reason that current through an inductor in an AC circuit acquires maximum value after quarter a time period ($\frac{T}{4}$) of the emf getting the max value?
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### Do I Understand Voltage?

Below is a formula involving voltage and potential energy. $$\Delta U = q \Delta V$$ I would like to know if I understand it: If $\Delta V$ is positive, then the charge $q$ has moved from a lower ...
92 views

### Which expression to use for electrical power?

We know that electric power can be written as $P=VI$, or $P=\frac{V^2}{R}$, or $P=I^2R$. But when to use which one? Sometimes two different formulas give different results! Please explain with some ...
51 views

### What is general strategy to find the resistance of medium?

What is general strategy to find the resistance of medium? These are some of the examples Two metal balls of the same radius $a$ are located in a homogeneous poorly conducting medium with ...
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### How can I redraw this circuit where I can apply Kirchoff's Voltage and Current Law to get correct Voltage at V?

I thought I can draw the -5V as a source but it did not turn out to be right, unfortunately.
10k views

### Why does public mains power use 50-60 Hz and 100-240 V?

Is there a physical reason behind the frequency and voltage in the mains electricity? I do not want to know why exactly a certain value was chosen; I am rather interested to know why that range/order ...
327 views

### Induced emf vs Potential difference

Let a square conductor frame length l, resistance R,be pulled out with a constant velocity v from a magnetic field B perpendicular to plane of the frame .Then an emf e=Blv is produced across the frame....
58 views

### Voltage Circuit

I feel that I don't understand how voltage works in a circuit. I understand voltage to be electric potential energy per unit charge (kq/r). In the case of a circuit, electrons flow from low potential ...
4k views

### Why do voltmeters and ammeters have high and low resistance respectively?

I understand why voltmeters are connected in parallel and ammeters are connected in series, but why is it that to measure voltage, you must have high resistance, and to measure current, you must have ...
85 views

### Current due to External Electric Field

Assume a conductor in a rectangle shape for simplicity. Now, if I only choose one side of this rectangle having length L, and apply external electrical field ∑ only to it(along with the wire), what ...
88 views

### Units of the derivative of a function

I have a function $\phi(\mu, \sigma)$. $\mu$ and $\sigma$ are voltages (in mV in my case), so $\phi$ is a function of two voltages. $\phi$ itself, however, is in units of time (ms in my case). (...
66 views

### How to measure the static electricity voltage?

Some of the Wimshurst machine producers claim their machines produce about 70 000 volts. I wonder how to measure this value. How is it possible to measure the static electricity voltage?
163 views

### What is voltage?

I am a little unclear on what voltage actually is and I am trying to find out what the physical cause for voltage is. Is it the speed of the electrons through the conductor or is it an excess of ...
117 views

### Does a switched on power socket consume electricity? [closed]

Lets say I have a TV and a power socket but the TV switch is off however the socket switch is switched on, so will it consume electricity?
Consider the following diagrams: Diagram(1): A large conductive slab($C$) with resistance ($R$) and region with magnetic field($B$), the conductor moves to the right as indicated with ($v$). ...