Voltage is the unit of measurement for electronic potential, from one point location to another.

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The affect of high frequency and high voltage AC on induction

I am designing an induction system to wirelessly transfer power a short distance. I was planning on using resonant inductive coupling to increase the efficiency. The Inductance of my coil is about ...
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1answer
50 views

Finding the current and voltage in a circuit with DC sources

I know that in a circuit with DC sources a capacitor(steady state) can be replaced with an open circuit and an inductor(steady state) can be replaced with a short circuit. My understanding is that ...
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Why does potential drop exist?

I'm sorry that the question is likely to sound stupid but I just can't seem to be able to wrap my head around it. I think I am a bit comfortable with the mathematical idea of it but I still can't ...
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54 views

Difference of potential between points [closed]

I have the following question: What is the potential difference between point A - B? Could somebody please explain me how should I count it? The voltage U=18V. I found out that V1=8V, V2=10V, ...
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87 views

Why can't I connection the anode of a battery to the cathode of an other battery and get a current flowing?

If I touch the anode of a battery or connect the anode the the cathode of an other battery, none (or rather: a very small current) flows between those two. If I instead connect the connect the anode ...
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Does voltage depends on the charge present in an element?

Does the voltage depend on the charge present in a battery , in a capacitor etc.
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65 views

Potential difference and voltage

Is potential difference between two points the voltage? (or) Is voltage the potential difference between two points? (or) Are they both the same?
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1answer
28 views

Accelerating an electron to a high speed

Suppose there are two vertical metal plates. They are separated apart by a small distance. While one is grounded, the other one has a potential of some $V$. Now suppose electrons are produced at the ...
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1answer
43 views

In a circuit, if voltage is established at both terminals, then how can components use up this voltage? [duplicate]

Suppose we use a 9V battery. Then the voltage between these two terminals is 9V. In other words, it would take 9 J of energy to move +1C of charge from the (+) to the (-) terminal by the electric ...
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1answer
44 views

What happens if connect 2 points with different potential?

I have a very basic question on charge distribution in electric circuits. Let's say we have 2 independent circuits. If we connect a point with higher potential in one circuit to a point with a lower ...
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1answer
20 views

Non-zero potential measured on the surface of an insulator

After driving a screw into an alumina firebrick and applying a 5kV potential, I measured a ~4.5kV potential using a high voltage probe at other locations on the brick surface. Firebrick is generally ...
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1answer
31 views

Electrical network of current sources - What happens if one source is defect?

Suppose you have connected in a parallel circuit a pair of, say for the sake of concretness 5 sources of 300 mA and 0,5 V each, which are themselves connected together in series. Hence, in total one ...
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1answer
87 views

Why does a non-contact voltage detector light up when you touch a plasma ball with the other hand?

I am doing a science experiment and we decided to try holding a non-contact voltage detector up to plasma ball. We were surprised that it would light up when it was 3 ft away from the plasma ball. I ...
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60 views

Electric warning signs question

I've always wandered why do the warning signs show the voltage, not the current. I mean, it's the current that kills you.
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289 views

If we connect a long wire to a battery, will battery produce more electrons?

I actually have three related questions: An open circuit chemical cell separates charges creating a surplus of electrons on its negative terminus and a shortage of electrons on its positive terminus. ...
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1answer
124 views

Magnetic Wire Doesn't conduct Electricity

I recently bought a 22 and 30 gauge loop of magnetic wire from radio-shack. The loops of wire were colored differently (if this makes any difference) and on the package it noted how these wires were ...
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6answers
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Could someone intuitively explain to me Ohm's law?

Could someone intuitively explain to me Ohm's law? I understand what voltage is and how it is the electric potential energy and that it is the integral of the electric field strength etc. I also ...
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2answers
189 views

Capacitance and voltage drops

Let's say that Switch $S$ is closed. I have a conceptual question: If a stream of particles acquire a potential difference upon exiting the battery, why will they lose some of that potential ...
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1answer
65 views

Spherical Magnet Inside a Solenoid

When passing a bar magnet through a long solenoid why is it that the induced emf when the magnet is in the middle of the solenoid is zero? And if a spherical magnet is put inside the solenoid, will ...
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1answer
109 views

Measured voltage on coil

I have a simple circuit of coil with inductance L $$u_c(t)= -L\frac{di}{dt}$$ and AC source with output voltage $u_s$ What is actually measured by the voltmeter ($u_c$, $u_s$ or $u_s - u_c$)? If ...
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1answer
30 views

Showing $\frac{\delta V_{out}}{V_{out}}=\frac{\delta R_2}{R_2} \frac{R_1}{R_1+R_2}$ [closed]

Consider a voltage divider with $V_{out}=V_{in} \frac{R_2}{R_1+R_2}$. Show that for a small change in $R_2$, the voltage divider equation is: $\frac{\delta V_{out}}{V_{out}}=\frac{\delta R_2}{R_2} ...
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1answer
149 views

Relation between Power, Voltage and Current when one or more of them is amplified?

Power(P) = Voltage(V) * Current(I) If voltage or current is amplified or multiplied what happens to power and current. Does this affect in increase or decrease in power and current values or does ...
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43 views

Li-ion Battery charging

Why are constant current mode and constant voltage mode needed when charging Li-ion batteries? Why do we apply saturation charge even after the cell voltage reaches 4.2V? What exactly is 'I-sense' in ...
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3answers
333 views

Defining Reference Directions for Voltage and Power (sign convention)

My professor decided to use the above reference directions when calculating power in circuits. He says that when power > 0, power is consumed. When p < 0, power is generated. This definition is ...
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3answers
263 views

Why Voltage Drop is not Influenced by Resistor Value?

To my understanding, if a resistor reduces the potential energy of the current across it, then the current that leaves the resistor will have less potential energy and thus, less pressure or voltage. ...
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4answers
173 views

Ohm's Law Question?

Since $V=IR$, if you were to have say a $5\:\mathrm{V}$ source connected directly to ground, no components in the circuit at all, you would need to add resistance for the current to flow? Or is there ...
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1answer
47 views

What is the equivalent of the “amount of fuel” for a battery?

I am trying to make a performance diagram of an electrical powered device vs range, speed, etc. I want to compare it using the equivalent of fuel for a battery? I am not sure if it is just voltage... ...
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168 views

Both plates of capacitor have positive voltage

If both the plates of a capacitor are connected to positive voltage (say, one is +10V and the other is +5V), but there is a voltage difference between the plates, will the capacitor be charged? And ...
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7answers
362 views

Why Two Equal Resistors Cut Voltage in Half?

I've been reading several books on electronics, one of them called "Electronics All-In-One For Dummies - D. Lowe (Wiley, 2012) BBS". It states that if two resistors of the same value, no matter the ...
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1answer
56 views

Why there's any voltage on P-N junction in diodes?

If all electrons here have their counterparts in protons, on both, P and N sides, then why there's any voltage (built-in voltage, on the bottom of the image)? Both sides should be neutral, shouldn't ...
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1answer
89 views

A falling steel beam - Maximum induced voltage [closed]

I'd appreciate it if someone could explain how to answer this question: A 2 m long steel beam is falling from a height of 12,5 m. During the fall, the beam is oriented in an east-west direction. ...
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1answer
174 views

Transformers - Why more coils in second coil causes more voltage [duplicate]

I am learning about magnetic induction and transformers. I have coil1 which uses AC to create an oscillating magnetic field. I have ...
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1answer
105 views

Deriving Voltage from Electric Field

I'm trying to derive the point charge equation for voltage by integrating the point charge equation for an electric field over distance ($dr$) traversed:$ \int (KQ/r^2)\cdot dr$ This is my ...
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Why does electrolysis require a base electrolyte instead of an acid electrolyte?

I am in the process of using electrolysis to remove rust from some old tools. This is the process where you submerge the rusted item in a bath along with a sacrificial piece of metal. You connect a ...
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1answer
39 views

When do I use the various power-related equations? [closed]

Can someone please tell me when it is appropriate to use the equations $P=IV$, $P=I^2R$ and $P=V^2/R$?
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54 views

Current lagging voltage by more then 90 degrees

According to Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leading_and_lagging_current An alternating current that reaches its maximum up to 90° behind the voltage producing it is said to be lagging. and ...
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1answer
83 views

Comparing voltages of Parallel and Series circuits

There are two electric circuits. Resistor 1 ($R_1$) connected with resistor 2 ($R_2$) by series circuit $R_1$ connected with $R_2$ in parallel Each of the circuit has battery with emf and the ...
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1answer
232 views

What is fatal? Current or voltage? [duplicate]

I have been searching this answer for quite a while. I asked my physics teacher and he said it is current that causes death. A friend of mine, who is a EE student, and his answer was voltage. When i ...
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3answers
308 views

Why can't unequal current sources be connected in series?

Imagine two power sources: PS-1 that can supply $5A$ at $100V$, and PS-2 can supply $10A$ at $40V$. Due to conservation of charge and Kirchoff's current law (KCL), this is incorrect, and would lead ...
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448 views

Why does my measured I-V curve for a film of aluminum suggest high resistance?

I plotted the I-V curve between two points (few microns apart) on a thin aluminum film. I expected this metal to be a conductor and have a much lower resistance, but the slope suggests that it is ...
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2answers
38 views

Power in a circuit why is V constant

In deriving the power of a circuit we can do the following: $$\text{P}=\frac{dw}{dt}=\frac{dQ}{dt}\frac{dw}{dQ}=\text{IV}$$ But this assumes that $V$ (since $w=VQ$) is a constant. Why can we assume ...
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1answer
137 views

What really happens in a electric circuit?

How do electrons behave in an electric circuit? There was a question before about a voltage drop which was interesting, but I can not participate in that discussion, so I am writing this question ...
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1answer
237 views

Why high voltage transmission lines?

This is a question which I seem to have tackled multiple times, solved each time after reading a dodgy internet explanation, then partially forgotten about and retackled half a year later. It is time ...
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2answers
165 views

Does voltage drop occurs with zero load and zero resistance

Imagine a circuit consisting of just a battery and conducting wires which have zero dissipativity so that there is no loss of energy( Zero resistance). If the wires are connected to both terminals ...
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3answers
313 views

Why capacitance is given as constant value in Farads, and not as max charge in Coulombs?

The equation for capacitance is $Q=CV$ or $V={1\over C}Q$. I don't understand what is the physical meaning of this "$C$": Does the charge in a system changes linearly with voltage under all ...
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1answer
87 views

Exact Relation between voltage and current [duplicate]

I apologize before hand if this seems too naive. I'm having a really tough time understanding the relation between voltage and current. I read that 1 Volt is the amount of work done to move a $1As$ ...
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1answer
78 views

Influence of applied voltage to an electron of a metal

I would like to ask what would happen to the potential well of an electron being trapped in a metal? If I apply a voltage trying to accelerate the electron out of the potential well. Would It make the ...
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1answer
70 views

Solving kinetic energy exercise through electrical work formula instead of voltage formula?

While studying electric potential, I run into an issue on exercise 43 of Chapter 24 of Fundamentals of Physics 8th ed. Vol. 3 (Halliday et al.). The exercise states the following, paraphrased: A ...
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190 views

Voltage drop = more electrons on one side of resistor

I have been asking myself this question for a long time now. Suppose we have two resistors in series connected to a voltage source. Simply put, does the voltage drop on each resistor mean that there ...
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3answers
228 views

The Difference Between voltage and current

I know that this question has been asked many times before, and I have read over several of the threads asking this question, but they do not include the gripe I have with my problem of understanding ...