Physical processes involved when seeing, and comparisons between with other light detection systems. Includes questions about the eye, optical nerve, brain, corrective lenses, etc.

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5
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2answers
7k views

Purple doesn't occur in rainbow - or does it?

Usually, when asked whether the purple color exists rainbows, an answer similar to this is given: The purple color is perceived by human eyes via the activation of both red-sensitive and blue-...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Does crossing your eyes to see stereoscopic images provide the same effect as unfocusing your eyes (looking into the distance)?

Not sure if this is the best place to post this. Please correct any formatting/grammatical errors I've made!
1
vote
1answer
62 views

If we traveled at almost the speed of light would objects appear the same?

We see objects with our eyes as object emits/reflects light. Say if we travel at almost the speed of light can we see the objects normally?
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Why does violet (purple) color contain red component? [duplicate]

We see rainbow color on short-wavelength side as violet or purple: And this color is obviously contain R component from RGB. How can this happen, if only blue pines can percept this color, while ...
3
votes
2answers
46 views

How can you easily measure your visual range? [closed]

There are numerous ways of estimating your hearing range by generating sine waves at a certain amplitude and trying to tell when you are no able to hear a difference between on and off anymore. An ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Why does our eyes see red when exposed to too much light? [closed]

When I looked into my projector when it was on the blue screen it left a red spot in my vision. I should not have tried it but all the colors left a red spot. Why not a blue or yellow spot was left?
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0answers
17 views

Broad Spectrum Contact Lenses - How Soon?

Given the amazing advances in metamaterials, how soon will we have the means to view a broad spectrum of electromagnetic radiation (IR through UV) by having it faithfully compressed into the range of ...
12
votes
1answer
485 views

Why can I turn light red or blue by holding my finger up to it?

This is a difficult phenomenon to explain. Imagine you have an opaque object partially covering a very bright light source, for example, an object held up against the sky. The left hand diagram is ...
10
votes
4answers
9k views

Can someone explain the color Pink to me?

I just finished watching this interesting video: http://youtu.be/S9dqJRyk0YM It does a very quick explanation of how pink light doesn't exist, and that the concept of pink is our brain's attempt at ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Why does everything written on a page appear in concentric circles when we rotate that page? [closed]

When i put a pencil in the middle of a paper and rotate it very fast, whatsoever is written on it, will appear in concentric circles. What is the reason behind this phenomenon and what is it called?
6
votes
1answer
60 views

What happens at the point of welding iron?

What is the physics behind welding iron? It is obviously the electricity that causes the two metal parts to fuse but what is the role of the welding rod and why is it said to damage your eyes when you ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Why is it easier to make inks which show up on white paper than on black? [closed]

Not sure if this is a Physics question, but... Why is it easier for inks to show up on white paper than on black? You can get "special" inks which print solidly on top of black surfaces, but your ...
13
votes
4answers
6k views

Why does adding red light with blue light give purple light?

Our eyes contain 3 photoreceptor cells (cones) to perceive three wavelength ranges of light. Here is a visual representation of the wavelengths by these receptors (S, M and L). So if we have light ...
21
votes
5answers
8k views

Eyes open under water

Yesterday I looked underwater with my eyes open (and no goggles) and I realized I can't see anything clearly. Everything looks very, very blurry. My guess is that the eye needs direct contact with air ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Total uncertainty of multiple stereo camera depth measurements

I have a stereo camera that measures depth for a rectangular area of pixels in a single image. Each depth measurement is obtained independently (this goes back to the stereo matching algorithm used). ...
47
votes
2answers
8k views

Why do I see better under water using swimming goggles? [duplicate]

I am myopic (I don't really know if this is relevant or not) and I usually swim without contact lenses. My vision is clearly better underwater when I am using swimming goggles. I have tried to ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

why my eyesight glasses the color of the things I see?

I have started to need eyesight glasses (I am short-sighted) a while ago and I am puzzled by the fact that when I wear my glasses the color of the things around me are less bright than when I don't ...
20
votes
4answers
805 views

How to optically rotate images in small increments (for eyeglasses)?

As the result of an accident, one or more nerves that control the rotation of my left eye were damaged. The result is that my left eye views the world rotated clockwise several degrees, compared to my ...
5
votes
1answer
82 views

Why are UV protective eyeware Orange?

Many industrial processes use uv as a curing agent. When one uses such a process, one must protect one's eyes from the radiation. Most uv protective gear I have seen is tinted orange? Does this ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Why purple seems so to similar to red? [duplicate]

Purple lights has the highest frequency among all visible lights, while the red lights is the least frequent one. However, purple seems to be a mix of red and blue to human eyes, why?
1
vote
1answer
56 views

How does one calculate how big something has to be, to be seen at a given distance? [closed]

Ignoring curvature of the Earth. How do I calculate the size an object would need to be in order to appear to be approx 1cm tall at a given distance?
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Why does a specific static image “move” when moving my head? (glass user)

I am a daily PC user. As most users, I have a taskbar (using Windows) that shows icons of programs. My two screens are big (24") and I'm at ~60cm distance from them, so fairly often I need to turn my ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Why does the sea horizon line always seems to be at the same height as one's eyes?

I wonder why, when I look at a sea/ocean, the horizon line always seems to be at the same height as my eyes, no matter how many meters I am above the sea level. This is something I noticed when I ...
0
votes
2answers
71 views

Perspective Redux (why objects seem smaller as the distance increases) [duplicate]

Last time I brought this up, the best answer featured an image that looked something like this: The argument here is that as the distance increases between the eye and the object, the angle gets ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Why can I see a beam of light coming in through the window sometimes, but not all the time?

Does it have to do with moisture in the air? Does it have to do with the window itself? Could the light reflect/refract off of the air? If there were no moisture or smoke or dust, just air, would I ...
0
votes
4answers
530 views

Can we see sound with our eyes? [closed]

Is there a type of sound within our visual spectrum that we can see with our eyes?
0
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1answer
61 views

Reference request for relativistic imaging

Being a high-school physics teacher, I always am searching for compelling and different approaches to the subject. In the case of (special) relativity a frequent curiosity arises while discussing what ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

What equation should I use to determine retinal image size generated by 10 micron DIA input beam?

If I plot the effective focal spot diameter (S) achieved by using the popular expression: S = (4L/pi)(F/D), where L is input beam wavelength, F is the focal length of the lens, and D is the input ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Why don't eye lenses alter depth perception?

What it is going to do is bend the rays so that light from infinity "appears" as though it is coinciding with a person's far point. In doing so, it allows the person to see a clear image, without ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

How we are able to see red and green colored objects simultaneously if combination of red and green produces yellow?

If red and green cones in our eyes are tiggered simultaneously then our brain makes us see yellow color. But if two objects which have red and green colors respectively are placed infront of us then ...
2
votes
2answers
4k views

Perception of a rapidly flickering light

Suppose a light switches on and off at a fast rate, with equal time off and on. Why do we see a light that appears only on rather than only off?
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Terminology - optical (visual) properties of a structure

I am trying to understand few terminological problems that I encounter. Without knowing keywords it is hard to perform search for literature or publications in the area. The area relates to the ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

What happens to photons, electrons, etc [duplicate]

What happens to photons when they hit our eye? where do they end up? if they generate heat, why our eye don't get overheated? Similarly what happens to electrons when the light hits certain metals, ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

How much sky do we see at any one moment?

When we look at any particular point the sky, what percentage of the celestial sphere do we see? This question arises from the notion that on average there passes one meteor per hour overhead. So ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Why do we see just one octave of light? [closed]

When one takes a look at the usual chart of EM spectrum one cannot help but notice that visible spectrum is slightly below one octave of frequencies; that is, the ratio between the highest and least ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

3D glasses giving the opposite effect to that expected

I have just finished watching the new Star Wars movie (The Force Awakens), and during the end credits, text is shown upon a background of stars. Wearing the 3D glasses, I noticed that the text appears ...
1
vote
2answers
89 views

Speed and multiple images

Why an object (or something else) create multiple images of itself when it is moving fast? An earphone spinning in circle for example.
6
votes
2answers
993 views

How many frames can human eye see? [closed]

What's the limitation of our eyes? Can we differentiate 60fps from 120fps? Are new 144hz monitors just a marketing trick? Couldn't find any proper journals or studies about the matter.
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Can an invisible light source cast shadows?

Let's assume that we have a mechanism for producing EM radiation suspended in the air, and that that mechanism itself is invisible to the naked eye (e.g. a microscopic light bulb on a microscopic wire ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

White LEDs and colour perception

I’m very interested in LED lighting and the different spread of wavelengths that are produced compared to other types (like tungsten). Given that a White LED bulb actually produces 3 different peaks ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

How Vision Works [closed]

Vision works when we receive the reflected wavelength of white light from a particular object. There is a single angle of reflection depends upon the light's incidence angle. If so, how can many ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Is it possible that a person with myopia will see a blurry picture as normal? [duplicate]

I am trying to process an image in good quality to appear blurred to a normal person and good to a person suffering from myopia as seen in this source. Is it possible that a picture that is blurry ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Correcting Myopia with a Diverging Lens

My textbook says that a diverging lens works by rendering the object a virtual image at the myopic eye’s far point. However, wouldn’t the eye then perceive an object farther than its far point at the ...
23
votes
9answers
19k views

Can a human size object move so fast that it ceases to be observable?

In many anime, comics, movies, etc, we see a lot of super human beings moving and fighting at such high speeds that a regular human being cannot see that they are fighting or moving pass by. In ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

Space station illuminated by the Earth

Let's say that we have a space station orbiting the Earth around the equator at a speed of 360 degrees per 24 hours, always being roughly on the line between the centers of the Earth and the sun. From ...
14
votes
9answers
648 views

How to explain (pedagogically) why there is 4 spacetime dimensions while we see only the 3 spatial dimesions?

I have been asked this question by a student, but I was able and in the same time incapable to give a good answer for this without equations, so do you have ideas how one can explain this in a simple ...
25
votes
3answers
112k views

Why does the moon sometimes appear giant and a orange red color near the horizon?

I've read various ideas about why the moon looks larger on the horizon. The most reasonable one in my opinion is that it is due to how our brain calculates (perceives) distance, with objects high ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Modeling total absorption using absorbance of multiple visual layers

I have a question involving light absorbance versus absorption. It applies to a stack of different photoreceptor types. I understand the difference between absorbance, which is basically equal to $$-\...
3
votes
2answers
717 views

What is the 'resolution' of the reality in pixel terms?

What resolution should a TV screen have so that its image were so faithful as reality as if the TV were a window? Also what would happen if Physics could reproduce a 'pixel' of the size $ l_{p}^{2} $ ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

What mega pixel are human eyes? [duplicate]

I always wonder with cameras improving still what I see from eye can almost never come close to that of camera particularly in low light. So what is the mega pixel resolution of human eyes?