Questions related to the perception and measurement of light (primarily in the visible range), its mathematical description, the reproduction of colors by different means, color combinations, etc. Please use the tag [electromagnetic-radiation] if you want to refer to the general form of light.

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Diffuse laser light in a surface

Im building a laser target. It consists of a box, with a black plexiglass circle in the center of one of its sides, and a larger white circle around it. The black for the inside shots, and the white ...
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1answer
77 views

Why would a sweeping LIDAR or RADAR beam not produce an artificial Doppler shift?

Assuming a bi-static Radar or LIDAR with a stationary transmitter and a stationary target and a stationary receiver, with a sweeping RADAR/LIDAR beam reflecting off a stationary target: Why would the ...
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0answers
112 views

Why can I turn light red or blue by holding my finger up to it?

This is a difficult phenomenon to explain. Imagine you have an opaque object partially covering a very bright light source, for example, an object held up against the sky. The left hand diagram is ...
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0answers
93 views

Optical Bloch Oscillation

I have a doubt about how the optical Bloch oscillations happen in a 1D photonic crystal. I try to explain: in a photonic crystal with discrete translational symmetry in one direction I superimpose a ...
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0answers
38 views

Beating the Diffraction Limit with NSOM

I am trying to understand exactly why we can beat the diffraction limit when using near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM). For those who aren't familiar with NSOM, check out this article: ...
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0answers
67 views

Two Photon Absorption dependence on Semiconductor Band Gap

It's well known that Two Photon Absorption coefficient is scaling with $E_g^{-3}$. Does anyone know what is the physical reason for this scaling? What is the physical theory behind this mathematics?
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0answers
818 views

How do you estimate colour temperature based on the position of the sun in the sky?

I'd like to estimate the colour-temperature of sunlight (as applied in photography) based on the position of the sun in the sky for a mobile phone app I'm working on (app link from a more appropriate ...
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0answers
165 views

Bandgap Spacing in Photonic Crystals

I am doing some self-study on photonics and have encountered the following question: We know that amorphous electronic crystals such as amorphous silicon have a bandgap. Can amorphous photonic ...
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0answers
49 views

Spectroscopy from a classical light wave or photon only?

In chemistry we mostly regard light/electromagnetic radiation as a beam of particles or photons. This is a very useful model to explain molecular excitations and ionisations from quantum interactions. ...
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0answers
21 views

Odd order of colour fringes around cloud

The other day I took this photograph of a thundercloud that moved between myself and the sun. Around the edge of the cloud there were some coloured fringes that I first took to be a variant on a ...
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0answers
44 views

Is there a wavelength of electromagnetic radiation that can penetrate iron but reflect off iron oxides?

We can see corrosion or rust because visible light travels through air reflects off the material back through the air and into our eyes. But I am wondering if you could see the corrosion through on ...
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0answers
130 views

Possibility of a free-space hologram

Holograms are real. But they are not what sci-fi calls holograms. From a simple geometric optics standpoint we can see that in order to create the illusion of an object there must be some sort of ...
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0answers
56 views

Deformation of light-cone

In the paper The geometry of free fall and light propagation by Ehlers and his colleagues (Gen. Relativ. Gravit. 44 no. 6, pp. 1587–1609 (2012)), when the authors introduce the differentiable ...
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0answers
30 views

Quantum Efficiency Estimation

Might there be a way to do a rough estimate of the quantum efficiency of a photo-detector like a CCD or CMOS sensor based only on a picture taken with it? I've read papers and guides (like this one: ...
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0answers
151 views

Why does Pyrex glow orange under UV?

In a Physics lesson today our teacher performed a demonstration to show how quinine in tonic water glows blue when under UV light. He showed us the same demonstration using water in a Pyrex beaker, ...
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0answers
119 views

Is TRUE invisibility possible?

First off, this question may seem highly stupid at first, but it arose from past cartoon memories. In the cartoon Tom & Jerry from the 1940s, there was already hypothesizing over cream that, when ...
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0answers
70 views

Why is condensed milk glowing green under UV?

Teeth, nails and also сгущёнка (condensed milk) are glowing green when exposed to black light. What do they have in common? Is it a specific luminophore substance?
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0answers
86 views

Collimating and homogenizing a divergent tunable-spectrum light source

I have a light source (Xenon lamp) which has the possibility to be tuned over spectral range of 390 - 740 nm with 1 nm spectral accuracy . Bandwidth at each wavelength is about 20 nm . Output ...
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0answers
22 views

YDSE and diffraction

In a single slit diffraction experiment we know that light bends around the edges. So can we treat Young's double slit experiment (YDSE) as a two slit diffraction since we're using two slits in that ...
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0answers
17 views

About atomic transitions

I accomplished my homework but it opened a whole pandora's box of things I do not quite understand, so I would appreciate help. In x direction linearly polarized light excites atom transition from ...
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0answers
27 views

473 nm light through a single mode fiber designed to operate between 1500 and 1600 nm

Can we send light with 473 nm through a single mode fiber designed to operate between 1500 to 1600 nm spectrum? The radius of the fiber core is 4.25 micrometer, NA=0.12 and the single-mode cut-off is ...
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0answers
43 views

What is angular accelerating light?

As described in this article "Our angular accelerating fields rely on combinations of orbital angular momentum - so-called twisted light," says Forbes. Light carrying orbital angular momentum ...
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0answers
26 views

How is ink's color produced?

From https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Complementary_colors The pairs of complementary colors vary depending upon whether the colors are physical (e.g. from pigments), or from light. These change ...
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0answers
24 views

Making sense of sinogram of perspex block in air

I'm confused trying to visualize what happened exactly during this experiment: Setup with a laser and a photo diode on the opposite side. A perspex block (2x2cm) in between. Take 200 measurements ...
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0answers
18 views

What sort of function would accurately model the change in daylight at sunrise or sunset?

Assume that you are standing on the equator in a flat, wide-open space and there is no moon or clouds. What sort of mathematical function would accurately model the increase in daylight when night ...
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0answers
22 views

Does illuminating a conductor with light energy less than its workfunction change the measured conductivity?

For example, does the light absorbed in an exposed metal wire increase the average velocity of the electrons, hence increasing mobility and conductance?
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0answers
15 views

Are there any pigments which can be altered via the use of electricty?

I was looking at alternative visual output methods for computer, phone and the like and was wondering, are there pigments, Red, Green and Blue preferably, that can have their intensity/opacity ...
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0answers
69 views

Use mirror to see every angle around me

An applied physics question: How can I setup a mirror all around an arm wrestling table so I can see all angles of what I'm doing? The arm wresting table looks like this With the wrestlers on ...
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0answers
42 views

Analogy for Rayleigh scattering

This morning's eclipse has me looking into Rayleigh scattering. I'm trying to think of a good analogy to explain it to somebody without getting too in-depth into electromagnetism and other subjects... ...
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0answers
97 views

What is this light pattern caused by LED matrix street light?

At our office, they have installed new downlights in the parking lot (street lights) based on a rectangular matrix of very bright LEDs, which are not diffused. They look something like this one: ...
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0answers
99 views

Intensity of Brightest Fringe of a multi-slit Diffraction

Let's say we have a multi-slit experiment with N slits.Since the central fringe has the most intensity, is there an equation to calculate the intensity of central fringe in terms of the intensity of ...
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0answers
40 views

Absorption Spectrum

I just learnt what absorption and emission spectrum are. And our teacher introduced us to what Quantum Dots are. And showed us their absorption and emission spectra. And they look something like this ...
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0answers
57 views

How does a liquid crystal on Silicon affect the phase of incident light?

When a polarized light beam is directed to a phase-only LCoS system how is the phase modulated ? What is the physical effect behind ? Does voltage modulation has an impact on birefringence ?
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0answers
127 views

How to get “massless” equation of motion from the action of Nordstrom scalar field theory?

There is Nordstrom theory of the particle moving in a scalar field $\varphi (x)$: $$ S = -m\int e^{\varphi (x)}\sqrt{\eta_{\alpha \beta}\frac{dx^{\alpha}}{d \lambda}\frac{dx^{\beta}}{d ...
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0answers
101 views

Spreading UV light? Fresnel lenses?

I'm making a little UV exposure box and I'm looking for a way to evenly spread out the UV light. I've used Fresnel lenses to do just this in the past, but that was for visible light. But from what ...
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0answers
30 views

Are “phase-specific” masks ever used in the context of double exposure lithography? Can these sorts of things exist?

I was recently reading an 08' paper on double exposure lithography: and I was wondering if there existed some material that could be used to create a mask for e.g. a 193 nm light source that was only ...
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0answers
65 views

Is there spatial data loss in light passing through transparent crystal?

There is perfect parallelepipedal bar made of transparent crystal with cubic lattice floating in vacuum. Faces of parallelepiped are parallel to lattice axis. There is image, forming checkerboard ...
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0answers
45 views

How close do two wavelengths of light need to be to produce a metamer?

Suppose I have two wavelengths of light ($r_1$, $r_2$) coming from a source. These rays are then reflected specularly on a surface. What is the minimum distance required for the two wave trains of ...
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0answers
187 views

Splitting light into colors, mathematical expression (fourier transforms)

I am trying to solve a problem that includes a function of the light hitting a certain area. My question is, how would I change a function $G(x)$ of photons hitting a certain area to include just ...
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0answers
252 views

Representing a polarization vector for light as a 'manifold of two state'

Explain me these projections please Context: I was reading a paper (Phys. Rev. A 68, 052307) which involved mesoscopic coherent states of light. There, in order to calculate the uncertainty of a ...
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0answers
100 views

How does a lens affect the field of view in a mirror?

If one looks into a mirror, he can see a certain field of view. If he places a convex lens that magnifies (or a concave lens that does the opposite) in front of the mirror, but so that he can still ...
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0answers
49 views

What is the main downfall of using QPSK rather than DQPSK in fiber optics?

I've read that QPSK works theoretically in order to encode two bits depending on the phase of the signal. However, practically a reference for the carrier signal would be needed due to some ambiguity ...
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0answers
170 views

Why are subjects upside down when I look through my door peephole?

There is a convex lens 3/4" on the outside and 1 1/2" convex lens on the inside. Each lens has one flat side facing out and one convex side facing in. What can be done to correct this image?
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0answers
232 views

Does infrared light pass through active shutter glass?

The glasses that we use for 3D viewing, do they allow infrared light to pass through them? Infrared rays pass through normal glass right? I need the pupil illuminated through infrared LEDs so I need ...
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0answers
781 views

How to use the Coddington shape factor?

We are given $\sigma=\frac{r2+r1}{r2-r1}$, with $\sigma$ being the Coddington shape factor. What I am having problems with is solving for $r1$ and $r2$ when I am just given a focal length and a ...
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0answers
66 views

Light vs. X-ray interactions with Phosphor

Looking for some information on how light and xrays interact with phosphorous, or what might cause the following: Scenario A focus beam of light is directed at a phosphor plate at the same time as ...
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0answers
27 views

How to actually determine the Index of Refraction of an object in different colors of light?

I would like some guidance as to how the IOR of an object is determined in different colored lights. Taking for example diamond, I know that the base IOR is 2.417, and the respective wavelengths of ...
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0answers
21 views

Variations in electric field of a light speed charged particle

From the question " Is there a travelling speed of for electric field? If yes, what is it?" I get to know electric field propagates at speed of light. What if a charged particle which creates this ...
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0answers
12 views

Electrons in a gas discharge tube

I'm having some difficulty understanding regarding electrons in gas discharge tubes. My understanding is the following: In a gas discharge tube the gas must be at low pressure in order to be ...
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0answers
16 views

How does a hologram record the incident laser?

How does the hologram (the photographic plate) record the incident laser beams when they hit onto it, what happens inside the hologram so that it records these laser beams?