Questions related to the perception and measurement of light (primarily in the visible range), its mathematical description, the reproduction of colors by different means, color combinations, etc. Please use the tag [electromagnetic-radiation] if you want to refer to the general form of light.

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3answers
106 views

Where do the energy and momentum come from when light is perfectly reflected on a surface?

If you send a light beam to a surface which reflects the light perfectly I would say that on the surface is put a force of the light so the surface moves backwards. But where does that energy comes ...
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0answers
296 views

Relation between intensity of light and amplitude of electric field?

A question in my textbook involve finding the electric field amplitude at a point in space given the intensity of light. It uses the following equation to solve it: - ...
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1answer
29 views

Compare how much a coherent laser visible green light beam spreads out with a incoherent green light beam.

Suppose I am mathematically modeling a visible green laser pointer beam which starts from the ground and ends up a half mile or full mile in the sky, projected upon an aircraft window 2 inches thick. ...
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1answer
21 views

Observe photons

Could they observe photons of light? Or is it so small for us to see? I think if we would come to know more about photons, and their motion and so its interaction with matter, we would understand more ...
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2answers
51 views

Is there an instrument that measures the Frequency of light directly

Is there an instrument that measures the frequency of light DIRECTLY? By "DIRECTLY" I mean without using any properties of the Wavelength.
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2answers
31 views

Does refraction or diffraction cause rainbows?

The title is explicit. I just read several web pages about rainbows and all of them refers both to refraction and diffraction. Things are not really clear in my mind, and to fix this, I'd like to have ...
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2answers
40 views

Why does a rainbow effect appear when looking through two tinted glasses?

Why does wearing my sunglasses while looking out my tinted driverside window cause a rainbow effect on reflective surfaces? One without the other, and everything looks normal.
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1answer
66 views

Strength of moonlight

So I read this xkcd, and thought it was kind of cool. However, I showed it to my engineer father and physics undergrad brother and neither seem to find the explanation very convincing (though they ...
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2answers
51 views

The image of a wall clock is to be obtained on the opposite wall 2m away by the means of a convex lens. What is the minimum focal length required? [closed]

I'm in 10th grade and this question came in my physics test. Nobody was able to answer this question correctly except my physics teacher who says that the answer is 2m. My answer is that there should ...
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2answers
100 views

Gravitational Wave Impact

What would we see and feel if the waves were powerful enough? Do the waves influence whatever they pass through like a pressure wave would? Or would they be more transparent to the subject there ...
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0answers
20 views

Light from the big bang [duplicate]

Considering that the Big Bang all started from a single point in space time, and the light emitted from it has been spreading outwards in all directions ever since, how do we, from earth, see the ...
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4answers
64 views

Are there any known non-zero mass objects travelling at almost $c$ observed in the universe so far?

Have we ever observed a body or particle with non zero mass traveling at almost $c$? I'm asking this because according to relativity as an object approaches light speed it's mass approaches infinity, ...
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2answers
62 views

Time-coherency of “incoherent” light

Even "incoherent" light as the one of a light bulb has some coherency, and would interfer in the double-slit experiment (even if more blurry because the different wavelengths don't trigger the same ...
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1answer
26 views

How does light behave after experiencing fully destructive interference, as in an interferometer?

I'm thinking about a laser interferometer like the one used in LIGO. Here's the basic layout (from Wikipedia - Interferometry): My understanding is that the half of the light that is reflected by ...
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0answers
26 views

What is the term for the area of light produced by a source?

A light bulb is a certain size, yet the area that the light reaches is much larger, what is the name of that term?
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0answers
56 views

How much light is necessary to form a black hole

I suppose that enough light in a small enough volume could create a black hole. What is the good quantity that can tell when light can or cannot make a black hole? Energy density? But there must be ...
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1answer
14 views

What is a Light Efficient System?

When reading this paper, I encountered this sentence on the sixth page: When used in conjunction with wide-field microscopy, iterative restoration methods are light efficient. This is most ...
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0answers
43 views

How to solve this problem : A glass sphere of radius 1 m and refractive index 1.5 is silvered…? [closed]

Problem: A glass sphere of radius 1 m and refractive index 1.5 is silvered at its back. A point object is kept at a distance of 1 m from the front face, as shown in the figure. Find the position of ...
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1answer
37 views

Why do we see discrete light spikes coming out from a light source?

When we look at a light source from a distance in suitable darkness, why do we see discrete light spikes coming out of source like Fig. b of above picture instead of Fig. a?
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1answer
76 views

Where are the electron exchanges happening in solar cell physics when considering the photon?

When considering solar panel physics, are we taking an electron from Light(photon), or is the energy of Light causing an electron to jump in said solar cells through excitation? Is the photon even ...
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1answer
83 views

Light is/produces a electromagnetic wave, but is the opposite also true?

A similar question has been asked, and to some extent the answer is: you need an antenna with $L \approx 200nm$. But it's not entirely clear to me if this is completely hypothetical, as "Marek" also ...
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1answer
15 views

illuminance on a slope plane

I am trying to understand the illuminance from an extended source(sky dome) on an inclined plane. The article I am reading has beautifully explained it. Yet I don't understand the angles and boundary ...
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2answers
88 views

Why is reflected light polarised?

Why is reflected light polarised? I have learnt about Brewster's angle, and how at a particular angle all light reflected is polarised, but do not understand why. Is this something that could be ...
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0answers
66 views

DIY optical band pass filter or another alternative

I need to detect laser using a solar cell which would need me to either detect the laser wavelength or use pulse modulation and detect the frequency so I'm kinda here to ask if it's possible to simply ...
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0answers
30 views

optoelectronics-smallest wavelength of light

Sorry this maybe a stupid question , but i need to know: A few minutes ago i have read an article about optoelectronics: worlds first optical single atom switch The writer of the article ...
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1answer
56 views

Will I see the light?

There is a perfectly smooth wall. We have a slit parallel to it. Through that a laser beam passes. As the slit is parallel to wall the laser beam will hit it normally. So now if I see obliquely I ...
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3answers
61 views

Bending of light [closed]

Why does bending of light(diffraction) occur?
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5answers
271 views

Blue light filtering

Prologue: my knowledge in these topics is fairly limited, so please feel free to point out the mistakes or the not-so-clear points, and bear with me for the oversimplicity of the language used. I was ...
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2answers
165 views

Why does a laser beam stay collimated?

I am looking for a simple way of explaining the collimation of a laser beam. The typical discussion of the two slit experiment of quantum theory relies heavily on the Huygens principle. Its ...
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1answer
93 views

How physicists explained straight line propagation of Light thinking of light as wave? [duplicate]

To explain the fact that light travels in a straight line assuming light as a wave physicist said that it has small wavelength. So how does the small wavelength explains the property?
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2answers
120 views

A Neutron Star and an Atom are Similar [closed]

In an earlier question I asked if photons could exist without atoms. Is a neutron star's residual light released similar to an exited atom the difference is gravity hold in the electrons in the star ...
3
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1answer
186 views

Where else than Atoms do Photons Disappear and Reappear from? [closed]

Where does photons come from and disappear to? Can photons be destroyed and created? Without atoms would photons exist? What other ways then from atoms can photons be made?
2
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1answer
24 views

How can light appear to spread in mainly a few rays (e.g: 2,4)? [duplicate]

I think it's easier to explain the question with some images. Here you can see a six-rayed one: I cannot post more than 2 links, so: www.i.stack.imgur.com/23YLa.jpg ...
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2answers
38 views

When i look to a lamp at night, from a distance what happens?

Lets say its night, and i look at a lamp 20 meters away from me. Im obviously in the darkness, but i can see the light from the lamp, if the photons need to stimulate my eyes in order for me to see, ...
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1answer
39 views

Is illuminance defined only on a surface normal to the flux?

Assuming on the below image the source is a point source, I can understand that since the light flux falls on dA is the same within the solid angle and since the intensity I = Φ/dω and E = Φ/dA it can ...
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1answer
54 views

Implication of Relativity [duplicate]

According to relativity, no useful matter can travel faster than light. Suppose that your are a light beam travelling. Now you have a parallel light beam travelling beside you. Suppose you look at the ...
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1answer
54 views

How we are able to see red and green colored objects simultaneously if combination of red and green produces yellow?

If red and green cones in our eyes are tiggered simultaneously then our brain makes us see yellow color. But if two objects which have red and green colors respectively are placed infront of us then ...
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1answer
31 views

Why does Diffracted Light cone diameter change in relation to angle of light beam?

I have a question about light diffraction. Take a look at these images of the Pantheon oculus. Now what I don't understand, in the first picture, the light is coming in from overhead and forms a ...
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1answer
145 views

How to calculate a straight edge diffraction pattern

A straight edge diffraction pattern is not the same as a slit or multiple slit diffraction pattern. The spacing between fringes is not equal but gradually gets smaller the farther out you go as in the ...
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0answers
40 views

Impossible? Or not? [closed]

If the universe is expanding at light speed, and you stand on the edge moving out, if you look across the universe, then you will see twice the light speed, why is that?
3
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4answers
159 views

Linear polarized 3D glasses and the physical shape of light waves

Looking into how linear polarized 3D glasses work, I keep getting explanations that boil down to this: However, I always assumed that a light wave was depicted in diagrams like this... ...to more ...
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1answer
76 views

Field of view from travelling at (almost) the speed of light?

As we go faster, our field of view increases, but would happen if we travelled at (almost) the speed of light? My questions: Can we see a 360 degree view while travelling at (almost) the speed of ...
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1answer
33 views

How do we call in English scientific terms the Fermat's principle about back and forth light traversal?

We know that the path followed by the light from point A to point B is independent of the direction of propagation of light. This is what is called in French "le principe de retour inverse de la ...
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0answers
45 views

Telescopes and faster than light travel [closed]

If sometime in the future we master faster than light travel, could we solve past crimes by warping to a place in space where the light from Earth is just arriving from that time period and using a ...
1
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0answers
48 views

What would happen if a monochromatic light falls on an electron?

An electron is not strictly free, but in terms of QFT, we consider scattering events in an asymptotic framework where free particles would arise at $t \rightarrow \pm \infty$. So, I would like to know ...
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1answer
40 views

Gravitational Lensing Example

Can the actual size of a black hole be hidden behind by the photon sphere like this tomato wrapped underwater? Like an eye in a eyelid.
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2answers
40 views

Same amount of light, spread across larger surface area = more reflection?

I've noticed an odd phenomenon with an adjustable-focus LED flashlight that I've bought. If I shine it at the ceiling of my room at the widest possible angle, the walls get noticeably brighter than ...
2
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0answers
183 views

Why should angle of incidence be equal to angle of emergence for minimum deviation in a triangular prism?

When I was solving questions on Ray optics I encountered a question wherein I had to prove that when a ray of light undergoes minimum deviation through a triangular prism then both the angles of ...
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2answers
51 views

Can we have a microscopic image of light itself?

Is there a way we can see light in a microscopic scale- alaser beam to its depth? Possibly seeing the structure of photons.
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0answers
30 views

Wavelength limited resolution

I've read through answers to similar questions, and I haven't been able to find a satisfying answer. I've heard it said that in order to make out something, you need to use light with a wavelength at ...