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3answers
69 views

Is the empty space really empty? [duplicate]

I've come across another article in "list verse" which says that the empty space is not actually empty at least for a while. I've tried to find about this, so I googled it .It also quotes a word ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Virtual particles, gravity, and dark matter? [closed]

In Hawking's radiation, virtual particles respond to intense gravitational tidal forces with pairs being ripped apart. One crosses the event horizon and the other escapes. On the other hand, in ...
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1answer
186 views

What are the virtual particles generated during the Hawking radiation?

What are the virtual particle pairs generated during the Hawking radiation? If a photon is emitted by Hawking radiation, what is its negative energy partner which fell into the black hole? Does it ...
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5answers
6k views

What are electromagnetic fields made of?

I am trying to understand electromagnetic fields so I have two question related to them. What is a electromagnetic field made of? Is it made of photons / virtual photons? How about a static electric ...
3
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2answers
95 views

Feynman diagram, which virtual particle?

Hi I have been asked to produce the lowest order Feynman diagram for the following scattering process: $$a.~~~ \mu^-+\mu^-\rightarrow \mu^-+\mu^-$$ $$b.~~~ \mu^-+\mu^+\rightarrow \mu^-+\mu^+$$ The ...
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2answers
60 views

How virtual photons give rise to electric and/or magnetic field? [duplicate]

Say a neutron which have magnetic moment despite carrying no charge. Isn't both the electric field and magnetic field consist of virtual photons? So how can the same virtual photons give rise to 2 ...
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1answer
103 views

Does the property of being “virtual” for a particle depend on the observer?

I've read at several places that a static magnetic (and electric for that matter) field can be thought of as made by virtual photons, at least that's what I understood. Now, in Special Relativity we ...
2
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0answers
30 views

Can virtual particles be thought of as pieces of 'nonregular' waves?

I just came across this blog post, which gives an interpretation of virtual particles I haven't seen before. To rephrase it, consider a 1D system of springs and masses, where the springs are slightly ...
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2answers
2k views

What's the relation between virtual photons and electromagnetic potentials?

Given that: 1) virtual photons mediate the electric and magnetic force fields 2) the magnetic field is the curl of the magnetic vector potential 3) the electric field is the negative gradient of ...
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1answer
63 views

If virtual photon is it's own antiparticle why is it short lived?

Most virtual particles comes in matter-antimatter pair and are quickly being annihilated, I know we shouldn't think of virtual particle as real particle but I think as long as the virtual particle can ...
0
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2answers
50 views

How do virtual photon cloud produce discrete magnetic field lines in bar magnet?

I think magnetic field is the exchange of virtual photon constantly absorbed and emitted by electrons roughly speaking so assume the setup isn't in a complete vacuum and I have a piece of bar magnet ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Difference between photon upconversion and two photon absorption?

One can find in the wikipedia the following assertion: Upconversion should be distinguished from two-photon absorption However, it is difficult to tell the difference between both processes by ...
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1answer
53 views

How force is transmitted in Magnetic field (Quantum mechanically )

According to particle physics , every fundamental force has its force carrier particle. Photon is a force carrier particle of electromagnetic force but What is the process through which magnetic ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Can Charged Virtual Particle Interactions Propagate Electromagnetic Energy?

Since virtual particles have charge and motion, their fields should interact with each other to produce Lorentz forces, even in a perfect vacuum. Can these interactions propagate energy that is ...
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4answers
2k views

Why do many people say that virtual particles do not conserve energy?

I've seen this claim made all over the Internet. It's on Wikipedia. It's in John Baez's FAQ on virtual particles, it's in many popular books. I've even seen it mentioned offhand in academic papers. ...
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4answers
989 views

Do virtual particles actually physically exist?

I have heard virtual particles pop in and out of existence all the time, most notable being the pairs that pop out beside black holes and while one gets pulled away. But wouldn't this actually violate ...
3
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1answer
344 views

Why do we need virtual particles?

I understand the $\Delta t \cdot \Delta E \geq \hbar / 2$ relationship and the idea behind them. However, I don't understand why do we need them at all. I'm a physics undergraduate. As far as I know, ...
3
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1answer
137 views

Why, in quantum field theory, is $\hat{a}(p)|0\rangle=0$?

My Quantum Field Theory lecturer just said that $\hat{a}(p)|0\rangle=0$ because the vacuum state contains no particles. Now, according to Wikipedia, "according to quantum mechanics, the vacuum ...
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0answers
49 views

Do virtual photons give particle charges?

I think the electric field is due to the exchange of virtual photons constantly emitted by the point charged particle such as an electron, does this apply to proton which is consisted of quarks? does ...
2
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2answers
135 views

Does the uncertainty principle imply the existence of particles that exceed the speed of light?

The uncertainty principle allows for the creation of virtual particles (with non-zero mass) that exist for very short durations. This allows empty space to have particle pairs that pop into existence ...
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4answers
1k views

Why does Hawking radiation cause black holes to die? [duplicate]

If a particle is being expelled from a black hole and an antiparticle is being driven into it, shouldn't the opposite occur as well and in the same frequencies? I mean, black holes should emit ...
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5answers
4k views
0
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3answers
132 views

Why can't we see virtual photons? [closed]

If photons are the carriers for the electromagnetic force, then why can we not see electromagnetic fields, given that photons are involved in this interaction?
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0answers
40 views

Can an electron in empty space to create electromagnetic radiation?

Is it possible in the empty space to create electromagnetic radiation from oscillations of the charges only of one kind - positive or negative? This question stems from the fact that all man-made ...
9
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4answers
686 views

Can virtual particles be 'boosted' into becoming real particles by fields other than gravity?

On the wikipedia page for Hawking Radiation it states: Physical insight into the process may be gained by imagining that particle-antiparticle radiation is emitted from just beyond the event ...
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1answer
35 views

Trying to visualize virtual particle behavior near “real” particles

I hope this isn't too clumsy a question, but I'm trying to figure out if my way of thinking about virtual particles is reasonably OK or completely wrong. This question got me thinking about it ...
3
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1answer
66 views

Why does virtual negative W boson decay mainly into antiup and down quarks during weak decays of lambda, Xi, omega and other baryons

Virtual $W^-$ boson may decay into $\bar{u}$ and $d$ quarks, $\bar{c}$ and $s$ quarks, $e$ and $\bar{\nu}_e$, $\mu$ and $\bar{\nu}_{\mu}$, $\tau$ and $\bar{\nu}_{\tau}$. Decay into $\bar{u}$ and $s$, ...
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0answers
27 views

Does a Description with Photons as Force Carriers Apply for Non-Radiative Systems?

What is the full quantum mechanical description of the statement from classical electromagnetism "the electric field of a uniformly charged infinite flat plane is constant"? By "full" I mean that I'm ...
3
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2answers
149 views

Is the vacuum empty? Are virtual particles in the vacuum? Is the vacuum non-zero? [duplicate]

I have read a lot about this stuff. Is the vacuum empty? How is it not-empty? But nobody can it explain serious and simple that I can fully understand it. Some physicists tell may that virtual ...
3
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1answer
168 views

Are virtual exchange particles real or just mathematical? [duplicate]

When an electron exchanges a virtual photon with another electron or proton, is the virtual photon a real particle or just a mathematical construct? In string theory, the force carrier particles of ...
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2answers
16k views

What exists in the Space between quarks

Apologies to all if this has been asked before, I searched but was unable to find one similar. This is a question that has been bugging me for a while that i haven't really been able to find a ...
2
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3answers
276 views

Virtual Particles real? Virtual particles create a universe?

I am reading the book of Lawrence Krauss "A universe out of nothing", where he explained that the vacuum is not empty. It is a boiling brew of virtual particles that come out of their existence. And ...
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0answers
91 views

EMF induced in a dynamo is by photons of permanent magnets?

i know little about the quantum field theory and also that the permanent magnets have there fields because of exchange of virtual photons across or around the ends. so when we take a dynamo and the ...
1
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3answers
87 views

With respect to the Casimir effect, why can't the wavelengths of the virtual particles between two plates just “pass through” the plates themselves?

I've read over the years that the suppression of many of the possible wavelengths between the two plates in a Casimir experiment is what causes the phenomenon (top comment on this Askscience thread is ...
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2answers
70 views

The source and sink phenomenological description of charge - how realistic is it?

I've heard over and over an electron described as a source of the electric field, but that is a misleading term. Source makes one thing of a tap, with a constant flow of something coming out of it. ...
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1answer
89 views

Two questions about Feynman propagator

Taking for example the meson propagator: $$ \Delta_F (x-y) = \int \frac{d^4k}{(2\pi)^4} \frac{e^{-ik(x-y)}}{k^2 - m^2 + i\epsilon}. $$ It describes a meson that propagate from a point of Minkowski ...
0
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2answers
44 views

Do anodes emit virtual photons representing their positive electrostatic potential?

I understand the electrons in circuit travel down the path of least resistance, however are electrons attracted by the emission of virtual photons emitted by a source with relatively low electron ...
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2answers
209 views

Are black holes eternal?

The question might sound very easy - Hawking radiation, however I was pondering that as you get closer and closer to a black hole, time dilates exponentially where the surface of the black hole is ...
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1answer
43 views
1
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1answer
91 views

How is the EM force exchanged over long distances?

The Situation Imagine we place two charged objects a very far distance apart, essentially making them point charges. How does the EM force interact between the two point charges if virtual photons ...
3
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1answer
108 views

What equation describes virtual photons becoming real photons?

From my understanding, virtual particles are actually "disturbances" between two elementary particle interactions and appear during cross sections of these interactions. What equation(s) describe this ...
18
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3answers
5k views

The exchange of photons gives rise to the electromagnetic force

Pardon me for my stubborn classical/semiclassical brain. But I bet I am not the only one finding such description confusing. If EM force is caused by the exchange of photons, does that mean only when ...
2
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1answer
198 views

Can photons travel faster than $c$? (Feynman Lectures)

I apologise for the very non-technical nature of this question. I am new to QED and perhaps am interpreting things in the wrong way, but I'll ask anyway, and hopefully someone can provide a ...
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2answers
3k views

Virtual photons, what makes them virtual?

The wikipedia page "Force Carrier" says: The electromagnetic force can be described by the exchange of virtual photons. The virtual photon thing baffles me a little. I get that virtual particles ...
7
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2answers
339 views

Do virtual photons have a frequency?

Real photons do have frequencies, which is directly related to its energy. So, can virtual photons that take part in EM interactions have frequencies too? When my hand is pressed up against a glass ...
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0answers
36 views

Virtual Particles and Causation [duplicate]

Sometimes when people debate what type of cause a universe with a beginning may have Virtual Particles has been used as an example of a thing that can arise without a cause. So my question would be ...
3
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2answers
207 views

Electromagnetic reaction force?

The classical (retarded) Lienard-Wiechert scalar and vector potentials describe the electromagnetic field due to an arbitrarily moving electric point charge. Thus given the motion of electron $A$ one ...
3
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3answers
415 views

Feynman paths of FTL velocity have imaginary momentum?

In this Phys.SE answer it is discussed that Feynman path integrals sums amplitudes for all possible paths, including those that are not time-like. If you take the momentum-space path integrals, I ...
2
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1answer
254 views

Why don't virtual particles violate conservation of mass/energy?

If virtual particles sometimes add more mass/energy to a system then was inputed or comes out in the output, how do they not violate conservation of mass/energy.
0
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0answers
36 views

How black hole lose mass? [duplicate]

Even in empty space virtual particles can constantly pop in and out of existence in pairs, when 1 of the pair fall into the black hole while the other escape this is hawking radiation but black hole ...