# Tagged Questions

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### Virtual particles and physical laws

Recently, I was reading about Hawking Radiation in A Brief History of Time. It says that at no point can all the fields be zero and so there's nothing like empty space(quantum fluctuation etc.). Now, ...
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### Feynman Toy Model Constraints on Number of Each Kind of External Lines

(From my homework) In our toy model we have three kinds of spinless particles: $A$, $B$, and $C$. The primitive vertex of decay/interaction is shown below: My actual problem statement says: ...
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### Electron recoil after emitting virtual photon

Assume that a stationary electron $A$ emits a virtual photon with $4$-momentum $k$ and a stationary electron $B$ absorbs it. Let us assume a description in which time is moving forwards. At the ...
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### Born rule and Feynman propagators

Let us assume that we want to describe the full process of photon emission by electron A and absorption by electron B. Therefore electron B must be on the forward lightcone of electron A. In the ...
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### Virtual Higgs boson?

Can particles emit a virtual Higgs boson in a similar manner to the way a virtual photon is emitted?
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### momentum conservation and gluons

The process is the following: $$e^-e^+ \rightarrow photon \rightarrow quark + antiquark$$ Regarding the momentum conservation law, how come we have a photon of spin 1 and at the end some meson with ...
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### Limit on the maximum mass

Is there a particular limit on the maximum amount of mass (matter and antimatter) that can be considered to be formed in free space simultaneously. I believe that for the phenomenon to occur the ...
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### Virtual photons, what makes them virtual?

The wikipedia page "Force Carrier" says: The electromagnetic force can be described by the exchange of virtual photons. The virtual photon thing baffles me a little. I get that virtual particles ...