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2
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2answers
101 views

How can the choice of wood make a good violin?

We always hear about some really fine and expensive wood that is used to make guitars, violins and other musical instruments. What's the physics behind this? What parameters (e.g. bulk modulus etc.) ...
2
votes
2answers
121 views

Coupled ODEs that model a quad rotor

I am working on modeling the vibrations of a quad rotor. The arms that support the rotors are fixed to a center plate; that is, it is pretty much a cantilever beam with an end load. Since this is the ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Orthogonality of modes

I want to know what it exactly means when it is said the modes of vibration are Orthogonal.I understand what it means mathematically but what is its physical interpretation?
2
votes
1answer
88 views

What determines the rate of vibration decay of a metal?

Suppose we have a tuning fork in a vacuum and strike it. Is there anything in the theory of metals that would predict that the tuning fork's vibration amplitude would decrease with time. Put another ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

How long does it take to enter the steady state response in forced vibration?

According the basic theory of forced vibration[1], before entering the steady-state response, there is a short duration for so-called "transient" state vibration. I'm wondering how long is this "...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Forced vibration

Let's consider a spring which is subjected to forced vibrations: $$ F = F_0 \cos(\omega t) $$ Is the resonance frequancy $\omega_0$ of the spring dependent on the amplitude $F_0$? I ask this ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Outbalancing vibrations

Consider a ship vibrating in the fundamental/principal/first symmetric mode shape (similar to that of a Bernoulli-Euler beam), induced by the main engine (similar to that of a vibration shaker). I ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Creating a structural dynamic model using only modal test data

Short version: Suppose I excite a vibrational response in some structure and measure its mode shapes and natural frequencies. Is it possible to create a structural dynamic model of the structure ...
2
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0answers
53 views

What is the effect of vibrations on an object's properties?

What do vibrations do to an object's properties? By making an object vibrate at a high frequency (compared to its static state) would vibrations: Increase or reduce its moment of inertia? Increase ...
2
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1answer
1k views

What frequency of sound waves produces the most vibration [closed]

The name of the question is rather contradictory and counter-intuitive since sound is produced by vibration. However, very low frequencies around 32Hz and receding are bass. From what I have read ...
2
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0answers
102 views

De-excitation and vibrational frequency

By utilising energetic beams of particles it is possible to set atomic nuclei into vibration. For a certain nucleus the subsequent de-excitation results in the emission of photons of energy $1$ $MeV$. ...
2
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0answers
325 views

Modal analysis with aerodynamic damping

I'm using modal decomposition to predict the steady state response of a beam structure to harmonic loading. The structure itself is very lightly damped, but we know from experiments that the ...
2
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0answers
1k views

Chladni Plate Mathematics

I am a high school student doing an IB Extended Essay investigation concerning the resonant frequencies of Chladni plates of differing materials and sizes. Would someone please explain the definition ...
1
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3answers
321 views

Any scientific basis behind “crystal energy”? [closed]

I always hear people talking very loosely about the terms "vibration" and "energy" in relation to crystals. Is there any scientific basis in "crystal energy" or is it purely metaphysical ...
1
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4answers
224 views

How come vibrations?

We all know that sound sensation is produced only when sound waves reach upto us. We all know that sound waves are disturbances propagating in air, Vibration is necessary for the generation of sound, ...
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3answers
2k views

Does the speed at which sound travel depend on the volume (amplitude) of the sound?

Lets say you have a plank is you hit it once and get t time if you hit is 2x as hard will it travel t/2? will it be the same or will it travel only slightly faster?
1
vote
1answer
174 views

The inverse square law of sound through solids?

We all know about the inverse square law of sound. In short the power of the wave will get evenly spread on an ever increasing spherical expansion and this will dissipate the power of the wave at a ...
1
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2answers
122 views

Why doesn't steady flow of air create sound? [closed]

When one exhales air by twisting the lips appropriately, one does not create enough sound. But when the same amount of air with the same pressure is blown in a flute or whistle, a relatively audible ...
1
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2answers
50 views

Why do the tones differ when tapping on a different part of a coffee cup?

Let's say we have a coffee cup as shown below. The cup is, in contrast to what's shown on the image, empty (I had some trouble finding free good-quality top-view coffee cup images). When we tap on $...
1
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2answers
163 views

The “potential energy” degree of freedom?

I'm reading Schroeder's "An Introduction to Thermal Physics" and he mentions the vibrational degrees of freedom of a diatomic molecule: A diatomic molecule can also vibrate, as if the two atoms ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Amplitude Modulation in dispersive mediums

I'm reading the book "Physics of Waves" by Georgi. In section 10.2 he says that to send a signal through one-dimensional dispersive mediums where the dispersion relation is not $\omega(k)=vk$ ($v$ the ...
1
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1answer
182 views

Why does a minor vertical vibration cause my coffee to spill?

When I walk my kid sometimes I put a cut of coffee in a cupholder attached to the stroller. When I push the stroller over a brick pavement it seems to vibrate vertically. That is enough for the coffee ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Why would a screen(with touch controls) in a vibrating environment be readable if its refresh rate is dynamically matched with vibrations?

So, I was reading about this Dragon V2 and it has got touch controlled screens, but screen might be unreadable for pilots because of engine vibrations and whatnot. I came across this comment on reddit....
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1answer
1k views

How do I recover the 1D wave equation from the Lagrangian?

Consider small displacements, $y(x,t)$, of an element of a string (circled in red and shown below) from equilibrium. The force balance in the vertical direction yields: $$+\uparrow \Sigma F: -T\...
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1answer
301 views

What is actually a resonating vibration and resonance?

What is actually a resonating vibration and resonance? I have searched many books and made Google search too but couldn't understand it clearly.
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2answers
178 views

With the phone Vibration why the whole bed vibrates

While we are lying on the bed and there is a phone placed somewhere on the bed, when the phone vibrates we can feel the vibration all over the bed, but in the scenario when we are lying on the floor ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Are ALL vibrations an exchange of kinetic and potential energy?

I'm taking a course on mechanical vibrational analysis and this is what I was told by my professor, but I'm curious if there are any counter-examples.
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2answers
364 views

How does a flute produce its sound?

if an object for instance does not create successive compressions and rarefactions in air but only creates continuous compressions would we be able to hear these compressions as sound ? Yes , because ...
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2answers
74 views

Is this SISO (single input single output) or MIMO (multiple instead of single) system?

If I transform wave equation for vibrating string Mx′′+Cx′+Kx=b(t) in linear system using $x_1(t)=x(t)$ and $x_2(t)=x_1^{'}(t)$ vibrating string equation becomes $Md_tx_2(t)+Cx_2(t)+Kx_1(t)=b(t)$. ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Is it possible to determine when an accelerometer is in a vibrating state compared to a non-vibrating state?

I would like to know if so, how raw 3-axis accelerometer data could be analyzed and manipulated real-time to register periods of vibration. The device being used has a max sample rate of 62Hz (I ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Two coffee beans in a cup of water + vibrations = gravity? [duplicate]

If you float two coffee beans in a cup of water that is being vibrated by your subwoofer (go to a sin wave generator online), the two beans will either be attracted to the sides of the cup or if ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

Spring Damper System for a Vibrating Motor

Good day people of SE I have a friend that has a final year project and is stuck. He has a motor with a small weight at the end of the shaft that causes vibrations. This motor is on a thin plate. ...
1
vote
1answer
359 views

Does the frequency of a vibrating substance like a string depend on its properties or simply depend on the agent which vibrates the string?

We know that if someone vibrates a substance like a string, the string oscillates with its natural frequency. But I think the frequency depends on the rate the agent like a man's hand does vibration ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Duhamel formula for propagators

Let $\dot{z} = A(t)z + b(t)$ with $ z(t) \in \mathbb{R}^n$ and $A(t)$ be a linear map from $\mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$. A propagator is also a linear map $P(t,s):$ $\mathbb{R}^n \...
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2answers
2k views

Can a simple pendulum be considered a simple harmonic oscillator?

Is the motion of a simple pendulum, a simple harmonic motion? It stops vibrating after sometime.
1
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1answer
97 views

Oscillation of non-uniform plank on parallel springs

A plank of length $l$ and mass $m$ is placed on two parallel springs, each with spring constant $k$ and equidistant from the plank's horizontal center of gravity. When the plank is displaced from it's ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Why hydrofluoric acid (HF) has two Raman bands?

Hydrofluoric acid (HF) is a diatomic molecule with only one vibrational coordinate. Therefore I would expect only one Raman band, however there are two. Why? (source)
1
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1answer
45 views

In a lattice, what, technically, are random (thermal) atomic motions?

I'm familiar with normal modes and their periodic nature. And I know that the term 'independent mode' is used to describe how each individual atom in a lattice can move (degrees of freedom). But, ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Parabolic polarization of a hanging chain

When a chain hangs between two short posts, I can use my hand to oscillate it up and down in a standing wave. It's easy to demonstrate three of the possible normal modes, at the fundamental frequency ...
1
vote
1answer
300 views

A moving brush on a vibrating surface

Hi group, I am a HS student in China preparing for a regional Young Physicist Tournament even. We are very puzzled about why would there be such movement. We would be grateful to see any inspiring ...
1
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1answer
117 views

Air Presure and Air Velocity from speaker

How do I determine/calculate the air pressure emitted from a speaker ? And how to determine the velocity of air from the sound air pressure ?
1
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2answers
259 views

What is the meaning of pre-tension for a stiff membrane?

On one hand, I know that the tighter a drum head is stretched, the higher its natural frequencies. This relation is given by: $$f_{ij}=\frac{k_{ij}}{2\pi R}\sqrt{\frac{T_0}{h\rho}}$$ where $k_{ij}$ ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Vibrationing molecules/atoms and the effect

If the molecules/atoms of a solid object vibrate quickly enough, would the way a human eye perceives that object be changed? Would the object appear to "flicker" or have almost a transparent look to ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Vibration in a broken cylinder

The physics S.E. may be wrong for this question, but I wonder what happens to a vibration in broken, cracked, or otherwise damaged cylinder. Say you have a 1 meter long steel cylinder, you break it in ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

What is the physical origin of acoustic modes in a duct?

Lets deal with wave propagation in a cylindrical duct. We ask the question: "what is the general form of a pressure wave which can propagate through the duct?" In answering this, we assume that the ...
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0answers
28 views

What's the effect called when vibrations move through a cable under tension?

I'm not sure how to describe it, but there is a certain sound of vibrations through a tensioned cable, you might hear it as sound effects in a movie where cables are snapping, some have described it ...
1
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1answer
27 views

looking for a technique for conducting experiment [closed]

I have used a servomotor and a controlling circuit to produce oscillatory motion for an experiment that involves flapping of a tiny metal plate (~few mm) inside liquid. I could not be very successful ...
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0answers
56 views

Is there any solution manual to A.P. French's 'Vibrations and Waves'?

I'm trying to work through A.P. French's Vibrations and Waves. Unfortunately, I can't check the details of my solutions since the solutions aren't given with the textbook. Does someone know where I ...
1
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2answers
16 views

Difference in Energy Transfer Between Impacts and Nudges [closed]

Say I have a table and I want to produce a vibration in the table. Would I be better off impacting the surface of the table (i.e. smacking the table) or nudging the surface (i.e. leaning on the ...
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0answers
32 views

What is Lamè mode?

I am trying to read some of the articles that says Lamè mode. But I can't find in google that describes Lamè mode. Can anyone quote good reference for this term?