The time rate of change of the position of an object

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Relative Velocity and Momentum

The question is, A $45.5~kg$ girl is standing on a $140~kg$ plank. Both originally at rest on a frozen lake that constitutes a friction-less, flat surface. The girl begins to walk along the plank ...
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2answers
873 views

Calculating two particle position and velocity with each other?

I've calculated the displacements and average velocities of both particles. $A$ average velocity $= 1.1180m/s$ displacement is $11.1803m$. $B$ average velocity $= 0m/s$ displacement is $0m$. ...
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1answer
720 views

End position of movement factoring in deceleration

Ok I am hoping to apply this answer to a piece of software, but it uses physics to work out the result so I require some help in that department. I will attempt to explain this the best I can. I ...
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1answer
70 views

What is the shortest run needed for a “dropped skateboard” rider to reach 160 mph?

I just saw a great clip on the fastest skateboarder to date. He wants to reach 160 mph from a dropped board, but says his speed is limited by the roads currently available. What is the shortest run ...
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3answers
2k views

Does an airplane's speed include the speed of the Earth?

After take off, does airplane's speed include Earth's movement/speed? Do airplanes turn with Earth movement/rotation?
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919 views

How do I determine a component of relative velocity?

At a particular instant, a stationary observer on the ground sees a package falling with speed v1 at an angle to the vertical. To a pilot flying horizontally at constant speed relative to the ...
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952 views

Does acceleration at an angle to velocity change the direction?

During an interval of time, a tennis ball is moved so that the angle between the velocity and the acceleration of the ball is kept at a constant 120º. Which statement is true about the tennis ball ...
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1k views

Determining Maximum Velocity of an object traveling horizontally

I'm in the process of working on a physics related game. I'm looking to find the maximum velocity of an object given it's mass and the force acting on it when it is traveling horizontally. I believe ...
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1answer
37 views

What would you do to measure wind speed below 50m?

Is there a radiation spectrum that could be used near the surface of the earth to fluoresce air enough to see the currents? Is there a complimentary CCD that can image that spectrum? I am looking for ...
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1answer
29 views

Why is parallel component of velocity along position vector considered rate of change of position?

If you have a position vector and a velocity vector of a particle, then the component of velocity vector along position vector is the rate of change of distance of the particle from the reference ...
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40 views

Decreased velocity away from gravity

Say I have a particle ($G$), which has the mass of the earth (hypothetically), and I have a second particle ($P$) moving away from $G$, in a line that is not parallel to the earth. Would this line ...
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1answer
43 views

Can I use $(v_1+v_2)/2$ to find average velocity? [closed]

An object is traveling from a point $M$ to a point $N$ with a velocity $v_1 = 600 \,\rm km/hr$ and comes back with a velocity $v_2 = 400 \,\rm km/hr$. What is the average speed of the object? Can we ...
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1answer
48 views

How to calculate the deceleration of two trains moving with the same velocity? [closed]

Two trains travelling on the same track are approaching each other with equal speeds of 40m/s. The drivers of the train begin to decelerate simultaneously when they are just 2km apart. If the ...
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1answer
33 views

How to calculate objects velocity after ataching to surface with a pole [closed]

How do I calculate object's velocity after it has attached it self to a surface with a stick (by stick I mean it is not a spring or rope, it does not bend)? I need it for the video game I am making. ...
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1answer
88 views

Is velocity always tangential to trajectory?

So I was doing an exercise and they find find the angle between the tangential of trajectory and the vertical I was stuck but then I read in a site that the velocity is ALWAYS tangential to the ...
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1answer
181 views

Calculating estimated HP from velocity, auto weight, and constant acceleration

I am working on a simulation program that runs theoretical performances of different cars and was wondering if there is a way to estimate the HP at any running RPM? the problem is (and this may be me ...
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1answer
44 views

Is the moment of zero velocity identical for objects of differing mass?

Assume we have two perfect spheres of identical size but different mass (e.g., one made of steel and one made of enamel) and an environment where the only forces in play are gravity and velocity ...
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1answer
30 views

Projectile velocity and component $x$ and $y$ velocities

So the equations for the X and Y velocity given $\theta$ and $V_0$ are $V_x = V_0\cos\theta$, and $V_y = V_0\sin\theta$. When I test this with something like 1 m/s and and angle of $45^{\circ}$, I ...
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1answer
79 views

Calculating force of a car [closed]

I'm simulating car cruise system and my results are not making any sense. I have been told that my force formula is wrong but I don’t understand why it is wrong and how I can fix this. Does anybody ...
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1answer
37 views

Difference between short impact and sustained pressure

If I press the wall (with my hand) I feel a little pressure at my hand and I move away from it. If I hit the wall (lets say using the same amount of energy for total work) I feel pain in my hand. ...
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2answers
46 views

Finding out the velocity [closed]

Displacement of an object is related to time $x=at+bt^2-ct^3$ where a, b and c are constant motion.Then the velocity of an object when it's acceleration is zero is given by ...
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1answer
119 views

How to calculate average velocity

The position of an object moving along X-axis is given as $X=a+bt^2$ where $a=8.5\,\mathrm m$, $b=2.5\,\mathrm {m/s^2}$ and $t$ is measured in seconds. What is it's velocity at $t=0$ and $t=2.0$ s? ...
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1answer
42 views

Compute the minimal distance between two points in movement

There are two points, $A$ and $B$ that move according to these laws: $$ \vec{x_a}= 20 -10 t $$ $$ \vec{x_b}= -15 +15 t $$ $A$ moves along the x axis, $B$ along the y axis. I have to compute the ...
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1answer
375 views

Small Animal Terminal Velocity

I recently saw a cat fall probably 100 feet like in this video Cat Falls. It seemed as if the cat reached terminal velocity by the time it hit. Does this mean that cats (and other small animals) could ...
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1answer
82 views

Is there any significance to the negative sign on this speed?

A girl is riding a bicycle along a straight road at constant speed, and passes a friend standing at a bus stop (event #$1$). At a time of $60$ s later the friend catches a bus (event #$2$) If the ...
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1answer
148 views

Relativistic addition of velocities of spaceships [duplicate]

If Spaceship 1 is traveling at speed $.5c$ relative to Earth, and Spaceship 2 is traveling at speed $.3c$ relative to Earth in the same direction, what does Spaceship 2 see Spaceship 1's speed as? I ...
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2answers
118 views

Newton's Second Law

Newton's Second Law tells us that $\sum F = ma$. The vector sum of the forces $F$ on an object is equal to the mass $m$ of that object multiplied by the acceleration vector $a$ of the object. So ...
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1answer
56 views

velocity in inertial and nontial frames

I got confused about the difference between the last term of both pictures. In the first one, we have w x r, but in the second we have w x r underlined. Does anyone have a better explanation? They ...
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1answer
264 views

Finding release angle and final velocity of projectile when the target has a different coordinations [closed]

I am trying to write some codes for auto-snowball mechanism which seems like a regular projectile but instead of hitting the targets on the ground it is going to be able to hit the target in the air ...
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1answer
61 views

Recession of galaxies

when you take such a given galaxy and it is said that you are moving away from us with a speed $v$, what do you mean really? Let me explain: is the galaxy itself which has an intrinsic velocity of ...
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1answer
272 views

Finding an equation to solve for the velocity of a swimmer crossing a river [closed]

Where $\theta=45^\circ$, $d_1=200\:\mathrm{m}$, and $d_2=150\:\mathrm{m}$. I do not know how to combine the following equations: $$\begin{align} t&=\frac{d_1}{v_s\cos(45^\circ)}\\ ...
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34 views

Shock Absorber - Bus - Not Uniform

Imagine a empty bus/lorry travelling at high speed over the "speed brake", why is that only rear seat is heaved relatively high compared to the fron seat?
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137 views

Can the phrase “Terminal Velocity” be used to describe non-gravity situations?

According to Wikipedia: [Terminal Velocity] is the velocity of the object when the sum of the drag force (Fd) and buoyancy equals the downward force of gravity (FG) acting on the object. Since ...
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3answers
3k views

Work, Energy & Power - Body slides down a hemisphere

A small body of mass $m$ slides down from the top of a hemisphere of radius $r$. There is no friction between the surface of the block and the hemisphere. The height at which the body loses contact ...
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1answer
997 views

Difference between velocity vectors, relative speed

Consider two particles moving in the same direction instantaneously but one of them follows a circular path and one follows a straight path. If I adopt a rotating frame of reference in which the ...
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2answers
3k views

How can I add an acceleration vector to a velocity with a different direction?

I am in my last year of high school and am struggling with some homework. I'm sorry if this question is incredibly stupid, but I simply can't find the answer in my notes. If I have an object with a ...
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1answer
170 views

Vertical velocity to reach a certain point given a flat horizontal velocity? [closed]

Suppose I have two points such as $a(4,6,9)$ and $b(32,5,12)$. If I have a flat velocity pointing $a$ to $b (b - a)$ which has an arbitrarily defined magnitude. Given gravity $g$,how can I calculate ...
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1answer
373 views

Power, Force Velocity

In any case, if the force and power is constant , does velocity also need to be constant? If no, can you tell me a case. Further can this be extended for non-rigid bodies.
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1answer
298 views

Finding The Resultant Vector [closed]

A plane is flying southeast at 215 km/h. Suddenly there is a wind from the north at 75 km/h. What is the plane's new velocity with respect to the ground in standard position?
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1answer
416 views

Calculating vector of plane resulting from tailwind

In some basic physics homework I have, it asks what the resulting vector would be for a plane traveling at x m/s in y direction that is affected by a tailwind going in z direction at w m/s. How would ...
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3answers
343 views

Deccelerate and Accelerate to achieve timed journey

I have a vehicle traveling at initial speed $100\:\mathrm{m/s}$. Expected destination speed is also $100\:\mathrm{m/s}$. Maximum deceleration is $3$. Maximum acceleration is $10$. Distance to the ...
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1answer
42 views

Cart speed and wheel rotation

Say you have a horse drawn cart. Does the outside of the wheel spin at the same velocity that the cart moves forward? The reason I ask is because I am working on a problem where a piece of mud ...
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2answers
34 views

What theories or formulas are involved with velocity

What theories or formulas are involved or can be added as background information in an experiment that sees a small toy car roll freely down an incline where the surface area is altered to cause more ...
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1answer
124 views

What factors affect the velocity of an object moving down an inclined plane?

If you have a small toy car rolling down an wooden plank, what factors would increase or decrease the velocity of said car. In the experiment my team originally stated that adding mass to the car ...
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2answers
38 views

How can velocity be measured on a persons hand?

How can Velocity of a hand be measured for example i have my hand flat bent backward like holding a tray, i want to measure the initial speed of my hand as motion begins when i flick my hand
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1answer
61 views

Difference between Speed and Velocity

What is the difference between Speed, Velocity and Acceleration? Could any one describe it pictorially?. I am more over confused even after investigating many times. I am unable to relate myself ...
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1answer
60 views

Representation Of Linear Velocity as Cross Product

Why is linear velocity represented as cross product of angular velocity of the particle and its position vector? Why not vice versa? (Consider rigid body rotation)
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How to calculate the final velocity of object with variable acceleration?

Initially, an object has a velocity of 0 m/s and acceleration 8.44 m/s2. After traveling 500 km, its acceleration is 9.81 m/s2. How would you calculate the final velocity of the object?
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1answer
67 views

Zero velocity and non-zero average acceleration

Can you have a zero velocity and nonzero average acceleration? I am confused with the word "average" here. If the question would be, "Can you have a zero velocity and nonzero acceleration?" my answer ...
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0answers
27 views

Faster than light travel at half speed [duplicate]

Peter and Susan are facing each other in outer space. Both of them ignite their their incredibly powerful jet pack thrusters and accelerated away from each other to just over half the speed of light. ...